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Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper

wilhelm friedrich loeper
Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper 13 October 1883 in Schwerin – 23 October 1935 in Dessau was a German Nazi politician and Gauleiter in the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt


  • 1 Military Career
  • 2 Nazi Career
  • 3 Literature/Source
  • 4 External links

Military Career

First Loeper became an Officer Candidate Fahnenjunker in Pioneer Battalion 2 in Spandau and then completed training at the Neiße Military School Already in 1904 he was made a lieutenant, and after various other commands, eventually a first lieutenant in 1912 Then came his transfer to the Magdeburg Pioneer Battalion 4, where he took over command of a searchlight platoon

After the First World War broke out, Loeper was then deployed between 1914 and 1918 at the Western Front as a captain and company chief of Pioneer Battalion 19 He was wounded several times For the service in the World War I, he was decorated with the both classes of Iron Cross, both classes of the Mecklenburg-Schwerin Military Merit Cross, Frederickscross, Prussian Service Cross and Wound Badge in Black

After the war ended, Loeper became leader of a Freikorps that saw deployment both in the Baltic States and the Ruhr area In this capacity, he was involved in quelling the Spartakus uprising

With the founding of the Reichswehr, Loeper became company chief of Pioneer Battalion 2 In 1923, he worked as an Instructor at the Pionierschule in Munich, and got to know Adolf Hitler Loeper took part in the Beer Hall Putsch of 9 November 1923 and aimed at getting the Pionierschule to fall in and follow Hitler's orders After the putsch failed, Loeper was discharged from the Reichswehr in 1924 for his participation

Nazi Career

Loeper joined the NSDAP Nazi Party in 1925 He moved to Dessau and first led the Nazi local Ortsgruppe there In the same year he became the Gau's manager and in the end, in 1927, Gauleiter of the Gau of Magdeburg-Anhalt, succeeding Hermann Schmischke Loeper gave himself over to building the Party up in his Gau, and fought against the Bauhaus, which was located in Dessau at that time In a letter in 1930 he wrote "as the Bauhaus belongs to Jerusalem and not to Dessau" Loeper later had a decisive part in stripping this institution of its assets

In 1928, Loeper became a member of the Anhalt Landtag Anhalt had a Nazi Land government as early as 1932 As of 1930, Loeper was also a member of the Reichstag for electoral district 10 Magdeburg

Loeper became leader of the Nazi Party's personnel office and publisher of the Trommler In 1932 he instituted at Schloß Großkühnau in Dessau the first Stammabteilung and the Führerschule of the Reichsarbeitsdienst In the same year came Loeper's appointment to provincial NSDAP inspector for Middle Germany-Brandenburg

After the Nazis' nationwide seizure of power in 1933, Loeper became Reich Governor in Braunschweig and Anhalt He set up office in Dessau Also in 1933, the city of Magdeburg made him an honorary citizen, a distinction of which he was posthumously stripped in 1946 In 1934, he was appointed an honorary SS Gruppenführer and an honorary Gau leader of the Reichsarbeitsdienst In 1935, he became a member of the Academy for German Law Akademie für Deutsches Recht

On 23 October 1935, Loeper died of neck cancer His burial took place in the Napoleon Tower Napoleonturm in Mildensee near Dessau Various honours flowed from the region The Magdeburg borough of Ottersleben named a street Hauptmann-Loeper-Straße after him After the Nazi régime fell, though, such honours quickly disappeared


  • Gerald Christopeit, Magdeburger Biographisches Lexikon, 2002, Magdeburg, mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflinkISBN 3-933046-49-1

External links

  • Newspaper clippings about Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW

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Wilhelm Friedrich Loeper

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