Vojtěch Šafařík


Vojtěch Šafařík 26 October 1829 in Újvidék, Bács-Bodrog County, Vojvodina, Hungary today Serbia – 2 July 1902 in Prague, Bohemia was a Slovak chemist, specialising in inorganic chemistry Šafařík was the son of Pavel Jozef Šafárik, a Slovak philologist and historian

The crater Šafařík on the Moon is named after him, and so is the minor planet 8336 Šafařík in conjunction with his wife

Contents

  • 1 Work
  • 2 Note
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Workedit

In Göttingen, he was involved in the investigation of the reaction of metals with alkyl iodides and produced diethylmagnesium1 He also worked on the chemical composition of platinum and vanadium catalysts, and on organometallic compounds Grignard compounds At the Vienna Academy he published a work on physical chemistry He also studied mineralogy

In 1859, together with fellow chemist Antonín Bělohoubek, he participated in a detailed chemical and microscopic analysis of the authenticity of the notorious King's Court Dvůr Králové and Green Mountain Zelená Hora manuscripts Finding Prussian Blue unknown until the 18th century in the initialling of the manuscripts, which were purported to date from the 1200s, they came to the conclusion that the manuscripts were forgeries and literary hoaxes

In 1860, Šafařík published the first introductory university textbook of chemistry in the Czech language Základové chemie čili lučby He worked to improve Czech chemical terminology, building on and improving over the nomenclature of Czech chemist Jan Svatopluk Presl and the linguist Josef Jungmann In 1882 he was appointed as the first professor of chemistry at Charles-Ferdinand University in Prague

In later life, he wrote many popular textbooks as well as making over 20,000 observations of variable stars His wife and co-worker Paulína Šafaříková2 was interested in the history and popularisation of astronomy

Noteedit

Vojtěch Šafařík's name has often been incorrectly recorded as Adalbert Šafařík It is thought that the confusion arose because of misguided translation attempts St Adalbert of Prague is known in Czech by his birth name of Vojtěch; however, that Vojtěch took the name Adalbert for his Confirmation, in honour of his tutor Adalbert of Magdeburg Thus, the two names Vojtěch and Adalbert have no linguistic relationship with each other

See alsoedit

  • Czech chemical nomenclature

Referencesedit

  1. ^ W Hallwachs, A Schafarik: Ueber die Verbindungen der Erdmetalle mit organischen Radicalen In: Liebigs Ann Chem 1859, 109, S 206–209, doi:101002/jlac18591090214
  2. ^ Biography: http://wwwastrocz/clanky/ostatni/o-pauline-safarikove-zene-slavneho-astronomahtml Czech

External linksedit

  • Biography: http://wwwvschtcz/skola/historie/safarik Czech


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