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Wasco County, Oregon

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Wasco County is a county in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,2131 Its county seat is The Dalles2 The county is named for a local tribe of Native Americans, the Wasco, a Chinook tribe who lived on the south side of the Columbia River

Wasco County comprises The Dalles Micropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected area
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government and infrastructure
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Incorporated cities
    • 62 Census-designated places
    • 63 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Celilo Falls on the Columbia River served as a gathering place and major trading center for the local Native Americans, including the Wasco, Paiute, and Warm Springs tribes, for thousands of years These rapids came to be named Les Grandes Dalles de la Columbia or "The Great Falls of the Columbia" by the French Canadian fur traders

The Dalles initially seved as a way station on the Oregon Trail as it approached the Willamette Valley The construction of the Barlow Road over the Cascade Range in 1845, and the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850 encouraged families to settle in the area Over the following years, Wasco County was a major transportation hub for both river and inland traffic

The Oregon Territorial Legislature created Wasco County on January 11, 1854, from the parts of Clackamas, Lane, Linn and Marion counties, that were east of the Cascade Range At the time of its creation, it was the largest county in the United States, consisting of 130,000 square miles 340,000 km2 that stretched clear to the Rocky Mountains Its northern border was the Washington Territory line the Columbia River When Dakota Territory including present-day Wyoming was created in 1861, Idaho Territory in 1863, and Montana Territory in 1864, the parts of Wasco County east of the present Oregon boundaries were ceded to those territories Other Oregon counties were split away, and Wasco was reduced to its current size

Oregon Territory is shown in blue Everything east of the Cascades was part of the original Wasco County
Dates of Secession of Other Eastern Oregon Counties
County Secession Date
Baker 1862
Umatilla 1862
Grant 1864
Lake 1874
Crook 1882
Morrow 1884
Gilliam 1885
Sherman 1889
Hood River 1908

The Dalles was designated the county seat with the creation of the county, and has been its only location

The river traffic on the Columbia River was profoundly affected in 1935 by the building of Bonneville Dam in Multnomah County and by The Dalles Dam in 1957 in Wasco County which submerged Celilo Falls

Wasco County attracted international attention in the 1980s, when Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh went to the United States and settled for several years at a marginal ranch called "The Big Muddy", but later known as Rajneeshpuram Disagreements over zoning rules and building codes in the beginning continued to escalate between not only his followers and the inhabitants of Wasco County, but eventually with the rest of the state His followers, known as Rajneeshees, settled en bloc in Antelope, Oregon and were able to elect a majority of the town councillors Acerbic, if not hostile comments by his spokeswoman, Ma Anand Sheela, only increased tensions, and were not helped by Rajneesh's vow of silence When the Rajneeshees subsequently recruited homeless people from across the United States to settle at Rajneeshpuram, it was widely seen as an attempt to use the ballot box to seize control of the county But perhaps the most bizarre turn of events was when an outbreak of salmonella in salad bars at ten restaurants in The Dalles was traced to the acts of his followers About this time, Sheela was removed from her post in Rajneesh's service

This chapter in the county's history finally ended in 1985, when Rajneesh was arrested as he was fleeing the US On October 23, 1985, a federal grand jury in Portland had secretly indicted Rajneesh, Sheela, and six other of his followers for immigration crimes Two days later, a Wasco County grand jury returned indictments against Sheela and two others, charging them with the attempted murder of Swami Devaraj, Rajneesh's personal doctor Rajneesh entered an Alford plea and was given a suspended sentence on condition that he leave the country

The former Rajneesh ranch is now known as "Washington Family Ranch" It is owned and operated by Young Life Ministries, a Christian organization providing camp services for youth

Geographyedit

An aerial view of the county

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,395 square miles 6,200 km2, of which 2,382 square miles 6,170 km2 is land and 14 square miles 36 km2 06% is water3 The northern boundary with Washington is the Columbia River the state line

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Hood River County, Oregon - west
  • Clackamas County, Oregon - west
  • Marion County, Oregon - southwest
  • Jefferson County, Oregon - south
  • Wheeler County, Oregon - southeast
  • Gilliam County, Oregon - east
  • Sherman County, Oregon - east
  • Klickitat County, Washington - north

National protected areaedit

  • Mount Hood National Forest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1860 1,689
1870 2,509 485%
1880 11,120 3432%
1890 9,183 −174%
1900 13,199 437%
1910 16,336 238%
1920 13,648 −165%
1930 12,646 −73%
1940 13,069 33%
1950 15,552 190%
1960 20,205 299%
1970 20,133 −04%
1980 21,732 79%
1990 21,683 −02%
2000 23,791 97%
2010 25,213 60%
Est 2016 26,115 36%
US Decennial Census5
1790-19606 1900-19907
1990-20008 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census9 of 2000, there were 23,791 people, 9,401 households, and 6,505 families residing in the county The population density was 10 people per square mile 4/km² There were 10,651 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile 2/km² The racial makeup of the county was 8658% White, 381% Native American, 080% Asian, 050% Pacific Islander, 030% Black or African American, 565% from other races, and 236% from two or more races 931% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 178% were of German, 118% English, 98% American, 95% Irish and 50% Norwegian ancestry

There were 9,401 households out of which 3020% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5480% were married couples living together, 990% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3080% were non-families 2610% of all households were made up of individuals and 1150% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 247 and the average family size was 296

In the county, the population was spread out with 2540% under the age of 18, 740% from 18 to 24, 2520% from 25 to 44, 2540% from 45 to 64, and 1670% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 9790 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9510 males

The median income for a household in the county was $35,959, and the median income for a family was $42,412 Males had a median income of $36,051 versus $21,575 for females The per capita income for the county was $17,195 About 1030% of families and 1290% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1770% of those under age 18 and 730% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,213 people, 10,031 households, and 6,540 families residing in the county10 The population density was 106 inhabitants per square mile 41/km2 There were 11,487 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile 19/km211 The racial makeup of the county was 861% white, 44% American Indian, 08% Asian, 06% Pacific islander, 04% black or African American, 52% from other races, and 25% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 148% of the population10 In terms of ancestry, 198% were German, 140% were English, 106% were Irish, 64% were American, and 50% were Swedish12

Of the 10,031 households, 293% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 494% were married couples living together, 109% had a female householder with no husband present, 348% were non-families, and 288% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 244 and the average family size was 298 The median age was 417 years10

The median income for a household in the county was $42,133 and the median income for a family was $50,279 Males had a median income of $40,658 versus $27,996 for females The per capita income for the county was $21,922 About 111% of families and 155% of the population were below the poverty line, including 201% of those under age 18 and 76% of those age 65 or over13

Government and infrastructureedit

Presidential Elections Results14
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 488% 5,833 400% 4,781 113% 1,350
2012 481% 5,229 479% 5,211 40% 433
2008 448% 5,103 519% 5,906 33% 371
2004 510% 6,119 474% 5,691 16% 192
2000 502% 5,356 433% 4,616 65% 692
1996 368% 3,662 499% 4,967 133% 1,323
1992 296% 3,242 425% 4,663 280% 3,068
1988 454% 4,462 523% 5,141 24% 231
1984 554% 6,905 443% 5,526 03% 41
1980 460% 4,703 424% 4,336 117% 1,196
1976 461% 4,258 494% 4,560 46% 422
1972 517% 4,537 427% 3,749 56% 489
1968 463% 3,842 472% 3,918 66% 546
1964 314% 2,695 685% 5,890 01% 12
1960 496% 4,355 504% 4,426 00% 3
1956 510% 4,332 490% 4,165 00% 0
1952 631% 4,362 364% 2,517 05% 35
1948 517% 2,740 460% 2,438 22% 118
1944 508% 2,429 483% 2,313 09% 44
1940 458% 2,553 538% 3,001 04% 22
1936 247% 1,278 689% 3,573 64% 333
1932 373% 1,740 595% 2,776 32% 148
1928 609% 2,746 377% 1,699 15% 68
1924 515% 2,409 253% 1,185 232% 1,087
1920 623% 2,698 331% 1,434 47% 202
1916 475% 2,243 485% 2,287 40% 189
1912 299% 775 358% 929 343% 890
1908 571% 1,309 334% 764 95% 218
1904 673% 2,092 173% 536 154% 479

The Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility Norcor, a short-term jail, serves Wasco, Gilliam, Hood River, and Sherman counties15

Economyedit

Boyd Loop Road grain elevator on Fifteenmile Creek, Wasco County

The county's economy is based upon agriculture orchards, wheat farming, livestock ranching, lumber, manufacturing, electric power, transportation, and tourism Aluminum production was previously a major support of the local economy, but electrical price fluctuations and a slump in global aluminum prices has forced the closing of a number of local aluminum foundries

Communitiesedit

Incorporated citiesedit

  • Antelope
  • Dufur
  • Maupin
  • Mosier
  • Shaniko
  • The Dalles county seat

Census-designated placesedit

  • Chenoweth
  • Pine Grove
  • Pine Hollow
  • Rowena
  • Tygh Valley
  • Wamic

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Bakeoven
  • Boyd
  • Celilo Village
  • Criterion
  • Dant
  • Endersby
  • Fairbanks
  • Friend
  • Kingsley
  • Nansene
  • Ortley
  • Rice
  • Shaniko Junction
  • Simnasho
  • South Junction
  • Wapinitia

See alsoedit

  • Oregon portal
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Wasco County, Oregon
  • 1984 Rajneeshee bioterror attack

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  5. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  10. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  11. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  15. ^ "Norcor Home" Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility Retrieved on November 22, 2011

Further readingedit

  • Bruce Harris, The Wasco County History Book The Dalles, OR: Bruce Harris, 1983
  • John Lundell, Governmental history of Wasco County, Oregon nc: np, 1970
  • William H McNeal, History of Wasco County, Oregon The Dalles, OR: William H McNeal, 1953
  • Rodger Nichols and Dan Spatz, A Sesquicentennial History of Wasco County The Dalles, OR: Dalles Chronicle, 2004

External linksedit

  • Wasco County Home Page

Coordinates: 45°10′N 121°10′W / 4516°N 12116°W / 4516; -12116

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Wasco County, Oregon


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