Mon . 19 May 2019

White-nosed coati

white-nosed coati, white-nosed coatimundi
The white-nosed coati Nasua narica, also known as the coatimundi /koʊˌɑːtɪˈmʌndi/,34 is a species of coati and a member of the family Procyonidae raccoons and relatives Local names include pizote, antoon, and tejón5 It weighs about 4–6 kg 88–132 lb6 However, males are much larger than females, and small females weigh as little as 25 kg 55 lb and large males as much as 122 kg 27 lb78 On average, the total length is about 110 cm 43 in, about half of that being the tail length


  • 1 Habitat and range
  • 2 Feeding habits
  • 3 Behavior
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Habitat and rangeedit

Coati in Rincón de la Vieja Volcano National Park, Costa Rica Coati in the Philadelphia Zoo

White-nosed coatis inhabit wooded areas dry and moist forests of the Americas They are found at any altitude from sea level to 3,000 m 9,800 ft,9 and from as far north as southeastern Arizona and New Mexico, through Mexico and Central America, to far northwestern Colombia Gulf of Urabá region, near Colombian border with Panama1011 There has been considerable confusion over its southern range limit,12 but specimen records from most of Colombia only exception is far northwest and Ecuador are all South American coatis1011

Coatis from Cozumel Island have been treated as a separate species, the Cozumel Island coati, but the vast majority of recent authorities treat it as a subspecies, N narica nelsoni, of the white-nosed coati12913 They are smaller than white-nosed coatis from the adjacent mainland N n yucatanica, but when compared more widely to white-nosed coatis the difference in size is not as clear10 The level of other differences also support its status as a subspecies rather than separate species10

White-nosed coatis have also been found in the US state of Florida, where they are an introduced species It is unknown precisely when introduction occurred; an early specimen in the Florida Museum of Natural History, labeled an "escaped captive", dates to 1928 There are several later documented cases of coatis escaping captivity, and since the 1970s there have been a number of sightings, and several live and dead specimens of various ages have been found These reports have occurred over a wide area of southern Florida, and there is probable evidence of breeding, indicating that the population is well established14

Feeding habitsedit

They are omnivores, preferring small vertebrates, fruits, carrion, insects, snakes and eggs They can climb trees easily, where the tail is used for balance, but they are most often on the ground foraging Their predators include boas, raptors, hunting cats, and Tayras Eira barbara They readily adapt to human presence; like raccoons, they will raid campsites and trash receptacles They can be tamed easily, and have been verified experimentally to be quite intelligentcitation needed


White-nosed coati at Arenal, Costa Rica

While the raccoon and ringtail are nocturnal, coatis are active by day, retiring during the night to a specific tree and descending at dawn to begin their daily search for food However, their habits are adjustable, and in areas where they are hunted by humans for food, or where they raid human settlements for their own food, they might become more nocturnal Adult males are solitary, but females and sexually immature males form social groups They use many vocal signals to communicate with one another, and also spend time grooming themselves and each other with their teeth and claws During foraging times, the young cubs are left with a pair of babysitters, similar to meerkats The young males and even some females tend to play-fight Many of the coatis will have short fights over foodcitation needed


  1. ^ a b c Wilson, DE; Reeder, DM, eds 2005 Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference 3rd ed Johns Hopkins University Press ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0 OCLC 62265494 
  2. ^ a b Samudio, R; Kays, R; Cuarón, AD; Pino, JL & Helgen, K 2008 "Nasua narica" IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Version 2008 International Union for Conservation of Nature Retrieved 26 January 2009 
  3. ^ Nasua narica Coatimundi, White-nosed Coati at International Union for Conservation of Nature
  4. ^ Animal Diversity Web at University of Michigan "Coatis are also referred to in some texts as coatimundis The name coati or coatimundi is Tupian Indian in origin"
  5. ^ "Tejón", which means badger, is mainly used in Mexico
  6. ^ David J Schmidly; William B Davis 1 August 2004 The mammals of Texas University of Texas Press pp 167– ISBN 978-0-292-70241-7 Retrieved 15 September 2011 
  7. ^ North American Mammals: Nasua narica Mnhsiedu Retrieved on 2011-09-15
  8. ^ Coati Nasua narica Wcpimaedu Retrieved on 2011-09-15
  9. ^ a b Reid, Fiona A 1997 A Field Guide to the Mammals of Central America and Southeast Mexico pp 259–260 ISBN 0-19-506400-3 OCLC 34633350 
  10. ^ a b c d Decker, D M 1991 Systematics Of The Coatis, Genus Nasua Mammalia, Procyonidae Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 104: 370–386
  11. ^ a b Guzman-Lenis, A R 2004 Preliminary Review of the Procyonidae in Colombia Acta Biológica Colombiana 91: 69–76
  12. ^ Eisenberg, J, and K H Redford 1999 Mammals of the Neotropcs: The Central Neotropics Vol 3, p 288 ISBN 0-226-19541-4
  13. ^ Kays, R 2009 White-nosed Coati Nasua narica, pp 527–528 in: Wilson, D E, and R A Mittermeier, eds 2009 Handbook of the Mammals of the World Vol 1, Carnivores ISBN 978-84-96553-49-1
  14. ^ Simberloff, Daniel; Don C Schmitz; Tom C Brown 1997 Strangers in Paradise: Impact and Management of Nonindigenous Species in Florida Island Press p 170 ISBN 1-55963-430-8 Retrieved 29 March 2011 

External linksedit

  • Smithsonian Institution – North American Mammals: Nasua narica
  • Smithsonian Wild: Nasua narica

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White-nosed coati

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