Uesugi Kagekatsu


Uesugi Kagekatsu 上杉 景勝, 8 January 1556 – 19 April 1623 was a Japanese samurai daimyō during the Sengoku and Edo periods

Contents

  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Daimyō
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 Further reading

Early life

Kagekatsu was the son of Nagao Masakage, the head of the Ueda Nagao clan and husband of Uesugi Kenshin's elder sister, Aya-Gozen After his father died, he was adopted by Kenshin

Daimyō

Upon Kenshin's death in 1578, Kagekatsu battled Kenshin's other adopted son Uesugi Kagetora for the inheritance, defeating him in the 1578 Siege of Ōtate He forced Kagetora to commit seppuku, and became head of the Uesugi clan Kagekatsu married Takeda Katsuyori's sister Takeda Shingen's daughter after the Siege of Ōtate

As a general under Toyotomi Hideyoshi, Kagekatsu took part in the Odawara and Korea campaigns, and rose to prominence to become a member of the council of Five Elders Originally holding a 550,000 koku fief in Echigo Province, Kagekatsu received the fief of Aizu, worth a huge 12 million koku when Hideyoshi redistributed holdings in 1598 After Hideyoshi's death, that year, Kagekatsu then allied himself with Ishida Mitsunari, against Tokugawa Ieyasu, as the result of some political dispute

The Sekigahara Campaign can be said to have begun, at least in part, with Kagekatsu, who was the first daimyō to plan a revolt against the Tokugawa He built a new castle in Aizu, attracting the attention of Ieyasu, who ordered him to Osaka, to explain his conduct Kagekatsu refused, and Tokugawa began plans to lead a 50,000 man army north against him Ishida and Uesugi hoped to occupy Tokugawa Ieyasu with this fighting in the north, distracting him from Ishida Mitsunari's attacks in and around Osaka Anticipating this, Ieyasu remained in Osaka to engage Mitsunari; his generals Mogami Yoshiaki and Date Masamune would fight Kagekatsu in Tōhoku northern region Honshū, Japan's main island Kagekatsu had intended to move his force south, attacking the Tokugawa from the north-east while Ishida attacked from the west, but he was defeated very early in the campaign, at the siege of his castle at Shiroishi

Declaring his allegiance to Tokugawa following his defeat, Kagekatsu became a tozama outsider daimyō; he was given the Yonezawa han, worth 300,000 koku, in the Tōhoku region Kagekatsu fought for the Tokugawa shogunate against the Toyotomi clan in the 1614–15 siege of Osaka

See also

  • Uesugi clan

References

The emblem mon of the Uesugi clan
  1. ^ Turnbull, Stephen R 2013 Samurai Armies 1467–1649, p 191

Further reading

  • Frederic, Louis 2002 Japan Encyclopedia Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press
  • Sansom, George 1961 A History of Japan: 1334–1615 Stanford, California: Stanford University Press
  • Turnbull, Stephen 1998 The Samurai Sourcebook London: Cassell & Co
Preceded by
Uesugi Kenshin
Uesugi family head
1580–1623
Succeeded by
Uesugi Sadakatsu


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