Wed . 19 Apr 2019

Vaccine-preventable diseases

vaccine-preventable diseases and the vaccines that prevent them chart, vaccine-preventable diseases
A vaccine-preventable disease is an infectious disease for which an effective preventive vaccine exists If a person acquires a vaccine-preventable disease and dies from it, the death is considered a vaccine-preventable death

The most common and serious vaccine-preventable diseases tracked by the World Health Organization WHO are: diphtheria, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b infection, hepatitis B, measles, meningitis, mumps, pertussis, poliomyelitis, rubella, tetanus, tuberculosis, and yellow fever The WHO reports licensed vaccines being available to prevent, or contribute to the prevention and control of, 25 vaccine-preventable infections

Contents

  • 1 Background
  • 2 List of vaccine-preventable diseases
  • 3 Vaccine-preventable diseases, not included on the WHO-list
  • 4 Vaccine-preventable diseases demonstrated in the laboratory on other animals
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References

Background

In 2012, the World Health Organization estimated that vaccination prevents 25 million deaths each year With 100% immunization, and 100% efficacy of the vaccines, one out of seven deaths among young children could be prevented, mostly in developing countries, making this an important global health issue Four diseases were responsible for 98% of vaccine-preventable deaths: measles, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b, pertussis, and neonatal tetanus

The Immunization Surveillance, Assessment and Monitoring program of the WHO monitors and assesses the safety and effectiveness of programs and vaccines at reducing illness and deaths from diseases that could be prevented by vaccines

Vaccine-preventable deaths are usually caused by a failure to obtain the vaccine in a timely manner This may be due to financial constraints or to lack of access to the vaccine A vaccine that is generally recommended may be medically inappropriate for a small number of people due to severe allergies or a damaged immune system In addition, a vaccine against a given disease may not be recommended for general use in a given country, or may be recommended only to certain populations, such as young children or older adults Every country makes its own immunization recommendations, based on the diseases that are common in its area and its healthcare priorities If a vaccine-preventable disease is uncommon in a country, then residents of that country are unlikely to receive a vaccine against it For example, residents of Canada and the United States do not routinely receive vaccines against yellow fever, which leaves them vulnerable to infection if travelling to areas where risk of yellow fever is highest endemic or transitional regions

List of vaccine-preventable diseases

A child being immunized against polio

The WHO lists 25 diseases for which vaccines are available:

  1. Measles
  2. Rubella
  3. Cholera
  4. Meningococcal disease
  5. Influenza
  6. Diphtheria
  7. Mumps
  8. Tetanus
  9. Hepatitis A
  10. Pertussis
  11. Tuberculosis
  12. Hepatitis B
  13. Pneumoccocal disease
  14. Typhoid fever
  15. Hepatitis E
  16. Poliomyelitis
  17. Tick-borne encephalitis
  18. Haemophilus influenzae type b
  19. Rabies
  20. Varicella and herpes zoster shingles
  21. Human papilloma-virus
  22. Rotavirus gastroenteritis
  23. Yellow fever
  24. Japanese encephalitis
  25. Malaria
  26. Dengue fever

Vaccine-preventable diseases, not included on the WHO-list

There are also some vaccine-preventable diseases, which are not on the WHO-list, probably either since the vaccine is not very good according to present standards, or the disease is not any longer a threat

  1. Anthrax
  2. Plague
  3. Q fever
  4. Smallpox

Vaccine-preventable diseases demonstrated in the laboratory on other animals

  • Enterococcus gallinarum on mice, autoimmune disease

See also

  • Vaccination policy
  • World Immunization Week

References

  1. ^ a b c "WHO | Vaccine-preventable diseases" 
  2. ^ a b c World Health Organization, Global Vaccine Action Plan 2011-2020 Geneva, 2012
  3. ^ "Immunization Surveillance, Assessment and Monitoring" Retrieved 16 May 2009 
  4. ^ Public Health Agency of Canada, Canadian Immunization Guide Accessed 10 April 2014
  5. ^ Immunization Action Coalition, Vaccine-Preventable Diseases: Yellow Fever Accessed 10 April 2014
  6. ^ Added to the list 2016 http://wwwwhoint/immunization/diseases/en/
  7. ^ Added to the list 2016 http://wwwwhoint/immunization/diseases/en/
  8. ^ Not on the WHO-list 2016

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Vaccine-preventable diseases


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    Vaccine-preventable diseases beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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