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Union County, Oregon

union county oregon sheriff's office, union county oregon assessor la grande
Union County is a county located in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,7481 Its county seat is La Grande2

Union County comprises the La Grande, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area It is one of the eight counties of eastern Oregon

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government and politics
    • 41 Oregon Legislative Assembly
    • 42 Board of Commissioners
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

See also: History of Oregon; National Register of Historic Places listings in Union County, Oregon; and Oregon pioneer history

According to Oregon Geographic Names, the county is named for the town of Union Union County was originally part of Wasco County The northern end of the Grande Ronde Valley was the first part to be settled3 During the 1860s, population growth in eastern Oregon prompted the State Legislature to split Umatilla and Baker Counties from Wasco County in 1862 Further settlement in the Grande Ronde Valley led to the division of Baker County to create Union County on October 14, 1864 The county doubled in population between 1880 and 18903

The choice of a county seat resulted in competition, based on geography and on economic and population growth, between La Grande and the city of Union The county seat alternated between Union and La Grande until it permanently came to rest at La Grande in 1905 Between 1875 and 1913, adjustments were made between Union County's borders and the borders of Baker, Umatilla, and Wallowa counties

Geographyedit

Union County

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,039 square miles 5,280 km2, of which 2,037 square miles 5,280 km2 is land and 19 square miles 49 km2 01% is water4 The Forest Service owns 47% of the land in the countycitation needed

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Wallowa County northeast
  • Baker County southeast
  • Grant County southwest
  • Umatilla County northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1870 2,552
1880 6,550 1567%
1890 12,044 839%
1900 16,070 334%
1910 16,191 08%
1920 16,636 27%
1930 17,492 51%
1940 17,399 −05%
1950 17,962 32%
1960 18,180 12%
1970 19,377 66%
1980 23,921 235%
1990 23,598 −14%
2000 24,530 39%
2010 25,748 50%
Est 2016 26,087 13%
US Decennial Census6
1790-19607 1900-19908
1990-20009 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census10 of 2000, there were 24,530 people, 9,740 households, and 6,516 families residing in the county The population density was 12 people per square mile 5/km² There were 10,603 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile 2/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9429% White, 085% Native American, 085% Asian, 062% Pacific Islander, 051% Black/African American, 122% from other races, and 167% from two or more races Hispanics and Latinos of any race constitute 245% of the population 202% were of German, 155% American, 122% English and 105% Irish ancestry

There were 9,740 households out of which 3000% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5510% were married couples living together, 850% had a female householder with no husband present, and 3310% were non-families 2610% of all households were made up of individuals and 1080% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 245 and the average family size was 294

In the county, the population was spread out with 2460% under the age of 18, 1210% from 18 to 24, 2350% from 25 to 44, 2500% from 45 to 64, and 1470% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 9510 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9240 males

The median income for a household in the county was $33,738, and the median income for a family was $40,520 Males had a median income of $33,028 versus $21,740 for females The per capita income for the county was $16,907 About 850% of families and 1380% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1360% of those under age 18 and 950% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,748 people, 10,501 households, and 6,804 families residing in the county11 The population density was 126 inhabitants per square mile 49/km2 There were 11,489 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile 22/km212 The racial makeup of the county was 931% white, 11% American Indian, 09% Pacific islander, 08% Asian, 05% black or African American, 13% from other races, and 23% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 39% of the population11 In terms of ancestry, 252% were German, 178% were Irish, 173% were English, and 69% were American13

Of the 10,501 households, 282% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 513% were married couples living together, 95% had a female householder with no husband present, 352% were non-families, and 276% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 238 and the average family size was 289 The median age was 400 years11

The median income for a household in the county was $42,162 and the median income for a family was $52,558 Males had a median income of $40,720 versus $30,373 for females The per capita income for the county was $22,947 About 105% of families and 161% of the population were below the poverty line, including 226% of those under age 18 and 102% of those age 65 or over14

Government and politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results15
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 650% 8,431 251% 3,249 99% 1,288
2012 633% 7,636 329% 3,973 38% 461
2008 602% 7,581 366% 4,613 32% 400
2004 657% 8,879 328% 4,428 16% 212
2000 649% 7,836 296% 3,577 55% 663
1996 477% 5,414 386% 4,379 137% 1,552
1992 364% 4,223 344% 3,990 291% 3,375
1988 502% 5,061 464% 4,682 34% 347
1984 614% 6,645 382% 4,134 05% 50
1980 578% 6,514 326% 3,677 96% 1,081
1976 520% 5,111 435% 4,280 45% 438
1972 565% 5,073 364% 3,272 71% 640
1968 490% 3,796 440% 3,409 70% 542
1964 341% 2,553 658% 4,929 01% 7
1960 475% 3,689 525% 4,081 00% 0
1956 461% 3,749 539% 4,389 00% 0
1952 537% 4,114 460% 3,526 03% 23
1948 398% 2,668 569% 3,808 33% 222
1944 376% 2,413 615% 3,951 09% 60
1940 367% 2,642 625% 4,500 08% 54
1936 226% 1,517 692% 4,643 82% 552
1932 269% 1,705 701% 4,450 31% 195
1928 591% 3,219 396% 2,154 13% 71
1924 429% 2,428 321% 1,816 251% 1,419
1920 567% 2,844 378% 1,899 55% 277
1916 398% 2,253 545% 3,086 58% 326
1912 214% 671 348% 1,090 438% 1,37316
1908 507% 1,510 400% 1,191 94% 279
1904 629% 1,884 259% 775 113% 337
Registered voters of 200917

Like the rest of eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Union County belong to the Republican Party17 In the 2008 presidential election, 602 percent of Union County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 3863 percent voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 322 percent of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate18 These numbers show a slight shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, when 657% of Union Country voters voted for George W Bush, 328% voted for John Kerry, and 15% of voters either voted for a third party candidate or wrote in a candidate19

Oregon Legislative Assemblyedit

Union County is located in Oregon State House District 58 which is currently represented by Greg Baretto It is also located in Oregon State Senate District 29, represented by Bill Hansell Both Barreto and Hansell are registered Republicans20

Board of Commissionersedit

Union County is represented and governed by three commissioners The Union County Board of Commissioners is currently made up of Steve McClure, Jack Howard, and Mark Davidsonneeds update Steve McClure was selected to fill a vacant term then elected to his first full term in 1990 Jack Howard was elected for his first term in 2014, and Mark Davidson was elected for his first term in 200821

Economyedit

The initial economic interest in Union County was mining, but most of the mines were in the area annexed by Baker County in 1901citation needed The local economy continues to be based on natural resources, including farming wheat, fruit, vegetables, mint, and grass seed, ranching cattle and sheep, and timber The ridges of Pyles Canyon are the site of the Elkhorn Valley Wind Farm, owned and operated by Horizon Wind Energy and whose power is sold to Idaho Power22 Since October 2010, the county board of commissioners has supported a "strategic investment program" for another wind power project in Oregon, Horizon Wind Energy's proposed Antelope Ridge Wind Farm;23 after delays due to concerns about the project's impact on wildlife,24 the project has received support from Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife25

Nearby mountains and streams offer hunting, fishing, skiing, and camping, all of which attract vacationers Attractions include the Anthony Lakes and its ski area, Minam River, Mount Emily, Blue Mountains, Umatilla National Forest, Wallowa–Whitman National Forest including Eagle Cap Wilderness, Catherine Creek State Park, Hilgard Junction State Recreation Area, Thief Valley Reservoir, Cove Hot Springs Pool, the Hot Lake Hotel first built in the 1860s due to nearby hot springs, and the Eagle Cap Excursion Train

Basalt outcroppings along the Grande Ronde River August 2011

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Cove
  • Elgin
  • Imbler
  • Island City
  • La Grande county seat
  • North Powder
  • Summerville
  • Union

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Alicel
  • Camp Elkanah
  • Hilgard
  • Hot Lake
  • Kamela
  • Medical Springs
  • Nibley
  • Orodell
  • Perry
  • Pondosa
  • Starkey
  • Telocaset

Notable peopleedit

  • John Lamoreau, former county official and author of Waging Peace: A Study in Biblical Pacifism

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ a b Bailey, Barbara Ruth 1982 Main Street: Northeastern Oregon Oregon Historical Society pp 25–26 ISBN 0-87595-073-6 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  6. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  16. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 946 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 334 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 93 votes
  17. ^ a b http://wwwsosstateorus/elections/votreg/mar09pdf Retrieved 4/20/09
  18. ^ http://wwwunion-countyorg/ Retrieved 2012-02-02not in citation given
  19. ^ http://wwwcity-datacom/county/Union_County-ORhtml Retrieved on 4/21/09
  20. ^ http://wwwvotesmartorg/searchphpsearch=97850&submit_lastname-zipx=0&submit_lastname-zipy=12 Retrieved 10/22/09
  21. ^ http://wwwunion-countyorg/ Retrieved on 8/25/2009
  22. ^ "Elkhorn Valley Wind Farm" EDP Renováveis Retrieved 2012-02-02 Elkhorn Valley Wind Farm spreads across the ridges of Pyles Canyon in Union County, Oregon Commercial operation began in December 2007, and Idaho Power buys the wind farm's green energy 
  23. ^ Proposed Antelope Ridge SIP from the county's official website as of 2012-02-02
  24. ^ An impact on wildlife, an article by Charlie Gillis published April 15, 2011 by The Observer
  25. ^ ODFW and EDP Renewables North America agree to a solution for the coexistence of wildlife and the proposed Antelope Ridge Wind Farm, a November 14, 2011 announcement from the website of the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Union County graveyards from Oregon Tombstone Transcription Project

Coordinates: 45°19′38″N 118°5′36″W / 4532722°N 11809333°W / 4532722; -11809333

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