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Union County, Ohio

union county ohio sheriff's office, union county ohio recorder's office
Union County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 52,3002 Its county seat is Marysville3 Its name is reflective of its origins, it being the union of portions of Franklin, Delaware, Madison, and Logan counties4

Union County is part of the Columbus, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Early history
    • 12 Original settlements
    • 13 Formation
      • 131 County seat
    • 14 Early growth
      • 141 Infrastructure
      • 142 Agriculture
      • 143 Commerce and industry
      • 144 Medicine
      • 145 Legal
      • 146 Media
      • 147 Banking
    • 15 Modern development
    • 16 Military heritage
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Economy
    • 41 Agriculture
      • 411 Jack Foust
    • 42 Industrial
    • 43 Research and development
  • 5 Government
  • 6 Politics
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Villages
    • 73 Townships
    • 74 Census-designated places
    • 75 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 Notable people
  • 9 Covered bridges of Union County
  • 10 See also
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links

Historyedit

Early historyedit

Union County has been under the rule of three countries in its history: France, England, and the present-day United States It was discovered by the French explorer La Salle, along with traders and missionaries who accompanied him After the French and Indian War, the Treaty of Paris of 1763 placed the area under British rule Following the American Revolution, in 1783, the area would eventually become known as the Northwest Territory and part of the United States5

Robert de La Salle, French explorer of pre-modern Ohio

After the American Revolution, former soldiers from New England poured into Ohio after being granted land by the government They surveyed the land, and sought to develop a state between Lake Erie and the Ohio River Their proposals for the governance of the territory led to the passage of the Ordinance of 1787, which guided the establishment of states within the Northwestern Territory6 Bitter struggles with American Indians over the next decades would follow, culminating with the battle of Tippecanoe in 1811, which saw the final defeat of the American Indian tribes in Ohio led by Tecumseh7 A notable victim of the warring between the settlers and Indians was Jonathan Alder, who resided in and around the Union County area throughout his life

Original settlementsedit

The first town laid out in the county was North Liberty, established by Lucas Sullivant in 1797, but the first settlement in the county was made in present-day Jerome township by Joshua and James Ewing in 1798 An important settlement made in the county would be by Abraham Amrine, of Swiss descent and a revolutionary soldier, in 1817, two miles 3 km northwest of Marysville8

Formationedit

As part of negotiations with Virginia, who had claimed land in Ohio, to sign the Articles of Confederation, the United States granted them claims to land in Ohio which would be known as the Virginia Military District Union County would be in this district In 1803 Ohio would become a state

After lobbying by Col James Curry, who represented the area in legislature at the time and a resident of what would become Jerome township, Union County was established by the Ohio legislature, and became official in 1820 with the appointment of the original commissioners: Stephen Bell, Reuben Wallace, and John Huston The county commissioners eventually established the townships, including Union 1820, Darby 1820, Mill Creek 1820, Jerome 1821, Paris 1821, Liberty 1822, Leesburg 1825, Allen 1827, Jackson 1829, York 1834, Washington 1836, Dover 1839, Claibourne 1834, and Taylor 1849, while they designated Marysville as the county seat

The town of Milford was established in 1816 by George Reed, Marysville in 1819 by Samuel Culbertson, Richwood in 1832 by Philip Plumber, Kingsville in 1834, Somerville in 1835, Watkins and Arbelia in 1838, Newton in 1838 by David Paul, York Center in 1841, Frankfort in 1846, Unionville in 1847, Pharisburg in 1847, New California in 1853, Dover in 1854, Union Center in 1863, Broadway in 1865, Pottersburg in 1869, Peoria in 1870, Magnetic Springs in 1879, and Claibourne in 18819

County seatedit

First Congregational Church, Marysville

After the organization of the county by the Ohio Legislature, Marysville was designated as the seat of Union County10 The first recorded meeting of the commissioners was in 182011 Between 1835 and 1840, a courthouse was constructed12 Eventually a new courthouse would be built in Marysville, dedicated on January 27, 1883 This is the present courthouse today13

In 1849, a county infirmary was authorized The first county jail was a log structure that sat on the southside of East Center street, in the rear of the courthouse Eventually a new jail was authorized by the commissioners and built in the 1870s In 1878 the county purchased a 10-ton safe for the treasury, that eventually was moved into courthouse14

The first county fair was held in 1847 in Marysville, in the public square In 1852, the Agriculture Society moved the fair to the current location, on the northside of town15 The Bible Society was organized in 1830 On December 4, 1875, a group met at the courthouse in Marysville to organize the Union County Pioneer society The original members were: Eliphas Burnham, George Snodgrass, John F Sabine, William Porter, Tobias Beightler, Abraham Amrine, Samuel Reed, Ray G Morse, Josiah Westlake, Josiah Reed, William M Robinson, Hiram Kent, Edward Powers, George Reed, Robert Graham, Samuel Gamble, A A Woodworth, George Mitchell, Taber Randall, Joseph Dodds, William Phillips, Thomas Snodgrass, Robert Snodgrass, A P Robinson, R L Partridge, and Hylas Sabine16

In 1866, the Union County Teachers' Institute was organized in Marysville, with Franklin Wood serving at the first President In 1882, the Normal School was organized by JS Wharton, which specialized in instructing future teachers17

Early growthedit

Infrastructureedit

The county lacked transportation infrastructure until 1812 when the first known highway named Post Road was constructed across the southern portion of the county In 1844 the legislature by act created a free turnpike that ran from Columbus to Bellefontaine, passing through Marysville, originally costing $230,000 This road eventually became what is known as US Route 33 today In 1853, the Marysville and Essex Plank Road Company was organized and constructed a road from Marysville north, through Pharisburg The company sold capital stock for $30,000, and this road today is known as State Rt 4 By 1915 the county had built 705 miles 1,135 km of roadways, the most of any county in the state for its size18

Richwood

By the late 19th century and into the 20th century, the county began developing its electricity infrastructure By 1915, electricity lines ran from Magnetic Springs to Richwood18

The county's first railroad was constructed between 1850–1854, a line that ran from Springfield to Delaware and crossed through the county in Milford, Marysville, Irwin, and Dover A railroad called the New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio line was chartered in 1851 and would eventually run through Union County with station points at Richwood, Woodland, Claibourne, Pottersburg, Broadway, and Peoria The Columbus and Bellefontaine railroad was incorporated in 1878 and had station points in the county at Marysville The Toledo and Central railroad ran from Columbus north through the county, with station points at Marysville, Peoria, and Raymond19

The first telegraph line was completed in 1859, which connected Marysville with the world via Springfield20

Agricultureedit

New California

Because of the fertile soil in Union County, the county's farmers required minimal fertilizer There were hundreds of farms in the county in its early stages The crops grown in Union County's early history included wheat, oats, corn, Irish potatoes, clover and alfalfa The county was a large producer of milk, butter, sugar, syrup, apples, and pears

In 1911, 270,000 acres 1,100 km2 were owned in Union County, with 85,000 cultivated for farming The farms had a total of 9,355 horses, 8,110 milk cows with 14,000 total cattle, 43,727 sheep, and 32,000 hogs 312,000 pounds of wool was produced that year21

Commerce and industryedit

Uptown Marysville

Union County was home to many industries in its original days from hotels, tanneries, distilleries, breweries, mills, asheries, manufacturers, energy production, banks, grocers, and retailers, among others Marysville's industrial roots can be traced back to many early companies Among those were the Marysville Pearlash Factory, an ashery founded in 1848, which by 1874 was the largest in the United States The first steam-grist mill was erected in 1856 by Saxton and Casil In 1867, Miller & Snodgrass constructed a flour mill In 1874, Marysville Butter Tub and Spoke Company was incorporated with $50,00022

A wool company, Woodbury & Welsh, constructed a brick factory on the northeast part of town in 1864, and a brewery was built in 1866 on the eastside In 1868, OM Scotts and Company was organized In 1871, the Marysville Cheese Manufacturing Company was built on the eastside Many carriage manufacturing companies were placed in Marysville, including Bauer, Schepper & Devine in 1882, City Carriage Works in 1871, and L E Helium in 187423

In 1875 Rice, Fleck & Co opened a lumberyard The Marysville Gas Light Company was incorporated in 1878 following almost a decade of the city using gasoline for lighting24

Richwood was home to hotels such as the Parsons House and Beem House Large mills in Richwood included Beem and Biddle, Loveless, Howe, and Bishop, and S M and A J Blake There were large tile manufactures, and a plethora of commercial and industrial interests including jewelers, furniture retailers, and lumber yards25

Milford Center was home to mills, distilleries, tanneries, and companies such as the Milford Center Lumber and Supply Company, Ohio Elevator and Grain Company, Robinson and Richter Company, and Childs and Cover, a carriage manufacturer26

Dr Henderson's house, now a restaurant, Marysville

Magnetic Springs, following the discovery of natural healing waters, became a tourist haven in the late 19th century until the innovation of modern medicine in the early 20th century Tourists from all over the world visited the springs and stayed at resorts such as "The Park" and "The Columbus" "The Park" was home to the "Sager Sanitarium Bath"27

Medicineedit

Union County had many medical professionals from its earliest days They included Dr David Henderson, a civil war surgeon, Dr TB Asbury, educated at Berkshire Medical College in Massachusetts and the nephew of Francis Asbury, Dr JS Howland, who served with distinction in the civil war under General Burnside, Sherman, Thomas, and Gilmore, Dr EY King, who graduated from Bellevue Hospital College in New York, Dr Andrew Sabine, who graduated from Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia, and Dr PW Lee, among many others Medical societies included the Union County Medical Association28

Legaledit

Union County was home to many notable jurists in its early history, including John F Kinney, who practiced in Union County in 1836 and eventually became a supreme court justice in Iowa and later a congressman from Utah Edward Stillings grew up near Milford Center and was a graduate of Harvard, and became one of the top jurists in the country, practicing before the United States Supreme Court and helping to form the legal code of Kansas in the 1870s James Wallace Robinson was a native of Union County and went on to become a US congressman in 1872 James E Robinson, a native of Union County, would eventually become an Ohio Supreme Court justice

Union County native and US Vice President Charles W Fairbanks, right, with US President Theodore Roosevelt, left

Otway Curry was a nationally known poet who also became a jurist in 1840 Hylas Sabine graduated from Harvard in 1863 and practiced law in the county Ulysses Cole, the son of Judge PB Cole, attended Harvard, practiced law with his father in 1867, and after being elected to the legislature in Indiana, became Deputy United States Assessor for Internal Revenue Joseph Kennedy was admitted to the bar in 1871 and would become mayor of Marysville Charles W Fairbanks was admitted to the bar in 1874 and went on to become a United States Vice President29

Mediaedit

Preston B Plumb, US Senator, and one-time Marysville resident

Publishing exerted great influence over public opinion in the county in its early days Monthly and weekly publishings were the earliest known forms of the media in the county originally The earliest known newspaper in the county was the "Our Freedom and Union County Advertiser," first published in Marysville in 1839 by Stephen McClain, Robert McBrattney, and William Lawrence The newspaper was then renamed the "Union Star" after a year and continued until May 1841, when it was purchased by John Cassil and renamed the "Union Gazette" In 1842 the paper moved to Bellefontaine and was edited by Thomas Robb, with the paper sent weekly to Marysville In 1843 the paper moved back to Marysville and was published until 1844 During the period it was owned by Cassil, it politically leaned Democratic30

In 1844 the paper was purchased by PB Cole and WC Lawrence, who renamed it the "Argus and Union County Advertiser" and moved the politics toward the Whig party In 1845 the paper was sold to James Alexander, and after only six weeks, sold back to John Cassil, who turned the paper back into a Democrat political newspaper In 1846, PB Cole bought the newspaper back and turned it back into a Whig political newspaper In 1849, he sold the paper to CS Hamilton, who renamed it the "Marysville Tribune" A notable printer of the Marysville Tribune was Preston Plumb, who eventually left Marysville and became a US Senator in Kansas The paper would eventually be purchased by the Shearer family, who published daily editions that were Republican-leaning, and weekly editions that were independent31

Other papers in the county were the "Eaglet", formed in 1845, and lasting only a few months The "Union Journal", formed in 1853, lasted a year It would be moved to Xenia, where it became the Xenia News, and edited by Whitelaw Reid The "Union Press" was formed in 1858 by Hylas Sabine and Republican-leaning In 1863 it was purchased by the Vallandighamer family and changed to the "Union Democrat", which changed the paper in politics and spent its time attacking the Union government during the American Civil War It ceased operations in 1864 In 1883 the "Darby News" was formed in Milford Center and eventually became the "Milford Echo" before folding, the "Milford Ohioan" was formed in 1887, the "Richwood Gazette" in 1872, the "Richwood Reporter" in 1882, which ceased operations two years later when destroyed by fire, and the "Octograph Review"32

In 1874, the "Marysville Journal" was formed by CM Kenton, later becoming the "Union County Journal" and leaned Democratic By 1883, the "Marysville Tribune" and the "Union County Journal" were the only newspapers published in the county Eventually the two papers would merge and become what is known today as the Marysville Journal-Tribune

Bankingedit

The pioneers who composed the large majority of county residents in the early 19th century were generally very poor, meaning that there was no need for a bank in the county's early years Trade was done by barter, including the exchange of coon and deer skins, whiskey, honey, and other durable goods The state bank issued currency in the early periods known as "red dogs," "wildcats," and other currencies which passed through the county, with the book the "Bank Detector" published weekly to inform consumers of exchange rates of these currencies Gold and silver was of little value in the early days, and what banks were formed usually failed33

Richwood Banking Company headquarters, Richwood

After some banking laws were passed and the production of the county grew, currency gained value in trade, including paper, gold, and silver, and banks were permanently established in the county The first bank in the county was the Bank of Marysville, established by Andrews, Evans, and Woods in 1854, with its first advertisement appearing in the Marysville Tribune By 1863 they were selling the US government "520 bonds" The Farmers Bank of Union County was established in 1868 on the Robinson block just east of the public square in Marysville, and by 1904 had merged with the Union Banking Company of Marysville The Citizens Home and Savings Company was incorporated in 1889 with a million dollars in capital, located in the Liggett Building in Marysville The Peoples Bank was organized in 1874 in Marysville, with its President being AJ Whitney In 1890 the Union Banking Company of Marysville was organized in Marysville by Snider, Asman, David, and Sellers In 1909 the Commercial Savings Bank was established in Marysville by Braun, Blue, Southard, and Thorp34

In 1904 the Deposit Bank was established in Raymond Banks were formed in Milford Center including the Milford Center Bank in 1878 by Fullington and Phelps, and the Farmers and Merchant Bank of Milford Center in 1907 by Erb, Reynolds, and Burson The first bank in Richwood was formed in 1866 by Davis and Allen, but quickly failed In 1867 the Bank of Richwood was organized by CS Hamilton, and would eventually become what is known today as the Richwood Banking Company The Union County Bank was formed in 1874 in Richwood by Cratty and Blake, the Farmers Deposit Bank of Richwood in 1884 by WH Conkright, and the First National Bank of Richwood was formed in 1908 by LJ McCoy35

Modern developmentedit

Dublin Entrepreneurial Center, Dublin War of the Rebellion memorial, Milford Center

Memorial Hospital of Union County was constructed in Marysville in 195236 Many other developments would take place during this time, including the construction of the Union County Airport in Marysville,37 as well as numerous manufacturing companies and small housing developments throughout the county US Route 33 was expanded from a two-lane highway to a four-lane highway in the 1980s In 1860, the county population was around 16,000 By 2000, it had grown to 40,000 For further reference, view cities, villages, and township pages

Military heritageedit

Ohio National Guard training center, Marysville

Union County has a military heritage dating back to the American Revolution, and was a frequent location for the organization of military companies Because the government paid the soldiers with land grants in the west during the revolution, Union County became home to many of these soldiers after the war A notable soldier was Col WL Curry, who served on the Virginia Line A recorded 14 soldiers from the revolution eventually made their way to Union County, with many others unrecorded because of poor record keeping38

Norton P Chipman, co-founder of the Grand Army of the Republic, author of order creating Memorial Day, and US Congressman

The War of 1812 broke out with early battles fought in the Northwest Territory, including Lake Erie A descendant of a hero, Oliver Hazard Perry, from the War of 1812, named Robert S Beightler, was a native of Union County A company of 13 Union County men was assembled for this war, with many other natives of Union County joining companies from outside the county, including a company formed by Jonathan Alder Over 100 natives of the county would serve in the war39

When the Mexican War broke in 1845 following the annexation of Texas into the United States, Union County enthusiastically provided men, totalling over 3040

Union County Veterans Memorial, Marysville

The American Civil War followed, which was not greeted in the same manner the previous war was However, Union County would provide 3200 men for that war, suffering the casualties of 1,035 wounded, killed, or missing, while producing notable leaders such as Norton P Chipman They fought in 31 principal battles, from Bull Run to Appomattox41

Union County would produce veterans from the Spanish–American War, World War One, Mexican Conflict, World War Two,Korean War, Vietnam War, Persian Gulf War, the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars, and the War on Terror, as well as other conflicts throughout the United States' history Marysville native Cornelia Cole Fairbanks, wife of US Vice President Charles W Fairbanks, would serve as President of the Daughters of the American Revolution in the early 20th century

In 2007, the Union County Veterans Remembrance Committee dedicated the Union County Veterans Memorial on the northeast lawn of the courthouse This was sponsored through private, public, and corporate grants and donations, including support from the Union County Foundation42 In attendance were hundreds of citizens, US Representative Deborah Pryce, and many other political and civic leaders In 2008, the Ohio National Guard opened a new $82 million Marysville facility on the eastside adjacent to the YMCA4344 The Ohio Army National Guard headquarters in Columbus is named after Marysville native Gen Robert S Beightler

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 437 square miles 1,130 km2, of which 432 square miles 1,120 km2 is land and 51 square miles 13 km2 12% is water45

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Marion County northeast
  • Delaware County east
  • Franklin County southeast
  • Madison County south
  • Champaign County southwest
  • Logan County west
  • Hardin County northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1820 1,996
1830 3,192 599%
1840 8,422 1638%
1850 12,204 449%
1860 16,507 353%
1870 18,730 135%
1880 22,375 195%
1890 22,860 22%
1900 22,342 −23%
1910 21,871 −21%
1920 20,918 −44%
1930 19,192 −83%
1940 20,012 43%
1950 20,687 34%
1960 22,853 105%
1970 23,786 41%
1980 29,536 242%
1990 31,969 82%
2000 40,909 280%
2010 52,300 278%
Est 2016 55,457 60%
US Decennial Census47
1790-196048 1900-199049
1990-200050 2010-20132

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000,51 there were 40,909 people, 14,346 households, and 10,888 families residing in the county The population density was 94 people per square mile 36/km² There were 15,217 housing units at an average density of 35 per square mile 13/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9525% White, 281% Black or African American, 018% Native American, 054% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 022% from other races, and 098% from two or more races 076% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 14,346 households out of which 3850% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 6440% were married couples living together, 800% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2410% were non-families 1990% of all households were made up of individuals and 730% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 270 and the average family size was 311

In the county, the population was spread out with 2760% under the age of 18, 750% from 18 to 24, 3400% from 25 to 44, 2120% from 45 to 64, and 960% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 34 years For every 100 females there were 9150 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 8580 males

The median income for a household in the county was $51,743, and the median income for a family was $58,384 Males had a median income of $40,910 versus $27,405 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,577 About 360% of families and 460% of the population were below the poverty line, including 430% of those under age 18 and 780% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 52,300 people, 18,065 households, and 13,681 families residing in the county52 The population density was 1211 inhabitants per square mile 468/km2 There were 19,429 housing units at an average density of 450 per square mile 174/km253 The racial makeup of the county was 929% white, 27% Asian, 24% black or African American, 02% American Indian, 03% from other races, and 14% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13% of the population52 In terms of ancestry, 341% were German, 153% were Irish, 136% were English, and 136% were American54

Of the 18,065 households, 408% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 628% were married couples living together, 87% had a female householder with no husband present, 243% were non-families, and 195% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 273 and the average family size was 314 The median age was 364 years52

The median income for a household in the county was $68,452 and the median income for a family was $78,254 Males had a median income of $55,187 versus $38,094 for females The per capita income for the county was $27,389 About 51% of families and 64% of the population were below the poverty line, including 79% of those under age 18 and 62% of those age 65 or over55

Economyedit

Scotts Miracle-Gro global headquarters, Marysville Family of horses grazing on farm in southern Union County

The largest industry sectors in Union County are agriculture, industrial and manufacturing, and research and development The county sales tax is 700%, and the county typically has unemployment rates below the state and national averages

Agricultureedit

Agriculture makes up a large portion of the county's economy Of the county's total acreage of 277,760 acres 1,1241 km2, 230,720 are dedicated to agriculture56 In total, there were 1000 farms with annual revenue totaling $85 million in 20061 Federal farm subsidies to Union County totaled $88 million between 1995–200657 Western Union County sits on the edge of the northwest Ohio "wind belt," and has attracted interest from energy companies specializing in wind farms Ohio produces in excess of five million bushels 130,000 t of corn per year, and contributes tremendously to regional ethanol production58

There are numerous local family farms in Union County, including Mitchell's Farm, Littlefoot Family Farms, Detwiler Farm, Phelps Farm, Blue Spruce Farm and Nursery, Greenleaf Farm, Hickory Lane Farms, Thorne Briar Farm, Hoskins-Hamilton Farm, Hoffman Farm, and Wiley Farm, as well as agricultural services corporations like Ohigro There is a Union County Farmer's Market

Honda manufacturing complex, Marysville

Day Lay Egg Farms is an industrial farm with operations in the western part of the county Select Sires, a bio-tech firm and a world leader in livestock reproductive services, is located in the southeastern part of the county The Ohio State University operates an agricultural extension office in the central portion of the county Hi-Q Egg Products is investing $80 million in a new industrial farm operation in the western part of the county

Jack Foustedit

A notable local area farmer is Jack Foust, who has spent more than half of a century in the agriculture industry His cattle at the Mayflower Farm have produced world records, while he himself has publicly served in positions appointed by the United States Secretary of Agriculture Bob Bergland and Ohio Governor Richard Celeste He has been chairman of the Union County Board of Elections, and is an inductee into the Ohio Agricultural Hall of Fame59

Industrialedit

Velocys Biotech, Jerome Township

In 2007, the estimated value of manufacturing operations in the county was well over $35 billion56

It is the home to major corporations, including Scotts Miracle-Gro and Univenture Major corporations operating regional facilities in the county include Honda of America, Goodyear/Veyance Technologies, Parker Hannifin, United Rotary Brush, and Invensys Climate Control The Honda operation includes the Marysville Auto Plant Other large companies located in the county include Sumitomo Electric Wiring Systems, Ray Lewis and Son, Velocys, MAI Manufacturing, NEX Transport, and Midwest Express, among others

Cox-Colvin & Associates, Environmental Services, Jerome Township Univenture global headquarters, Marysville

Between 2000–2007, Union County businesses were awarded $93 million in United States Department of Defense contracts The companies receiving those contracts were the Electronic Services Agency, Parker Hannifin, United Rotary Brush, and Leo Berbee Bulb Company60

Research and developmentedit

Union County is home to major research and development operations Nestlé is located in Marysville, and in recent years improved their facilities with a modern, multimillion-dollar makeover Scotts Miracle-Gro also has their R&D operations located on their corporate campus The Transportation Research Center, a state-of-the-art facility dedicated to transportation research, is located on the western county line A unit of Univenture, Algae Venture Systems, recently made a breakthrough by developing a process to produce algae as a cost-effective biofuel61

Governmentedit

See also: Ohio county government Union County offices, Uptown Marysville

The county receives its power through Ohio statute It has three elected commissioners that serve four years, as well as an elected treasurer, auditor, recorder, coroner, clerk of courts, engineer, prosecuting attorney, sheriff, and judges In 2007, the county had $112 million in assets, and revenues of $50 million56

In 2009, the county commissioners were Gary Lee, Tom McCarthy, and Charles Hall,62 the common pleas court judge was Don Fraser,63 and the sheriff was Rocky Nelson64 The probate and juvenile judge was Charlotte Eufinger, the engineer Jeff Stauch, the treasurer Tamara Lowe, the auditor Mary Snider, the clerk of courts Teresa Nickle, and the recorder Teresa Markham The Union County Prosecuting Attorney is Hon David Phillips Phillips was elected prosecuting attorney in 200465

The county is a part of the 4th US congressional district in Ohio, the 86th Ohio legislative district in Ohio, and the 26th Ohio senate district

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results66
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 653% 18,096 279% 7,718 68% 1,881
2012 636% 16,289 344% 8,805 21% 529
2008 630% 15,744 351% 8,761 19% 479
2004 701% 15,870 295% 6,665 04% 96
2000 676% 11,502 296% 5,040 28% 482
1996 553% 8,290 333% 4,989 115% 1,724
1992 529% 7,818 235% 3,465 236% 3,494
1988 733% 8,846 259% 3,130 08% 95
1984 778% 9,336 215% 2,579 07% 86
1980 677% 7,576 272% 3,038 51% 572
1976 620% 7,464 363% 4,377 17% 202
1972 759% 8,389 221% 2,447 20% 218
1968 627% 6,415 237% 2,431 136% 1,392
1964 525% 5,504 475% 4,985
1960 716% 7,838 285% 3,116
1956 741% 7,575 259% 2,653
1952 732% 7,761 268% 2,843
1948 653% 5,688 345% 3,008 02% 17
1944 704% 6,908 296% 2,907
1940 646% 7,214 354% 3,947
1936 518% 5,673 471% 5,157 11% 120
1932 493% 4,912 496% 4,943 11% 114
1928 705% 5,876 286% 2,386 08% 69
1924 627% 5,256 307% 2,571 66% 551
1920 663% 6,544 333% 3,286 04% 35
1916 530% 3,182 457% 2,747 13% 78
1912 353% 2,051 407% 2,362 240% 1,394
1908 570% 3,567 411% 2,568 19% 118
1904 637% 3,646 336% 1,924 27% 153
1900 579% 3,561 404% 2,484 17% 106
1896 554% 3,476 436% 2,736 11% 67
1892 543% 3,001 372% 2,055 86% 475
1888 585% 3,468 375% 2,224 39% 233
1884 595% 3,515 380% 2,242 25% 150
1880 591% 3,302 400% 2,236 08% 47
1876 584% 2,939 412% 2,073 05% 24
1872 609% 2,450 389% 1,564 02% 8

Union County is a Republican Party stronghold Its strong Republican roots go back to the formation of the party in the 1800s following the collapse of the Whig Party, which had previously been the preferred party

The county has supported the Republican Party in all but two presidential elections since the Civil War, with the only Democrats to win the county being Woodrow Wilson in 1912 when the Republican Party was divided, and Franklin Roosevelt in 193267 In the last five presidential elections the Democratic candidate has never received more than 35 percent of the county’s vote68

As part of Ohio's 5th congressional district and Ohio's 15th congressional district it had been represented by Republicans for almost seventy years until the 2008 election, when Democrat Mary Jo Kilroy, won a close, disputed contest against Steve Stivers69 In 2010 Stivers defeated her in a rematch, and after reapportionment and redistricting, the county was placed in the heavily Republican 4th district, currently represented by Jim Jordancitation needed

The entire county is contained in the 26th Ohio Senate district and is currently represented by Dave Burke, who previously served on Marysville City Council and as the state Representative for the 83rd Ohio House district70

The entire county is contained in the 86th Ohio House district, currently represented by Dorothy Pelanda71

Communitiesedit

Map of Union County with municipal and township labels Post Reserve, Dublin

Citiesedit

  • Dublin part
  • Marysville county seat

Villagesedit

  • Magnetic Springs
  • Milford Center
  • Plain City part
  • Richwood
  • Unionville Center

Townshipsedit

  • Allen
  • Claibourne
  • Darby
  • Dover
  • Jackson
  • Jerome
  • Leesburg
  • Liberty
  • Millcreek
  • Paris
  • Taylor
  • Union
  • Washington
  • York

Census-designated placesedit

  • New California
  • Raymond

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Allen Center
  • Arnold
  • Bridgeport
  • Broadway
  • Byhalia
  • Chuckery
  • Claibourne
  • Dipple
  • Essex
  • Irwin
  • Jerome
  • Lunda
  • New Dover
  • Peoria
  • Pharisburg
  • Pottersburg
  • Somersville
  • Watkins
  • Woodland
  • York Center

Notable peopleedit

  • Charles W Fairbanks - 26th Vice-President of the United States
  • Preston B Plumb - United States Senator
  • Kathryn Sellers - first federally appointed female judge in the United States
  • Martha Root - teacher of the Bahá'í Faith in the late 19th and early 20th century
  • Robert S Beightler - military general and contributor to the modern Interstate Highway System and Ohio Turnpike
  • James Wallace Robinson - United States Congressman
  • Arthur E Drumm - industrialist, inventor, and industrial broom pioneer
  • Norton P Chipman - American Civil War army officer, co-founder of the Grand Army of the Republic, author of the order creating Memorial Day
  • Chase Blackburn - world champion professional American football athlete
  • Edward Stillings - American jurist, politician, businessman
  • Beriah Wilkins - United States Congressman
  • Orlando Scott - founder of the OM Scott and Sons Company, later becoming the Scotts Miracle-Gro Company
  • James E Robinson - Ohio Supreme Court Justice
  • Cornelius S Hamilton - United States Congressman
  • John F Kinney - American jurist and politician
  • Thomas B Ward - United States Congressman
  • Darren Hall - professional American baseball athlete
  • Hiram Gabriel - Wisconsin state legislator72

Covered bridges of Union Countyedit

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Union County, Ohio

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Ohio County Profiles: Union County" PDF Ohio Department of Development Archived from the original PDF on May 8, 2007 Retrieved April 28, 2007 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  3. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on May 31, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  4. ^ "Union County data" Ohio State University Extension Data Center Archived from the original on December 20, 2016 Retrieved April 28, 2007 
  5. ^ History of Union County, p33,34, accessed April 11, 2009
  6. ^ History of Union County, p35-38, accessed April 11, 2009
  7. ^ History of Union County, p33-43, accessed April 11, 2009
  8. ^ History of Union County p 106
  9. ^ History of Union County, p 100-104, accessed April 11, 2009
  10. ^ History, Union County, p 313
  11. ^ History, Union County, p 342, 347
  12. ^ History, Union County, p 318
  13. ^ History, Union County, p 319
  14. ^ History, Union County, p 323-324
  15. ^ History, Union County, p 328
  16. ^ History, Union County, p 332, 334
  17. ^ History, Union County, p338
  18. ^ a b History of Union County, p139
  19. ^ History of Union County, p140
  20. ^ History of Union County, p 141
  21. ^ History of Union County, p141-142
  22. ^ History, Paris Township, p55
  23. ^ History, Paris Township, p56
  24. ^ History, Paris Township, p56,57
  25. ^ History, Union County, p604
  26. ^ History of Union County, p399-401
  27. ^ History of Union County p456
  28. ^ History of Union County, p 162-173
  29. ^ CISOROOT=/mpl_his1915&CISOPTR=3602&REC=1&CISOSHOW=2551 History of Union County, p174-201
  30. ^ History of Union County, p155-156
  31. ^ History of Union County, p157
  32. ^ History of Union County, p158-161
  33. ^ History of Union County, p150
  34. ^ History of Union County, p150-152
  35. ^ History of Union County, p153-154
  36. ^ Memorial Hospital, History
  37. ^ AirNav, Union County
  38. ^ History of Union County, p269-270
  39. ^ History of Union County, p271-272
  40. ^ History of Union County, p280
  41. ^ History of Union County, p281-346
  42. ^ Annual Report
  43. ^ New Armory
  44. ^ Area Memorial
  45. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  46. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  47. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  48. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  49. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  50. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 11, 2015 
  51. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  52. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  53. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  54. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  55. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  56. ^ a b c 2007 Union County Audit, p 3, 16, 17, 20 Ohio Department of Auditor 2008 Accessed January 24, 2009
  57. ^ Union County Farm Subsidy Database Environmental Working Group Accessed January 24, 2009
  58. ^ 2006 Corn Production Ohio Corn Grower's Association Accessed January 24, 2009
  59. ^ "Ohio Agriculture Council Inducts Four To Hall Of Fame" Ohio Farm Bureau Federation Accessed January 24, 2009
  60. ^ Union County Defense ContractsGovernmentContractsWoncomAccessed January 24, 2009
  61. ^ Univenture http://wwwrechargenewscom/regions/north_america/article174685ece
  62. ^ Meet the Commissioners, Union County Accessed April 1, 2009
  63. ^ Court of Common Pleas, Union County Accessed April 1, 2009
  64. ^ Union County Sheriff's Office, Union County Accessed April 1, 2009
  65. ^ accessed September 9, 2010
  66. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  67. ^ Menendez, Albert J; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004 ISBN 0786422173
  68. ^ The New York Times electoral map Zoom in on Ohio
  69. ^ NY Post, Acorn
  70. ^ "Senator Dave Burke" Ohio State Senate Retrieved 23 July 2016 
  71. ^ "House of Representatives Directory" Retrieved 23 July 2016 
  72. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1883,' Biographical Sketch of Hiram Gabriel, pg 492

External linksedit

  • Union County Government's website
  • Union County Chamber of Commerce website
  • Union County Genealogical Society

Coordinates: 40°19′N 83°22′W / 4031°N 8337°W / 4031; -8337

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