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United States Forces Japan

united states forces japan instruction 31-205, united states forces japan alonzo gonzales
The United States Forces Japan USFJ 在日米軍, Zainichi Beigun is an active subordinate unified command of the United States Pacific Command USPACOM It was activated at Fuchū Air Station, Tokyo, Japan on 1 July 1957 to replace the Far East Command FEC USFJ is commanded by the Commander, US Forces, Japan COMUSJAPAN COMUSJAPAN is also the Commander, Fifth Air Force At present, USFJ is headquartered at Yokota Air Base, Tokyo, Japan

COMUSJAPAN, plans, directs and supervises the execution of missions and responsibilities assigned to him by the US Commander in Chief, Pacific USCINCPAC He establishes and implements policies to accomplish the mission of the United States Armed Forces in Japan He is responsible for developing plans for the defense of Japan, and he must be prepared if contingencies arise, to assume operational control of assigned and attached US forces for the execution of those plans

As USCINCPAC's resident representative, COMUSJAPAN supports the Security Treaty and administers the Status of Forces Agreement SOFA between the United States and Japan He is responsible for coordinating various matters of interest with the service commanders in Japan These include matters affecting US-Japan relationships among and between Department of Defense DOD agencies; DOD agencies and the US Ambassador to Japan; and DOD agencies and the Government of Japan GOJ

Under the Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan, the United States is obliged to protect Japan in close cooperation with the Japan Self-Defense Forces for maritime defense, ballistic missile defense, domestic air control, communications security COMSEC and disaster response operations

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Exercise participation
  • 3 US presence debate
    • 31 US presence on Okinawa
    • 32 Survey among Japanese and Okinawans
    • 33 Status of forces agreement
    • 34 US service member behavior
    • 35 Crime issues
    • 36 Osprey deployment in Okinawa
  • 4 Facilities
    • 41 List of current facilities
    • 42 List of former facilities
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

JGSDF soldiers at Camp Kinser United States Forces helped Japanese in Operation Tomodachi following the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami

After the Japanese surrender in the end of World War II in Asia, the United States Armed Forces assumed administrative authority in Japan The Japanese Imperial Army and Navy were decommissioned, and the US Armed Forces took control of their military bases until the new government could be formed and positioned to reestablish authority Allied forces planned to demilitarize Japan, and new government adopted the Constitution of Japan with a no-armed-force clause in 1947

After the Korean War began in 1950, Douglas MacArthur, the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan and the Japanese government established the paramilitary "National Police Reserve," which was later developed into the Japan Self-Defense Forces

In 1951 the Treaty of San Francisco was signed by the allied countries and Japan, which restored its formal sovereignty At the same time, the US and Japan signed the Japan-America Security Alliance By this treaty, USFJ is responsible for the defense of Japan As part of this agreement, the Japanese government requested that the US military bases remain in Japan, and agreed to provide funds and various interests specified in the Status of Forces Agreement At the expiration of the treaty, the United States and Japan signed the new Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security between the United States and Japan The status of the United States Forces Japan was defined in the US–Japan Status of Forces Agreement This treaty is still in effect, and it forms the basis of Japan's foreign policy

In the Vietnam War, the US military bases in Japan, especially those in Okinawa Prefecture, were used as important strategic and logistic bases In 1970, the Koza riot occurred against the US military presence in Okinawa The USAF strategic bombers were deployed in the bases in Okinawa, which was still administered by the US government Before the 1972 reversion of the island to Japanese administration, it has been speculated but never confirmed that up to 1,200 nuclear weapons may have been stored at Kadena Air Base, Okinawa in the 1960s1

As of 2013update, there are approximately 50,000 US military personnel stationed in Japan, along with approximately 40,000 dependents of military personnel and another 5,500 American civilians employed there by the United States Department of Defense The United States Seventh Fleet is based in Yokosuka, Kanagawa Prefecture The 3rd Marine Expeditionary Force III MEF is based in Okinawa 130 USAF fighters are stationed in the Misawa Air Base and Kadena Air Base2

The Japanese government paid ¥217 billion US$20 billion in 20073 as annual host-nation support called Omoiyari Yosan 思いやり予算, sympathy budget or compassion budget4 As of the 2011 budget, such payment was no longer to be referred to as Omoiyari Yosan or sympathy budget5

The US government employs over 8,000 Master Labor Contract MLC/Indirect Hire Agreement IHA workers on Okinawa per the Labor Management Organization not including Okinawan contract workers6

Immediately after the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami, 9,720 dependents of United States military and government civilian employees in Japan evacuated the country, mainly to the United States7

The relocation of the US Marine Corps Air Station Futenma to Henoko had been resolved in December 2013 with the signing of the landfill agreement by the governor of Okinawa Under the terms of the US-Japan agreement 5000 US Marines should have been relocated to Guam and 4000 US Marines to other Pacific locations such as Hawaii or Australia, while some 10000 Marines were to remain on Okinawa891011121314 No timetable for the Marines redeployment had been announced, but The Washington Post reported that US Marines would leave Okinawa as soon as suitable facilities on Guam and elsewhere were ready11 The relocation move was expected to cost 86 billion US Dollars8 and includes a $31bn cash commitment from Japan for the move to Guam as well as for developing joint training ranges on Guam and on Tinian and Pagan in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands9 Certain parcels of land on Okinawa which have been leased for use by the American military were supposed to be turned back to Japanese control via a long-term phased return process according to the agreement11 These returns have been ongoing since 1972citation needed However, as of July 2016, the situation has not been settled

For more details on this topic, see Relocation of Marine Corps Air Station Futenma

In May 2014, in a strategic shift by the United States to Asia and the Pacific, it was revealed the US was deploying two unarmed Global Hawk long-distance surveillance drones to Japan for surveillance missions over China and North Korea15

Exercise participationedit

The scope and frequency of US Forces Japan participation in major exercises has been rising in recent years This is largely attributable to the refocus of the US to the Asia-Pacific region, although certain forces, especially the Marine Corps, have never left the region and continue to be heavily involved in theater security and regional stability United States Pacific Command USPACOM, the parent command of US Forces Japan, has also taken on larger and broader roles during exercises in Japan, particularly in those exercises on mainland Japan

US Forces Japan has no control or authority over subordinate command exercises beyond manipulation of Force Protection Condition levels, which is the only area of tactical control residing with US Forces Japan

US presence debateedit

US presence on Okinawaedit

See also: Okinawa Prefecture § US military controversy

Okinawa makes up only 06 percent of the nation's land area;2 yet, approximately 62% of US bases in Japan exclusive use only are in Okinawa1617

Survey among Japanese and Okinawansedit

While 734% of Japanese citizens appreciate the mutual security treaty with the US and the presence of the USFJ,18not in citation given part of the population demands a reduction in the number of US military bases in Okinawa19

In May 2010, a survey of the Okinawan people conducted by the Mainichi Shimbun and the Ryūkyū Shimpō, found that 71% of Okinawans surveyed thought that the presence of Marines on Okinawa was not necessary 15% said it was necessary Asked what they thought about 62% of United States Forces Japan bases exclusive use being concentrated in Okinawa, 50% said that the number should be reduced, 41% said that the bases should be removed Asked about the US-Japan security treaty, 55% said it should be changed to a peace treaty, 14% said it should be abolished and 7% said it should be maintained20

Many of the bases, such as Yokota Air Base, Naval Air Facility Atsugi and Kadena Air Base, are located in the vicinity of residential districts, and local citizens have complained about excessive aircraft noise212223 The 2014 poll by Ryūkyū Shimpō found that 80% of surveyed Okinawans want the Marine Corps Air Station Futenma moved out of the prefecture24

Status of forces agreementedit

There is also debate over the Status of Forces Agreement due to the fact that it covers a variety of administrative technicalities blending the systems which control how certain situations are handled between the US's and Japan's legal framework A Status of forces agreement was created to allow both nations the best way to administer legalities, and has worked well over the yearscitation needed

US service member behavioredit

Per Okinawa Prefectural Police data, US service members are convicted of far fewer crimes than local Okinawans25 According to the US-Japan Status of Forces Agreement, when US personnel crimes are committed both off-duty and off-base, they should always be prosecuted under the Japanese law26

On 12 February 2008, the National Police Agency of Japan or NPA, released its annual criminal statistics that included activity within the Okinawan prefecture These findings held American troops were only convicted of 53 crimes per 10,000 US male servicemen, while Okinawan males were convicted of 366 crimes per 10,000 The crime rate found a US serviceman in Okinawa to be 86% less likely to convicted of a crime by the Japanese government than an Okinawan male27

Crime issuesedit

See also: Yumiko-chan incident, 1995 Okinawa rape incident, and Michael Brown Okinawa assault incident GIs in Special Comfort Facility Association during occupation of Japan

At the beginning of the occupation of Japan, in 1945, many US soldiers participated in the Special Comfort Facility Association28 Japanese government recruited 55,000 women to work providing sexual services to US military personnel28 The Association was closed by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers28

In more recent history, 'crimes ranging from rape to assault and hit-and-run accidents by US military personnel, dependents and civilians have long sparked protests in the prefecture', stated The Japan Times29 'A series of horrific crimes by present and former US military personnel stationed on Okinawa has triggered dramatic moves to try to reduce the American presence on the island and in Japan as a whole', commented The Daily Beast in 200930

In 1995, the abduction and rape of a 12-year-old Okinawan schoolgirl by two US marines and one US sailor led to demands for the removal of all US military bases in Japan Other controversial incidents include helicopter crashes, the Girard incident, the Michael Brown Okinawa assault incident, the death of Kinjo family and the death of Yuki Uema In February 2008, a 38-year-old US Marine based on Okinawa was arrested in connection with the reported rape of a 14-year-old Okinawan girl31 This triggered waves of protest against American military presence in Okinawa and led to tight restrictions on off-base activities3233 Although the accuser withdrew her charges the US military court-martialed the suspect and sentenced him to 4 years in prison under the stricter rules of the military justice system34

US Forces Japan designated 22 February as a Day of Reflection for all US military facilities in Japan, and established the Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Task Force in an effort to prevent similar incidents35 In November 2009, Staff Sgt Clyde "Drew" Gunn, a US Army soldier stationed at Torii Station was involved in a hit-and-run accident of a pedestrian in Yomitan Village on Okinawa Later, in April 2010, the soldier was charged with failing to render aid and vehicular manslaughter36 Staff Sgt Gunn, of Ocean Springs, Mississippi, was eventually sentenced to 2 years and 8 months in jail on 15 October 201037

In 2013, two US military personnel, Seaman Christopher Browning, of Athens, Texas, and Petty Officer 3rd Class Skyler Dozierwalker, of Muskogee, Oklahoma, were found guilty by the Naha District Court of raping and robbing a woman in her 20s in a parking lot in October Both admitted committing the crime The case outraged many Okinawans, a number of whom have long complained of military-related crime on their island, which hosts thousands of US troops It also sparked tougher restrictions for all 50,000 US military personnel in Japan, including a curfew and drinking restrictions38

On 13 May 2013, in a very controversial statement, Toru Hashimoto, co-leader of the Japan Restoration Association said to a senior American military official at the Marine Corps base in Okinawa "We can’t control the sexual energy of these brave marines" and told United States soldiers should make more use of the local adult entertainment industry to reduce sexual crimes against local women39 Hashimoto also told the necessity of former Japanese Army comfort women and of prostitutes for the US military in other countries such as Korea39

In June 2016, after a civilian worker at the base was charged with murdering a Japanese woman, tens of thousands of people protested in Okinawa40 Organizers estimated turnout at 65,000 people, which would be the largest anti-base protests in Okinawa since 199541

Osprey deployment in Okinawaedit

In October 2012, twelve MV-22 Ospreys were transferred to the US Marine Corps Air Station Futenma to replace aging Vietnam-era Boeing Vertol CH-46 Sea Knight helicopters in Okinawa, greatly increasing the safety, capability and range of the Marines who are charged with Japan's defense as well as regional security Then in October 2013, an additional 12 Ospreys arrived, again to replace CH-46 Sea Knights, increasing the number of Ospreys to 24 Japanese Defence Minister Satoshi Morimoto explained the Osprey aircraft is safe adding that two recent accidents were 'caused by human factors'42 Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda also stated that the Japanese government was convinced of the MV-22's safety43

Facilitiesedit

List of current facilitiesedit

US military bases in Japan US military facilities in Okinawa

The USFJ headquarters is at Yokota Air Base, about 30 km west of central Tokyo

The US military installations in Japan and their managing branches are as follows:

Branch
MilDep
USFJ Facilities
Admin Code
Name of Installation Primary Purpose
Actual
Location
Air Force FAC 1054 Camp Chitose
Chitose III, Chitose Administration Annex
Communications Chitose, Hokkaido
FAC 2001 Misawa Air Base Air Base Misawa, Aomori
FAC 3013 Yokota Air Base Air Base Fussa, Tokyo
FAC 3016 Fuchu Communications Station Communications Fuchu, Tokyo
FAC 3019 Tama Service Annex
Tama Hills Recreation Center
Recreation Inagi, Tokyo
FAC 3048 Camp Asaka
South Camp Drake AFN Transmitter Site
Barracks
Broadcasting
Wako, Saitama
FAC 3049 Tokorozawa Communications Station
Tokorozawa Transmitter Site
Communications Tokorozawa, Saitama
FAC 3056 Owada Communication Site Communications Niiza, Saitama
FAC 3162 Yugi Communication Site Communications Hachioji, Tokyo
FAC 4100 Sofu Communication Site Communications Iwakuni, Yamaguchi
FAC 5001 Itazuke Auxiliary Airfield Air Cargo Terminal Hakata-ku, Fukuoka
FAC 5073 Sefurisan Liaison Annex
Seburiyama Communications Station
Communications Kanzaki, Saga
FAC 5091 Tsushima Communication Site Communications Tsushima, Nagasaki
FAC 6004 Okuma Rest Center Recreation Kunigami, Okinawa
FAC 6006 Yaedake Communication Site Communications Motobu, Okinawa
FAC 6022 Kadena Ammunition Storage Area Storage Onna, Okinawa
FAC 6037 Kadena Air Base Air Base Kadena, Okinawa
FAC 6077 Tori Shima Range Training Kumejima, Okinawa
FAC 6078 Idesuna Jima Range Training Tonaki, Okinawa
FAC 6080 Kume Jima Range Training Kumejima, Okinawa
Army FAC 2070 Shariki Communication Site Communications Tsugaru, Aomori
FAC 3004 Akasaka Press Center
Hardy Barracks
Office Minato, Tokyo
FAC 3067 Yokohama North Dock Port Facility Yokohama, Kanagawa
FAC 3079 Camp Zama Office Zama, Kanagawa
FAC 3084 Sagami General Depot Logistics Sagamihara, Kanagawa
FAC 3102 Sagamihara Housing Area Housing Sagamihara, Kanagawa
FAC 4078 Akizuki Ammunition Depot Storage Etajima, Hiroshima
FAC 4083 Kawakami Ammunition Depot Storage Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima
FAC 4084 Hiro Ammunition Depot Storage Kure, Hiroshima
FAC 4152 Kure Pier No6 Port Facility Kure, Hiroshima
FAC 4611 Haigamine Communication Site Communications Kure, Hiroshima
FAC 6007 Gesaji Communication Site Communications Higashi, Okinawa
FAC 6036 Torii Communications Station
Torii Station
Communications Yomitan, Okinawa
FAC 6064 Naha Port Port Facility Naha, Okinawa
FAC 6076 Army POL Depots Storage Uruma, Okinawa
Navy FAC 2006 Hachinohe POL Depot Storage Hachinohe, Aomori
FAC 2012 Misawa ATG Range
R130, Draughon Range
Training Misawa, Aomori
FAC 3033 Kisarazu Auxiliary Landing Field Air Facility Kisarazu, Chiba
FAC 3066 Negishi Dependent Housing Area
Naval Housing Annex Negishi
Housing Yokohama, Kanagawa
FAC 3083 Naval Air Facility Atsugi Air Facility Ayase, Kanagawa
FAC 3087 Ikego Housing Area and Navy Annex Housing Zushi, Kanagawa
FAC 3090 Azuma Storage Area Storage Yokosuka, Kanagawa
FAC 3096 Kamiseya Communications Station - returned to Japanese Gov 2015
Naval Support Facility Kamiseya - returned to Japanese Gov 2015
Communications
Housing
Yokohama, Kanagawa
FAC 3097 Fukaya Communication Site
Naval Transmitter Station Totsuka
Communications Yokohama, Kanagawa
FAC 3099 United States Fleet Activities Yokosuka Port Facility Yokosuka, Kanagawa
FAC 3117 Urago Ammunition Depot Storage Yokosuka, Kanagawa
FAC 3144 Tsurumi POL Depot Storage Yokohama, Kanagawa
FAC 3181 Iwo Jima Communication Site Communications
Training
Ogasawara, Tokyo
FAC 3185 New Sanno US Forces Center Recreation Minato, Tokyo
FAC 5029 United States Fleet Activities Sasebo Port Facility Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5030 Sasebo Dry Dock Area Port Facility Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5032 Akasaki POL Depot Storage Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5033 Sasebo Ammunition Supply Point Storage Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5036 Iorizaki POL Depot Storage Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5039 Yokose POL Depot Storage Saikai, Nagasaki
FAC 5050 Harioshima Ammunition Storage Area Storage Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5086 Tategami Basin Port Area Port Facility Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5118 Sakibe Navy Annex Hangar Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5119 Hario Dependent Housing Area
Hario Family Housing Area
Housing Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 6028 Tengan Pier Port Facility Uruma, Okinawa
FAC 6032 Camp Shields Barracks Okinawa, Okinawa
FAC 6046 Awase Communications Station Communications Okinawa, Okinawa
FAC 6048 White Beach Area Port Facility Uruma, Okinawa
FAC 6084 Kobi Sho Range Training Ishigaki, Okinawa
FAC 6085 Sekibi Sho Range Training Ishigaki, Okinawa
FAC 6088 Oki Daito Jima Range Training Kitadaito, Okinawa
Marine
Corps
FAC 3127 Camp Fuji Barracks Gotenba, Shizuoka
FAC 3154 Numazu Training Area Training Numazu, Shizuoka
FAC 4092 Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni Air Station Iwakuni, Yamaguchi
FAC 6001 Northern Training Area
Incl Camp Gonsalves
Training Kunigami, Okinawa
FAC 6005 Ie Jima Auxiliary Airfield Training Ie, Okinawa
FAC 6009 Camp Schwab Training Nago, Okinawa
FAC 6010 Henoko Ordnance Ammunition Depot Storage Nago, Okinawa
FAC 6011 Camp Hansen Training Kin, Okinawa
FAC 6019 Kin Red Beach Training Area Training Kin, Okinawa
FAC 6020 Kin Blue Beach Training Area Training Kin, Okinawa
FAC 6029 Camp Courtney Barracks Uruma, Okinawa
FAC 6031 Camp McTureous Barracks Uruma, Okinawa
FAC 6043 Camp Kuwae Camp Lester Medical Facility Chatan, Okinawa
FAC 6044 Camp Zukeran Camp Foster Barracks Chatan, Okinawa
FAC 6051 Marine Corps Air Station Futenma Air Station Ginowan, Okinawa
FAC 6056 Makiminato Service Area Camp Kinser Logistics Urasoe, Okinawa
FAC 6082 Tsuken Jima Training Area Training Uruma, Okinawa
  • Camp Smedley D Butler, Okinawa Prefecture, Yamaguchi Prefectures Although these camps are dispersed throughout Okinawa and the rest of Japan they are all under the heading of Camp Smedley D Butler:
    • Camp McTureous, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Camp Courtney, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Camp Foster, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Camp Kinser, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Camp Hansen, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Camp Schwab, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Camp Gonsalves Jungle Warfare Training Center, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Kin Blue Beach Training Area, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Kin Red Beach Training Area, Okinawa Prefecture
    • Higashionna Ammunition Storage Point II
    • Henoko Ordnance Ammunition Depot
  • Marine Corps Air Station Futenma, Okinawa Prefecture return after the MCAS Futenma relocates to Camp Schwab
  • Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni
  • Camp Fuji, Shizuoka Prefecture
  • Numazu Training Area, Shizuoka Prefecture
  • Ie Jima Auxiliary Airfield, Okinawa Prefecture
  • Tsuken Jima Training Area, Okinawa Prefecture

JSDF-USFJ Joint Use Facilities and Areas

Temporary use facilities and areas are as follows:

USFJ Facilities
Admin Code
Name of Installation Primary
Purpose
Location
FAC 1066 Camp Higashi Chitose JGSDF Training Chitose, Hokkaido
FAC 1067 Hokkaido Chitose Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Chitose, Hokkaido
FAC 1068 Chitose Air Base JASDF Air Base Chitose, Hokkaido
FAC 1069 Betsukai Yausubetsu Large Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Betsukai, Hokkaido
FAC 1070 Camp Kushiro JGSDF Barracks Kushiro, Hokkaido
FAC 1071 Camp Shikaoi JGSDF Training Shikaoi, Hokkaido
FAC 1072 Kamifurano Medium Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Kamifurano, Hokkaido
FAC 1073 Camp Sapporo JGSDF Training Sapporo, Hokkaido
FAC 1074 Shikaoi Shikaribetsu Medium Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Shikaoi, Hokkaido
FAC 1075 Camp Obihiro JGSDF Training Obihiro, Hokkaido
FAC 1076 Asahikawa Chikabumidai Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Asahikawa, Hokkaido
FAC 1077 Camp Okadama JGSDF Recreation Sapporo, Hokkaido
FAC 1078 Nayoro Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Nayoro, Hokkaido
FAC 1079 Takikawa Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Takikawa, Hokkaido
FAC 1080 Bihoro Training Area JGSDF Training Bihoro, Hokkaido
FAC 1081 Kutchan Takamine Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Kutchan, Hokkaido
FAC 1082 Engaru Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Engaru, Hokkaido
FAC 2062 Camp Sendai JGSDF Training Sendai, Miyagi
FAC 2063 Camp Hachinohe JGSDF Barracks Hachinohe, Aomori
FAC 2064 Iwate Iwatesan Medium Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Takizawa, Iwate
FAC 2065 Taiwa Ojojihara Large Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Taiwa, Miyagi
FAC 2066 Kasuminome Airfield JGSDF Airfield Sendai, Miyagi
FAC 2067 Aomori Kotani Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Aomori, Aomori
FAC 2068 Hirosaki Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Hirosaki, Aomori
FAC 2069 Jinmachi Otakane Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Murayama, Yamagata
FAC 3104 Nagasaka Rifle Range JGSDF Training Yokosuka, Kanagawa
FAC 3183 Fuji Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Fujiyoshida, Yamanashi
Gotenba, Shizuoka
FAC 3184 Camp Takigahara JGSDF Training Gotenba, Shizuoka
FAC 3186 Takada Sekiyama Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Joetsu, Niigata
FAC 3187 Hyakuri Air Base JASDF Air Base Omitama, Ibaraki
FAC 3188 Soumagahara Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Shinto, Gunma
FAC 3189 Camp Asaka JGSDF Training Asaka, Saitama
FAC 4161 Komatsu Air Base JASDF Air Base Komatsu, Ishikawa
FAC 4162 1st Service School JMSDF Training Etajima, Hiroshima
FAC 4163 Haramura Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Higashihiroshima, Hiroshima
FAC 4164 Imazu Aibano Medium Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Takashima, Shiga
FAC 4165 Gifu Air Base JASDF Recreation Kakamigahara, Gifu
FAC 4166 Camp Itami JGSDF Training Itami, Hyogo
FAC 4167 Nihonbara Medium Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Nagi, Okayama
FAC 4168 Miho Air Base JASDF Air Base Sakaiminato, Tottori
FAC 5115 Nyutabaru Air Base JASDF Air Base Shintomi, Miyazaki
FAC 5117 Sakibe Rifle Range JMSDF Training Sasebo, Nagasaki
FAC 5120 Hijudai-Jumonjibaru Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Yufu, Oita
Beppu, Oita
FAC 5121 Tsuiki Air Base JASDF Air Base Chikujo, Fukuoka
FAC 5122 Omura Air Base JMSDF Recreation Omura, Nagasaki
FAC 5123 Oyanohara-Kirishima Maneuver Area JGSDF Training Yamato, Kumamoto
Ebino, Miyazaki
FAC 5124 Camp Kita Kumamoto JGSDF Training Kumamoto, Kumamoto
FAC 5125 Camp Kengun JGSDF Training Kumamoto, Kumamoto
FAC 6181 Ukibaru Jima Training Area Training Uruma, Okinawa

In Okinawa, US military installations occupy about 104 percent of the total land usage Approximately 747 percent of all the US military facilities in Japan are located on the island of Okinawa

List of former facilitiesedit

The United States has returned some facilities to Japanese control Some are used as military bases of the JSDF; others have become civilian airports or government offices; many are factories, office buildings or residential developments in the private sector Due to the Special Actions Committee on Okinawa, more land in Okinawa is in the process of being returned These areas include—Camp Kuwae also known as Camp Lester, MCAS Futenma, areas within Camp Zukeran also known as Camp Foster, about 9,900 acres 40 km2 of the Northern Training Area, Aha Training Area, Gimbaru Training Area also known as Camp Gonsalves, small portion of the Makiminato Service Area also known as Camp Kinser, and Naha Port

Army:

  • Army Composite Service Group Area later, Chinen Service Area, Nanjō, Okinawa
  • Army STRATCOM Warehouse later, Urasoe Warehouse, Urasoe, Okinawa
  • Bluff Area later, Yamate Dependent Housing Area, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Bolo Point Auxiliary Airfield later, Trainfire Range, Yomitan, Okinawa
  • Bolo Point Army Annex, Yomitan, Okinawa
  • Camp Bender, Ōta, Gunma
  • Camp Boone, Ginowan, Okinawa
  • Camp Burness, Chūō, Tokyo
  • Camp Chickamauga, 19th Infantry, Beppu, Oita44
  • Camp Chigasaki, Chigasaki, Kanagawa
  • Camp Chitose Annex Chitose I, II, Chitose, Hokkaido
  • Camp Coe, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Camp Crawford, Sapporo, Hokkaido
  • Camp Drake, Asaka, Saitama
  • Camp Drew, Ōizumi, Gunma
  • Camp Eta Jima, Etajima, Hiroshima
  • Camp Fowler, Sendai, Miyagi
  • Camp Fuchinobe Office Japan, NSAPACREP, Sagamihara, Kanagawa
  • Camp Hakata, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka44
  • Camp Hardy, Ginoza, Okinawa
  • Camp Haugen, Hachinohe, Aomori
  • Camp Katakai, Kujūkuri, Chiba
  • Camp King later, Omiya Ordnance Sub Depot, Omiya, Saitama
  • Camp Kokura, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka
  • Camp Kubasaki later, Kubasaki School Area, Nakagusuku, Okinawa
  • Camp Loper, Tagajō, Miyagi
  • Camp McGill, Yokosuka, Kanagawa
  • Camp McNair, Fujiyoshida, Yamanashi
  • Camp Mercy, Ginowan, Okinawa
  • Camp Moore, Kawasaki, Kanagawa
  • Camp Mower 34th Infantry, Sasebo, Nagasaki44
  • Camp Nara, Nara, Nara
  • Camp Ojima, Ōta, Gunma
  • Camp Otsu, Ōtsu, Shiga
  • Camp Palmer, Funabashi, Chiba
  • Camp Schimmelpfennig, Sendai, Miyagi
  • Camp Stilwell, Maebashi, Gunma
  • Camp Weir, Shinto, Gunma
  • Camp Whittington, Kumagaya, Saitama
  • Camp Wood, 21st Infantry, Kumamoto44
  • Camp Younghans, Higashine, Yamagata
  • Chibana Army Annex later, Chibana Site, Okinawa, Okinawa
  • Chinen Army Annex later, Chinen Site, Chinen, Okinawa
  • Chuo Kogyo later, Niikura Warehouse Area, Wako, Saitama
  • Deputy Division Engineer Office, Urasoe, Okinawa
  • Division School Center, Kokura44
  • Etchujima Warehouse, Koto, Tokyo
  • Funaoka Ammunition Depot, Shibata, Miyagi
  • Hachinohe LST Barge Landing Area, Hachinohe, Aomori
  • Hakata Transportation Office, Hakata-ku, Fukuoka
  • Hamby Auxiliary Airfield, Chatan, Okinawa
  • Hosono Ammunition Depot, Seika, Kyoto
  • Iribaru Nishihara Army Annex, Uruma, Okinawa
  • Ishikawa Army Annex, Uruma, Okinawa
  • Japan Logistical Command Yokohama Customs House, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Jefferson Heights, Chiyoda, Tokyo
  • Kanagawa Milk Plant, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Kashiji Army Annex, Chatan, Okinawa
  • Kishine Barracks, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Kobe Pier No 6, Kobe, Hyogo
  • Kobe Port Building, Kobe, Hyogo
  • Koza Radio Relay Annex later, Koza Communication Site, Okinawa, Okinawa
  • Kure Barge Landing Area, Kure, Hiroshima
  • Lincoln Center, Chiyoda, Tokyo
  • Moji Port, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka
  • Nagoya Procurement Purchasing and Contracting Office, Nagoya, Aichi
  • Naha Army Annex later, Naha Site, Naha, Okinawa
  • Naha Service Center, Naha, Okinawa
  • Namihira Army Annex, Yomitan, Okinawa
  • Negishi Racetrack Area, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Okinawa Regional Exchange Cold Storage later, Naha Cold Storage, Naha, Okinawa
  • Okinawa Regional Exchange Dry Storage Warehouse later, Makiminato Warehouse, Urasoe, Okinawa
  • Onna Point Army Annex later, Onna Site, Onna, Okinawa
  • Oppama Ordnance Depot, Yokosuka, Kanagawa
  • Ota Koizumi Airfield Patton Field Air Drop Range, Oizumi, Gunma
  • Palace Heights, Chiyoda, Tokyo
  • Pershing Heights Headquarters, US Far East Command/United Nations Command, Shinjuku, Tokyo
  • Sakuradani Rifle Range, Chikushino, Fukuoka
  • Sanno Hotel Officer's Quarter, Chiyoda, Tokyo
  • Shikotsuko Training Area, Chitose, Hokkaido
  • Shinzato Communication Site, Nanjo, Okinawa
  • South Ammunition Storage Annex later, South Ammunition Storage Area, Yaese, Okinawa
  • Sunabe Army Annex, Chatan, Okinawa
  • Tana Ammunition Depot, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Tairagawa Deragawa Communication Site, Uruma, Okinawa
  • Tengan Communication Site, Uruma, Okinawa
  • Tokyo Army Hospital, Chuo, Tokyo
  • Tokyo Quartermaster Depot, Minato, Tokyo
  • Tokyo Ordnance Depot later, Camp Oji, Kita, Tokyo
  • US Army Medical Center, Sagamihara, Kanagawa
  • US Army Printing and Publication Center, Far East, Kawasaki, Kanagawa
  • US Army Procurement Agency, Japan, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Center Pier MSTS-FE, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Engineering Depot, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Motor Command, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Ordnance Depot, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama POL Depot, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Servicemen Club, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Signal Supply Depot, Kawasaki, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Signal Maintenance Depot JLC Air Strip, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama South Pier, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yomitan Army Annex, Yomitan, Okinawa
  • Zama Rifle Range, Sagamihara, Kanagawa
  • Zukeran Propagation Annex later, Communication Site, Chatan, Okinawa

Navy:

  • Haiki Sasebo Rifle Range, Sasebo, Nagasaki
  • Inanba Shima Gunnery Firing Range, Mikurajima, Tokyo
  • Kinugasa Ammunition Depot, Yokosuka, Kanagawa
  • Koshiba POL Depot, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Ominato Communication Site, Ominato, Aomori
  • Omura Rifle Range, Omura, Nagasaki
  • Makiminato Service Area Annex, Urasoe, Okinawa
  • Minamitorishima Communication Site, Ogasawara, Tokyo
  • Nagahama Rifle Range, Kure, Hiroshima
  • Nagai Dependent Housing Area Admiralty Heights, Yokosuka, Kanagawa
  • Nagiridani Dependent Housing Area, Sasebo, Nagasaki
  • Naval Air Facility Naha, Naha, Okinawa
  • Naval Air Facility Oppama, Yokosuka, Kanagawa
  • Navy EM Club, Yokosuka, Yokosuka, Kanagawa
  • Niigata Sekiya Communication Site, Chuo-ku, Niigata
  • Shinyamashita Dependent Housing Area Bayside Court, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Sobe Communication Site NSGA Hanza, Yomitan, Okinawa
  • Tokachibuto Communication Site, Urahoro, Hokkaido
  • Tomioka Storage Area, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Tsujido Maneuver Area, Chigasaki, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Bakery, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Beach Honmoku Dependent Housing Area, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Chapel Center, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokohama Cold Storage, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Yokosuka Naval Pier, Yokosuka, Kanagawa
  • Yosami Communication Site, Kariya, Aichi

Air Force:

  • Ashiya Air Base later, ATG Range, Ashiya, Fukuoka
  • Asoiwayama Liaison Annex, Tobetsu, Hokkaido
  • Brady Air Base later, Gannosu Air Station, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka
  • Chiran Communication Site, Chiran, Kagoshima
  • Chitose Air Base, Chitose, Hokkaido
  • Daikanyama Communication Site, Yugawara, Kanagawa
  • Fuchu Air Station Headquarters, USFJ/Fifth Air Force, 1957–1974, Fuchu, Tokyo
  • Funabashi Communication Site, Funabashi, Chiba
  • Grant Heights Dependent Housing Area, Nerima, Tokyo
  • Green Park Housing Annex, Musashino, Tokyo
  • Hachinohe Small Arms Range, Hachinohe, Aomori
  • Hamura School Annex, Hamura, Tokyo
  • Haneda Air Base later, Postal Service Annex, Ota, Tokyo
  • Hanshin Auxiliary Airfield, Yao, Osaka
  • Hirao Communication Site, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka
  • Itami Air Base, Itami, Hyogo
  • Itazuke Administration Annex Kasugabaru DHA, Kasuga, Fukuoka
  • Itazuke Air Base, Hakata-ku, Fukuoka
  • Johnson Air Base later, Air Station, Family Housing Annex, Iruma, Saitama
  • Kadena Dependent Housing Area, Yomitan, Okinawa
  • Kanto Mura Dependent Housing Area and Auxiliary Airfield, Chofu, Tokyo
  • Kasatoriyama Radar Site, Tsu, Mie
  • Kashiwa Communication Site Camp Tomlinson, Kashiwa, Chiba
  • Komaki Nagoya Air Base, Komaki, Aichi
  • Kozoji Ammunition Depot, Kasugai, Aichi
  • Kume Jima Air Station, Kumejima, Okinawa
  • Kushimoto Radar Site, Kushimoto, Wakayama
  • Miho Air Base, Sakaiminato, Tottori
  • Mineoka Liaison Annex, Minamiboso, Chiba
  • Mito ATG Range, Hitachinaka, Ibaraki
  • Miyako Jima Air Station, Miyakojima, Okinawa
  • Miyako Jima VORTAC Site, Miyakojima, Okinawa
  • Moriyama Air Station, Nagoya, Aichi
  • Naha Air Base, Naha, Okinawa
  • Naha Air Force/Navy Annex, Naha, Okinawa
  • Najima Warehouse Area, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka
  • Niigata Air Base, Niigata, Niigata
  • Ofuna Warehouse, Yokohama, Kanagawa
  • Oshima Communication Center, Oshima, Tokyo
  • Rokko Communication Site, Kobe, Hyogo
  • Senaha Communications Station, Yomitan, Okinawa returned to the Japanese government in September 2006
  • Sendai Kunimi Communication Site, Sendai, Miyagi
  • Showa later, Akishima Dependent Housing Area, Akishima, Tokyo
  • Shiroi Air Base, Kashiwa, Chiba
  • Sunabe Warehouse, Chatan, Okinawa
  • Tachikawa Air Base, Tachikawa, Tokyo
  • Tokyo Communication Site NTTPC Central Telephone Exchange, Chuo, Tokyo
  • Wajima Liaison Annex, Wajima, Ishikawa
  • Wajiro Water Supply Site, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka
  • Wakkanai Air Station, Wakkanai, Hokkaido
  • Washington Heights Dependent Housing Area, Shibuya, Tokyo
  • Yamada Ammunition Depot, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka
  • Yokawame Communication Site, Misawa, Aomori
  • Yozadake Air Station, Itoman, Okinawa

Marines:

  • Aha Training Area, Kunigami, Okinawa
  • Camp Gifu, Kakamigahara, Gifu
  • Camp Hauge, Uruma, Okinawa
  • Camp Okubo, Uji, Kyoto
  • Camp Shinodayama, Izumi, Osaka
  • Gimbaru Training Area, Kin, Okinawa
  • Ihajo Kanko Hotel, Uruma, Okinawa
  • Makiminato Housing Area, Naha, Okinawa
  • Onna Communication Site, Onna, Okinawa
  • Awase Golf Course, Okinawa Prefecture returned to the Japanese government in April 2010
  • Yaka Rest Center, Kin, Okinawa
  • Yomitan Auxiliary Airfield, Yomitan, Okinawa returned to the Japanese government in 2006, parachute drop training ended in March 2001

See alsoedit

  • United States Forces Korea USFK
  • United States Military Government of the Ryukyu Islands
  • United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands
  • Operation Tomodachi
  • Bell Boeing V-22 Osprey

Referencesedit

  1. ^ 疑惑が晴れるのはいつか, Okinawa Times, 16 May 1999
  2. ^ a b Yoshida, Reiji, "Basics of the US military presence", Japan Times, 25 March 2008, p 3
  3. ^ 思いやり予算8億円減で日米合意、光熱水料を3年間で, Yomiuri Shinbun, 12 December 2007
  4. ^ PRESS RELEASE US and Japan Sign Alliance Support Agreement, The embassy of the United States in Japan
  5. ^ http://wwwjapantimescojp/news/2011/01/22/national/host-nation-deal-inked-not-sympathy-budget/#WAOBmCRbTGs
  6. ^ "Purpose and Duties" Labor Management Organization Retrieved 2012-03-10 
  7. ^ Tritten, Travis J, "Evacuation from Japan a vacation Not so much", Stars and Stripes, 31 May 2011
  8. ^ a b Seales, Rebecca 27 April 2012 "End of an era: US cuts back presence in Okinawa as 9,000 Marines prepare to move out" Daily Mail London Retrieved 27 April 2012 
  9. ^ a b "US agrees to Okinawa troop redeployment" Al Jazeera 27 April 2012 Retrieved 27 April 2012 
  10. ^ Shanker, Thom 26 April 2012 "US Agrees to Reduce Size of Force on Okinawa" The New York Times Retrieved 27 April 2012 
  11. ^ a b c Greg Jaffe and Emily Heil 27 April 2012 "US comes to agreement with Japan to move 9,000 Marines off Okinawa" The Washington Post Retrieved 27 April 2012 
  12. ^ "Okinawa deal between US and Japan to move marines" BBC 27 April 2012 Retrieved 27 April 2012 
  13. ^ "US, Japan unveil revised plan for Okinawa" The Asahi Shimbun 27 April 2012 Retrieved 27 April 2012 
  14. ^ Quintana, Miguel 28 April 2012 "Japan Welcomes US Base Agreement" Voice of America Retrieved 28 April 2012 
  15. ^ "Advanced US drones deployed in Japan to keep watch on China, North Korea" The Japan NewsNet Retrieved 31 May 2014 
  16. ^ 1, Okinawa Prefectural Government
  17. ^ http://wwwasahicom/ajw/articles/AJ201606290073html
  18. ^ 自衛隊・防衛問題に関する世論調査, The Cabinet Office of Japan
  19. ^ "Japanese protest against US base" BBC News 8 November 2009 
  20. ^ "毎日世論調査:辺野古移設に反対84% 沖縄県民対象" Megalodonjp Retrieved 2012-03-10 
  21. ^ 基地騒音の問題, Yamato City
  22. ^ 横田基地における騒音防止対策の徹底について(要請), Tokyo Metropolitan Government
  23. ^ 嘉手納町の概要, Kadena Town
  24. ^ Isabel Reynolds; Takashi Hirokawa 2014-11-17 "Opponent of US Base Wins Okinawa Vote in Setback for Abe" Bloomberg Retrieved 9 February 2017 
  25. ^ 2, Ethos Data
  26. ^ 3, SOFA Agreement
  27. ^ "在日米軍・沖縄駐留米軍の犯罪率を考える - 駄犬日誌" Dhatenanejp 2008-02-14 Retrieved 2012-03-10 
  28. ^ a b c KRISTOF, NICHOLAS 1995-10-27 "Fearing GI Occupiers, Japan Urgesd Women Into Brothels" New York Times Retrieved 2013-05-14 
  29. ^ http://wwwjapantimescojp/news/2016/06/26/national/crime-legal/u-s-civilian-arrested-fresh-okinawa-dui-case-man-injured/#V54kfSOLTZs
  30. ^ http://wwwthedailybeastcom/articles/2016/06/08/the-suitcase-murder-tearing-the-u-s-and-japan-aparthtml
  31. ^ Lah, Kyung 10 February 2008 "US Marine accused of raping teen in Okinawa" CNN 
  32. ^ "Japanese protest against US base" Al Jazeera 23 March 2008 
  33. ^ "Curfew for US troops in Okinawa" BBC 20 February 2008 
  34. ^ http://wwwnewsercom/story/27674/okinawa-marine-gets-4-years-for-teen-sex-abusehtml
  35. ^ US imposes curfew on Okinawa forces, The Japan Times, 21 February 2008
  36. ^ 4dead link
  37. ^ David Allen "US soldier sentenced to Japanese jail for hit-and-run on Okinawa - News" Stripes Retrieved 2012-03-10 
  38. ^ "US Navy sailors convicted in Okinawa rape" USA Today Retrieved 2013-03-19 
  39. ^ a b Tabuchi, Hiroko 13 May 2013 "Women Forced Into WWII Brothels Served Necessary Role, Osaka Mayor Says" New York Times Retrieved 2013-05-14 
  40. ^ Ben Westcott, Japanese woman's murder provokes protests against US bases in Okinawa, CNN June 20, 2016
  41. ^ Jonathan Soble, At Okinawa Protest, Thousands Call for Removal of US Bases, New York Times June 19, 2016
  42. ^ "US Osprey military aircraft begin Okinawa base move" BBC News 1 October 2012 
  43. ^ http://wwwjapantimescojp/text/nn20121002a3html
  44. ^ a b c d e A Soldier in Kyushu, By Capt William B Koons, 1 October 1947

External linksedit

  • United States Forces Japan
  • US Naval Forces Japan
  • US Forces, Japan GlobalSecurityorg
  • Overseas Presence: Issues Involved in Reducing the Impact of the US Military Presence on Okinawa, GAO, March 1998
  • US Military Issues in Okinawa
  • LMO

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