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University of São Paulo

university of são paulo, university of são paulo brazil
The University of São Paulo Portuguese: Universidade de São Paulo, USP is a public university in the Brazilian state of São Paulo It is the largest Brazilian public university and the country's most prestigious educational institution,34 the best university in Ibero-America,56 and holds a high reputation among world universities, being ranked 51-60 worldwide in reputation by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings78 USP is involved in teaching, research and university extension in all areas of knowledge, offering a broad range of courses

The university was founded in 1934, regrouping already existing schools in the state of São Paulo, such as the Faculdade de Direito do Largo de São Francisco Law, the Polytechnic School Engineering and the Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz Agriculture The university has subsequently created new departments, becoming one of the largest institutions of higher education in Latin America, with approximately 90,000 enrolled students Currently, it has eleven campuses, four of them in the city of São Paulo9 The remaining campuses are in the cities of Bauru, Lorena, Piracicaba, Pirassununga, Ribeirão Preto and two in São Carlos

Several students from the University of São Paulo achieved important positions in the Brazilian society It was the alma mater of twelve Brazilian presidents USP was ranked 19th worldwide in a rank based on the number of alumni who became CEOs in the world's 500 largest companies10 and also classed in the top 100 worldwide in the Global Employability University Ranking11 In terms of research, USP is Brazil's largest research institution, producing more than 25% of the scientific papers published by Brazilian researchers in high quality conferences and journals12 In 2015, out of 36 subjects, the QS World University Rankings ranked USP in the top 50 in eight subjects including Architecture, Dentistry, Civil Engineering, Agriculture/Forestry, Art/Design and Veterinary Science and in the top 51-100th position in 21 more subjects including Computer Science, Mechanical, Electrical and Chemical Engineering, Modern Languages, Geography, Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics


  • 1 History
    • 11 Origins
    • 12 Military dictatorship
    • 13 Expansion
  • 2 Academics
    • 21 Rankings
    • 22 Healthcare
    • 23 Library system
    • 24 Museums and art galleries
    • 25 Academic career
    • 26 Divisions
  • 3 Admissions
  • 4 Undergraduate programs
  • 5 In popular culture
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links


The Faculty of Medicine in the early twentieth century Law School, founded in 1827

After its defeat in the Constitutionalist Revolution, São Paulo needed institutional improvements Therefore, in 1933 a group of businessmen founded the Free School of Sociology and Politics ELSP the current Foundation of the School of Sociology and Politics in São Paulo In 1934, the intervenor of São Paulo which corresponded to the governor, Armando de Sales Oliveira founded the University of São Paulo USPcitation needed According to Sérgio Milliet:

From São Paulo does not leave more anarchic civil wars, but after all a scientific and intellectual revolution capable of changing economic and social conceptions of the Brazilianscitation needed

That was one of the efforts carried out to provide Brazil with modern administrative, educational and military institutions in a period known as "search for alternatives" One of the main initiatives included the creation, that same year, of the University of São Paulo Its nucleus was the School of Philosophy, Sciences and Languages, with professors coming from France, Italy, Spain, Germany and other European countries

The ELSP assumed the goal of administrative elites to form a new model in which they noted an increasing role of the state, while USP focused on training teachers for secondary schools, experts in sciences, engineers, lawyers, physicians and professors ELSP followed a sociological American model, while USP used the French academic world as its main source of inspiration

Foreign professors such as Claude Lévi-Strauss France, Fernand Braudel France, Roger Bastide France, Robert H Aubreton France, Heinrich Rheinboldt Germany, Paul Arbousse Bastide France, Jean Magüé France, Martial Gueroult France, Emilio Willems Germany, Donald Pierson USA, Gleb Vassielievich Wataghin Russia, Pierre Monbeig France, Giacomo Albanese Italy, Luigi Fantappiè Italy, Vilém Flusser Czech Republic, Giuseppe Ungaretti Italy and Herbert Baldus Germany, broadcast in various institutions new standards for teaching and research, creating new generations of scientists in Brazil

Since its foundation USP received professors and researchers from all over the world, such as David Bohm USA, Giuseppe Occhialini Italy, François Châtelet France, Anatol Rosenfeld Germany, Helmi Nasr Egypt, Gérard Lebrun France, Fritz Köberle Austria and Heinz Dieter Heidemann Germany


University of São Paulo is the result of a combination of the newly created School of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciências e Letras, FFCL, currently Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciencias Humanas, FFLCH with the existing Polytechnic School of Engineering founded in 1893, the "Luiz de Queiroz" College of Agriculture Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz founded in 1901, the Medical School founded in 1912, the traditional Law School founded in 1827, the old School of Pharmacy and Dentistry founded in 1898, the Institute of Astronomy, Geophysics and Atmospheric Sciences founded in 1886 and the School of Veterinary Medicine founded in 191913

The FFCL emerged as the integrating element of the university, bringing together courses in various areas of knowledge Also in 1934 the School of Physical Education sports science of the State of São Paulo was created, the first civil school of physical education in Brazil, which would later be part of the university In 1944 the Medical School opened its public hospital Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo In the same year, the School of Engineering of Sao Carlos EESC emerged In subsequent years several other research units were also created, such as a second Medical School, located in the city of Ribeirão Preto São Paulo's inland in 195213

In the 1960s, the university gradually transferred the headquarters of some of its units to the City University Armando de Salles Oliveira, in São Paulo In 1963 it was established the Heart Institute of the University of São Paulo Thereafter new institutes and schools were created, for instance the School of Journalism, Communications and Arts ECA in 1966 Over the years, some of the university's old departments were transformed into autonomous faculties or institutes, such as the Institute of Biomedical Sciences ICB, the Institute of Geosciences IGc and the Institute of Biosciences IB in 196913

Military dictatorshipedit

Ramos de Azevedo monument, at University City Armando de Salles Oliveira one of the São Paulo city campuses

During the 1970s and part of the 1980s, some critics believe that USP has undergone an intellectual dissection, both in terms of knowledge production and the quality of human resources During the past decades, the university played an essential role in the discussion and dissemination of important political ideas that contributed to the democratization of the country, bringing together many leftist intellectuals such as Florestan Fernandes, Boris Fausto, Paul Singer, Antonio Candido, Gioconda Mussolini among others

During the Brazilian dictatorship a large number of professors from USP were persecuted and even tortured - many were forced to leave the country141516 This slowed down scientific production in Brazil17 It also promoted a systematic increase in the total number of graduate vacancies, encouraged by the state government

The gap caused by the removal of teachers and students chased by the military regime was interrupted with the campaign of political amnesty, since the early 1980s Several units of USP celebrated the return of their deposed professors, although many of them were rehired in different set of conditions former full professors took new positions as assistant professors18


Parallel to the resulting intellectual emptiness of political repression occurred in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s a process of fragmentation of the academic units, new faculties were created and new institutes, which resulted in new courses, new lines of research and graduate programs Originally conceived as the academic core of the university - gathering itself the various fields of knowledge - the FFCL School of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters saw its departments gain autonomy and become full units autonomous and administratively separate from your original aim The Institute of Physics was the first department to extricate itself from the old FFCL, followed also by other departments of natural sciences

In 2004, the university founded the Institute of International Relations, with the aim to study global matters in a multidisciplinary environment law, political science, economy and history with Brazilian and international students and professors International Exchange Program19 In 2005, it was built in the East Zone of the city of São Paulo a new School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities EACH, taking a few courses that go beyond traditional Brazilian university model and aim to diversify the areas of the consolidated institution 22 On 21 March 2006, USP approved the merger of a second School of Chemical Engineering FAENQUIL in the city of Lorena rural area, at the Paraíba Valley State of São Paulo's rural area, with about 1,600 students in total and of these 1,200 at graduation In 2007, a second Law School was established in the city of Ribeirão Preto, also in the State of São Paulo's countryside20


Today USP has five hospitals and offers 247 undergraduate programs and 239 graduate programs in all areas of study21 The university houses altogether 24 museums and galleries – with half a million visitors a year – two theaters, a cinema, a TV channel and an orchestra21 The University of São Paulo welcomes people from all continents, and stimulates this process via networks and consortiums International Office – USP, such as Erasmus Mundus, Associação das Universidades de Língua Portuguesa, Rede Magalhães SMILE - Student Mobility in Latin America, Caribbean and Europe, among others22


University rankings overall
US News & World Report
2014, national, world
1 77
Ranking Web of Universities
2014, national, world
1 34
2014, national, world
1 101-150
2016, national, world
1 120
2016, national, world
1 201-250
Mines ParisTech : PRWU

2011, national, world

1 19
2014, national, world
1 10
Ranking National Taiwan University
2014, world
1 62
Ranking URAP
2014, national, world
1 31
2014, national

SIR World Report 2013 from SCImago Institutions Rankings classified the university in the 12th place in the world 11th in 201223 In 2012, according to the University Ranking by Academic Performance URAP,24 the University of São Paulo is the best university in Ibero-America and 28th university in the world According to ARWU, USP was classified in the first place, regarding the number of doctorates awarded during 201125 Mines ParisTech ranked USP in 42nd place26 Ranking Web of Universities 2013 classified USP in the 31st place27 USP is ranked among the top 70 universities in the world, in the Ranking "Top Universities by Reputation 2013" published by Times Higher Education28 NTU Ranking classified the university in the 53rd place29 According to the 2013 Academic Ranking of World Universities, USP is placed in the group of the 101–151 top world universities30 According to the 2013 CWTS Leiden Ranking the University of São Paulo is placed in the position 12th at the world31 In the 2013 QS World University Rankings32 University of São Paulo ranked 127th academic reputation 51st33 and is the best classified in the specific ranking of Latin America's universities3435 In 2012, the University of São Paulo is the first Ibero-American institution in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings's top-200 Position 158 in the World36


USP operates 4 hospitals, among them University of São Paulo Medical School Public Hospital, the largest hospital complex in Latin America and the major teaching and training site for the university's School of Medicine - it is considered one of the best health care institutions in Latin America37

  • University of São Paulo Medical School Public Hospital
  • Heart Institute of the University of São Paulo
  • Public Hospital of Ribeirão Preto Medical School
  • Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais - Centrinho
Aerial view of the university The buildings on center are part of the IQ – Institute of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Pharmacy

Library systemedit

The University of São Paulo has 42 libraries spread over its schools Together they represent one of the most important bibliographical collections in Brazil The libraries are managed by the Integrated Library System SIB - Sistema Integrado de Bibliotecas in Portuguese, which is also responsible for university's online system - DEDALUS

Dedalus is an online database that allows simultaneous consultation in all libraries in the university Dedalus is also integrated to a system named Integrated Research which integrates all online databases signed by the university That makes academic researches faster and it provides researchers easy access to international publications

Museums and art galleriesedit

Paulista Museum Ipiranga Museum

University of São Paulo manages a rich set of museums and art galleries, most of them located in the central campus, in the city of São Paulo:

  • Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo Museum of Contemporary Art
  • Museu Paulista Historical Museum of São Paulo
  • Museu de Zoologia Museum of Zoology
  • MAE-USP – Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia Museum of Archeology and Ethnology
  • Museu do Café Francisco Schmidt Ribeirão Preto Campus

Academic careeredit

  • Teaching Assistant Auxiliar de Ensino – MS-2 must have a master's degree and be enrolled in a doctoral program Undergraduate students can also be a teaching assistant for a semester, with scholarships from each department
  • Professor Doctor Professor Doutor – MS-3 must have a doctoral or equivalent degree
  • Associate Professor Professor Associado – MS-5 must have a Livre Docente title; equivalent to the German Habilitation
  • Full Professor Professor Titular – MS-6 top rank, only MS-6 professors are allowed to hold positions such as the Dean of a Faculty/School or the Dean of the University



Central plaza at USP's main campus at São Paulo City, showing the Clock Tower

Brazilian students take USP's entrance exam, the vestibular, which is prepared and administered by FUVEST University Foundation for Vestibular, subject to regulations approved by the university's Undergraduate Studies Council In 2012, 159,603 students signed up for Fuvest's vestibular, for a total of 10,982 openings Candidates are required to take a multiple choice test involving chemistry, physics, mathematics, biology, geography, history, Portuguese and English The second round of tests is written and specific to the chosen field of studies, including more-in-depth questions in physics, chemistry and mathematics for engineering; history, math and geography for law and so on In-depth written Portuguese questions are required for all

International students may come through several exchange programs In 2012, USP hosted over 2,300 exchange students Roughly a third of the international students are enrolled in humanities and social sciences, with another third enrolled in engineering courses38

USP does not require its students, national or foreigners, to pay any tuition, as its source of funding comes from São Paulo State

Undergraduate programsedit

USP currently offers 229 majors39 In the first half of 2004, a total of 3,225 courses were offered Undergraduate courses are classified by the University in three major areas: Humanities, Biological Sciences and Exact Sciences hard sciences

Biological Sciences
  • Physical Activity Sciences
  • Life Sciences
  • Biomedical Sciences
  • Food Science
  • Fundamental Sciences of Health
  • Health Sciences Core
  • Physical Education
  • Nursing
  • Sports
  • Pharmacy – Biochemistry
  • Physical Therapy
  • Speech
  • Gerontology
  • Medicine
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • Nutrition
  • Obstetrics
  • Dentistry
  • Psychology
  • Public Health
  • Occupational therapy
  • Zoology
Exact Sciences
  • Aeronautical Engineering
  • Astronomy – Bachelor
  • Computer Science and Hardware
  • Natural Sciences
  • Physical Science – Full Degree
  • Physical Sciences and Biomolecular
  • Molecular Sciences
  • Educator in Geosciences and Environment
  • Agronomy
  • Meteorology
  • Food Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Biochemical Engineering
  • Biosystems Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Engineering Automation and Control
  • Computer Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering
  • Power Engineering
  • Forestry
  • Engineering Industrial Chemistry
  • Materials Engineering
  • Engineering Materials and Manufacturing
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechatronics
  • Metallurgical Engineering
  • Mining Engineering
  • Naval Engineering
  • Oil Engineering
  • Industrial Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering
  • Electronic Systems Engineering
  • Telecommunications Engineering
  • Statistics
  • Physics
  • Computational Physics
  • Medical Physics
  • Geophysics
  • Geology
  • Computer hardware
  • Biomedical Informatics
  • Mathematics
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Weather
  • Oceanography
  • Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Board
  • Architecture and Urban planning
  • Performing Arts
  • Arts
  • Actuary
  • Audiovisual
  • Library Science
  • Actuarial Science
  • Accounting
  • Information Sciences and Documentation
  • Economics
  • Social Sciences
  • Design
  • Law
  • Economy
  • Editing
  • Philosophy
  • Geography
  • Environmental Management
  • Public Policy Management
  • History
  • Journalism
  • Entertainment and Tourism
  • Letters
  • Marketing
  • Music
  • Education
  • Advertising
  • International Relations
  • Public Relations
  • Textile and Fashion
  • Tourism

In popular cultureedit

  • USP is referenced in Bernardo Kucinski's 2011 novel, K, a fictionalized account of the disappearance of an assistant lecturer in 1974, and her father's desperate attempt to find her

See alsoedit

  • Universidade Estadual de Campinas Unicamp
  • Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho Unesp
  • Rankings of universities in Brazil
  • Universities and Higher Education in Brazil
  • List of University of São Paulo alumni
  • List of University of São Paulo faculty


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Universidade de São Paulo – Usp em números 2010" PDF Sistemas3uspbr Retrieved 30 October 2010 
  2. ^ "Evolução das Liberações Financeiras do Tesouro do Estado de São Paulo Para a Usp" PDF Retrieved 21 January 2013 
  3. ^ Baty, Phil "The goals will come" Times Higher Education Retrieved 30 October 2010 
  4. ^ "Ranking Universitário Folha - Rankings - Ranking de Universidades" ruffolhauolcombr Retrieved 2016-04-26 
  5. ^ "Brazil's Multi-Billion Dollar Education Industry: Shaping Futures, Changing Lives, and Minting Billionaires" Forbescom 2013-05-13 Retrieved 2016-04-28 
  6. ^ Schwartzman, Simon 2010-06-24 "The new ranking of Ibero-American universities | The World View" Insidehigheredcom Retrieved 2016-04-28 
  7. ^ "World Reputation Rankings" Times Higher Education THE 2015-06-04 Retrieved 2016-04-26 
  8. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2013" Top Universities 2013-08-27 Retrieved 2016-04-26 
  9. ^ "COCESP" Uspbr Retrieved 20 September 2010 
  10. ^ "PROFESSIONAL RANKING OF WORLD UNIVERSITIES : Enquette 2011" PDF Mines-paristechfr Retrieved 2016-04-28 
  11. ^ "Emerging Employability University Ranking" Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  12. ^ "Instituições públicas concentram as pesquisas científicas" ANPEI 2014-06-20 Retrieved 2016-04-28 
  13. ^ a b c "História | USP - Universidade de São Paulo" 5uspbr 2014-06-20 Retrieved 2016-04-28 
  14. ^ "Legado da ditadura na USP é tema de audiência na Comissão da Verdade" Alspgovbr Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  15. ^ "ECA relembra seu passado como voz de resistência à ditadura" 5uspbr Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  16. ^ "Comissão da Verdade homenageia Ana Rosa Kucinski em audiência pública" 5uspbr Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  17. ^ "Estudo resgata história dos livros censurados pela ditadura no Brasil" 5uspbr Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  18. ^ "Archived copy" PDF Archived from the original PDF on 5 February 2015 Retrieved 5 February 2015 
  19. ^ http://wwwiriuspbr/documentos/Factsheet_IRI-USP_oct_2016pdf International Exchange Program On 27 December 2017
  20. ^ "Faculdade de Direito de Ribeirão Preto" Faculdade de Direito de Ribeirão Preto Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  21. ^ a b "International Office" Uspbr Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  22. ^ "International Office" Uspbr Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  23. ^ http://scimagoircom/ SIR – SCImago Institutions Rankings
  24. ^ "URAP - University Ranking by Academic Performance" Urapcenterorg Retrieved 15 August 2013 
  25. ^ "Text in Portuguese" Retrieved 25 February 2012 
  26. ^ "Highly-ranked French engineering school - MINES PARISTECH" Mines-paristecheu Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  27. ^ "Ranking Web of Universities – World" Retrieved 8 February 2013 
  28. ^ "World Reputation Rankings 2013" Times Higher Education Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  29. ^ "No data records!" Nturankinglisntuedutw Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  30. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities – 2010" Shanghai Jiaotong University Retrieved 30 October 2010 
  31. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2015 - Ranking 2015" Leidenrankingcom Retrieved 2016-04-28 
  32. ^ "QS World University Rankings - 2013" Top Universities 1 September 2013 Retrieved 12 September 2013 
  33. ^ "Rankings of QS World University - 2013" Top Universities 1 September 2013 Retrieved 25 September 2013 
  34. ^ "QS Latin American University Rankings - 2013" Top Universities 12 September 2013 Retrieved 12 September 2013 
  35. ^ "Brazilian Universities Strong in 2011 Latin American Ranking" Top Universities 3 October 2011 Retrieved 15 August 2013 
  36. ^ "World University Rankings 2012-13" Times Higher Education Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  37. ^ América Economia, ed 2009 "Rankings de Clínicas y Hospitales de América Latina 2009" Retrieved 11 August 2014 
  38. ^ "G1 - Ciências humanas é preferência entre intercambistas estrangeiros da USP - notícias em Educação" Educação Retrieved 5 July 2015 
  39. ^ University of São Paulo "At USP" 4uspbr Retrieved 20 March 2011 

External linksedit

  • University of São Paulo English
  • International Office – USP English
  • Universidade de São Paulo - Universidades e Carreiras Online Portuguese

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