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Vehicle registration plates of Ohio

vehicle registration plates of ohio
License plates are issued in the US state of Ohio for several types of vehicles by the Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles, part of the Department of Public Safety Most types of plates are issued in pairs, to be displayed in the front and rear of the vehicle They are made of galvanized steel2 and manufactured by inmates at Ohio Penal Industries at the Lebanon Correctional Institution67 The Bureau of Motor Vehicles issues a new license plate design about every five years,8 or with each new administration in the state government9

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Passenger plates 1908 to present
  • 3 Alternative passenger plates
  • 4 Non-passenger plates
  • 5 Temporary tags
  • 6 County coding
    • 61 List of county numbers
  • 7 Reserved series
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

On May 19, 1902, Cleveland became one of the first cities in the country to require motorists to display government-issued registration numbers on their vehicles1011 In the following years, various local governments in Ohio issued standard metal plates of varying design or numerals to be mounted on a dark background, including:

  • Canton 190510
  • Cleveland 1907–0810
  • Cincinnati initials only 1903–05; 1906–08; motorcycles in 1911, 191310, abbreviated "Cinti"11
  • Columbus 1907–08, abbreviated "Col's"11
  • Dayton 1905, 1907, 1908;11 motorcycles in 1912, 19135
  • Delhi Township, Hamilton County 1906–08, abbreviated "Delhi"11
  • East Liverpool Health Department vehicles in 19245
  • Elyria motorcycles in 191010
  • Hamilton 1907, abbreviated "Haml"10
  • Lima motorcycles in 1908, 1912–1310
  • Lorain 19075
  • Mansfield 190310
  • Massillon 190610, abbreviated "M"11
  • Newark motorcycles in 1912–1310
  • Sandusky 190310
  • Springfield unknown; motorcycles in 1913, abbreviated "Spfd" on motorcycles10
  • Toledo 1904, 190710
  • Warren 190811

In 1906, the state attempted to take over auto registration under the Ward Automobile Law, but litigation delayed the program until the Ohio Supreme Court ruled in favor of the law The Ohio Secretary of State's Automobile Division, precursor to the Bureau of Motor Vehicles, was established in 190712 The Ward Law went into effect on June 11, 1908, but the Automobile Division did not begin issuing plates for another 30 days due to a manufacturing defect5 Locally issued and owner-provided license plates were phased out by 1909 for automobiles,11 but local plates continued to be used for motorcycles until 19145 One effect of the Ward Law was to eliminate a significant revenue stream for cities like Cincinnati, which took in about $5,000 a year equivalent to $133,000 today from auto registrations13

Various Ohio license plate designs from 1908 to 1921 used distinctive monograms instead of a fully spelled-out state name14

Passenger plates have always been issued in pairs with the exception of 1944–46, when only rear plates were issued due to metal conservation for World War II Like many other states, Ohio issued single-year plates until the 1970s, except in 1943 and 1952 when windshield stickers were issued to revalidate the previous year's plates due to metal conservation for World War II and the Korean War respectively In 1953, the Bureau of Motor Vehicles commemorated the state's sesquicentennial by issuing a special front plate bearing the state shape and the word "sesqui-centennial" sic instead of the passenger serial, which was carried only on the rear plate The 1973 plate was the last single-year plate; the 1974 plate was revalidated for 1975 with a sticker placed at the bottom right corner The first undated, multi-year plate was issued in 1976, while staggered registration was introduced in 197914

A golf cart in Put-in-Bay displaying an Ohio Bicentennial passenger plate

From 1935 through 1979, serials were allocated in blocks to each of the state's 88 counties Serials were originally up to five characters in length and featured one or two letters Increased demand resulted in the introduction of six-character serials in 1949, followed by all-numeric serials in 1962 The scheme was finally abandoned in 198015

Since 1983, plates have carried the county of issuance on a sticker Originally, this was a long sticker centered at the bottom of the plate, displaying the county name3 In 1992, the state introduced a numerical county-coding scheme see the County Coding section below, with the county number being displayed on a red sticker at the bottom left corner of the plate; this scheme was initially used only on specialty plates before being adopted on standard passenger plates when the Bicentennial base was introduced in October 20017

In 1956, the US states and Canadian provinces came to an agreement with the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators, the Automobile Manufacturers Association and the National Safety Council that standardized the size for license plates for vehicles except those for motorcycles at 6 inches 15 cm in height by 12 inches 30 cm in width, with standardized mounting holes16 The 1956 dated 1957 issue was the first Ohio license plate that fully complied with these standards: the state had been issuing plates 6 inches in height by 12 inches in width since 1926, and all plates of the 1952 dated 1953 and 1955 dated 1956 issues were to these dimensions, but none had had standard mounting holes17

In 1967, the state began issuing special plates to DUI offenders with limited driving privileges Judges in Ohio, however, rarely issued them until a 2004 state law made it mandatory for all DUI offenders with limited driving privileges to have them18

Passenger plates 1908 to presentedit

Only plate designs issued since 1996 are currently eligible for use on vehicles

Image Dates issued Design Slogan Serial format Serials issued Notes
1908–09 White numbers on dark blue porcelain plate with stylized "OH" at right none 12345 1 to approximately 23500
1910 White numbers on woodgrain-coloured porcelain plate none 12345 1 to approximately 33000
1911 Black numbers on white porcelain plate none 12345 1 to approximately 46000
1912 Forest green numbers on white plate none 12345 1 to approximately 63000
1913 Maroon numbers on white plate none 12345 1 to approximately 86000
1914 Red numbers on white plate with monogram at left none 123456 1 to approximately 121000
1915 Black numbers on white plate with monogram at left none 123456 1 to approximately 181000
1916 White numbers on black plate none 123456 1 to approximately 245000
1917 Black numbers on yellow plate none 123456 1 to approximately 342000
1918 Embossed white numbers on dark green plate with monogram at right none 123456 1 to approximately 412000 First embossed plate
1919 Embossed white numbers on maroon plate with monogram at left none 123456 1 to approximately 509000
1920 Embossed white numbers on dark blue plate with monogram at left none 123456 1 to approximately 527000
1921 Embossed white numbers on forest green plate with monogram at left none 123456 1 to approximately 618000
1922 Embossed dark blue numbers on white plate none 123456 1 to approximately 714000
1923 Embossed red numbers on gray plate none 123456 1 to approximately 927000
1924 Embossed white numbers on dark blue plate none 123-456 1 to 999-999
★12-345 ★1 to approximately ★59-000
1925 Black embossed lettering on off-white base none 123-456
★12-345
1926 White embossed lettering on brown base none 123-456
★12-345
A12-345
1927 Black embossed lettering on gray base none 123-456
★12-345
A12-345
1928 White embossed lettering on black base none 123-456
★12-345
A12-345
1929 Black embossed lettering on lime green base none 123-456
A12-345
1930 White embossed lettering on maroon base none 123-456
A12-345
1931 Black embossed lettering on gray base none 123-456
A12-345
1932 Black embossed lettering on neon orange base none 123-456
A12-345
1933 Black embossed lettering on orange base none 123-456
A12-345
1934 White embossed lettering on maroon base none 123-456
A12-345
1935 Yellow on dark blue none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1936 Blue embossed lettering on white base none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1937 Red embossed lettering and rims on white base none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1938 Black on white with black covered wagon silhouette19 150 Anniv·
N·W·Terr·
A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county Commemorated the 150th anniversary of the creation of the Northwest Territory, from which the state of Ohio was formed
1939 Dark blue embossed lettering and rims on white base none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1940 White embossed lettering and rims on black base none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1941 White on maroon none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1942–43 Green embossed lettering and rims on white base none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county Revalidated for 1943 with windshield stickers, due to metal conservation for World War II
1944 White on dark blue none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1945 Black embossed lettering and rims on white base none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1946 Red embossed lettering and rims on white base none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1947 White embossed lettering and rims on green base none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1948 Black on pale yellow none A·1234
AB·123
1234·A
123·AB
A·123·B
Issued in blocks by county
1949 Yellow embossed lettering and border on black waffle-textured base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1950 Black embossed lettering and border on yellow waffle-textured base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1951–52 White embossed lettering and border on navy base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county Revalidated for 1952 with windshield stickers, due to metal conservation for the Korean War
1953 Yellow embossed lettering and border on green base 1803 - 1953 A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county Commemorated Ohio's 150 years of statehood
1954 White embossed lettering and rims on maroon base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1955 White embossed lettering and rims on dark blue base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1956 White embossed lettering and rims on dark green base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1957 White embossed lettering and border on brick red base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1958 White embossed lettering and border on navy base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1959 Red embossed lettering and border on white base none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1960 Blue on yellow none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1961 White on bright green none A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1962 White on bright red none 12345
A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1963 White embossed lettering and border on dark blue base none 12345
A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1964 White embossed lettering and border on dark green base none 12345
A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1965 Red on white none 12345
A·12345
AB·1234
12345·A
1234·AB
A·1234·B
Issued in blocks by county
1966 White on maroon none 12345
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county
1967 White on blue none 12345
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county Over 14 million plates on this base were destroyed in a fire at the plate shop at the Lebanon Correctional Institution in November 1966; replacement plates were manufactured in New York, Arkansas and Nebraska using these states' number dies20
1968 Red on white none 12345
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county Most plates manufactured in New York, using that state's dies, while the Lebanon plate shop was being repaired
1969 Blue on white none 12345
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county Some plates manufactured in New York, using that state's dies Full manufacturing capacity at the Lebanon plate shop was restored by 1970
1970 Scarlet on gray none 12345
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county Issued in the colors of Ohio State University, in honor of its centennial
1971 Black on yellow none 12345
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county
1972 Yellow on dark blue none 12345
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county
1973 White on green Seat Belts Fastened 12345
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county
1974–75 Green on reflective white Seat Belts Fastened 123456
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county Revalidated for 1975 with stickers
1976–79 Red on reflective white none 123456
A 12345
AB 1234
12345 A
1234 AB
A 1234 B
Issued in blocks by county
1980–84 Blue on reflective white; state shape used as separator none ABC123 AAA001 to approximately UFU999
1985–90 Green on reflective white; state shape used as separator none 123ABC 001AAA to approximately 999YOZ
January 1991 – November 1995 Blue on reflective white; state shape used as separator The Heart of it All! ABC123 AAA001 to approximately XEU999
November 1995 – July
1996
XEV001 to YZZ999 Narrower dies Both variants revalidated until 2002
August 1996 – mid
1997
Dark blue on reflective white to gold gradient The Heart of it All! ABC 1234 AAA 1000 to approximately ARR 5900 Issued only to new registrants
Mid 1997 – September 2001 Birthplace of Aviation ARR 5901 to approximately BIF 9999; CAA 1000 to approximately CVV 9999
October 2001 – February 2004 Dark blue on reflective white with Ohio Bicentennial Commission logo and red and blue bars Ohio Bicentennial;
Birthplace of Aviation
AB12CD AA01AA to approximately FC99KV Issued to new registrants and as replacements for 1991–96 plates
February 2004 – November 30, 2010 "Sunburst": Dark blue on reflective white with state seal graphic and red and blue bars Birthplace of Aviation ABC 1234 DAA 1000 to EQZ 9999; EUJ 1000 to FAK 9999 Issued concurrently with the "Beautiful Ohio" base below from November 23, 2009
November 23, 2009 – April 14, 2013 "Beautiful Ohio": Dark blue on rolling hills with farm, distant skyline, and airborne biplane Beautiful Ohio;
Birthplace of Aviation
ABC 1234 ERA 1000 to EUH 9999; FAL 1000 to FVZ 9999 Originally issued as a no-cost alternative to the "Sunburst" base, before replacing it as the standard base on December 1, 2010 Largely designed by Frances Strickland19
April 15, 2013 – present "Ohio Pride": Word cloud background and red triangle resembling an airplane wing Birthplace of Aviation;
DiscoverOhiocom;
46 "slogans" total, including facts and famous names1
ABC 1234 FWA 1000 to HFD 9999 as of July 31, 2017 Current standard license plate Remaining "Beautiful Ohio" plates melted and recycled into this design so that materials were not wasted Designed by Aaron Roberts4 and chosen among four concept drawings put forward by the CCAD Design Group9

Alternative passenger platesedit

Image Dates issued Design Slogan Serial format Serials issued Notes
1967 to present Red on yellow none 123456
1234567
For DUI offenders with limited driving privileges Issued since 1967 but rarely used before the plate became mandated on all DUI offenders in 2004

Non-passenger platesedit

From 1976 until 1996, license plates for pickup trucks and other light truck-related vehicles SUVs and conversion vans aside were issued truck plates that said "Non Comm" for "non-commercial truck" while semi-trucks were issued plates that said "Commercial" Since 1996, however, the more consumer-oriented truck plates now say "Truck," instead of "Non-Comm"

Temporary tagsedit

This diagram illustrates how to fill out a 2001-series temporary tag The plate number is preprinted, while the expiration date and vehicle details are written in permanent marker

Vehicles purchased from a dealership are given a 30-Day Temporary Tag The paper tag is filled out by hand Since March 2001, it has featured a hologram2122

County codingedit

Ohio uses a numerical county-coding scheme to indicate the county of registration The county code is displayed on stickers placed on the lower left corner of both the front and rear plates

The county number is the most visible, while the full county name is in small print below The scheme assigns a number to each of the state's eighty-eight counties based on its position alphabetically For example Adams County, the first alphabetically, is assigned the number 01, and Wyandot County, the last alphabetically, is assigned the number 88

List of county numbersedit

  1. Adams
  2. Allen
  3. Ashland
  4. Ashtabula
  5. Athens
  6. Auglaize
  7. Belmont
  8. Brown
  9. Butler
  10. Carroll
  11. Champaign
  12. Clark
  13. Clermont
  14. Clinton
  15. Columbiana
  16. Coshocton
  17. Crawford
  18. Cuyahoga
  19. Darke
  20. Defiance
  21. Delaware
  22. Erie
  23. Fairfield
  24. Fayette
  25. Franklin
  26. Fulton
  27. Gallia
  28. Geauga
  29. Greene
  30. Guernsey
  31. Hamilton
  32. Hancock
  33. Hardin
  34. Harrison
  35. Henry
  36. Highland
  37. Hocking
  38. Holmes
  39. Huron
  40. Jackson
  41. Jefferson
  42. Knox
  43. Lake
  44. Lawrence
  45. Licking
  46. Logan
  47. Lorain
  48. Lucas
  49. Madison
  50. Mahoning
  51. Marion
  52. Medina
  53. Meigs
  54. Mercer
  55. Miami
  56. Monroe
  57. Montgomery
  58. Morgan
  59. Morrow
  60. Muskingum
  61. Noble
  62. Ottawa
  63. Paulding
  64. Perry
  65. Pickaway
  66. Pike
  67. Portage
  68. Preble
  69. Putnam
  70. Richland
  71. Ross
  72. Sandusky
  73. Scioto
  74. Seneca
  75. Shelby
  76. Stark
  77. Summit
  78. Trumbull
  79. Tuscarawas
  80. Union
  81. Van Wert
  82. Vinton
  83. Warren
  84. Washington
  85. Wayne
  86. Williams
  87. Wood
  88. Wyandot

Reserved seriesedit

On recent seven-character baseplates, the state has reserved certain letter series to be issued in coordination with specific car dealerships or leasing agencies

Series Assigned to
FAC First Automotive Corp, Cincinnati
GLR Grand Leasing and Sales
GAN Ganley Automotive Lease
HON Honda
HOM Honda of Mentor
JAY Jay Auto Group, Bedford
JSL Jake Sweeney Leasing, Cincinnati
LAS Shaker Auto Leasing
LEX Metro Lexus
LXS Metro Lexus
MAL Mike Albert Resale Center and Leasing, Cincinnati
MBZ Mercedes-Benz
MCT Motorcars Toyota, Cleveland Heights
MCH Motorcars Honda, Cleveland Heights
MET Metro Toyota, Cleveland
MGM Marshall Goldman Motors
MKB MKB Leasing, Marietta
MVP Classic Auto Group Cleveland area/Northeast Ohio
NON Nissan of North Olmsted
SUN Sunnyside, Cleveland
SST Sunnyside Toyota
TOB Toyota of Bedford
TOY Toyota
VCJ Adventure Chrysler Jeep, Willoughby
WIN Classic Auto Group Cleveland area/Northeast Ohio
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "New Ohio Pride License Plate" Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles 2012 Archived from the original on October 10, 2012 Retrieved August 15, 2012 
  2. ^ a b Blackwell, Brandon January 29, 2013 "Ohio license plate recall brings more questions than answers" The Plain Dealer Advance Publications Retrieved September 8, 2013 
  3. ^ a b Nicholson, David June 15, 2013 "Ohio License Plates, 1969-present" 15qnet Retrieved September 8, 2013 
  4. ^ a b Luce, Lacey November 28, 2011 "CCAD, Governor Unveil New Ohio License Plate Design" Columbus College of Art and Design Archived from the original on September 22, 2012 Retrieved September 30, 2012 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Taylor, Eric Robert January 20, 2013 "Ohio Archive" PorcelainPlatesnet Retrieved September 9, 2013 
  6. ^ ""Flat" License Plates Now Issued For Made-To-Order Plates" Press release Bureau of Motor Vehicles, Ohio Department of Public Safety August 12, 2003 Archived from the original on December 2, 2003 Retrieved December 2, 2009 
  7. ^ a b Pulfer, Mike June 3, 2002 "Ask A Stupid Question" The Cincinnati Enquirer Gannett Company Retrieved September 8, 2013 
  8. ^ "Beautiful Ohio ousts sunburst as state plate" The Blade Toledo, Ohio: Block Communications June 7, 2010 Retrieved September 5, 2013 
  9. ^ a b McNair, James July 31, 2013 "Is Ohio's New License Plate the Worst or Just Bad" Cincinnati CityBeat SouthComm Archived from the original on December 8, 2015 Retrieved September 5, 2013 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Tanner, Eric N "Ohio License Plates - Prestate City/County" allaboutlicenseplatescom Retrieved September 10, 2013 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Raiche, Steve "Old Ohio License Plates" LeatherLicensePlatescom Retrieved May 21, 2017 
  12. ^ "ODPS Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles History" Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles Retrieved September 8, 2013 
  13. ^ "Minor Mention" The Horseless Age Horseless Age Company 21: 617 May 20, 1908 Under the new Ward automobile law, which has recently passed into effect in Ohio, the cities cannot license automobiles, and lose thereby a substantial income, Cincinnati, for instance, about $5,000 a year 
  14. ^ a b Ohio BMV Chronological History 1908-2010 PDF Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles 2011 Retrieved September 9, 2013 
  15. ^ Tanner, Eric N "Ohio License Plates - Home" allaboutlicenseplatescom Retrieved May 21, 2017 
  16. ^ Garrish, Christopher October 2016 "Reconsidering the Standard Plate Size" Plates Vol 62 no 5 Automobile License Plate Collectors Association 
  17. ^ Tanner, Eric N "Ohio License Plates - Sizes" allaboutlicenseplatescom Retrieved May 21, 2017 
  18. ^ Shaw, Stephen "Ohio’s DUI Scarlet Letter Plates" ABC DUI Online Shaw Education Development Retrieved May 13, 2015 
  19. ^ a b Blundo, Joe June 7, 2010 "LUV IT or H8 IT" The Columbus Dispatch Retrieved September 8, 2013 
  20. ^ "Ohio BMV Chronological History 1908-2015" PDF Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles 2014 p 14 Retrieved February 23, 2016 
  21. ^ "Issuing Requirements" Dealer Licensing Division, Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles 2009-12-01 Retrieved 2010-09-19 
  22. ^ "ODPS Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles History" Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles Retrieved 2010-09-19 

External linksedit

  • OPLATEScom – Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles customer website
  • Ohio Bureau of Motor Vehicles: Registration and Titling
  • Ohio BMV Chronological History 1908-2010, with a comprehensive listing of Ohio license plate designs since 1908
  • Ohio license plates 1969-present

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