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West Linn, Oregon

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West Linn is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States Now a southern suburb within the Portland metropolitan area, West Linn has a history of early development, prompted by the opportunity to harvest energy from nearby Willamette Falls It was named after US Senator Lewis F Linn of Ste Genevieve, Missouri, who had advocated the American occupation of Oregon as a counterclaim to the British As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 25,109

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 19th century
    • 12 20th century
    • 13 21st century
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Media
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Prior to settlement by Oregon pioneers, the area which became known as West Linn was the home of ancestors of some of the present-day Confederated Tribes of the Grand Ronde Community of Oregon

19th centuryedit

Major Robert Moore was an early settler arriving in 1839—before the Champoeg Meetings—having been the senior member of the first attempt to create an American state in Oregon, the Peoria Party7 Sometime after journeying around the Willamette Valley and Columbia Basin, Moore bought title to approx 1,000 acres 400 ha on the west side of Willamette Falls, across the Willamette River from Oregon City, from a local Native American chief,vague on which he platted a town he called "Robin's Nest" in early 1843citation needed He also filed a provisional claim with the then government of the Oregon Country, not knowing if his transaction would be honored by the eventual governing laws The Oregon Territorial Legislature voted to rename it Linn City on December 22, 1845 as a memorial to Senator Lewis F Linn after whom Linn County is also named Linn was a neighbor and family friend of the Moores from their time as settlers in the early Missouri Territorycitation needed

For many years Linn City was a political and commercial rival to the adjacent town of Oregon City,citation needed but it suffered a series of natural and man-made setbacks A major fire and the Great Flood of 1862 put a halt to the pioneer settlement in 1861, dispersing many of the surviving family members throughout the Pacific Northwest

20th centuryedit

West Linn was incorporated in 1913 and merged with the adjacent town of Willamette in 1916, which had incorporated five years earlier8 When the City of West Linn incorporated in 1913, it encompassed West Oregon City, Bolton, Sunset and Willamette Heights The incorporation allowed the settlements to obtain needed services, utilities, and improvements without annexing to Oregon City After considerable debate on a name, the city founders decided to honor the pioneer town that Moore had established The city's population historically grew steadily, but in recent years has leveled off The 1860 census listed 225 residents By 1920, the number had grown to 1,628 The 1960 census set the population at 2,923, and by 1970, West Linn had grown to more than 7,000 The city’s population has continued to grow each year Currently, the city’s population is 25,250

21st centuryedit

In 2011, the City of West Linn was the Top-Ranked Oregon City on the CNN/Money Magazine 'Best Places to Live 2011' List Citing 'breathtaking views of the Cascades and relatively low local taxes,' the Number 69 listing includes a photo of Central Village, and also mentions the Music in the Park concert series, the historic Willamette area, the farmer's market, and the Street Dance The City of Sherwood is the only other Oregon city to make the 2011 listing, coming in at Number 100 In 2009, the City of West Linn was included on the 'Best Places to Live 2009' list Oregonians move to the hilltop homes here for a scenic view of the Cascades and relatively low local taxes With Portland just 25 minutes away, most residents commute into the city during the week Weekends are spent enjoying waterfront recreation: West Linn sits at the junction of two rivers On summer evenings, residents enjoy picnic dinners over concerts in the park Locals also flock to a revitalized downtown area, Historic Willamette, which offers a farmer’s market and, occasionally, dancing in the street

In 2012, the City of West Linn was named Tree City USA Community by the Arbor Day Foundation for its commitment to urban forestry It is the 19th year West Linn has earned this national honor from the Arbor Day Foundation, the nation’s largest nonprofit organization dedicated to planting trees “We all benefit when communities like West Linn place a high priority on planting and caring for trees, one of our nation’s most beautiful resources,” said John Rosenow, chief executive and founder of the Arbor Day Foundation “Trees shade our homes and add beauty to our neighborhoods, and they also provide many environmental, economic and social benefits We applaud West Linn’s elected officials, volunteers and citizens for providing vital care for its urban forest”

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 805 square miles 2085 km2, of which, 739 square miles 1914 km2 is land and 066 square miles 171 km2 is water2 The city is located between the Willamette and Tualatin rivers; it includes the former townsites/developments of Willamette, Bolton, Multnomah City, Sunset City, and West Oregon City Willamette was incorporated in 1908, the City of West Linn was incorporated in 1913, and the two towns merged in 1916 Later annexations brought in the Cedaroak, Marylhurst and Hidden Springs neighborhoods Infill created the Tanner Basin and Tannler neighborhoodscitation needed

The Nature Conservancy maintains the Camassia Natural Area in central West Linn as one of its conservancy preserves9 The 26-acre 11 ha-area is located on a rocky plateau exposed by the Bretz Floods and now named after the camas which bloom there in spring; it hosts about 300 other species, including the white rock larkspur, a species located in only a half dozen other places in the world10 It supports Oregon white oak-madrone woodlands, a stand of quaking aspen, wet meadows, ponds, and vernal pools10

The Mary S Young State Recreation Area, located between Oregon Route 43 and the Willamette River, featuring a large off leash dog area, soccer fields and 5-8 miles worth of trails is located in West Linn

West Linn is located in the area where the Willamette Meteorite was placed by the Missoula Floods

Climateedit

Extremes range from −2 °F −19 °C, recorded in 1950, to 107 °F 42 °C, recorded in 1956 and 198111

Climate data for West Linn, OR
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 66
19
75
24
81
27
92
33
104
40
103
39
107
42
107
42
105
41
96
36
73
23
68
20
107
42
Average high °F °C 49
9
53
12
58
14
64
18
70
21
76
24
83
28
84
29
78
26
65
18
53
12
47
8
65
183
Average low °F °C 37
3
37
3
40
4
43
6
48
9
53
12
56
13
56
13
52
11
46
8
40
4
35
2
453
73
Record low °F °C −2
−19
6
−14
22
−6
28
−2
31
−1
37
3
41
5
41
5
33
1
24
−4
9
−13
6
−14
−2
−19
Average precipitation inches mm 678
1722
478
1214
467
1186
347
881
246
625
174
442
065
165
072
183
161
409
361
917
656
1666
732
1859
4437
1,1269
Source: 12

Demographicsedit

Historic Willamette Business District Historic Gothic revival house, Willamette District Census
Historical population
Pop
1920 1,628
1930 1,956 201%
1940 2,165 107%
1950 2,945 360%
1960 3,933 335%
1970 7,091 803%
1980 11,358 602%
1990 16,367 441%
2000 22,261 360%
2010 25,109 128%
Est 2016 26,859 70%
Sources:45141516

The median income for a household in the city was $72,010, and the median income for a family was $83,252 These figures had risen to $94,844 and $108,821 respectively as of a 2007 estimate Males had a median income of $61,458 versus $38,733 for females The per capita income for the city was $34,671, among the state's top five About 29% of families and 39% of the population were below the poverty line, including 36% of those under age 18 and 42% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the census3 of 2010, there were 25,109 people, 9,523 households, and 7,081 families residing in the city The population density was 3,3977 inhabitants per square mile 1,3119/km2 There were 10,035 housing units at an average density of 1,3579 per square mile 5243/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 907% White, 07% African American, 03% Native American, 40% Asian, 01% Pacific Islander, 10% from other races, and 31% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 40% of the population

There were 9,523 households of which 378% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 618% were married couples living together, 90% had a female householder with no husband present, 36% had a male householder with no wife present, and 256% were non-families 206% of all households were made up of individuals and 63% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 262 and the average family size was 304

The median age in the city was 415 years 263% of residents were under the age of 18; 59% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 233% were from 25 to 44; 334% were from 45 to 64; and 111% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 487% male and 513% female

Educationedit

Public schools in West Linn, including West Linn High School, are part of the West Linn-Wilsonville School District It is also home to Columbia Academy, a private school licensed by Applied Scholastics17

The city operates a public library that is part of the Library Information Network of Clackamas County

Mediaedit

  • West Linn Tidings

Notable peopleedit

  • Steve Blake, basketball player for the Detroit Pistons18
  • Gert Boyle, the chairwoman of Columbia Sportswear, resident beginning in 198719
  • Darlene Hooley, United States Congresswoman
  • Nate McMillan, former head coach of the Portland Trail Blazers20
  • Cade McNown, football player
  • Cole Gillespie, baseball player
  • Michael Harper, former basketball player for the Portland Trail Blazers
  • Robert Moore, founder of Linn City
  • Brandon Roy, former basketball player for the Portland Trail Blazers
  • Chael Sonnen, mixed martial arts competitor21
  • Mitch Williams, baseball player22
  • Monty Williams, former NBA player, former assistant coach of the Portland Trail Blazers, head coach of the New Orleans Hornets23

See alsoedit

  • Tualatin Valley Fire and Rescue

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Russ Axelrod" Democratic Party of Oregon Retrieved 2 October 2015 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  4. ^ a b "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2014-10-03 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  7. ^ Tobie, Harvey Elmer 1949 No Man Like Joe: The Life and Times of Joseph L Meek Oregon Historical Society Binford & Mort 
  8. ^ "Photographing History" West Linn Tidings Pamplin Media Group June 26, 2008 Retrieved April 20, 2013 
  9. ^ "Camassia Natural Area" Natureorg February 8, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-03 
  10. ^ a b "Oregon: Camassia Natural Area" The Nature Conservancy Retrieved 2011-06-03 
  11. ^ "Monthly Averages for West Linn, OR 97068" The Weather Channel Retrieved 2012-03-18 
  12. ^ "Monthly Averages for West Linn, OR 97068" Weathercom Retrieved March 18, 2012 
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  14. ^ "Population-Oregon" PDF 15th Census of the United States US Census Bureau Retrieved 27 November 2013 
  15. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon" PDF 18th Census of the United States US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  16. ^ "Pennsylvania: Population and Housing Unit Counts" PDF US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  17. ^ "Philosophy & Approach" Columbia Academy Retrieved 2012-04-13 
  18. ^ Peterson, Anne M July 13, 2007 "Guard Steve Blake Returning to Blazers" Washington Post Retrieved December 21, 2009 
  19. ^ "Gert Boyle details violent attack against her" KATU March 25, 2011 Retrieved 2012-04-13 In her statement Boyle says she hasn’t returned to her West Linn home of nearly 24 years since that night except to get her belongings 
  20. ^ Quick, Jason December 10, 2009 "McMillan struggles as injury puts him out of sight, even if he's not out of mind for Blazers" The Oregonian Retrieved December 21, 2009 
  21. ^ "West Linn ultimate fighter Chael Sonnen fined $10,000 for money-laundering" OregonLivecom Advance Publications April 11, 2011 Retrieved July 11, 2011 Sonnen, a West Linn native, was a star wrestler at the University of Oregon 
  22. ^ "West Linn High inducts first Hall of Fame" West Linn Tidings Pamplin Media Group July 8, 2006 Retrieved April 20, 2013 
  23. ^ Freeman, Joe November 3, 2008 "Faith, film and family" The Oregonian Retrieved April 23, 2010 and his West Linn home is theirs to visit should they want 

External linksedit

  • City of West Linn official website
  • West Linn listing in the Oregon Blue Book
  • West Linn Chamber of Commerce
  • West Linn Arts Commission

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