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Wheeler County, Oregon

wheeler county oregon sheriff's department, wheeler county oregon property for sale
Wheeler County is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,441,1 making it Oregon's least populous county The county seat is Fossil2 It is named in honor of Henry H Wheeler,3 an early settler who owned a farm near Mitchell

Wheeler County is known for having the state's largest deposit of fossils

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National Protected Areas
    • 23 Major highway
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Unincorporated communities
    • 63 Ghost town
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Wheeler County was created on February 17, 1899, from parts of Grant, Gilliam, and Crook Counties There have been no boundary changes since its creation Fossil was designated the temporary county seat at the time of the county's creation In 1900 there was an election to determine the permanent county seat between the three towns of the county, which ended with Fossil winning the election

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,715 square miles 4,440 km2, of which 1,715 square miles 4,440 km2 is land and 05 square miles 13 km2 003% is water4

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Gilliam County - north
  • Morrow County - northeast
  • Grant County - east
  • Crook County - south
  • Jefferson County - west
  • Wasco County - northwest

National Protected Areasedit

  • John Day Fossil Beds National Monument part
  • Ochoco National Forest part
  • Umatilla National Forest part

Major highwayedit

  • US Route 26
  • Oregon Route 19

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1900 2,443
1910 2,484 17%
1920 2,791 124%
1930 2,799 03%
1940 2,974 63%
1950 3,313 114%
1960 2,722 −178%
1970 1,849 −321%
1980 1,513 −182%
1990 1,396 −77%
2000 1,547 108%
2010 1,441 −69%
Est 2016 1,344 −67%
US Decennial Census6
1790-19607 1900-19908
1990-20009 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 1,547 people, 653 households, and 444 families residing in the county The population density was 1 people per square mile 0/km² There were 842 housing units at an average density of 0 per square mile 0/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9334% White, 006% Black or African American, 084% Native American, 026% Asian, 006% Pacific Islander, 349% from other races, and 194% from two or more races 511% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 206% were of German, 180% English, 136% American, 82% Irish and 69% Scottish ancestry

There were 653 households out of which 2130% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6220% were married couples living together, 400% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3190% were non-families 2740% of all households were made up of individuals and 1330% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 232 and the average family size was 276

In the county, the population was spread out with 2270% under the age of 18, 340% from 18 to 24, 1930% from 25 to 44, 3140% from 45 to 64, and 2330% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 48 years For every 100 females there were 10220 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9700 males

The median income for a household in the county was $28,750, and the median income for a family was $34,048 Males had a median income of $29,688 versus $22,361 for females The per capita income for the county was $15,884 About 1270% of families and 1560% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2220% of those under age 18 and 420% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,441 people, 651 households, and 408 families residing in the county11 The population density was 08 inhabitants per square mile 031/km2 There were 895 housing units at an average density of 05 per square mile 019/km212 The racial makeup of the county was 924% white, 12% American Indian, 06% Asian, 01% Pacific islander, 26% from other races, and 31% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 43% of the population11 In terms of ancestry, 284% were German, 240% were English, 200% were Irish, and 84% were American13

Of the 651 households, 203% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 519% were married couples living together, 72% had a female householder with no husband present, 373% were non-families, and 324% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 218 and the average family size was 270 The median age was 530 years11

The median income for a household in the county was $33,403 and the median income for a family was $43,167 Males had a median income of $36,328 versus $31,792 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,598 About 91% of families and 114% of the population were below the poverty line, including 120% of those under age 18 and 57% of those age 65 or over14

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results15
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 723% 591 190% 155 88% 72
2012 635% 545 310% 266 55% 47
2008 613% 498 346% 281 41% 33
2004 696% 612 278% 245 26% 23
2000 694% 584 240% 202 65% 55
1996 478% 418 342% 299 180% 157
1992 415% 357 311% 267 275% 236
1988 545% 367 407% 274 48% 32
1984 666% 504 334% 253 00% 0
1980 547% 442 349% 282 104% 84
1976 456% 355 516% 402 28% 22
1972 603% 474 340% 267 57% 45
1968 581% 443 383% 292 35% 27
1964 426% 340 574% 458 00% 0
1960 548% 566 452% 466 00% 0
1956 515% 605 485% 569 00% 0
1952 605% 719 394% 468 01% 1
1948 492% 414 489% 411 19% 16
1944 566% 544 430% 414 04% 4
1940 518% 705 479% 652 02% 3
1936 422% 502 557% 663 21% 25
1932 446% 519 543% 632 12% 14
1928 751% 677 248% 224 01% 1
1924 684% 685 213% 213 103% 103
1920 766% 797 204% 212 31% 32
1916 517% 629 469% 570 14% 17
1912 448% 307 324% 222 229% 157
1908 617% 418 348% 236 35% 24
1904 696% 462 243% 161 62% 41

Though Wheeler County is located in central Oregon, politically it falls in line with the eastern side of the state The majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Wheeler County, as well as most counties in eastern Oregon, are members of the Republican Party,16 and the last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Jimmy Carter in 1976

In the 2016 presidential election, 7225 percent of voters went for Republican president-elect Donald Trump, 1895 percent for Democrat Hillary Clinton, 562 percent for Libertarian Gary Johnson, and the remainder were either write-ins or voted for other candidates17 In the 2012 presidential election, 6352 percent of voters went for Mitt Romney, 3100 percent for presisdent-elect Barack Obama and 548 percent for other candidates In the 2008 presidential election, 6133% of Wheeler County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 3461% voted for Obama and 406% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate18 In the 2004 presidential election, 695% of Wheeler Country voters had voted for George W Bush, while 278% had voted for John Kerry, and 27% of voters either had voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate19

16

Economyedit

Principal industries in this county are agriculture, livestock, and lumber

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Fossil county seat
  • Mitchell
  • Spray

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Antone
  • Clarno
  • Richmond
  • Service Creek
  • Spoos Mill
  • Twickenham
  • Waterman
  • Wetmore
  • Winlock

Ghost townedit

  • Kinzua

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Wheeler County, Oregon
  • Winlock W Steiwer

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Page:Centennial History of Oregon 1811-1912, Volume 1djvu/706" 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  16. ^ a b http://wwwsosstateorus/elections/votreg/mar09pdf Retrieved on 4/20/09
  17. ^ Wheeler County in 2016 Presidential election
  18. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS/statesubphpyear=2008&fips=41069&f=0&off=0&elect=0 retrieved 4/20/09
  19. ^ http://wwwcity-datacom/county/Wheeler_County-ORhtml Retrieved on 4/21/09

External linksedit

Media related to Wheeler County, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons

  • Wheeler County Oregon official website
  • Wheeler County listing in the Oregon Blue Book

Coordinates: 44°44′N 120°01′W / 4473°N 12002°W / 4473; -12002

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