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Villeurbanne

villeurbanne, villeurbanne ville de france
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² 0386 sq mi or 247 acres and river estuaries

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes eg, students and military personnel only counted once

Villeurbanne French pronunciation: ​vilœʁban is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France

It is situated northeast of Lyon, with which it forms the heart of the second-largest metropolitan area in France after that of Paris Villeurbanne is the second-largest city in the metropolitan area In 2013, Villeurbanne was elected the city with the best administration of France, which attracts more and more people

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Education
    • 21 Primary and secondary schools
    • 22 Colleges and universities
    • 23 Weekend schools
  • 3 Transport
  • 4 International relations
    • 41 Twin towns — Sister cities
  • 5 Demography
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

The current location of downtown Villeurbanne is known to have been inhabited as far back as 6000 BC Its current name comes from a Gallo-Roman farming area, established at about the same time as Lyon then Lugdunum and known as the Villa Urbana "town house" It would then become Urbanum, then Villa Urbane and, ultimately, Villeurbanne

Villeurbanne has belonged to the kingdom of France since 1349 It was then separated from Lyon by the river La Rize, a former branch of the Rhône River

Until the 19th century, the city was merely a patchwork of distinct villages separated by fields and undeveloped land These villages have mostly survived, and nowadays form the neighborhoods of Charpennes, Cusset, Croix-Luizet, Maisons-Neuves, etc

With the industrial era, Villeurbanne's economy soared: the textile industry was the first to bloom, followed by mechanical and chemical ones The factories lured in numerous immigrants, most notably from Italy Transforming from a rural community to an industrial town, Villeurbanne underwent a tremendous demographic boom in the late 1920s From 3,000 inhabitants in 1928, its population rocketed to 82,000 in 1931 Mayor Lazare Goujon elected 1924 engaged the city in a vast public works initiative Arguably the most visible heritage of this program is the Gratte-Ciel, a housing complex made up of two Art Deco towers and annex smaller buildings, lining up along the Avenue Henri Barbusse These structures are the work of architect Môrice Leroux, and one of the most notable Art Deco structures in France Having undergone thorough renovation, the 19-story twin towers have become an emblem of the city

Educationedit

Primary and secondary schoolsedit

Public senior high schools:

  • Lycée Faÿs1
  • Lycée Alfred de Musset2
  • Lycée Marie Curie Villeurbanne3
  • Lycée Pierre Brossolette4
  • Lycée Magenta5

Private schools:

  • Institution Scolaire Immaculée Conception is a private school from elementary to high school/sixth-form with three campuses, two elementary and one secondary6
  • École Beth Menahem a Jewish school from preschool to senior high/sixth-form7

Colleges and universitiesedit

Many colleges and universities of the Lyon metropolitan area are located in Villeurbanne Many of these are located on the La Doua campus, home to the Claude Bernard University Lyon I, a public university, CPE Lyon and the Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon, one of the premier engineering institute Grandes écoles in France, very well known for high quality education and for research not only in France, but in the whole world

Weekend schoolsedit

The Association Pour le Developpement de la Langue et de la Culture Japonaises ADLCJ; リヨン補習授業校 Riyon Hoshū Jugyō Kō, a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Maison Berty Albrecht in Villeurbanne8 It was formed in 19879

Transportedit

Villeurbanne is well served by the Lyon area public transit system, the TCL Transports en Commun Lyonnais The east branch of subway line A runs through the city heart, and the new tramway lines T1 and T4 connects the La Doua campus to the Lyon business and commercial district of La Part-Dieu and the Presqu'île downtown

International relationsedit

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France

Twin towns — Sister citiesedit

Villeurbanne is twinned with:

Abanilla, Spain Mogilev, Belarus Abovyan, Armenia Khabarovsk, Russia 10 Bat Yam, Israel El Eulma, Algeria Shushi, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic11

Demographyedit

In terms of number of inhabitants, the city of Villeurbanne is the second city of the Metropolis of Lyon, the fourth city of the region Rhône-Alpes, the 27th city of France It is also the biggest city of France not to be a prefecture

Notable peopleedit

The list of notable native Villeurbannais includes:

  • Mourad Benhamida, French footballer, 18 January 1986
  • Henry Bertrand, silk weaver
  • Xavier Chavalerin, midfielder, 7 March 1991
  • Henri Cochet, French tennis player, 4 December 1901 †1987
  • Charles Hernu, French politician, mayor of Villeurbanne 1977-1990
  • Florent Manaudou, French swimmer, 12 November 1990
  • Laure Manaudou, French swimmer, world record holder, 9 October 1986
  • Gnonsiane Niombla, handball player
  • Jean-Karl Vernay, French race car driver, 31 October 1987
  • José Vespasien, basketball player

See alsoedit

  • Lyon portal
  • Communes of the Metropolis of Lyon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Home Lycée Faÿs Retrieved on September 4, 2016
  2. ^ Home Lycée Alfred de Musset Retrieved on September 4, 2016
  3. ^ Home Lycée Marie Curie Villeurbanne Retrieved on September 4, 2016
  4. ^ Home Lycée Pierre Brossolette Retrieved on September 4, 2016
  5. ^ Home Lycée Magenta Retrieved on September 4, 2016
  6. ^ Home page Institution Scolaire Immaculée Conception Retrieved on September 4, 2016
  7. ^ Home page Ecole Beth Menahem Retrieved on September 4, 2016
  8. ^ "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" Archive Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology MEXT Retrieved on May 10, 2014 "Maison Berty Albrecht 14, Place Grandclement, 69100 Viueurbanne, FRANCE"
  9. ^ Home page Association Pour le Developpement de la Langue et de la Culture Japonaises Retrieved on May 12, 2006
  10. ^ Embassy of France in Moscow
  11. ^ French city inks cooperation deal with Shushi
  12. ^ "Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui" in French École des hautes études en sciences sociales Retrieved 3 February 2012 
  13. ^ "Recensement de la population au 1er janvier 2012" in French INSEE Retrieved 3 February 2012 
Notes
  • INSEE - National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies - France

External linksedit

  • Official website in French
  • Villeurbanne Message Board in French


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