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Vímara Peres

vimara peres, vimara peres 1º conde de portucale
Vímara Peresa Vímara Pérez in Spanish; died in Galicia, 8731 was a ninth-century nobleman from the Kingdom of Asturias and the first ruler of the County of Portugal

Contents

  • 1 Life
    • 11 Family
    • 12 Count
    • 13 Issue
  • 2 Notes
  • 3 References
  • 4 Bibliography
  • 5 External links

Lifeedit

Familyedit

His father, Pedro Theón d after 867, sometimes called Pedro Theón of Pravia, and possibly the son of Bermudo I of Asturias, was a member of the Curia Regis of King Alfonso III and appears in January 867 confirming a royal charter jointly with other nobles, including Count Rodrigo of Castile2 Pedro was actively involved in the Reconquista and was also responsible for ousting and defeating the Vikings when they invaded Galicia in 8583 Besides Vímara, Pedro was also the father of Hermenegildo Pérez4

Countedit

Vímara was a vassal of the King of Asturias, Alfonso III, and was sent to reconquer and secure from the Moors Arabs and Berbers who had invaded Visigothic Hispania, in the west coastal fringe of Gallaecia, the area from the Minho River to the Douro River, including the city of Portus Cale, later Porto and Gaia, from where the name of Portugal emerged

The Kingdom of Asturias was divided internally into several counties or royal provinces Portus Cale was one of these asturian counties In 868, Vímara Peres was named Count of Portugal by King Alfonso III after the reconquest of the region north of the Douro river15 Later Portuguese historians viewed this event as the earliest milestone in the history of the state of Portugal, although Portugal did not achieve independence until the 12th century

He was able to expel the Moors and founded a fortified town under his own name Vimaranis of Vimar which later became Guimaranis, present day Guimarães the Portuguese call it "The Cradle City" Vímara Peres died in 873 in the territory of A Coruña1

Issueedit

Although the identity of his wife is not recorded in any contemporary charters, her name could have been Trudildi If that was the case, Vímara would have been the father of:

  • Audivia Vimaranes who was married to Count Gutierre Aloítezb

Despite the lack of documentary proof, most historians agree that he was the father of:

  • Lucídio Vimaranes Lucídio, son of Vímara, who succeeded Vímara as the governor of the county78

Notesedit

  1. ^ Vímara is an originally Visigothic name of Germanic origin cognate with Weimar or Guimar and Peres is a patronymic, meaning son of Pedro or Peter The name can then be equated to Weimar/Guimar Peterson
  2. ^ Audivia was the daughter of a Vimara and Trudildi Although the name of Vímara's wife is not recorded, Audivia, married to count Gutierre Aloítez died after 963 is recorded as being the daughter of a Vímara and Trudildi, a name quite frequent among the nobility of Portugal and Galicia in the middle of the 10th-century Historian Margarita Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León believes that Audivia, for chronological reasons and because Vímara was an uncommon name, was the daughter of Count Vímara Peres and that Vímara's wife could have been this Trudildi6

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c Mattoso 1981, p 106
  2. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, p 159
  3. ^ Miguens Narvaiz 2010, pp 133–134
  4. ^ Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1999, p 417
  5. ^ Martínez Díez 2005, p 161
  6. ^ Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León 1998, p 304, n 21
  7. ^ Sáez 1947, p 21
  8. ^ Mattoso 1981, pp 106 and 145

Bibliographyedit

  • Martínez Díez, Gonzalo 2005 El Condado de Castilla 711-1038: la historia frente a la leyenda in Spanish Valladolid ISBN 84-9718-275-8 
  • Mattoso, José 1981 "As famílias condais portucalenses dos séculos X e XI" A nobreza medieval portuguesa, a família e o poder in Portuguese Lisbon: Editorial Estampa OCLC 8242615 
  • Miguens Narvaiz, Silvia 2010 Breve historia de los piratas in Spanish Madrid: Ediciones Nowtilus, SL ISBN 9788497637091 
  • Sáez, Emilio 1947 "Los ascendientes de San Rosendo: notas para el estudio de la monarquía astur-leonesa durante los siglos IX y X" Hispania: revista española de Historia in Spanish XXX Madrid: CSIC, Instituto Jerónimo Zurita pp 139–156 OCLC 682814356 
  • Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León, Margarita Cecilia 1999 Linajes nobiliarios de León y Castilla: Siglos IX-XIII in Spanish Salamanca: Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de educación y cultura ISBN 84-7846-781-5 
  • Torres Sevilla-Quiñones de León, Margarita Cecilia 1998 "Relaciones Fronterizas entre Portugal y León en tiempos de Alfonso VII: El ejemplo de la Casa de Traba" PDF Revista da Faculdade de Letras: História Universidade do Porto in Spanish 15, 2 Porto pp 301–312 ISSN 0871-164X 

External linksedit

New title Count of Portucale
868–873
Succeeded by
Lucídio Vimaranes

vimara peres, vimara peres 1º conde de portucale, vímara peres em guimaraes


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