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Université de Montréal

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Coordinates: 45°30′17″N 73°36′46″W / 4550472°N 7361278°W / 4550472; -7361278

Université de Montréal
Latin: Universitas Montis Regii
Former name Université Laval à Montréal
Motto Fide splendet et scientia Latin
Motto in English It shines by faith and knowledge
Type Public
Established 1878
Endowment $301731 million1
Budget $105 billion2
Rector Guy Breton
Academic staff 7,3293
Administrative staff 4,4273
Students 67,542 total 46,725 without its affiliated schools4
Undergraduates 34,3355
Postgraduates 11,9255
Location Montreal, Quebec, Canada
45°30′11″N 73°36′54″W / 4550306°N 7361500°W / 4550306; -7361500
Campus Urban, park, 60 ha 150 acres
Colors Royal blue, white and black               
Athletics 15 varsity teams
Nickname Carabins
Mascot Carabin
Affiliations AUCC, IAU, AUF, AUFC, ACU, U Sports, QSSF, IFPU, U15, CBIE, CUP
Website umontrealca

The Université de Montréal6 UdeM; French pronunciation: ​ynivɛʁsite də mɔ̃ʁeal is a public research university in Montreal, Quebec, Canada The francophone institution comprises thirteen faculties, more than sixty departments and two7 affiliated schools: the École Polytechnique School of Engineering and HEC Montréal School of Business It offers more than 650 undergraduate programmes and graduate programmes, including 71 doctoral programmes The Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2014-2015 ranks the Université de Montréal at 113th place globally8 The Université de Montréal made it to the 83rd position worldwide according to the Quacquarelli Symonds QS World University rankings for 2014-2015 undergraduate category9

The university has Quebec's largest sponsored research income and the third largest in Canada, allocating close to $5241 million to research conducted in more than 150 research centres as of 201110 It is also part of the U15 universities More than 55,000 students are enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs, making it the second-largest university in Canada in terms of student enrolment3


  • 1 History
    • 11 Early years
    • 12 Founding by provincial charter
    • 13 Campus relocation
    • 14 Nuclear research
    • 15 Growth and expansion
  • 2 Legacy
  • 3 Campus
  • 4 Academics
    • 41 Reputation
    • 42 Research
  • 5 Student life
    • 51 Media
    • 52 Sports
  • 6 Notable alumni and faculty
  • 7 See also
  • 8 Notes and references
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links


Early yearsedit

As an institution, the university was first founded when the Université Laval in Quebec City founded a new branch in Montréal in 1878, which became known as the Université de Laval à Montréal11 This initially went against the wishes of Montréal's prelate, who advocated an independent university in his city12 Certain parts of the institution's educational facilities, such as those of the Séminaire de Québec and the Faculty of Medicine, founded as the Montreal School of Medicine and Surgery, had already been established in Montréal in 1876 and 1843, respectively13 The Vatican granted the university some administrative autonomy in 1889, thus allowing it to choose its own professors and license its own diplomas However it was not until 8 May 1919 that a papal charter from Pope Benedict XV granted full autonomy to the university14 It thus became an independent Catholic university and adopted Université de Montréal as its name15 Laval composed by Wilfrid Beaudry was dedicated to the students at Laval University and the Université de Montréal The music for piano was published in Québec by J Beaudry, circa 190616

At the time of its creation, less than a hundred students were admitted to the university's three faculties, which at that time were located in Old Montreal These were the Faculty of Theology located at the Grand séminaire de Montréal, the Faculty of Law hosted by the Society of Saint-Sulpice, and the Faculty of Medicine at the Château Ramezay1718

Graduate training based on German-inspired American models of specialized course work and completion of a research thesis was introduced and adopted13 Most of Québec's secondary education establishments employed classic course methods of varying quality This forced the university to open a preparatory school in 1887 to harmonize the education level of its students Named the "Faculty of Arts", this school would remain in use until 1972 and was the predecessor of Québec's current CEGEP system19

Founding by provincial charteredit

Although a branch of Laval University was planned as Montreal's first French-language university, it was not until 14 February 1920, that the first provincial charter founding the university was passed14 The second provincial charter was passed in 195014 The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s following the Quiet Revolution was a response to popular pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals as well as society13 The third provincial charter, which was passed in 1967, defined the Université de Montréal as a public institution, dedicated to higher learning and research, in the administration of which students and teachers would have the right to participate14

Campus relocationedit

Former campus on Rue Saint-Denis in 1903

From 1876 to 1895, most university classes took place in the Grand séminaire de Montréal From 1895 to 1942, it was housed in a building at the intersection of Saint-Denis and Sainte-Catherine streets in Montreal's eastern downtown Quartier Latin

Unlike English-language universities in Montréal, such as McGill University, the university suffered a lack of funding for two major reasons: the relative poverty of the French Canadian population and the complications ensuing from its being managed remotely, from Quebec City The downtown campus was hit by three different fires between 1919 and 1921, further complicating the university's already precarious finances and forcing it to spend much of its resources on repairing its own infrastructure20

By 1930, enough funds had been accumulated to start the construction of a new campus on the north west slope of Mount Royal, adopting new plans designed by Ernest Cormier However, the financial crisis of the 1930s virtually suspended all ongoing construction21 Many speculated that the university would have to sell off its unfinished building projects in order to ensure its own survival Not until 1939 did the provincial government directly intervene by injecting public funds22 Campus construction subsequently resumed and the mountain campus was officially inaugurated on 3 June 194323 The Cote-des-Neiges site includes property expropriated from a residential development along Decelles Avenue, known as Northmount Heights24 The university's former downtown facilities would later serve Montreal's second francophone university, the Université du Québec à Montréal UQAM

Nuclear researchedit

Main article: Montréal Laboratory

In 1943, the university assisted the Western Allies by providing laboratory accommodations on its campus Scientists there worked to develop a nuclear reactor, notably by conducting various heavy water experiments The research was part of the larger Manhattan Project, which aimed to develop the first atomic bomb Scientists here managed to produce the first atomic battery to work outside of the United States One of the participating Québécois scientists, Pierre Demers, also discovered a series of radioactive elements issued from Neptunium25

Growth and expansionedit

Pavillons 3200 Jean-Brillant, and Lionel-Groulx in the background

Two distinct schools eventually became affiliated to the university The first was the École Polytechnique, a school of engineering, which was founded in 1873 and became affiliated in 1887 The second was the École des Hautes Études Commerciales, or HEC, which was founded in 1907 and became part of the university in 191517 The first francophone school of architecture in Canada opened in 1907 at the École Polytechnique26

Between 1920 and 1925, seven new faculties were added to the initial three: Philosophy, Literature, Sciences, Veterinary Medicine, Dental Surgery, Pharmacy, and Social Sciences20 Notably, the Faculty of Social Sciences was founded in 1920 by Édouard Montpetit, the first laic to lead a faculty27 He thereafter fulfilled the role of secretary-general until 1950

In 1965, the appointment of the university's first secular rector, Roger Gaudry, paved the way for modernization The university established the first adult education degree program offered by a French Canadian university in 1968 That year were inaugurated Lionel-Groulx and 3200 Jean-Brillant buildings, the former being named after Quebec nationalist Lionel Groulx The following year, the Louis Collin parking garage -which won a Governor General's medal in architecture in 1970 - was erected

An important event that marked the university's history was the École Polytechnique massacre On 6 December 1989, a gunman armed with a rifle entered the École Polytechnique building, killing 14 people, all of whom were women, before taking his own life

Since 2002, the university has embarked on its largest construction projects since the late 1960s, with five new modern buildings planned for advanced research in pharmacology, engineering, aerospace, cancer studies and biotechnology17


On 4 September 2003 Canada Post issued 'Université de Montréal, 1878-2003' to mark the 125th anniversary of the establishment of Université de Montréal The stamp was designed by Denis L'Allier, based on a photograph by Guy Lavigueur as part of the Canadian Universities series The 48¢ stamps are perforated 135 and were printed by Canadian Bank Note Company, Limited28


Tower's construction Map of the university's Mont-Royal campus The tower of Pavillon Roger-Gaudry along with some other buildings

The university's main campus is located on the northern slope of Mont-Royal in the Outremont and Côte-des-Neiges boroughs Its landmark Pavilion Roger-Gaudry - known until 2003 as Pavillon principal 29 - and named for former rector Roger Gaudry, can be seen from around the campus and is known for its imposing tower It is built mainly in the Art Deco style with some elements of International style and designed by noted architect Ernest Cormier On 14 September 1954, a Roll of Honour plaque on the wall at the right of the stairs to the Court of Honour in Roger-Gaudry Pavillon was dedicated alumni of the Université de Montréal who died in armed service during the Second World War 30 On November 1963, a memorial plaque was dedicated to the memory of those members of the Université de Montréal who served in the Armed Forces during the First and Second World Wars and Korea31

The campus is served by the Côte-des-Neiges, Université-de-Montreal, and Édouard-Montpetit metro stations

Apart from its main Mont-Royal campus, the university also maintains five regional facilities in Terrebonne, Laval, Longueuil, Saint-Hyacinthe and Mauricie32 The campus in Laval, just north of Montréal, was opened in 2006 It is Laval's first university campus, and is located in the area near the Montmorency metro station In October 2009, the university announced an expansion to its Laval satellite campus with the commissioning of its six-storey Cité du Savoir complex33 In order to solve the problem of lack of space on its main campus, the university is also planning to open a new campus in Outremont34

The Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal CHUM and the Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte-Justine are the two teaching hospital networks of the Université de Montréal's Faculty of Medicine, although the latter is also affiliated with other medical institutions such as the Institut universitaire de gériatrie de Montréal, Montreal Heart Institute, Hôpital Sacré-Coeur and Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont A plaque, which is dedicated to the personnel of the "Hôpital Général Canadien No 6 Université Laval de Montréal" from 1916 to 1920, was donated by Mr Louis de Gonzague Beaubien in 193935

The J-Armand-Bombardier Incubator36 is part of one the joint building from Université de Montréal and École Polytechnique de Montréal The incubator is part on the main Campus of Université de Montréal and was built in autumn 2004 with the aim of helping R&D intensive companies to start up by providing complete infrastructures at advantageous conditions

This particular environment helps promote collaboration between industries and academics while gratifying Québec entrepreneurship Since its creation the Incubator hosted more than fifteen companies, mainly in the biomedical field Cuttle Pharmaceuticals, Angiotech, Siegfried, Haemacure in the field of polymer / surface treatment Solaris Chem, Cerestech, Nanomextrix, Novaplasma in optics / photonics Photon etc, Castor Optics, Thorlabs, Genia Photonics and IT security ESET, Urqui


The University of Montreal is a publicly funded research university, and a member of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada37 Undergraduate students make the majority of the university community, accounting for 74 percent of the university student body, followed by master students at 19 percent, and doctoral students at 7 percent3 The full-time undergraduate programs comprise the majority of the school's enrolment, made up of 42,684 undergraduate students From the 1 June 2010 to the 31 May 2011, the university conferred 7,012 bachelor's degrees, 461 doctoral degrees, and 3,893 master's degrees3

Depending on a student's citizenship, they may be eligible for financial assistance from the Student Financial Assistance program, administered by the provincial Ministry of Education, Recreation and Sports, and/or the Canada Student Loans and Grants through the federal and provincial governments The university's Office of Financial Aid acts as intermediaries between the students and the Quebec government for all matters relating to financial assistance programs38 The financial aid provided may come in the form of loans, grants, bursaries, scholarships fellowships and work programs


University rankings
Global rankings
ARWU World39 101-150
QS World40 126
Times World41 103
US News and World Report Global42 149
Canadian rankings
ARWU National39 5-6
QS National43 5
Times National41 4
US News and World Report National42 6
Maclean's Medical/Doctoral44 12
Maclean's Reputation45 10

The 2013-2014 Times Higher Education World University Rankings placed the university 106th in the world, and fifth in Canada41 The 2014 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 83rd in the world, and fourth in Canada46 The 2012 Academic Ranking of World Universities ARWU rankings, the university ranked 101-150th in the world39 In terms of national rankings, Maclean's ranked the university 12th in their 2011 Medical Doctoral university rankings44 The university was ranked in spite of having opted out—along with several other universities in Canada—of participating in Maclean's graduate survey since 200647

The university was ranked 76-100th in the 2012 ARWU rankings within the field of social sciences, and 5-8th in the country48 The 2012-2013 Times Higher Education rankings for clinical, pre-clinical, and health universities, the university's health science programs ranked 47th in the world and fourth in Canada49 The Université de Montréal Faculty of Law was ranked second, out of the six civil law schools in Canada in Maclean's 2011 law school rankings50

HEC Montréal, an affiliated business school with the university has also received significant recognition The business school had ranked 12th on the 2011 Forbes ranking of the best international one-year MBA programs, placing higher than any Canadian business school51 The 2011 Financial Times ranking for master's in management programs placed HEC Montréal 39th in the world, and first in the country52 In CNN Expansion's 2011 ranking of the world's best MBA program, HEC Montréal was ranked 62nd in the world, and second nationally53 In The Economist's 2011 ranking of the best MBA program in North America, HEC Montréal was 56th on the continent, and fifth nationally54 The 2010 Bloomberg Businessweek biannual business school rankings had also ranked HEC Montréal as the 15th best business school outside the United States, and the sixth best business school in Canada55 The QS ranking of North American MBA programs placed HEC Montréal 30th in North America, and 7th in Canada56 In an employability survey published by the New York Times in October 2011, when CEOs and chairmans were asked to select the top universities which they recruited from, HEC Montréal placed 46th in the world, and second in Canada57


In Research Infosource's 2013 ranking of Canada's 50 top research universities, the university was ranked third, with a sponsored research income of $526,213,000, the third largest in the country The university has an average of $280,000 per faculty member, making it the fifth most research-intensive full-service university58 In terms of research performance, High Impact Universities 2010 ranked the university 108th out of 500 universities, and sixth in the country59 In the field of medicine, dentistry, pharmacology, and health sciences, the 2010 High Impact Universities ranking placed Université de Montréal in 68th in the world, and fifth nationally60 In the field of life, agricultural and biological sciences, the 2010 High Impact Universities ranking placed the university 99th in the world, and fourth in Canada61

The Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan HEEACT, an organization which also evaluates universities based on their scientific paper's performances, ranked the university 101st in the world, and sixth in Canada62 In HEEACT's 2011 rankings which focused on life sciences, the university was ranked 81st in the world, and fourth in Canada63 In HEEACT's rankings focusing on clinical medicines, the university was also ranked 81st in the world, and sixth in the country64 The HEEACT rankings focusing on social sciences placed the university 83rd in the world and seventh in Canada65 In the Higher Education Strategy Associates 2012 ranking of Canadian universities based on research strength, the Université de Montréal was placed second nationally in the field of science and engineering and sixth nationally in the field of social sciences and humanities66

Student lifeedit

The two main student unions on administrative and policy issues are the Fédération des associations étudiantes du campus de l'Université de Montréal FAÉCUM, which represents the interests of all full-time undergraduate and graduate students, and the Association Étudiante de la Maîtrise et du Doctorat de HEC Montréal AEMD, which represents the interests of those enrolled in HEC Montréal6768 FAÉCUM traces its lineage back to 1989, when the Fédération étudiante universitaire du Québec FEUQ was founded, and is currently the largest student organization in Quebec69 The organizations and clubs accredited at the university cover a wide range of interests including academics, culture, religion, social issues, and recreation FAÉCUM is currently associated with 82 student organizations and clubs70 Four fraternities and sororities are recognized by the university's student union, Sigma Thêta Pi, Nu Delta Mu, Zeta Lambda Zeta, Eta Psi Delta71


The university's student population operates a number of media outlets throughout the campus environment The Quartier Libre, is university's main student newspaper72 CISM-FM is an independently owned radio station, owned by the students of the Université de Montréal, and operated by the student union73 The radio started in 1970, and received a permit from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission CRTC on 10 July 1990 to transmit on an FM band On 14 March 1991, CISM's broadcasting antenna was boosted to 10 000 watts With a broadcasting radius of 70 km, CISM is now the world's largest French-language university radio station74 The CFTU-DT television station also receives its technical and administrative support from the student body75


Montréal Carabin's women's ice hockey team, which was first formed in 200976 Main article: Montreal Carabins

Sport teams at Université de Montréal are known as the Carabins The Carabins sports teams participate in the U Sports' Réseau du sport étudiant du Québec RSEQ conference for most varsity sports Varsity teams include badminton, Canadian football, cheerleading, golf, hockey, swimming, alpine skiing, soccer, tennis and volleyball77 The athletics program at the university dates back to 192276 The university's athletic facilities is open to both their varsity teams as well as to their students The major sports facility at the university is the Centre d'éducation physique et des sports de l'Université de Montréal CEPSUM, which is also home to all of the Carabin's varsity teams78 The building itself was built in 1976, in preparation for the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montréal The outdoor stadium of CEPSUM, which hosts the university's football team, can seat around 5,100 people78

Notable alumni and facultyedit

Main article: List of Université de Montréal people

The university has an extensive alumni network, with more than 300,000 members registered with the university's alumni network79 Throughout the university's history, faculty, alumni, and former students have played prominent roles in a number of fields Several prominent business leaders have also graduated from the university Graduates include Philippe de Gaspé Beaubien, founder and CEO of Telemedia,80 Louis R Chênevert, chairman and CEO of the United Technologies Corporation,81 and Pierre Karl Péladeau, former president and CEO of Quebecor82

A number of students have also gained prominence for their research and work in a number of scientific fields Roger Guillemin, a graduate of the university, would later be awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work with neurohormones83 Alumnus Ishfaq Ahmad, would also gain prominence for his work with Pakistan's nuclear weapon's program, and their nuclear power program84 Jocelyn Faubert, known for his work in the fields of visual perception, is currently a faculty member of the university85 Gilles Brassard, best known for his fundamental work in quantum cryptography, quantum teleportation, quantum entanglement distillation, quantum pseudo-telepathy, and the classical simulation of quantum entanglement86

Many former students have gained local and national prominence for serving in government including Former Supreme Court of Canada Judge and UN Human Rights Commissioner Louise Arbour Michaëlle Jean served as Governor General of Canada,87 Ahmed Benbitour, who served as the Prime Minister of Algeria,88 and Pierre Trudeau served as the Prime Minister of Canada89 Ten Premiers of Quebec have also graduated from the university, including Jean-Jacques Bertrand,90 Robert Bourassa,91 Maurice Duplessis,92 Lomer Gouin,93 Daniel Johnson, Jr,94 Daniel Johnson Sr,90 Pierre-Marc Johnson,95 Bernard Landry,96 Jacques Parizeau,97 and Paul Sauvé98

See alsoedit

  • Montreal portal
  • University portal
  • Centre for International Studies
  • Poly-World
  • Bill 78

Notes and referencesedit

  1. ^ "État des résultats et de l'évolution des soldes de fonds" PDF États financiers de l'Université de Montréal in French Université de Montreal 30 September 2015 p 3 Retrieved 30 October 2014 
  2. ^ "État des résultats et de l'évolution des soldes de fonds" PDF États financiers de l'Université de Montréal in French Université de Montreal 30 September 2014 p 3 Retrieved 30 October 2014 
  3. ^ a b c d e Université de Montréal official statistics
  4. ^ http://recteurumontrealca/fileadmin/recteur/pdf/documents-institutionnels/UdeM-at-a-Glance2016_ENGpdf
  5. ^ a b "Statistiques d'inscription automne 2013" PDF in French Université de Montreal 30 September 2014 pp 3–4 Retrieved 3 November 2014 
  6. ^ "2007 Annual Report Université de Montréal Accessed 20 October 2008
  7. ^ General overview of Université de Montréal
  8. ^ World University Rankings 2014-2015
  9. ^ http://wwwtopuniversitiescom/universities/université-de-montréal/undergrad
  10. ^ 2011 Annual Report, "Research Income by University", p 27
  11. ^ Pound, Richard W 2005 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates' Fitzhenry and Whiteside 
  12. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  13. ^ a b c The Canadian Encyclopedia - University
  14. ^ a b c d The Canadian Encyclopedia - Université de Montréal
  15. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  16. ^ Laval http://amicuscollectionscanadagcca/ourl/cphpid=16182129&l=eng&s=amicus
  17. ^ a b c Université de Montréal - English - Brief History
  18. ^ Université de Montréal - Information générale French
  19. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  20. ^ a b Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  21. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  22. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  23. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  24. ^ "Publicité de la Northmount Land" 1698-1998 CÔTE-DES-NEIGES AU FIL DU TEMPS in French La société du troisième centenaire de la Côte-des-Neiges 1698-1998 6 July 2000 Retrieved 9 January 2012 
  25. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  26. ^ The Canadian Encyclopedia - Architectural Education
  27. ^ Université de Montréal - Fêtes du 125e - 125 ans d'histoire 1878-2003 French
  28. ^ Canada Post Stamp
  29. ^ "Le pavillon principal de l'UdeM devient le pavillon Roger Gaudry" PDF in French La Presse 17 December 2003 Retrieved 18 April 2016 
  30. ^ http://wwwcmp-cpmforcesgcca/dhh-dhp/nic-inm/sm-rm/mdsr-rdr-engaspPID=7904 Alumni - World War II Honour Roll
  31. ^ http://wwwcmp-cpmforcesgcca/dhh-dhp/nic-inm/sm-rm/mdsr-rdr-engaspPID=7905 Alumni - war service
  32. ^ Université de Montréal - Plan Campus French
  33. ^ Croteau, Martin 14 October 2009 "Nouveau campus de l'UdM à Laval" La Presse in French Montreal Retrieved 16 October 2009 
  34. ^ Université de Montréal - Outremont facility project page French
  35. ^ Hôpital Général Canadien No 6 Université Laval de Montréal
  36. ^ "J-Armand Bombardier Incubator" Polytechnique Montréal Retrieved 26 January 2015 
  37. ^ "Université de Montréal" in French Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  38. ^ "Aide financière du Québec" in French Université de Montréal Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  39. ^ a b c "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2016 - Canada" ShanghaiRanking Consultancy 2016 Retrieved 7 October 2016 
  40. ^ "QS World University Rankings - 2016" QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 2016 Retrieved 5 September 2016 
  41. ^ a b c "World University Rankings 2016-2017" Times Higher Education 2016 Retrieved 7 October 2016 
  42. ^ a b "Best Global Universities in Canada" wwwusnewscom US News & World Report 29 October 2015 Retrieved 7 October 2016 
  43. ^ "QS World University Rankings® 2016-2017" QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 2016 Retrieved 7 October 2016 
  44. ^ a b "University Rankings 2016: Medical Doctoral" Maclean's 5 November 2015 Retrieved 7 October 2016 
  45. ^ "Top 20 Universities by Reputation" Maclean's 5 November 2015 Retrieved 7 October 2016 
  46. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2011/12" QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 2011 Retrieved 7 September 2011 
  47. ^ "11 universities bail out of Maclean's survey" CBC News Canadian Broadcasting Corporation 14 April 2006 Archived from the original on 26 June 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  48. ^ Cite error: The named reference USUnivRankings_ARWU_SOC was invoked but never defined see the help page
  49. ^ Cite error: The named reference UnivRankings_THES_HEAL was invoked but never defined see the help page
  50. ^ "The 2011 Maclean's Law School Rankings" Maclean's Rogers Publishing Limited 15 September 2011 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  51. ^ Badenhausen, Kurt 27 July 2011 "Best International 1-year MBA Programs" Forbes LLC Retrieved 12 March 2012 
  52. ^ "Masters in Management 2011" The Financial Times Ltd Retrieved 25 April 2012 
  53. ^ "Los Mejores MBA mde Mundo 2011" Cable News Network in Spanish Turner Broadcasting System, Inc 2011 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  54. ^ "North America ranking" The Economist The Economist Newspaper Limited 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  55. ^ "The Best International B-Schools of 2010" Bloomberg Businessweek Bloomberg LP 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  56. ^ "Regional ratings: QS Global 200 Business Schools Report 2012" QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  57. ^ "What business leaders say" The New York Times The New York Times Company 20 October 2011 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  58. ^ "Canada's Top 50 Research Universities 2013" PDF RE$EARCH Infosource Inc 2013 Retrieved 27 December 2013 
  59. ^ "2010 World University Rankings" High Impact Universities 2010 Archived from the original on 11 July 2011 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  60. ^ "2010 Faculty Rankings For Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacology, and Health Sciences" High Impact Universities 2010 Archived from the original on 11 July 2011 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  61. ^ "2010 Faculty Rankings For Life, Biological, and Agricultural Sciences" High Impact Universities 2010 Archived from the original on 11 July 2011 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  62. ^ "Canada" Higher Education Evaluation and Accreditation Council of Taiwan Retrieved 27 October 2011 
  63. ^ "Life Sciences: Top Universities in Canada" National Taiwan University Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  64. ^ "Clinical Medicine: Top Universities in Canada" National Taiwan University Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  65. ^ "Social Science: Top Universities in Canada" National Taiwan University Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  66. ^ Jarvey, Paul; Usher, Alex August 2012 "Measuring Academic Research in Canada: Field-Normalized Academic Rankings 2012" pdf Higher Education Strategy Associates Retrieved 18 October 2013 
  67. ^ "Qu'est-ce que la FAÉCUM" in French FAÉCUM 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  68. ^ "Welcome to AEMD!" in French Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  69. ^ "Histoire de la Fédération" in French FAÉCUM 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  70. ^ "Associations membres" in French FAÉCUM 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  71. ^ "Groupes d'intérêt" in French FAÉCUM 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  72. ^ "Quartier Libre" in French Quartier Libre Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  73. ^ "A Propos" in French CISM 893 FM 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  74. ^ "Historique" in French CISM 893 FM 2012 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  75. ^ "Historique" in French Canal Savoir 2009 Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  76. ^ a b "Historique" in French Université de Montréal Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  77. ^ "Carabins" in French Université de Montréal Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  78. ^ a b "Centre sportif - CEPSUM - Installations" in French Université de Montréal Retrieved 8 March 2012 
  79. ^ "Diplômés de l'Université de Montréal" in French Université de Montréal Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  80. ^ "Philippe de Gaspé Beaubien" Business Families Foundation 2010 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  81. ^ "Louis R Chênevert, Chairman & Chief Executive Officer" United Technologies Corporation 2014 Retrieved 11 January 2014 
  82. ^ "PIERRE KARL PÉLADEAU" Quebecor 2012 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  83. ^ Shorter, Edward; Fink, Max 2010 Endocrine Psychiatry: Solving the Riddle of Melancholia Oxford University Press p 107 ISBN 0-19-973746-0 
  84. ^ John, Wilson 2005 Pakistan's nuclear underworld: an investigation Saṁskṛiti in association with Observer Research Foundation p 88 ISBN 81-87374-34-9 
  85. ^ "Jocelyn Faubert" Université de Montréal 2010 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  86. ^ Herzberg runner-up: Gilles Brassard, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Retrieved 24 January 2010
  87. ^ Adu-Febiri, Francis; Everett, Ofori 2009 Succeeding from the Margins of Canadian Society: A Strategic Resource for New Immigrants, Refugees and International Students CCB Publishing p 8 ISBN 1-926585-27-5 
  88. ^ Hireche, Aïssa 1 April 2013 "Six ex-chefs de gouvernement sur la ligne de départ" L'Expression in French Sarl Fattani Communication and Press Retrieved 11 January 2014 
  89. ^ Coucill, Irma 2005 Canada's Prime Ministers, Governors General and Fathers of Confederation Pembroke Publishers Limited p 38 ISBN 1-55138-185-0 
  90. ^ a b Levine, Allan Gerald 1989 Your Worship: the lives of eight of Canada's most unforgettable mayors James Lorimer & Company p 152 ISBN 1-55028-209-3 
  91. ^ "Robert BOURASSA" in French Assemblee Nationale de Quebec April 2009 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  92. ^ Paulin, Marguerite 2005 Maurice Duplessis: powerbroker, politician Dundurn Press Limited p 2 ISBN 1-894852-17-6 
  93. ^ "Lomer GOUIN" in French Assemblee Nationale de Quebec March 2009 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  94. ^ "Daniel JOHNSON FILS" in French Assemblee Nationale de Quebec June 2010 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  95. ^ "Pierre Marc JOHNSON" in French Assemblee Nationale de Quebec May 2010 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  96. ^ "Bernard LANDRY" in French Assemblee Nationale de Quebec April 2009 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  97. ^ "Jacques PARIZEAU" in French Assemblee Nationale de Quebec December 2011 Retrieved 23 February 2012 
  98. ^ "Joseph-Mignault-Paul SAUVÉ" in French Assemblee Nationale de Quebec July 2009 Retrieved 23 February 2012 

Further readingedit

  • Bizier, Hélène-Andrée 1993 L'Université de Montréal: la quête du savoir Montréal: Libre expression 311 pp ISBN 2-89111-522-8 1

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Pictures and information on Université de Montréal buildings

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