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Wakefield, New Hampshire

wakefield new hampshire ivanhoe birds eye, wakefield new hampshire police department
Wakefield is a town in Carroll County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 5,078 at the 2010 census1 The town includes the villages of Wakefield Corner the original town center, East Wakefield, North Wakefield, Sanbornville, Union, Woodman and Province Lake Wakefield Corner, popular with tourists, is a picturesque hilltop village of antique buildings The state of Maine is on the eastern border of Wakefield

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

Initially a native settlement, Wakefield was attacked by John Lovewell during Father Rale's War Settled later by colonists from Dover and Somersworth, the town was granted in 1749 by John Mason It was called East Town before being incorporated as Wakefield in 1774 by Governor John Wentworth Wakefield, in Yorkshire, England, is near Wentworth Castle, the home of the Wentworth ancestors It developed as an important sledge and stage stop between the seacoast and the White Mountains The Wakefield Inn, built in 1804 beside the principal trade route through Wakefield Corner, remains operating today2

Although the soil was considered "stubborn," farmers made it productive Lumber became a chief product, and by 1859 there were five sawmills, five gristmills, and ten shingle, clapboard and planing mills Shoemaking was another local industry2 When the Portsmouth, Great Falls and Conway Railroad arrived in 1871,3 the center of Wakefield shifted from Wakefield Corner to Sanbornville, which today remains the retail district of town4

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 447 square miles 116 km2, of which 395 square miles 102 km2 is land and 53 square miles 14 km2 is water, comprising 1172% of the town5 Wakefield is drained by the Pine and Branch rivers Province Lake is in the northeast corner of the town, Pine River Pond, Belleau Lake, Balch Pond and Sandy Pond in the center, and Lovell Lake, Union Meadows, Lake Ivanhoe, Great East Lake and Horn Pond in the south Four of these lakes, Province, Balch, Great East, and Horn Pond, span the Maine border The highest point in Wakefield is the summit of Long Mountain, at 1,110 feet 340 m above sea level, along the town's western border

Five named villages are within the town limits: Sanbornville, Wakefield village proper, East Wakefield, North Wakefield and Union Sanbornville, the primary settlement in the town, lies at the west end of Lovell Lake, next to the lake's outlet The village is at the intersection of New Hampshire Routes 109 and 153 Route 16 bypasses the village to the west Wakefield village occupies a hill just north of Sanbornville on Route 153 The village of Union occupies the southernmost corner of the town, at the intersection of Route 153 and Route 16 at the northern end of the Spaulding Turnpike East Wakefield is on Route 153, containing the land east of Pine River Pond and north to the Effingham town line North Wakefield lies along Route 16 on the west side of Pine River Pond near the town line with Ossipee

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 646
1800 835 293%
1810 1,166 396%
1820 1,518 302%
1830 1,470 −32%
1840 1,596 86%
1850 1,405 −120%
1860 1,478 52%
1870 1,185 −198%
1880 1,392 175%
1890 1,528 98%
1900 1,645 77%
1910 1,543 −62%
1920 1,335 −135%
1930 1,186 −112%
1940 1,158 −24%
1950 1,267 94%
1960 1,223 −35%
1970 1,420 161%
1980 2,237 575%
1990 3,057 367%
2000 4,252 391%
2010 5,078 194%
Est 2015 4,967 −22%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 4,252 people, 1,685 households, and 1,213 families residing in the town The population density was 1081 people per square mile 418/km² There were 3,331 housing units at an average density of 847 per square mile 327/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9821% White, 009% African American, 045% Native American, 019% Asian, 019% from other races, and 087% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 056% of the population

There were 1,685 households out of which 310% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 601% were married couples living together, 80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 280% were non-families 218% of all households were made up of individuals and 103% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 252 and the average family size was 292

In the town, the population was spread out with 257% under the age of 18, 52% from 18 to 24, 284% from 25 to 44, 257% from 45 to 64, and 150% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 979 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 952 males

The median income for a household in the town was $42,500, and the median income for a family was $45,774 Males had a median income of $35,804 versus $24,898 for females The per capita income for the town was $21,507 About 51% of families and 71% of the population were below the poverty line, including 89% of those under age 18 and 58% of those age 65 or over

Notable peopleedit

  • Joshua G Hall, US congressman
  • Harry Libbey, US congressman
  • Freddy Meyer, defenseman for four NHL teams
  • William Nathaniel Rogers, US congressman

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 667–668 
  3. ^ Francis B C Bradlee, The Eastern Railroad; The Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts 1922
  4. ^ Louis E Tibbetts, History of Union, New Hampshire 1775-1992
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Wakefield town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 7, 2011 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Wakefield official website
  • Gafney Library
  • Greater Wakefield Chamber of Commerce
  • Seven Lakes Snowmobile Club
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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