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Umatilla, Oregon

umatilla oregon county jail roster, umatilla oregon police department
Umatilla /ˌjuːməˈtɪlə/, YOO-mə-TIL is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States It is named for the Umatilla River, which enters the Columbia River on the side of the city The river is named after the Umatilla Tribe The city is on the south side of the Columbia River along US Route 730 and I-82

The Umatilla Chemical Depot, and the Umatilla Chemical Agent Disposal Facility, is 6 miles 10 km southwest of the city, northwest of the intersection of I-84 and I-82 The estimated population in 2012 was 7,0103

Umatilla is part of the Pendleton–Hermiston Micropolitan Statistical Area

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Economy
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

City hall in Umatilla, Oregon

The first Umatilla post office was established in September 1851 at the Umatilla Indian Agency about 5 miles 8 km east of Pendleton, and discontinued in January 1852 This was before Timothy K Davenport surveyed for a town site at the mouth of the Umatilla River in 1862 The site was first known as Umatilla Landing, then Umatilla City, then Columbia, then Umatilla City once again over the next year or so Its post office was established in 1863 with Z F Moody as postmaster5

Umatilla's earliest importance was as a trade and distribution center on the Columbia River, during the gold rush of the 1860s and 1870s in eastern Oregon It remained a major commercial center until the 1880s when it withered before the Oregon Railway and Navigation Company

The Umatilla Chemical Depot opened in 1941, to prepare for World War II The depot's mission was to store and maintain a variety of military items, from blankets to ammunition The depot took on its chemical weapons storage mission in 1962 From 1990 to 1994 the facility reorganized in preparation for eventual closure, shipping all conventional ammunition and supplies to other installations On October 25, 2011, the last barrel of HD mustard agent was destroyed and there is no longer a risk of chemical accident in Oregon and Washington

Geographyedit

Umatilla is 30 miles 48 km northwest of Pendleton

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 463 square miles 1199 km2, of which, 442 square miles 1145 km2 is land and 021 square miles 054 km2 is water1

Climateedit

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Umatilla has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps6

Climate data for Umatilla
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 67
19
78
26
86
30
97
36
104
40
110
43
117
47
114
46
103
39
89
32
80
27
71
22
117
47
Average high °F °C 40
4
475
86
587
148
686
203
767
248
839
288
926
337
905
325
807
271
67
19
509
105
421
56
666
192
Average low °F °C 252
−38
289
−17
338
1
402
46
47
8
54
12
594
152
573
141
489
94
401
45
327
04
284
−2
413
52
Record low °F °C −23
−31
−23
−31
10
−12
20
−7
26
−3
32
0
36
2
37
3
25
−4
12
−11
−6
−21
−27
−33
−27
−33
Average precipitation inches mm 105
267
085
216
068
173
055
14
062
157
056
142
016
41
025
64
045
114
069
175
107
272
109
277
801
2035
Average snowfall inches cm 39
99
21
53
02
05
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
08
2
11
28
82
208
Average precipitation days ≥ 001 inch 8 7 6 5 4 4 1 2 3 5 7 8 60
Source: 7

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1870 150
1880 149 −07%
1890 118 −208%
1900 127 76%
1910 198 559%
1920 390 970%
1930 345 −115%
1940 370 72%
1950 883 1386%
1960 617 −301%
1970 679 100%
1980 3,199 3711%
1990 3,046 −48%
2000 4,978 634%
2010 6,906 387%
Est 2016 6,997 13%
source:910

2010 censusedit

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,906 people, 1,634 households, and 1,215 families residing in the city The population density was 1,5624 inhabitants per square mile 6032/km2 There were 1,766 housing units at an average density of 3995 per square mile 1542/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 701% White, 23% African American, 15% Native American, 06% Asian, 231% from other races, and 24% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 431% of the population2

There were 1,634 households of which 508% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 512% were married couples living together, 147% had a female householder with no husband present, 85% had a male householder with no wife present, and 256% were non-families 185% of all households were made up of individuals and 6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 315 and the average family size was 3592

The median age in the city was 307 years 261% of residents were under the age of 18; 117% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 356% were from 25 to 44; 202% were from 45 to 64; and 63% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 637% male and 363% female2

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,978 people, 1,364 households, and 1,062 families residing in the city The population density was 1,4153 people per square mile 5460/km² There were 1,511 housing units at an average density of 4296 per square mile 1657/km² The racial makeup of the city was 7210% White, 269% African American, 135% Native American, 038% Asian, 006% Pacific Islander, 2149% from other races, and 193% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3258% of the population2

There were 1,364 households out of which 457% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 582% were married couples living together, 130% had a female householder with no husband present, and 221% were non-families 169% of all households were made up of individuals and 51% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 314 and the average family size was 3512

In the city, the population was spread out with 310% under the age of 18, 121% from 18 to 24, 347% from 25 to 44, 165% from 45 to 64, and 57% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 29 years For every 100 females there were 1378 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1573 males2

The median income for a household in the city was $33,844, and the median income for a family was $32,969 Males had a median income of $28,500 versus $20,337 for females The per capita income for the city was $11,469 About 156% of families and 194% of the population were below the poverty line, including 242% of those under age 18 and 211% of those age 65 or over2

Economyedit

The local economy is heavily reliant on agriculture and supporting services11 As of 2001, the five largest employers in Umatilla were the Two Rivers Correctional Institution, JM Manufacturing polyvinyl chloride pipes, Gilroy Food dehydrated onions, Boise Cascade wood chips, and Oregon Rustic pine furniture12 The Port of Umatilla is also home to Aramark, Hagerman Trucking, Pendleton Grain Growers, Tidewater, WM Moss Jr Corp, Diamond Line Delivery and Amazoncom Amazoncom recently started developing a data center campus in Umatilla in support of Amazon Web Services

See alsoedit

  • Ordnance, Oregon
  • Umatilla, Florida

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2013-06-02 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  5. ^ McArthur, Lewis A; Lewis L McArthur 2003 1928 Oregon Geographic Names 7th ed Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press p 980 ISBN 0-87595-277-1 
  6. ^ "Umatilla, Oregon" Weatherbase CantyMedia Retrieved June 6, 2015 
  7. ^ "UMATILLA, OREGON 358734" Western Regional Climate Center Retrieved November 15, 2015 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  9. ^ Moffatt, Riley Population History of Western US Cities & Towns, 1850-1990 Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 216
  10. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" CSV United States Census Bureau, Population Division 2009-03-18 Retrieved 2009-04-29 
  11. ^ Sorte, Bruce; et al November 2009 "Minimum parcel size for viable adaptive farms in Umatilla County: an economic analysis" PDF Oregon State University Extension Service and Agricultural & Resource Economics Department - Rural Studies Program Retrieved August 17, 2011 
  12. ^ Infrastructure Finance Authority 2009 "Umatilla Community Profile" Business Oregon Retrieved 2013-08-17 

External linksedit

  • Entry for Umatilla in the Oregon Blue Book
  • "Umatilla, Oregon Community Exhibit" Center for Columbia River History Retrieved 2013-08-16 , Photos, bibliography, oral histories

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