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Vitebsk Voivodeship

vitebsk voivodeship definition, vitebsk voivodeship pronounce
Vitebsk Voivodeship Belarusian: Віцебскае ваяводзтва, Polish: Województwo witebskie, Latin: Palatinatus Vitebsciensis was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1569 Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from the 15th century until the partitions of Poland in 1795

Zygmunt Gloger in his monumental book Historical Geography of the Lands of Old Poland provides this description of the Witebsk Voivodeship:

“Witebsk in Latin Vitebscum, located on the Dvina river, was one of main gord of the Principality of Polotsk In the second half of the 12th century, it emerged as a local center of government Conquered by one of the sons of Mindaugas in ca 1239, it became a permanent part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania since the times of Gediminas In ca 1342 Witebsk was already the seat of a starostas, who in the early 16th century were named voivodes First voivode of Witebsk was Jerzy Chlebowicz

The Dvina river divided the voivodeship into two parts, of which northern one was smaller Since the town of Witebsk was located in the middle of a sparsely populated province, at first the voivodeship was not divided into counties Later on, however, the County of Orsza, which had been part of Smolensk Voivodeship, was attached to Witebsk Voivodeship Witebsk Voivodeship remained in the Commonwealth until September 1772, when most of it was annexed by the Russian Empire What remained was southern part of the Land of Orsza, which belonged to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania until 1793

Starostas resided at Witebsk and Orsza, while local sejmiks took place in both towns Altogether, Witebsk Voivodeship elected four deputies to the Sejm - two from each county After the first partition, the sejmiks were moved to the town of Cholopienicze, located in Minsk Voivodeship”

Voivodeship Governor Wojewoda seat:

  • Vitebsk

Voivodes: Samuel Sanguszko 1629- XI 1638, Paweł Jan Sapieha 15 VIII 1646-

Administrative division:

  • since the Truce of Andrusovo 1667, Vitebsk Voivodeship consisted of two counties powiats: Witebsk and Orsza The first was lost to the Russian Empire in 1772, and only a little part of the second belonged to the Commonwealth until 1793

Sources

  • Witebsk Voivodeship, description by Zygmunt Gloger

Coordinates: 55°11′53″N 30°10′39″E / 55197983°N 30177482°E / 55197983; 30177482

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Vitebsk Voivodeship


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    29.10.2014


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