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Wilhelm Rüstow

Friedrich Wilhelm Rüstow 25 May 1821 – 14 August 1878 was a Prussian-born Swiss soldier and military writer

Rüstow was born in Brandenburg an der Havel in the Province of Brandenburg He entered the Prussian Army and served for some years, until the publication of Der deutsche Militärstaat vor und während der Revolution Zürich, 1850 Rüstow participated in the Revolution of 1848 He was sentenced by a court-martial to 32 1/2 years of fortress imprisonment, but succeeded in escaping to Switzerland, where he obtained a military posting By 1857 he was a major on the engineer staff

Three years later Rüstow accompanied Giuseppe Garibaldi in the famous expedition against the Two Sicilies as colonel and Chief of staff, and to him must be ascribed the victories of Capua 10 September 1860 and Volturno 1 October 1860 At the end of the campaign he settled down in Zürich At the outbreak of the 1870 Franco-Prussian War, he offered his services to Prussia, but was rejected In 1878, on the foundation of a military professorship at Zürich, Rüstow applied for the post, but taught only short, and, on its being given finally to another officer Emil Rothpletz, lost heart and committed suicide at Aussersihl near Zürich

Two of Rüstow's younger brothers were distinguished Prussian soldiers, Alexander Rüstow and Cäsar Rüstow He was also the great-uncle of the sociologist Alexander Rüstow


  • 1 Works
    • 11 Historical
    • 12 Critical and general
  • 2 References


Amongst Rüstow's works, which covered nearly every branch of the military art, a large number must be mentioned


  • Heerwesen und Kriegführung Julius Cäsars Gotha, 1855; 2nd ed, Nordhausen, 1862
  • Kommentar zu Napoleon III's Geschichte Julius Cäsars Stuttgart, 1865–67
  • Geschichte des griechischen Kriegswesens in collaboration with Hermann Köchly, Aarau, 1852
  • Militar Biographen David, Xenophon, Montluc Zürich, 1858
  • Geschichte der Infanterie Gotha, 1857–58; 3rd ed, 1884
  • Die ersten Feldzüge Napoleon Bonapartes in Italien und Deutschland 1796 und 1797 Zürich, Schultheß, 1867 at Google Books
  • Der Krieg von 1805 in Deutschland und Italien Frauenfeld, 1854
  • Geschichte des ungarischen Revolutionskrieges in den Jahren 1848 und 1849 Vol 1, Zürich, Schultheß, 1860 Digitized by the Bavarian State Library
  • reminiscences of 1860 in Italy Leipzig, 1861
  • monograph on the campaigns of 1848–49 in Italy Zürich, 1849
  • monograph on the Crimean War Zürich, 1855–56

Critical and general

  • Allgemeine Taktik Zürich, 1858; 2nd ed, 1868
  • Kriegspolitik und Kriegsgebrauch Zürich, 1876
  • Militär-Handwörterbuch Zürich, 1859
  • Die Feldherrenkunst des 19 Jahrhunderts Zürich, 1857; 3rd ed, 1878–79
  • French edition: L'art militaire au XIXe siècle: études stratégiques et tactiques sur les guerres les plus récentes 3 Bände, Paris, Dumaine 1875–1880
  • Der Krieg und seine Mittel Leipzig, 1856

He also wrote Annalen des Königreichs Italien Zürich, 1862–63 See Zernim, "F W Rüstow," in Unsere Zeit vol 2 Leipzig, 1882


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed 1911 "Rüstow, Friedrich Wilhelm" Encyclopædia Britannica 23 11th ed Cambridge University Press p 937mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
  • Marcel Herwegh: Guillaume Rustow Un grand Soldat – Un grand Caractère 1821–1878, avec des lettres inédites en fac-similé de Garibaldi et de Bismarck Paris, Neuchâtel, Editions V Attinger, 1935
  • Robert von Steiger: Der Rüstow-Prozess, 1848–1850: eine wehrpolitische Kontroverse Dissertation, Berne, 1937
  • Peter Wiede: Wilhelm Rüstow, 1821–1878, ein Militärschriftsteller der deutschen Linken Dissertation Munich 1957
  • Bruno Thoß 2005, "Rüstow, Friedrich Wilhelm", Neue Deutsche Biographie NDB in German, 22, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp 227–228; full text online
  • Bernhard von Poten 1890, "Rüstow", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie ADB in German, 30, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp 34–38

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