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Whitefield, New Hampshire

whitefield new hampshire spalding inn, whitefield new hampshire village gun shop
Whitefield is a town in Coos County, New Hampshire, United States, in the White Mountains Region The population was 2,306 at the 2010 census1 Situated on the northern edge of the White Mountains, Whitefield is home to the Mount Washington Regional Airport and the White Mountains Regional High School

Whitefield is part of the Berlin, NH–VT Micropolitan Statistical Area The central village in the town, where 1,142 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Whitefield census-designated place CDP and is located at the junction of US Route 3, New Hampshire Route 116 and NH Route 142

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Transportation
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

The last town to be granted under the English provincial government, Whitefield was chartered on July 4, 1774, exactly two years before adoption of the Declaration of Independence Some believe it was named for George Whitefield, a famous English evangelist, and a friend of William Legge, 2nd Earl of Dartmouth, the patron of Dartmouth College Others believe the name originated from earlier references to the snowy white fields one would see upon approach through any of the surrounding mountain passages The chartered name was "Whitefields" but the "s" was dropped on December 1, 1804—the date of incorporation Early grantees included Jeremy Belknap, historian, and John Langdon, who succeeded John Wentworth as governor

With the entrance of the railroad in the 19th century, tourists discovered the town and its cool, clean mountain air They sought relief from the heat, humidity and pollution of coal-era summers in Boston, Hartford, New York and Philadelphia Several inns and hotels were built to accommodate their increasing numbers On a hilltop facing the Presidential Range is the grandest, The Mountain View House now called the Mountain View Grand Resort & Spa, established in 1866 The historic hotel underwent an extensive renovation in the 2000s, and is now one of the most luxurious in New Hampshire

Whitefield has many examples of Victorian architecture, including a landmark bandstand built in 1875 on the common The century old town hall with bell tower was torn down in 2013 At the 2014 Town Meeting, voters chose to build a pre-fab building to be located outside of the town centercitation needed

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 347 square miles 90 km2, of which 342 sq mi 89 km2 is land and 04 sq mi 10 km2, or 124%, is water Whitefield is drained by Bog Brook and the Johns River, which runs through the center of town Forest Lake, the largest lake in town, straddles the Whitefield/Dalton town line and is located southwest of the town center Burns Lake is near Forest Lake, off Route 116 closer to the town center Mirror Lake is a small water body close to Route 3 north of the center of town

The two highest points in Whitefield are Howland Hill and Kimball Hill, both of which top 1,712 feet 522 m above sea level

The central village of Whitefield, a census-designated place, has a total area of 13 sq mi 34 km2

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1810 51
1820 281 4510%
1830 685 1438%
1840 751 96%
1850 857 141%
1860 1,015 184%
1870 1,196 178%
1880 1,828 528%
1890 2,041 117%
1900 2,157 57%
1910 1,635 −242%
1920 1,935 183%
1930 1,693 −125%
1940 1,834 83%
1950 1,677 −86%
1960 1,581 −57%
1970 1,538 −27%
1980 1,681 93%
1990 1,909 136%
2000 2,038 68%
2010 2,306 132%
Est 2015 2,217 −39%
US Decennial Census3
Mountain View House, c 1915

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,038 people, 819 households, and 547 families residing in the town The population density was 595 people per square mile 230/km² There were 1,158 housing units at an average density of 131 persons/km² 338 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9809% White, 020% African American, 034% Native American, 034% Asian, 000% Pacific Islander, 029% from other races, and 074% from two or more races 113% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 819 households out of which 320% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 532% were married couples living together, 94% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 332% were non-families 271% of all households were made up of individuals and 133% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 240 and the average family size was 290

Lindsay's Inn c 1915

In the town, the population was spread out with 243% under the age of 18, 75% from 18 to 24, 260% from 25 to 44, 237% from 45 to 64, and 185% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 899 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 901 males

The median income for a household in the town was $34,583, and the median income for a family was $41,528 Males had a median income of $29,293 versus $21,378 for females The per capita income for the town was $17,070 98% of the population and 61% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 98% are under the age of 18 and 135% are 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,089 people, 433 households, and 272 families residing in the central village of Whitefield, a census-designated place The population density was 8459 people per square mile 3259/km² There were 525 housing units at an average density of 1571 persons/km² 4078 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9826% White, 037% African American, 018% Native American, 009% Asian, and 110% from two or more races 064% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 433 households out of which 321% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 483% were married couples living together, 102% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 370% were non-families 312% of all households were made up of individuals and 176% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 236 and the average family size was 295

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 242% under the age of 18, 87% from 18 to 24, 261% from 25 to 44, 195% from 45 to 64, and 215% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 39 years For every 100 females there were 836 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 842 males

The median income for a household is $31,071, and the median income for a family was $38,750 Males had a median income of $28,068 versus $20,375 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,217 103% of the population and 71% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 117% are under the age of 18 and 179% are 65 or older

Transportationedit

Whitefield is at the intersections of New Hampshire Route 116 and US Route 3 and is also served by New Hampshire Route 142, which leads to Dalton and points beyond Once important but now seldom-used railroad lines of the Maine Central and Boston and Maine railroads run through town The Mount Washington Regional Airport is located in Whitefield As of January 2006 Whitefield is also served by The Tri-Town Bus, a public transportation route connecting with Lancaster and Littleton

Sites of interestedit

  • Weathervane Theatre
  • Whitefield Historical Society Museum

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  3. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 

External linksedit

  • Town of Whitefield official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile

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