Vidhan Sabha


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The Vidhan Sabha or the Legislative Assembly is the lower house in states with bicameral or the sole house in unicameral states of the state legislature in the different States of India1 The same name is also used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the Union Territories, Delhi and Puducherrycitation needed The upper house in the seven states with a bicameral legislature is called the Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad

Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly

Members of a Vidhan Sabha are direct representatives of the people of the particular state as they are directly elected by an electorate consisting of all citizens above the age of 18 of that state Its maximum size as outlined in the Constitution of India is not more than 500 members and not less than 60 members However, the size of the Vidhan Sabha can be less than 59 members through an Act of Parliament: such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the Union Territory of Puducherry In some states Governor may appoint 1 member to represent minorities, eg the Anglo-Indian community, if he finds that minority inadequately represented in the House Those elected or nominated by the Governors to Vidhan Sabha are referred to as Members of Legislative Assembly or MLAsEach Vidhan Sabha assembles for a five-year term, after which all seats are up for election During a State of Emergency, its term may be extended past five years or it may be dissolved The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years But it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of the Chief Minister The term of a Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, but not by more than six months at a time A Vidhan Sabha can also be dissolved if a motion of no confidence is passed within it against the majority party or coalition

Contents

  • 1 Qualifications required to become a member
  • 2 Special Powers of the Vidhan Sabha
  • 3 List of Vidhan Sabhas
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Qualifications required to become a memberedit

To become a member of a Vidhan Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age He or she should be mentally sound and should not be bankrupt He or she should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her Speaker of Vidhan Sabha who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and also a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence The Speaker acts as a neutral judge and manages all debates and discussions in the house Usually he or she is a member of the stronger political party

A Vidhan Sabha holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the Vidhan Parishad 'Legislative Council', except in the area of money bills in which case the Vidhan Sabha has the ultimate authority

Special Powers of the Vidhan Sabhaedit

A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the Vidhan Sabha If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign

A money bill can only be introduced in Vidhan Sabha In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the Vidhan Sabha, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days Unless by the Finance Minister of the state in the name of the Governor of that state

In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months 3 months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill

List of Vidhan Sabhasedit

Vidhan Sabha Legislative Assembly List of constituencies Location/State Capital Number of seats
Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly Amaravathi 175
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Itanagar 60
Assam Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Assam Legislative Assembly Dispur 126
Bihar Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Bihar Legislative Assembly Patna 243
Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly Naya Raipur 90
Delhi Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Delhi Legislative Assembly New Delhi 70
Goa Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Goa Legislative Assembly Panaji 40
Gujarat Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Gujarat Legislative Assembly Gandhinagar 182
Haryana Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Haryana Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 90
Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly Shimla 68
Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly Srinagar 87
Jharkhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Jharkhand Legislative Assembly Ranchi 81
Karnataka Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Karnataka Legislative Assembly Bengaluru 224
Kerala Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Kerala Legislative Assembly Thiruvananthapuram 140
Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly Bhopal 230
Maharashtra Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Maharashtra Legislative Assembly Mumbai 288
Manipur Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Manipur Legislative Assembly Imphal 60
Meghalaya Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Meghalaya Legislative Assembly Shillong 60
Mizoram Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Mizoram Legislative Assembly Aizawl 40
Nagaland Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Nagaland Legislative Assembly Kohima 60
Odisha Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Odisha Legislative Assembly Bhubaneshwar 147
Puducherry Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Puducherry Legislative Assembly Pondicherry 30
Punjab Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Punjab Legislative Assembly Chandigarh 117
Rajasthan Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Rajasthan Legislative Assembly Jaipur 200
Sikkim Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Sikkim Legislative Assembly Gangtok 32
Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly Chennai 234
Telangana Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Telangana Legislative Assembly Hyderabad 119
Tripura Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Tripura Legislative Assembly Agartala 60
Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly Lucknow 403
Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly Dehradun 70
West Bengal Legislative Assembly List of constituencies of West Bengal Legislative Assembly Kolkata 294
TOTAL - - 41202

See alsoedit

  • Politics of India
  • State Assembly elections in India
  • Vidhan Parishad

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Bihar Vidhan Sabha" wwwvidhansabhabihnicin Retrieved 12 January 2017 
  2. ^ "Election Commission of India" ecinicin Retrieved 12 January 2017 

External linksedit

  • Legislative Bodies in India, website
  • Laws of India : A website to download laws made by different states
  • Punjab Vidhan Sabha Election Results 2012


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