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Umatilla County, Oregon

umatilla county oregon court records, umatilla county oregon marriage license
Umatilla County /ˌjuːməˈtɪlə/ is a county located in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 75,8891 The county seat is Pendleton, but the largest city is Hermiston2 The county is named for the Umatilla River

Umatilla County is part of the Hermiston-Pendleton, OR Micropolitan Statistical AreaPortland State University projects that 80% of all growth in the MSA will occur in the immediate Hermiston vicinity between 2016 and 20353 It is included in the eight-county definition of Eastern Oregon

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government and politics
    • 41 State Legislature
    • 42 Board of Commissioners
    • 43 Make-up of Umatilla County voters
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Census-designated places
    • 63 Unincorporated communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Umatilla County was created on September 27, 1862, out of a portion of Wasco County Adjustments were made to the county's boundaries following the creation of Grant, Morrow, Union, and Wallowa Counties This legislative act also designated Marshall Station as the temporary county seat An 1865 election selected Umatilla City, now known as Umatilla, as the county seat With the development of wheat farming, population shifted to the north and east parts of the county, and a subsequent election in 1868 moved the county seat again to Pendleton

The Umatilla Indian Reservation was established by the Treaty of Walla Walla in 1855 The Umatillas, Walla Wallas, and Cayuse tribes were resettled there, and is located immediately southeast of Pendleton

EZ Wireless of Hermiston officially opened on February 4, 2004, one of the largest known Wi-Fi wide area networks in the United States, covering parts of Umatilla County, Morrow County and Benton County, Washington Although created to facilitate communications among local police, firemen and EMT workers who immediately respond to possible accidents or terrorist attacks on the Umatilla Chemical Depot, where the US Army maintained a national arsenal of nerve gas, the network can be accessed in some places by the public for free4

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,231 square miles 8,370 km2, of which 3,216 square miles 8,330 km2 is land and 16 square miles 41 km2 05% is water5 It borders the Columbia River across from Washington

Adjacent countiesedit

I-84 eastbound and McKay Reservoir in Umatilla County
  • Benton County, Washington north
  • Walla Walla County, Washington north
  • Columbia County, Washington northeast
  • Wallowa County east
  • Union County east
  • Grant County south
  • Morrow County west

National protected areasedit

  • Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge
  • McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge
  • Umatilla National Forest part
  • Whitman National Forest part

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1870 2,916
1880 9,607 2295%
1890 13,381 393%
1900 18,049 349%
1910 20,309 125%
1920 25,946 278%
1930 24,399 −60%
1940 26,030 67%
1950 41,703 602%
1960 44,352 64%
1970 44,923 13%
1980 58,861 310%
1990 59,249 07%
2000 70,548 191%
2010 75,889 76%
Est 2016 76,456 07%
US Decennial Census7
1790-19608 1900-19909
1990-200010 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 70,548 people, 25,195 households, and 17,838 families residing in the county The population density was 22 people per square mile 8/km² There were 27,676 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile 3/km² The racial makeup of the county was 8200% White, 082% Black or African American, 337% Native American, 075% Asian, 018% Pacific Islander, 1067% from other races, and 221% from two or more races 1611% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 171% were of German, 130% American, 98% English and 68% Irish ancestry 844% spoke English and 143% Spanish as their first language

There were 25,195 households out of which 3500% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 5510% were married couples living together, 1060% had a female householder with no husband present, and 2920% were non-families 2370% of all households were made up of individuals and 970% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 267 and the average family size was 314

In the county, the population was spread out with 2780% under the age of 18, 940% from 18 to 24, 2830% from 25 to 44, 2220% from 45 to 64, and 1230% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 35 years For every 100 females there were 10480 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 10470 males

The median income for a household in the county was $36,249, and the median income for a family was $41,850 Males had a median income of $31,479 versus $22,325 for females The per capita income for the county was $16,410 About 980% of families and 1270% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1620% of those under age 18 and 870% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 75,889 people, 26,904 households, and 18,647 families residing in the county12 The population density was 236 inhabitants per square mile 91/km2 There were 29,693 housing units at an average density of 92 per square mile 36/km213 The racial makeup of the county was 791% white, 35% American Indian, 09% Asian, 08% black or African American, 01% Pacific islander, 125% from other races, and 31% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 239% of the population12 In terms of ancestry, 214% were German, 128% were Irish, 116% were English, and 56% were American14

Of the 26,904 households, 364% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 509% were married couples living together, 120% had a female householder with no husband present, 307% were non-families, and 247% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 267 and the average family size was 317 The median age was 357 years12

The median income for a household in the county was $45,861 and the median income for a family was $53,585 Males had a median income of $39,288 versus $30,489 for females The per capita income for the county was $20,035 About 110% of families and 158% of the population were below the poverty line, including 214% of those under age 18 and 95% of those age 65 or over15

Government and politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results16
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 618% 17,059 278% 7,673 104% 2,865
2012 621% 15,499 344% 8,584 36% 886
2008 598% 15,254 372% 9,484 31% 785
2004 648% 17,068 338% 8,884 14% 370
2000 613% 14,140 339% 7,809 48% 1,111
1996 451% 9,703 408% 8,774 140% 3,018
1992 361% 7,095 346% 6,787 293% 5,761
1988 540% 10,254 439% 8,327 21% 400
1984 631% 14,211 366% 8,246 03% 57
1980 578% 12,950 329% 7,382 93% 2,082
1976 518% 9,345 443% 7,985 39% 701
1972 579% 10,470 337% 6,090 84% 1,511
1968 548% 8,975 391% 6,402 61% 1,002
1964 364% 6,138 634% 10,689 02% 32
1960 538% 9,374 462% 8,053 00% 6
1956 557% 9,654 443% 7,678 00% 0
1952 596% 10,529 402% 7,098 02% 40
1948 487% 5,726 501% 5,891 12% 144
1944 518% 5,379 478% 4,967 04% 45
1940 511% 5,193 486% 4,935 03% 32
1936 313% 2,943 611% 5,753 76% 715
1932 330% 2,930 634% 5,631 36% 316
1928 678% 5,277 307% 2,390 15% 113
1924 447% 3,854 354% 3,052 199% 1,714
1920 580% 4,979 379% 3,255 40% 346
1916 423% 3,664 532% 4,606 45% 385
1912 293% 1,261 363% 1,563 344% 1,480
1908 557% 2,328 375% 1,568 68% 286
1904 663% 2,642 211% 840 127% 505

State Legislatureedit

Umatilla County contains two Oregon State House Districts: State House District 57, which is currently represented by Greg Smith, and State House District 58, which is currently represented by Greg Barreto Umatilla County is also located in Oregon State Senate District 29, represented by Bill Hansell Smith, Barreto, and Hansell are registered Republicans17

Board of Commissionersedit

Umatilla County is represented and governed by three County Commissioners The Umatilla County Board of Commissioners is currently made up of William J "Bill" Elfering,George Murdock and Chair, W Lawrence Givens

Make-up of Umatilla County votersedit

Registered voters in Umatilla County, April 200918

Like all counties in eastern Oregon, the majority of registered voters who are part of a political party in Umatilla County are members of the Republican Party18 In the 2008 presidential election 5977 percent of Umatilla County voters voted for Republican John McCain, while 3716 percent voted for Democrat Barack Obama and 307 percent of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate19 These numbers show a small but definite shift towards the Democratic candidate when compared to the 2004 presidential election, in which 658% of Umatilla Country voters voted for George W Bush, while 328% voted for John Kerry, and 14% of voters either voted for a Third Party candidate or wrote in a candidate20

Economyedit

The gold rush of 1862 brought miners and stock raisers to the mountains and grasslands of Umatilla County Another stimulus was the arrival of the railroad in 1881, opening the region to the development of dry land wheat farming Water for irrigation has been key to economic diversification and growth, most recently in the Hermiston area, where potatoes, onions, corn, and more than 200 other crops are grown commercially Low cost power through Umatilla Electric Cooperative and good a freeway access are also driving a growth in the Hermiston area with Amazoncom developing large data-center operations there & major distribution facilities for Wal-Mart, Fed-Ex, and UPS all located in Hermiston

Communitiesedit

Trestle seen off Sparks Station Rd at Pendleton Country Club, opposite of the McKay Reservoir, Pendleton, Oregon Transportation linkages in Umatilla are one of the county's major advantages21 An old grain elevator along Steen Road south of Milton-Freewater, Umatilla County

Umatilla County is generally divided into three distinct economic and cultural areas, which are the "West-End," the Pendleton-area, and the Milton-Freewater-area Although each of these communities shares some economic ties, the distance between each creates three very distinct communities The West-End includes the communities of Hermiston, Umatilla, Stanfield, and Echo The Pendleton-area includes Pendleton, as well as Pilot Rock, Adams, and Athena The Milton-Freewater-area is largely tied to the Walla Walla, Washington area, and is considered a part of the Walla Walla Metropolitan Planning Organization The similarities between the areas has created a long-standing rivalry, particularly between the West-End and the Pendleton-area, with regard to economic opportunity and public resources The West-End, led by Hermiston as its largest city, is now nearly twice the size of the Pendleton area, and is projected to be nearly three times the size of the Pendleton area by the year 203522

Citiesedit

  • Adams
  • Athena
  • Echo
  • Helix
  • Hermiston
  • Milton-Freewater
  • Pendleton county seat
  • Pilot Rock
  • Stanfield
  • Ukiah
  • Umatilla
  • Weston

Census-designated placesedit

  • Cayuse
  • Gopher Flats
  • Kirkpatrick
  • Mission
  • Riverside
  • Tutuilla
  • Umapine

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Bingham Springs
  • Blakeley
  • Cold Springs
  • Cold Springs Junction
  • Ferndale
  • Gibbon
  • Green Meadows
  • Havana
  • Hinkle
  • Holdman
  • Lehman Springs
  • McKay
  • McNary
  • Meacham
  • Myrick
  • Nolin
  • Nye
  • Ordnance
  • Pine Grove
  • Power City
  • Rieth
  • Riverview
  • Sunnyside
  • Tollgate
  • Westland

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Umatilla County, Oregon
  • Umatilla County Fair

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Portland State University: Population Projections 2016-2036; Umatilla County" 
  4. ^ "Wi-Fi Cloud Covers Rural Oregon" Wired News CondéNet Inc Associated Press October 16, 2005 Retrieved 2006-12-10 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  17. ^ http://wwwvotesmartorg/searchphpsearch=97828&x=5&y=14 Retrieved 11/17/09
  18. ^ a b http://wwwsosstateorus/elections/votreg/mar09pdf Retrieved on 4/20/09
  19. ^ http://wwwcoumatillaorus/deptwebs/elections/11-04-08pdf retrieved 4/20/09
  20. ^ http://wwwcity-datacom/county/Umatilla_County-ORhtml Retrieved on 4/21/09
  21. ^ 1996 Portrait: Regional northwest Economic Review And Outlook DIANE Publishing Company 2004 p 32 ISBN 0-7881-3093-5 
  22. ^ http://wwwhermistonorus/sites/hermistonorus/files/File/economic-development/Umatilla_County_Final_Forecast_Report_201606pdf

External linksedit

  • Umatilla County official website

Coordinates: 45°22′30″N 118°45′05″W / 45375131°N 1187513661°W / 45375131; -1187513661

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