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Wellsville, Ohio

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Wellsville is a village in Columbiana County, Ohio, United States, along the Ohio River It is in Yellow Creek Township, Columbiana County, Ohio The population was 3,541 at the 2010 census4 Wellsville is located in and the southernmost point of the Salem, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, as well as the greater Mahoning Valley

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Areas of Interest
  • 3 Geography
  • 4 Demographics
    • 41 2010 census
    • 42 2000 census
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 Further reading
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

In 1770, George Washington with his friend and personal surveyor, William Crawford soldier, embarked on a journey down the Ohio River from Pittsburgh for the purpose of viewing lands to be apportioned among soldiers who had served in the French and Indian War They are reported to have surveyed the Wellsville area just north of the Yellow Creek5 in 1770 and noted in his journal that it was good bottom land

The Yellow Creek Massacre occurred near Wellsville in 1774 A group of Virginian settlers killed the relatives of a prominent Iroquois leader, Logan, who was camped on Yellow Creek Logan took revenge, resulting in Lord Dunmore's War

James Clark and William Wells first settled in the area in 1795 Although they had to leave for a while due to Native American attacks in the area, they returned between 1797 and 1800 Wellsville was founded in 1797 by William Wells, a Pennsylvanian, and former justice of the Territory Northwest of the River Ohio6 Wellsville's first school and church were also established before 1800 A barn built in 1807 by the Aten family was moved to Hale Farm and Village in Bath, Ohio7

In 1814 a turnpike road was built to Lisbon, Ohio and in 1816 a post office was established at Wellsville with John J Feehan serving as postmaster In the 1820s the first Methodist Episcopal Church was organized by Rev John Callahan in the house of William Wells This is supposed to be the first Methodist Episcopal Church organized in the State of Ohio Shortly thereafter, Well's son, Joseph Wells, founded the Wellsville's Central Methodist Church

Wellsville finally took shape around 1823 when William Wells recorded that lots had been laid out for planned settlement The initial site was bounded by the current Third and Fifth Streets, between Riverside Avenue and Commerce Street although at the time they had different names8:4–6

In 1836, a foundry was opened at Wellsville to make steamboat machinery It later became known as the Stevenson Company and produced brick-making machinery Now it is a Fabrication and Machine Shop whose major function is building all types of Processing Equipment for the Ceramic, Porcelain Enamel Frit Grinding, Paint, and Chemical Manufacturing Industries

Wellsville was incorporated as a village in 18489

In 1852 the Cleveland & Pittsburgh Railroad later acquired by the Pennsylvania Railroad built a track from Hanover, Ohio to Wellsville and in 1856 it built a track from Wellsville to Rochester, Pennsylvania

On February 14, 1861 Abraham Lincoln, on his way to his first inauguration, spoke to a large gathering in front of the Whitakre House, a hotel, in Wellsville

On July 26, 1863 the Confederate Stares Army General officer John Hunt Morgan and several hundred of his soldiers surrendered to pursuing Union forces and were held in Wellsville before being shipped to the Ohio Penitentiary at Columbus, Ohio Gen Morgan was put up at the Whitaker House, a hotel in Wellsville The men were treated more like criminals than prisoners of war at the Ohio Penitentiary Morgan's raid was the northernmost advance of Confederate troops during the Civil War

At this time Ohio State Route 45 on the eastern border of Wellsville was known as the Warren-Ashtabula Turnpike which ran from Wellsville, Ohio, to Ashtabula, Ohio It was an important part of the Underground Railroad

During the 1896 presidential campaign Democratic candidate William Jennings Bryan addressed a crowd in Wellsville, Ohio from the back of a train Bryan was the first candidate to successfully embrace "whistle stop" campaigning, harnessing the power of a young rail network to reach masses of voters

In 1951, his only year of varsity basketball at Wellsville, Clarence Bevo Francis scored 776 points in 25 games for an average of nearly 32 point per game In the process, he led his team to a stunning 19-1 regular season record and a berth in the state playoffs He was a unanimous all-state performer

Areas of Interestedit

  • Spring Hill Cemetery
    Established in 1856 Approximately 73 acres in size
    • PFC Melvin Earl Newlin Memorial PC Newlin was awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor
  • St Elizabeth Cemetery
  • Hammond Park
  • Bottle Kiln: Wellsville Ohio Bottle Kiln This Bottle Kiln is located at the corner of 3rd Street and Lisbon Street in Wellsville, Ohio The kiln is 415 feet high The Kiln is maintained by the Wellsville Historical Society, PO Box 13, Wellsville, OH 43968
  • The Boy and the Boot statue
  • Fulton & Sons Bell: Located at the Free & Accepted Masons of Ohio Lodge on Main Street The oldest bell in Wellsville, Ohio Forged by Fulton & Sons of Pittsburgh, Pa At the time it was cast it was the largest bell in America Cast in 1871 it is 44 inches in diameter Fulton bells are unique because of the crown that suspends it All Fulton bells have this crown making the identification easy
  • Flood Wall with Murals
  • Honor Roll Wall
    Located at the intersection of Wells Avenue and State Route 45 This Honor Roll Wall pays tribute to every Wellsville resident who, living or dead, served their country in the armed forces At present there are more than 2,200 names on the wall The construction was directed by the Wellsville Veterans Memorial Council and done by the George Crews Construction Company
  • Episcopal Church of the Ascension and Manse which is on the National Register of Historic Places
  • The River Museum maintained by the Wellsville Historical Society
  • Russell Heights
  • 18th Street Heights
  • Hillcrest
  • Off Road ATV Trails
  • Bubba's House

Geographyedit

Wellsville is located at 40°36′15″N 80°39′8″W / 4060417°N 8065222°W / 4060417; -8065222 40604168, -8065220710

The elevation is 682 ft above sea level

It is located on the Allegheny Plateau Its southern border is the Ohio River On its eastern border is the Little Yellow Creek and on its western border is the Yellow Cheek Its northern border is rising hills

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 191 square miles 495 km2, of which 180 square miles 466 km2 is land and 011 square miles 028 km2 is water1

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1830 169
1840 759 3491%
1850 1,546 1037%
1860 1,587 27%
1870 2,313 457%
1880 3,377 460%
1890 5,247 554%
1900 6,146 171%
1910 7,769 264%
1920 8,849 139%
1930 7,956 −101%
1940 7,672 −36%
1950 7,854 24%
1960 7,117 −94%
1970 5,891 −172%
1980 5,095 −135%
1990 4,532 −111%
2000 4,133 −88%
2010 3,541 −143%
Est 2016 3,374 −47%
US Decennial Census12

2010 censusedit

As of the census2 of 2010, there were 3,541 people, 1,475 households, and 957 families residing in the village The population density was 1,9672 inhabitants per square mile 7595/km2 There were 1,774 housing units at an average density of 9856 per square mile 3805/km2 The racial makeup of the village was 893% White, 68% African American, 01% Native American, 04% Asian, 05% from other races, and 30% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12% of the population

There were 1,475 households of which 346% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 360% were married couples living together, 225% had a female householder with no husband present, 64% had a male householder with no wife present, and 351% were non-families 308% of all households were made up of individuals and 126% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 240 and the average family size was 296

The median age in the village was 376 years 26% of residents were under the age of 18; 83% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 243% were from 25 to 44; 265% were from 45 to 64; and 148% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the village was 469% male and 531% female

2000 censusedit

As of the census13 of 2000, there were 4,133 people, 1,696 households, and 1,107 families residing in the village The population density was 2,3484 people per square mile 9067/km² There were 1,869 housing units at an average density of 1,0620 per square mile 4100/km² The racial makeup of the village was 9059% White, 697% African American, 012% Native American, 012% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 005% from other races, and 213% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 039% of the population

There were 1,696 households out of which 314% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 420% were married couples living together, 190% had a female householder with no husband present, and 347% were non-families 302% of all households were made up of individuals and 156% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 243 and the average family size was 302

In the village, the population was spread out with 263% under the age of 18, 95% from 18 to 24, 269% from 25 to 44, 214% from 45 to 64, and 160% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 869 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 808 males

The median income for a household in the village was $26,198, and the median income for a family was $33,245 Males had a median income of $26,724 versus $19,904 for females The per capita income for the village was $14,335 About 165% of families and 171% of the population were below the poverty line, including 233% of those under age 18 and 121% of those age 65 or over

Educationedit

Wellsville is served by the Wellsville High School Ohio It is in the Wellsville Local school district 2 Wellsville is also served by the Wellsville Carnegie Public Library It was established on Feb 15, 1912 In 2005, the library loaned more than 55,000 items to its 8,000 cardholders Total holdings as of 2005 are over 36,000 volumes with over 62 periodical subscriptions14

Notable peopleedit

  • William Burr McIntosh - Lecturer, photographer, film studio owner, silent film actor, author, publisher of Burr McIntosh Monthly
  • Melvin E Newlin - United States Marine and Medal of Honor recipient
  • Clete Patterson - NFL player15
  • James William Reilly - Ohio state representative, general in Union Army during American Civil War16
  • P Craig Russell - Comic book illustrator17
  • Paul Travis - Artist18
  • Bevo Francis - Basketball player
  • Mary Bowermaster - American record holder in World Masters Athletics Championships
  • William Chapman Ralston - San Francisco businessman and financier, founder of Bank of California
  • Tom Casey Canadian football - Canadian Football League player, led league in rushing yards from 1950 to 1956
  • William Peters Hepburn - Eleven-term Republican congressman from Iowa's 8th Congressional District
  • Wallace Samuel Gourley - United States federal judge

Tony Sgro - World Famous Entertainer/Harmonica Player Dominic Sgro - World Famous Entertainer/Harmonica Player Harry Netti - Live Audio Engineer - Paul McCartney, The Rolling Stones, Barry Manilow, Earth, Wind & Fire, Natalie Cole, Whitney Houston, Elvis Costello

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-01-06 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-01-06 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-06-17 
  4. ^ "Wellsville Demographics - Get Current Census Data for Wellsville, OH" Retrieved November 28, 2016 
  5. ^ 1
  6. ^ Mangus, Michael; Herman, Jennifer L 2008 Ohio Encyclopedia North American Book Dist LLC p 572 ISBN 978-1-878592-68-2 
  7. ^ From Hale Farm's website: Though Wheatfield Village never really existed, the historic buildings are original 19th century structures built within Ohio's Western Reserve These buildings were acquired by Hale Farm and moved to the site as part of a "historic preservation through relocation" program http://wneoorg/halefarm/village/wheatfield2htm
  8. ^ Davidson, Edgar Before the Memory Fades The Wellsville Historical Society nd
  9. ^ McCord, William B 1905 History of Columbiana County, Ohio and Representative Citizens Biographical Publishing Company p 342 
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990" United States Census Bureau 2011-02-12 Retrieved 2011-04-23 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2015 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  14. ^ "2005 Ohio Public Library Statistics:Statistics by County and Town" State Library of Ohio Retrieved November 10, 2006 
  15. ^ "Clete Patterson" Pro-Football-Referencecom Retrieved August 3, 2011 
  16. ^ "Politicians who died in Columbiana County" The Political Graveyard Retrieved August 3, 2011 
  17. ^ "P Craig Russell", BookRagscom, retrieved August 3, 2011 
  18. ^ "Paul Travis, Painter, 1891–1975" Cleveland Arts Prize Retrieved August 3, 2011 

Further readingedit

  • History of Wellsville, OH by Frank L Wells From: History of Columbiana County, Ohio by Harold B Barth The Historical Publishing Company Topeka-Indianapolis, 1926
  • Before The Memory Fades 1795 - 1950 by Edgar Stanton Davidson Hardcover, 72 pages Publisher: The Wellsville Historical Society:1003 Riverside Avenue, Wellsville, OH330 532-1018

External linksedit

  • Village website
  • PFC Melvin Earl Newlin's grave
  • Wellsville Historical Society
  • Remarks made by President Lincoln at the Whitaker House in Wellsville, Ohio

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