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Washington, New Hampshire

washington new hampshire population, washington new hampshire historical society
Washington is a town in Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 1,123 at the 2010 census1 Situated in a hilly, rocky, forested area, and with 26 lakes and ponds, Washington is a picturesque resort area It is home to Pillsbury State Park


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


Congregational Church & School c 1920

Granted in 1735 by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts, the town was one of the fort towns designated to protect the colonies from Indian attack, named "Monadnock Number 8" In 1751, the town was granted by Governor Benning Wentworth as "New Concord" As the grant was never settled, the charter was revoked Reuben Kidder of New Ipswich acquired the grant, naming it "Camden" The first settlers arrived in 1768 and built log houses By 1773, the community had 132 inhabitants On December 13, 1776, the newly established American revolutionary government incorporated the town as "Washington", after George Washington — one of the first named in his honor2

By 1830, the population had grown to 1,135 Using water power from the streams, mills manufactured lumber, barrel staves, shingles, chair parts, bobbins, whip sockets, hosiery, bricks and washboards Gristmills ground grain Sheep farms, producing wool and mutton, were an important business In 1840, there were 200 farms Tubbs Union Academy was founded in 1849, and although it did not last long, the school once enrolled over 100 students from New Hampshire and beyond The first Seventh-day Adventist church was established in Washington in 1862 In 1886, the town produced 53 tons of maple sugar

The railroad era brought tourists, and hotels were built on the lakes and ponds; however, with 19th-century migration to the Midwest, the town's population dwindled As of 1960, it contained only 162 inhabitants Washington has grown since, as its scenic beauty attracts tourists and retirees The town contains significant examples of early architecture, including the Town Hall, built as a meetinghouse in 1787, the Congregational Church built in 1840, and the first Seventh-day Adventist Church built circa 1843


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 476 square miles 1233 km2, of which 454 sq mi 1176 km2 is land and 22 sq mi 57 km2 is water, comprising 462% of the town Ashuelot Pond is in the southwest, and part of Highland Lake is in the south Lovewell Mountain, elevation 2,496 feet 761 m above sea level, is the highest point in town As Edwin A Charlton writes in New Hampshire As It Is 1855, the mountain "received its name from Captain John Lovewell, who was accustomed to ascend it for the purpose of discovering the wigwams of the Indians, and who, on one occasion, killed seven Indians near its summit" The Washington Town Common, elevation 1,507 feet 459 m, is the highest town center in the state The town hall of Clarksville is located at a higher elevation—1,980 feet 600 m—but there is no other village development there

Washington is bordered by Goshen to the northwest, Newbury and Bradford to the northeast, Hillsborough and Windsor to the southeast, Stoddard to the south, Marlow to the southwest, and Lempster to the west


Historical population
1790 545
1800 819 503%
1810 820 01%
1820 992 210%
1830 1,135 144%
1840 1,103 −28%
1850 1,053 −45%
1860 897 −148%
1870 839 −65%
1880 682 −187%
1890 569 −166%
1900 464 −185%
1910 360 −224%
1920 308 −144%
1930 245 −205%
1940 278 135%
1950 168 −396%
1960 162 −36%
1970 248 531%
1980 411 657%
1990 628 528%
2000 895 425%
2010 1,123 255%
Est 2015 1,111 −11%
US Decennial Census4

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 895 people, 370 households, and 277 families residing in the town The population density was 197 people per square mile 76/km² There were 925 housing units at an average density of 204 per square mile 79/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9821% White, 034% Native American, and 145% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 145% of the population

There were 370 households out of which 241% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 678% were married couples living together, 41% had a female householder with no husband present, and 249% were non-families 195% of all households were made up of individuals and 95% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 242 and the average family size was 273

In the town, the age distribution of the population shows 219% under the age of 18, 35% from 18 to 24, 246% from 25 to 44, 322% from 45 to 64, and 179% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 45 years For every 100 females there were 1048 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1009 males

The median income for a household in the town was $43,125, and the median income for a family was $50,000 Males had a median income of $34,688 versus $26,333 for females The per capita income for the town was $20,540 About 31% of families and 50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 81% of those under age 18 and 57% of those age 65 or over

Notable peopleedit

  • John C Lord, Presbyterian minister
  • Sylvanus Thayer, US Army colonel; known as the "Father of West Point"
  • Carroll D Wright, first US Commissioner of Labor; fifth president of the American Statistical Association; first president of Clark College

Sites of interestedit

  • Washington Historical Society & Museum
  • Shedd Free Library
  • Birthplace of the Seventh-day Adventist Church


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ "Washington, Va, Oldest Of Name" The Free Lance-Star Oct 3, 1932 p 3 Retrieved 2 May 2015 
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  4. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Washington official website
  • Pillsbury State Park
  • Information on Washington, New Hampshire
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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