Thu . 20 Aug 2020
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |

William E. Simon

william e. simon foundation, william e. simon
William Edward Simon November 27, 1927 – June 3, 2000 was an American businessman, a Secretary of Treasury of the US for three years, and a philanthropist He became the 63rd Secretary of the Treasury on May 9, 1974, during the Nixon administration After Nixon resigned, Simon was reappointed by President Ford and served until 1977 under President Carter Outside of government, he was a successful businessman and philanthropist The William E Simon Foundation carries on this legacy He was a strong advocate of laissez-faire capitalism He wrote, "There is only one social system that reflects the sovereignty of the individual: the free-market, or capitalist, system"1


  • 1 As Treasury Secretary
  • 2 Later business career
  • 3 Personal information
  • 4 US Olympic Committee
  • 5 Simon's legacy
    • 51 William E Simon Scholarship Fund
  • 6 Notes
  • 7 Further reading

As Treasury Secretaryedit

In August 1974, he was asked to continue to serve at Treasury by President Gerald R Ford, Jr, who shortly afterward appointed him chairman of the Economic Policy Board and chief spokesman for the administration on economic issues

On April 8, 1975, President Ford also named him chairman of the newly created East-West Foreign Trade Board, established under the authority of the Trade Act of 1974

At the time of his nomination as Treasury Secretary, Simon was serving as Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, a post he had held from January 22, 1973 As Deputy Secretary, he supervised the Nixon administration's program to restructure and improve US financial institutions He also served as the first Administrator of the Federal Energy Office

From December 4, 1973, Simon simultaneously launched and administered the Federal Energy Administration at the height of the oil embargo As such he became known as the high-profile "Energy Czar",2 and represented a revitalization of the "czar" term in US politics He also chaired the President's Oil Policy Committee and was instrumental in revising the mandatory oil import program in April 1973 Simon was a member of the President's Energy Resources Council and continued to have major responsibility for coordinating both domestic and international energy policy

In 1977, Simon received the Alexander Hamilton Award, the Treasury Department's highest honor In 1976, while serving as Secretary of the Treasury, President Anwar Sadat of Egypt presented Simon with the Collar of the Republic/Order of the Nile Simon's term as Secretary of the Treasury ended on January 20, 1977

As Treasury Secretary, Simon supported free markets and denounced government policies that either subsidize or penalize businesses In Simon's own words:

"Throughout the last century the attachment of businessmen to free enterprise has weakened dramatically as they discovered they could demand – and receive – short-range advantages from the state I watched with incredulity as businessmen ran to the government in every crisis, whining for handouts or protection from the very competition that has made this system so productive"3

Later business careeredit

Simon was a pioneer of the leveraged buyout LBO in the 1980s Following government service, Simon was a Vice Chairman at Blyth Eastman Dillon for three years, He and his partner, then co-founded with Ray Chambers, a tax accountant, Wesray Capital Corporation Simon contributing the "Wes" and Chambers contributing the "ray" based on his initials, an LBO firm that bought and sold, among others, the Gibson Greeting Card Company, Anchor Glass, and the Simmons Mattress Company, typically investing tiny fractions of their own money and including significant debt to complete the purchase from prior shareholders, and then selling the companies whole or piecemeal after making changes that “often included job cutbacks and other short-term cost-reduction measures”4 In 1982, Wesray invested approximately $1 million in equity capital with Simon contributing $330,000 and borrowed another $79 million to take private a Cincinnati-based greeting card company, Gibson Greetings, for $80 million Eighteen months later, the company was taken public again, with a value of $290 million, and Simon's $330,000 investment was worth $66 million

In 1984, he launched WSGP International, which concentrated on investments in real estate and financial service organizations in the western United States and on the Pacific Rim In 1988, together with sons William E Simon Jr and J Peter Simon, he founded William E Simon & Sons, a global merchant bank with offices in New Jersey, Los Angeles, and Hong Kong The firm is nowwhen extensively involved in providing venture capital In 1990, he partnered with several investors to form Catterton-Simon Partners, a private equity firm focused on beverages and other consumer products, which today is known as Catterton Partners

In the Anchor Glass case, Simon made millions more through deals with the company wherein the company leased its land, buildings, and equipment from Simon Wesray also received banking fees for handling the subsequent purchase by Anchor of Midland Glass Company Anchor Glass also bought casualty, liability, employee health and benefit insurance from a brokerage firm partially owned by Simon The Anchor Glass corporate headquarters in Tampa was leased from Simon Anchor Glass later admitted in an SEC filing, that “these arrangementswere not the result of arm’s length bargainingand were notfavorable to the company” Anchor Glass was finally bought by a Mexican company, Vitro, SA5

Simmons Mattress Company, a company founded in 1886, was bought by Wesray and partners bought in 1986 for $120 million and sold it in 1989 for $241 million6

By the late 1980s, Forbes magazine was estimating Simon's wealth at $300 million

During his business career, Simon served on the boards of over thirty companies including Xerox, Citibank, Halliburton, Dart & Kraft, and United Technologies

Personal informationedit

Simon was born in Paterson, New Jersey, on November 27, 1927, the son of Eleanor née Kearns and Charles Simon, Jr, an insurance executive7 He graduated from Newark Academy and, after service in the US Army infantry, received his BA in 1952 from Lafayette College in Easton, Pennsylvania At Lafayette he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity Rho chapter

He began his career with Union Securities in 1952 He served as Vice President of Weeden & Co before becoming the senior partner in charge of the Government and Municipal Bond departments at Salomon Brothers, where he was a member of the seven-man Executive Committee of the firm

Simon was a resident of Harding Township, New Jersey8 Simon married his first wife, Carol Girard Simon in 1950 William and Carol Simon had two sons and five daughters Bill Simon, J Peter Simon, Mary Beth, Carol Leigh, Aimee, Julie Ann, and Johanna Simon and has twenty-seven grandchildren She died in 1995 Simon married his second wife, Tonia Adams Donnelley in 1996

Simon died of complications of pulmonary fibrosis at the age of 72, on June 3, 2000 in Santa Barbara, California He was buried in Laurel Grove Memorial Park, Totowa, New Jersey One of his sons, Bill Simon, was the Republican nominee for governor of California in 2002 A daughter, Mary Beth Simon, was married to Dana Streep, brother of actress Meryl Streep

US Olympic Committeeedit

Simon was an active member of the United States Olympic Committee for many years He served as treasurer from 1977 to 1981 and as President of the US Olympic Committee from 1981 to 1985, which included the 1984 Games in Sarajevo and Los Angeles He chaired the US Olympic Foundation, created with the profits of the Los Angeles games, from 1985 through 1997, and was inducted into the US Olympic Hall of Fame in 1991 An additional athletics-related honor came on October 11, 1975, when Simon threw out the first pitch of the 1975 World Series at Boston's Fenway Park on behalf of President Ford

Simon received numerous awards during his career in sports Among them are the Olympic Torch and the Olympic Order, the highest honors, respectively, of the United States Olympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee Simon served as an officer or on the board of the Jesse Owens Foundation, the Basketball Hall of Fame, the National Tennis Foundation and Hall of Fame, the US Amateur Boxing Foundation, the Women's Sports Foundation, and the World Cup '94 Organizing and Executive Committees

Simon's legacyedit

At the US Military Academy at West Point, he established the William E Simon Center for the Professional Military Ethic

At the US Air Force Academy, he established the William E Simon Center for Strategic Studies, as well as a Simon professorship

In 1976, Simon received the US Senator John Heinz Award for Greatest Public Service by an Elected or Appointed Official, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards9

Simon served as President of the John M Olin Foundation and as trustee of The John Templeton Foundation He has also served on the boards of many of America's premier think tanks, including The Heritage Foundation and the Hoover Institution He was the author of two best-selling books, A Time for Truth in 1978 ghostwritten by libertarian author Edith Efron and A Time for Action in 1980

In recognition of his leadership in business, finance and public service, the Graduate School of Management at the University of Rochester was renamed the William E Simon Graduate School of Business Administration in 198610

In referring to Simon, The Washington Post stated in its October 26, 2007 edition:

Mr Simon is commonly acknowledged as a legendary architect of the modern conservative movement But he was also legendarily mean, "a mean, nasty, tough bond trader who took no BS from anyone," in the words of his old friend Edwin Feulner, president of the Heritage Foundation Simon was known to awaken his children on weekend mornings by dousing their heads with buckets of cold water Mr Simon came away from the experience of Watergate with a disgust for the partisan character of the affair The experience of Nixon impeachment convinced him, not that partisanship was necessarily poisonous, but that his opponents were far better at partisanship than his side was11

Since 2001, the William E Simon Prize for Philanthropic Leadership has been awarded to distinguished living donors, including John T Walton, John Templeton, and Phil Anschutz

In 2004, the Intercollegiate Studies Institute dedicated a $40,000 cash prize in honor of Secretary Simon Each year since, the William E Simon Fellowship for Noble Purpose has been awarded to a college senior desiring to live a life dedicated to serving humanity

William E Simon Scholarship Fundedit

The William E Simon Scholarship Fund provides financial assistance for academically highly qualified students of the Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum who live in Rome and who would otherwise lack the resources to cover their educational expenses Each scholarship award provides no more than 40% of the total annual expense of tuition, room, board, and related fees and expenses Annually, the William E Simon Scholarship Fund allocates 50% of the scholarship fund for lay students12


  1. ^ Simon, William E A Time for Truth New York: McGraw-Hill, 1978, p 221 Cited in American Chameleon, Ohio Kent State University Press, 1991, p 203
  2. ^ Nixon's Decisive New Energy Czar Time Magazine December 10, 1973 http://wwwtimecom/time/magazine/article/0,9171,908276,00html
  3. ^ Bruce Bartlett, Impostor: How George W Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy, New York: Doubleday, 2006, pp 105–06
  4. ^ America: what went wrong Donald L Barlett, James B Steele, p 16
  5. ^ America: What Went Wrong Donald L Barlett, James B Steele p 16
  6. ^ The New York Times, “Buyout Firms Profited as a Company’s Debt Soared”, Julie Creswell, Oct 4, 2009
  7. ^ http://academicmuseumlafayetteedu/special/simon/biohtml
  8. ^ Garbarine, Rachelle "If You're Thinking of Living in: Harding", The New York Times, June 10, 1990 Accessed February 28, 2008 "Among its residents are William E Simon, the former Secretary of the Treasury, and Robert P Luciano, the chairman of Schering-Plough, the pharmaceutical company"
  9. ^ http://wwwjeffersonawardsorg/pastwinners/national
  10. ^ The Philanthropy Hall of Fame, William Simon
  11. ^ "Giuliani's Policy Professor," Benjamin Wallace-Welles, Washington Post 26 Oct 2007
  12. ^ http://wwwpustphiloorg/pust/borse/indexphp Accessed May 27, 2012

Further readingedit

  • Asen, Robert 2009 "Ideology, Materiality, and Counterpublicity: William E Simon and the Rise of a Conservative Counterintelligentsia" Quarterly Journal of Speech 95 3: 263–288 doi:101080/00335630903140630 
Political offices
Preceded by
John Love
as Director of the Energy Policy Office
Director of the Federal Energy Office
Succeeded by
John C Sawhill
Preceded by
George P Shultz
United States Secretary of the Treasury
Succeeded by
Michael Blumenthal
Sporting positions
Preceded by
Robert Kane
Presidents of the United States Olympic Committee
Succeeded by
Jack Kelly

william e. simon, william e. simon & sons, william e. simon chair in catholic studies, william e. simon fellowship for noble purpose, william e. simon foundation, william e. simon graduate school of business, william e. simon jr, william e. simon prize, william e. simon school, william e. simon treasury secretary

William E. Simon Information about

William E. Simon

  • user icon

    William E. Simon beatiful post thanks!


William E. Simon
William E. Simon
William E. Simon viewing the topic.
William E. Simon what, William E. Simon who, William E. Simon explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

Amorphous metal

Amorphous metal

An amorphous metal also known as metallic glass or glassy metal is a solid metallic material, usuall...
Arthur Lake (bishop)

Arthur Lake (bishop)

Arthur Lake September 1569 – 4 May 1626 was Bishop of Bath and Wells and a translator of the King Ja...
John Hawkins (author)

John Hawkins (author)

Sir John Hawkins 29 March 1719 – 21 May 1789 was an English author and friend of Dr Samuel Johnson a...
McDonnell Douglas MD-12

McDonnell Douglas MD-12

The McDonnell Douglas MD-12 was an aircraft design study undertaken by the McDonnell Douglas company...