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Walpole, New Hampshire

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Walpole is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 3,734 at the 2010 census1

The town's central settlement, where 605 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Walpole census-designated place CDP, and is east of New Hampshire Route 12 The town also includes the villages of North Walpole and Drewsville

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Site of interest
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

The town was first granted in 1736 by Colonial Governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts as Number 3, third in a line of Connecticut River fort towns It would be settled as early as 1736, and called Great Falls or Lunenburg Colonel Benjamin Bellows, for whom Bellows Falls, Vermont, is named, built a large fort here for defense against Indian attack After the border between Massachusetts and New Hampshire was fixed with Number 3 on the New Hampshire side of the line, the town was regranted by Governor Benning Wentworth as Bellowstown, after its founder It would be incorporated in 1756 The grant was renewed in 1761, when the town was renamed Walpole, in honor of Sir Robert Walpole, 1st Earl of Orford, and first Prime Minister of Great Britain2

The first bridge across the Connecticut River, an engineering feat in its day, was built at Walpole in 1785, and is regarded as one of the most famous early spans in the United States The town contains many architecturally significant old houses, including several associated with Colonel Bellows and members of his family Walpole Academy, built in 1831 and attributed to master-builder Aaron Prentiss Howland, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places The abundant lilacs in the town inspired Louisa May Alcott to write the 1878 book Under the Lilacs

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 367 square miles 95 km2, of which 352 square miles 91 km2 is land and 15 square miles 39 km2 is water, comprising 416% of the town3 The town is drained by the Connecticut River, which forms the western border of the town and is also the state border with Vermont The northern part of Walpole is drained by the Cold River, a tributary of the Connecticut The highest point in town is the summit of Derry Hill, at 1,663 feet 507 m above sea level

Walpole is served by state routes 12 and 123

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,245
1800 1,743 400%
1810 1,894 87%
1820 2,020 67%
1830 1,974 −23%
1840 2,015 21%
1850 2,034 09%
1860 1,868 −82%
1870 1,830 −20%
1880 2,018 103%
1890 2,163 72%
1900 2,693 245%
1910 2,668 −09%
1920 2,553 −43%
1930 2,287 −104%
1940 2,400 49%
1950 2,536 57%
1960 2,825 114%
1970 2,966 50%
1980 3,188 75%
1990 3,210 07%
2000 3,594 120%
2010 3,734 39%
Est 2015 3,767 09%
US Decennial Census5

As of the census6 of 2000, there were 3,594 people, 1,490 households, and 1,016 families residing in the town The population density was 1010 people per square mile 390/km² There were 1,592 housing units at an average density of 448 per square mile 173/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9830% White, 014% African American, 025% Native American, 017% Asian, 008% from other races, and 106% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 047% of the population

There were 1,490 households out of which 309% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 548% were married couples living together, 92% had a female householder with no husband present, and 318% were non-families 267% of all households were made up of individuals and 123% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 241 and the average family size was 290

In the town, the population was spread out with 251% under the age of 18, 58% from 18 to 24, 264% from 25 to 44, 250% from 45 to 64, and 178% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 41 years For every 100 females there were 923 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 915 males

The median income for a household in the town was $44,673, and the median income for a family was $53,561 Males had a median income of $37,193 versus $24,323 for females The per capita income for the town was $23,295 About 39% of families and 61% of the population were below the poverty line, including 104% of those under age 18 and 36% of those age 65 or over

Site of interestedit

  • Walpole Academy Museum, the Walpole Historical Society

Notable peopleedit

Street scene c 1915
  • Amos Bronson Alcott, writer, philosopher, and abolitionistcitation needed
  • Louisa May Alcott, writer summer resident
  • Glover Morrill Allen, zoologist
  • Ken Burns, documentary film-maker
  • Davis Carpenter, US congressman
  • Herman M Chapin, mayor of Cleveland
  • Dayton Duncan, writer and documentary producer
  • Franklin Hooper, professor and president of Antioch College
  • Rev Jonathan Leavitt, first minister, later dismissed by the town
  • Charles Holland Mason, politician and lawyer
  • Howard Petrie, film and television actor
  • Gary Smith, record producercitation needed
  • Roger Vose, US congressman
  • Horace Wells, pioneered anaesthesia in dentistry, specifically nitrous oxide

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 668–671 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Walpole town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 8, 2011 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Walpole official website
  • Walpole Town Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Walpole, New Hampshire, at City-Datacom
  • The Walpole Clarion, a monthly community publication
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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