Tue . 19 May 2019

Ubuntu version history

ubuntu version history minecraft, ubuntu version history of microsoft
Ubuntu releases are made semiannually by Canonical Ltd, the developers of the Ubuntu operating system, using the year and month of the release as a version number The first Ubuntu release, for example, was Ubuntu 410 and was released on 20 October 200412 Consequently, version numbers for future versions are provisional; if the release is delayed until a different month or even year to that planned, the version number will change accordingly3

Ubuntu releases are timed to be approximately one month after GNOME releases, which are in turn about one month after releases of XOrg, resulting in each Ubuntu release including a newer version of GNOME and X456

Every fourth release, in the second quarter of even-numbered years, has been designated as a Long Term Support LTS release, indicating that they are supported and receive updates for five years, with paid technical support also available from Canonical Ltd However the desktop version of LTS releases before 1204 were supported for only three years Releases 606, 804, 1004, 1204, 1404, and 1604 are the LTS releases7 Non-LTS releases prior to 1304 have typically been supported for 18 months, and have always been supported until at least the date of the next LTS release This has changed, however, for 1304 and subsequent non-LTS releases, with the support period being halved to 9 months8

Contents

  • 1 Naming convention
  • 2 Release history
    • 21 Ubuntu 410 Warty Warthog
    • 22 Ubuntu 504 Hoary Hedgehog
    • 23 Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badger
    • 24 Ubuntu 606 LTS Dapper Drake
    • 25 Ubuntu 610 Edgy Eft
    • 26 Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawn
    • 27 Ubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbon
    • 28 Ubuntu 804 LTS Hardy Heron
    • 29 Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibex
    • 210 Ubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalope
    • 211 Ubuntu 910 Karmic Koala
    • 212 Ubuntu 1004 LTS Lucid Lynx
    • 213 Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkat
    • 214 Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal
    • 215 Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelot
    • 216 Ubuntu 1204 LTS Precise Pangolin
    • 217 Ubuntu 1210 Quantal Quetzal
    • 218 Ubuntu 1304 Raring Ringtail
    • 219 Ubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamander
    • 220 Ubuntu 1404 LTS Trusty Tahr
    • 221 Ubuntu 1410 Utopic Unicorn
    • 222 Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervet
    • 223 Ubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolf
    • 224 Ubuntu 1604 LTS Xenial Xerus
    • 225 Ubuntu 1610 Yakkety Yak
    • 226 Ubuntu 1704 Zesty Zapus
  • 3 Table of versions
  • 4 Version timeline
  • 5 Version end of life
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Naming conventionedit

Ubuntu releases are also given code names, using an adjective and an animal with the same first letter eg Dapper Drake With the exception of the first two releases, code names are in alphabetical order, allowing a quick determination of which release is newer Names are occasionally chosen so that animal appearance or habits reflects some new feature eg, "Koala's favourite leaf is Eucalyptus"; see below Ubuntu releases are often referred to using only the adjective portion of the code name eg Feisty9

Release historyedit

Ubuntu 410 Warty Warthogedit

Ubuntu 410 Warty Warthog

Ubuntu 410 Warty Warthog, released on 20 October 2004, was Canonical's first release of Ubuntu, building upon Debian, with plans for a new release every six months and eighteen months of support thereafter2 Ubuntu 410's support ended on 30 April 200610 Ubuntu 410 was offered as a free download and, through Canonical's ShipIt11 service, was also mailed to users free of charge in CD format12

Ubuntu 504 Hoary Hedgehogedit

Ubuntu 504 Hoary Hedgehog

Ubuntu 504 Hoary Hedgehog, released on 8 April 2005,1314 was Canonical's second release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 504's support ended on 31 October 200615 Ubuntu 504 added many new features including an update manager,16 upgrade notifier, readahead and grepmap, suspend, hibernate and standby support, dynamic frequency scaling for processors, ubuntu hardware database, Kickstart installation, and APT authentication1718 Ubuntu 504 allowed installation from USB devices Beginning with Ubuntu 504, UTF-8 became the default character encoding19

Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badgeredit

Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badger

Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badger, released on 12 October 2005,2021 was Canonical's third release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 510's support ended on 13 April 200722 Ubuntu 510 added several new features including a graphical bootloader Usplash, an Add/Remove Applications tool,23 a menu editor Alacarte, an easy language selector, logical volume management support, full Hewlett-Packard printer support, OEM installer support, a new Ubuntu logo in the top-left, and Launchpad integration for bug reporting and software development24

Ubuntu 606 LTS Dapper Drakeedit

Ubuntu 606 Dapper Drake

Ubuntu 606 Dapper Drake, released on 1 June 2006,252627 was Canonical's fourth release, and the first long-term support LTS release Ubuntu 606 was released behind schedule, having been intended as 604 It is sometimes jokingly described as their first 'Late To Ship' LTS release28 Development was not complete in April 2006 and Mark Shuttleworth approved slipping the release date to June, making it 606 instead29

Ubuntu 606's support ended on 14 July 2009 for desktops and ended in June 2011 for servers30 Ubuntu 606 included several new features, including having the Live CD and Install CD merged onto one disc,31 a graphical installer on Live CD Ubiquity, Usplash on shutdown as well as startup, a network manager for easy switching of multiple wired and wireless connections, Humanlooks theme implemented using Tango guidelines, based on Clearlooks and featuring orange colors instead of brown, and GDebi graphical installer for package files3233 Ubuntu 606 did not include a means to install from a USB device, but did for the first time allow installation directly onto removable USB devices

Ubuntu 610 Edgy Eftedit

Ubuntu 610 Edgy Eft

Ubuntu 610 Edgy Eft, released on 26 October 2006,343536 was Canonical's fifth release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 610's support ended on 25 April 20083738 Ubuntu 610 added several new features including a heavily modified Human theme, Upstart init daemon, automated crash reports Apport, Tomboy note taking application, and F-Spot photo manager EasyUbuntu, a third party program designed to make Ubuntu easier to use, was included in Ubuntu 610 as a meta-package39

Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawnedit

Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawn

Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawn, released on 19 April 2007,404142 was Canonical's sixth release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 704's support ended on 19 October 200843 Ubuntu 704 included several new features, among them a migration assistant to help former Microsoft Windows users transition to Ubuntu, support for Kernel-based Virtual Machine, assisted codec and restricted drivers installation including Adobe Flash, Java, MP3 support, easier installation of Nvidia and ATI drivers, Compiz desktop effects, support for Wi-Fi Protected Access, the addition of Sudoku and chess, a disk usage analyzer baobab, GNOME Control Center, and Zeroconf support for many devices1744 Ubuntu 704 dropped support for PowerPC architecture

Ubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbonedit

Ubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbon

Ubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbon, released on 18 October 2007,454647 was Canonical's seventh release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 710's support ended on 18 April 20094849 Ubuntu 710 included several new features, among them AppArmor security framework,50 fast desktop search,51 a Firefox plug-in manager Ubufox,52 a graphical configuration tool for XOrg, full NTFS support read/write via NTFS-3G, and a revamped printing system with PDF printing by default52 Compiz Fusion was enabled as default in Ubuntu 71053 and Fast user switching was added51

Ubuntu 804 LTS Hardy Heronedit

Ubuntu 804 Hardy Heron

Ubuntu 804 Hardy Heron, released on 24 April 2008,545556 was Canonical's eighth release of Ubuntu and the second Long Term Support LTS release5758 Ubuntu 804's support ended on 12 May 2011 for desktops59 and ended in April 2013 for servers Ubuntu 804 included several new features, among them Tracker desktop search integration,60 Brasero disk burner,61 Transmission BitTorrent client,61 Vinagre VNC client,61 system sound through PulseAudio,62 and Active Directory authentication and login using Likewise Open63 In addition Ubuntu 804 included updates for better Tango compliance,64 various Compiz usability improvements, automatic grabbing and releasing of the mouse cursor when running on a VMware virtual machine, and an easier method to remove Ubuntu Ubuntu 804 was the first version of Ubuntu to include the Wubi installer on the Live CD that allows Ubuntu to be installed as a single file on a Windows hard drive without the need to repartition the disk The first version of the Ubuntu Netbook Remix was also introduced65 Support for Ubuntu Hardy Heron was officially ended on 9 May 2013

Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibexedit

Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibex The default wallpaper depicts an Ibex, with its large curved horns

Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibex, released on 30 October 2008,6667 was Canonical's ninth release of Ubuntu Support ended on 30 April 201068 Ubuntu 810 introduced several new features including improvements to mobile computing and desktop scalability, increased flexibility for Internet connectivity, an Ubuntu Live USB creator and a guest account,69 which allowed others to use a computer allowing very limited user rights eg accessing the Internet, using software and checking e-mail70 The guest account had its own home folder and nothing done on it was stored permanently on the computer's hard disk71 Intrepid Ibex also included an encrypted private directory for users,72 the inclusion of Dynamic Kernel Module Support, a tool that allows kernel drivers to be automatically rebuilt when new kernels are released and support for creating USB flash drive images1773

Ubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalopeedit

Ubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalope

Ubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalope, released on 23 April 2009,74 was Canonical's tenth release of Ubuntu Support ended on 23 October 201075 New features included faster boot time,76 integration of web services and applications into the desktop interface Because of that, they named it after mythical animal Jackalope77 It was the first release named after a mythical animal, the second being Utopic Unicorn It had a new usplash screen, a new login screen and also support for both Wacom hotplugging and netbooks76 It also included a new notification system, Notify OSD,78 and themes It marked the first time that all of Ubuntu's core development moved to the Bazaar distributed revision control system7980

Ubuntu 904 was the first version to support the ARM architecture with native support for ARMv5EL and ARMv6EL-VFP81

Ubuntu 910 Karmic Koalaedit

Ubuntu 910 Karmic Koala

Ubuntu 910 Karmic Koala, released on 29 October 2009,82 was Canonical's 11th release of Ubuntu It was supported until April 20118384

In an announcement to the community on 20 February 2009, Mark Shuttleworth explained that 910 would focus on improvements in cloud computing on the server using Eucalyptus, saying "a Koala's favourite leaf is Eucalyptus",85 as well as further improvements in boot speed and development of the Netbook Remix86

The initial announcement of version 910 indicated that this release might include a new theme, however the project was moved forward to 1004,8687 and only minor revisions were made to the default theme Other graphical improvements included a new set of boot up and shutdown splash screens, a new login screen that transitions seamlessly into the desktop and greatly improved performance on Intel graphics chipsets

In June 2009, Canonical created the One Hundred Paper Cuts project, focusing developers to fix minor usability issues A "paper cut" was defined as, "a trivially fixable usability bug that the average user would encounter on his/her first day of using a brand new installation of the latest version of Ubuntu Desktop Edition"88

The desktop installation of Ubuntu 910 replaced Pidgin with Empathy Instant Messenger as its default instant messaging client89 The default filesystem is ext4, and the Ubuntu One client, which interfaces with Canonical's new online storage system, is installed by default90 It introduced Grub 2 beta as default bootloader91 It also debuted a new application called the Ubuntu Software Center that unifies package management Canonical stated their intention for this application to replace Add/Remove Programs gnome-app-install in 910 and possibly Synaptic, Software Sources, Gdebi and Update Manager in Ubuntu 100492 Karmic Koala also includes a slideshow during the installation process through ubiquity-slideshow that highlights applications and features in Ubuntu

Ubuntu 1004 LTS Lucid Lynxedit

Ubuntu 1004 Lucid Lynx

Shuttleworth first announced Ubuntu 1004 Lucid Lynx9 on 19 September 2009 at the Atlanta Linux Fest; Canonical released it on 29 April 20109394 It is Canonical's 12th release of Ubuntu and the third Long Term Support LTS release Canonical provided support for the desktop version of Ubuntu 1004 until 9 May 2013 and the server version until 30 April 201595

The new release includes, among other things, improved support for Nvidia proprietary graphics drivers, while switching to the open source Nvidia graphics driver, Nouveau, by default Plymouth was also introduced allowing boot animations969798

GIMP was removed from the Lucid installation CD due to its professional-grade complexity and its file size F-Spot provides normal user-level graphics-editing capabilities and GIMP remains available for download in the repositories99

The distribution emphasizes the new importance of web services and social networking with integrated interfaces for posting to sites like Facebook and Twitter, complementing the IM and email integration already in Ubuntu

On 4 March 2010, it was announced that Lucid Lynx would feature a new theme, including new logos, taking Ubuntu's new visual style100 into account:

The new style in Ubuntu is inspired by the idea of "Light"

We're drawn to Light because it denotes both warmth and clarity, and intrigued by the idea that "light" is a good value in software Good software is "light" in the sense that it uses your resources efficiently, runs quickly, and can easily be reshaped as needed Ubuntu represents a break with the bloatware of proprietary operating systems and an opportunity to delight to those who use computers for work and play More and more of our communications are powered by light, and in future, our processing power will depend on our ability to work with light, too

Visually, light is beautiful, light is ethereal, light brings clarity and comfort

Historical perspective: From 2004–2010, the theme in Ubuntu was "Human" Our tagline was "Linux for Human Beings" and we used a palette reflective of the full range of humanity Our focus as a project was bringing Linux from the data center into the lives of our friends and global family

Critical responses to the new theme have been mixed Ars Technica's Ryan Paul said "The new themes and updated color palette are nice improvement for Ubuntu After testing the new theme for several hours, I feel like it's a step forward, but it still falls a bit short of my expectations" Paul also noted that the most controversial aspect of the new design amongst users has been the placement of the window control buttons on the left instead of the right side of the windows101102 TechSource's Jun Auza expressed concern that the new theme is too close to that used by Apple's Mac OS X: "I think Ubuntu is having an identity crisis right now and should seriously consider changing several things in terms of look and feel to avoid being branded as a Mac OS X rip-off, or worse, get sued by Apple" Auza also summarized Ubuntu user feedback: "I believe the fans are divided right now Some have learned to love the brown color scheme since it uniquely represents Ubuntu, while others wanted change"103

The first point release, 10041, was made available on 17 August 2010,104 and the second update, 10042, was released on 17 February 2011105 The third update, 10043, was released on 21 July 2011,106 and the fourth and final update, 10044, was released on 16 February 2012

Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkatedit

Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkat

The naming of Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkat was announced by Mark Shuttleworth on 2 April 2010, along with the release's goals of improving the netbook experience and a server focus on hybrid cloud computing Ubuntu 1010 was released on 10 October 2010 101010 at around 10:10 UTC107108109110111 This is a departure from the traditional schedule of releasing at the end of October to get "the perfect 10",112 and a playful reference to The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, since, in binary, 101010 is equal to the number 42, the "Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything" within the series113 It was Canonical's 13th release of Ubuntu New features included the new Unity interface for the Netbook Edition, a new default photo manager, Shotwell, replacing F-Spot, the ability to purchase applications in the Software Center, and an official Ubuntu font used by default114 Support for Ubuntu Maverick Meerkat 1010 was officially ended on 10 April 2012115

Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhaledit

Ubuntu 1104 Desktop Natty Narwhal using Unity

The naming of Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal was announced on 17 August 2010 by Mark Shuttleworth116 Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal was released on 28 April 2011117 It is Canonical's 14th release of Ubuntu

Ubuntu 1104 used the Unity user interface instead of GNOME Shell as default The move to Unity was controversial as some GNOME developers feared it would fracture the community and marginalize GNOME Shell118119 The GNOME desktop environment is still available in Ubuntu 1104 under the title Ubuntu Classic as a fallback to Unity

Ubuntu 1104 employed Banshee as the default music player, replacing Rhythmbox Other new applications included Mozilla Firefox 4 and LibreOffice, which replaced OpenOfficeorg120121122 The OpenStack cloud computing platform was added in this release123124

Starting with Ubuntu 1104, the Ubuntu Netbook Edition was merged into the desktop edition125

In reviewing Ubuntu 1104 upon its stable release, Ryan Paul of Ars Technica said "There is a lot to like in Ubuntu 1104, but also a lot of room for improvement" Jesse Smith of Distrowatch said "I'm of the opinion there are good features in this release, but 1104 definitely suffered from being rushed out the door while it was still beta quality Ubuntu aims to be novice-friendly, but this release is buggy and I think they missed the mark this time around I'm limiting my recommendation of 1104 to people who want to play with an early release of Unity"126127 Support for Ubuntu 1104 officially ended on 28 October 2012128

Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelotedit

Ubuntu 1110 final release 13 October 2011 running Unity 4220

The naming of Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelot was announced on 7 March 2011 by Mark Shuttleworth He explained that Oneiric means "dreamy"129 Ubuntu 1110 was released on schedule on 13 October 2011 and is Canonical's 15th release of Ubuntu130

In April 2011 Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1110 would not include the classic GNOME desktop as a fall back to Unity, unlike Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal Instead, 1110 included a 2D version of Unity as a fallback for computers that lacked the hardware resources for the Compiz-based 3D version However, the classic GNOME desktop remained available in Ubuntu 1110 through a package in the Ubuntu repositories131 Shuttleworth also confirmed that Unity in Ubuntu 1110 would run as a shell for GNOME 3 on top of GNOME 3 libraries, unlike in Ubuntu 1104 where it ran as a shell for GNOME 2 Moreover, users were able to install the entire GNOME 3 stack along with GNOME Shell directly from the Ubuntu repositories; to be presented with a "GNOME 3 desktop" choice at login132 During the development cycle there were many changes to Unity, including the placement of the Ubuntu button on the Launcher instead of on the Panel, the autohiding of the window controls and the global menu of maximized windows, the introduction of more transparency into the Dash and the Panel when the Dash was opened and the introduction of window controls for the Dash133

In May 2011, it was announced that PiTiVi would be no longer part of the Ubuntu ISO, starting with Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelot The reasons given for removing it included poor user reception, lack of fit with the default user-case for Ubuntu, lack of polish and the application's lack of development maturity PiTiVi will not be replaced on the ISO with another video editor Other changes include removing Computer Janitor, as it caused broken systems for users, and the removal of the Synaptic package manager, which can optionally be installed via the Ubuntu Software Center Déjà Dup has been added as Ubuntu's backup program134 Mozilla Thunderbird has replaced the Evolution email client All removed applications will remain available to users for installation from the Ubuntu Software Center and repositories135136137138 Support for Ubuntu Oneiric Ocelot was officially ended on 9 May 2013

Ubuntu 1204 LTS Precise Pangolinedit

Ubuntu 1204 LTS desktop

Ubuntu 1204 LTS Precise Pangolin is Canonical's sixteenth release of Ubuntu and its fourth Long Term Support LTS release, made available on schedule on 26 April 2012139140 It is named after the pangolin anteater141 Previous LTS releases have been supported for three years for the desktop version and five years for the server version; this release will be supported for five years for both versions142143

Changes in this release include a much faster startup time for the Ubuntu Software Center and refinements to Unity This release also replaced the Banshee media player with Rhythmbox as the default media player and dropped the Tomboy note-taking application and the supporting Mono framework as well144145 Also, the window dodge feature has been removed from the Unity launcher starting with Ubuntu 1204146

Ubuntu 1204 incorporated a new head-up display HUD feature that allows hotkey searching for application menu items from the keyboard, without needing the mouse Shuttleworth said that the HUD "will ultimately replace menus in Unity applications" but for Ubuntu 1204 at least the menus will remain147

Ubuntu 1204 is the first Ubuntu release shipped with IPv6 privacy extensions turned on by default Ubuntu 1110 already supported IPv6 on the desktop and in the installer stateless address autoconfiguration SLAAC, stateless DHCPv6 and stateful DHCPv6148

Like other LTS releases, 1204 will include point releases that bundle updates to shorten downloads for users installing the release later in its lifecycle The point releases and dates are: 12041 23 August 2012, 12042 14 February 2013, 12043 scheduled for release on 22 August 2013, but actually released on 23 August 2013 and 12044 6 February 2014149 While the most recent point release was 12045, released on 7 August 2014150

Jesse Smith of DistroWatch said that many people, like he, had questioned Ubuntu's direction, including Unity But with Ubuntu 1204 he felt that the puzzle pieces, which individually may have been underwhelming, had come together to form a whole, clear picture He said "Unity, though a step away from the traditional desktop, has several features which make it attractive, such as reducing mouse travel The HUD means that newcomers can find application functionality with a quick search and more advanced users can use the HUD to quickly run menu commands from the keyboard" He wrote that Unity had grown to maturity, while indicating that he was bothered by its lack of flexibility He did notice issues, however, especially that the HUD did not work in LibreOffice and performance in a virtual machine was unsatisfactory He concluded that Ubuntu's overall experience was "head and shoulders above anything else in the Linux ecosystem"151

Jim Lynch wrote "Ubuntu 1204 is definitely worth an upgrade if you’re running an earlier version Unity is finally coming into its own in this release, plus there are other enhancements that make upgrading worthwhile Ubuntu is getting better and better with each release I was one of the Unity skeptics initially, but I’ve come to accept it as part of Ubuntu"152

Jack Wallen of TechRepublic – who had strongly criticized early versions of Unity – said "Since Ubuntu 1204 was released, and I migrated over from Linux Mint, I’m working much more efficiently This isn’t really so much a surprise to me, but to many of the detractors who assume Unity a very unproductive desktop well, I can officially say they are wrong I realize that many people out there have spurned Unity I was one of them for a long time, but the more I use it, the more I realize that Canonical really did their homework on how to help end users more efficiently interact with their computers Change is hard – period For many, the idea of change is such a painful notion they wind up missing out on some incredible advancements Unity is one such advancement"153

Ubuntu 1210 Quantal Quetzaledit

Ubuntu 1210's default desktop

On 23 April 2012 Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1210 would be named Quantal Quetzal As this will be the first of a series of three releases before the next LTS release, Shuttleworth indicated that it will include a refreshed look, with work to be done on typography and iconography The release takes its name from the quetzal, a species of Central American birds154 Ubuntu 1210 was released on schedule on 18 October 2012 and is Canonical's seventeenth release of the operating system155

Ryan Paul, writing for Ars Technica, said in April 2012 when the name was announced "A Quetzal is a colorful bird that is common to Central America The most well-known variety, the resplendent quetzal, is known for its beauty The name is a good fit for Ubuntu, which aims to soar in the cloud, offer visual appeal without compromising function, and avoid smacking into closed windows"156

The Ubuntu Developer Summit held in May 2012 set the priorities for this release They are forecast to include an improved boot up sequence and log-in screen, dropping Unity 2D in favor of lower hardware requirements for Unity 3D, wrap around dialogs and toolbars for the HUD and a "vanilla" version of Gnome-Shell as an option The release would likely include GNOME 36, Python 3 and the 35 Linux kernel157 It would ship with Python 3 in the image, but with Python 2 available in the repositories, via the "python" package158 The kernel will have the PAE switched on by default159

In July 2012, development versions of Ubuntu 1210 received a new combined user, session and system menu160 This release also included Ubuntu Web Apps, a means of running web applications directly from the desktop, without having to open a browser161 It would use Nautilus 34 as its file manager, in place of the 35 and newer versions, to retain features deleted from later versions162

In September 2012, Canonical’s Kate Stewart announced that the Ubuntu 1210 image would not fit on a compact disc, saying "There is no longer a traditional CD sized image, DVD or alternate image, but rather a single 800MB Ubuntu image that can be used from USB or DVD"163 However, a third-party project has created a version of Ubuntu 1210 that fits on a CD It uses LZMA2 compression instead of the DEFLATE compression used on the official Ubuntu DVD image164

Also in late September 2012, it was announced that the version of Unity to be shipped with Ubuntu 1210 would by default include searches of Amazoncom for searched terms This move caused immediate controversy among Ubuntu users, particularly with regard to privacy issues, and caused Mark Shuttleworth to issue a statement indicating that this feature is not adware and labelled many of the objections "FUD" Fear, uncertainty and doubt Shuttleworth stated "What we have in 1210 isn’t the full experience, so those who leap to judgement are at maximum risk of having to eat their words later Chill out If the first cut doesn’t work for you, remove it, or just search the specific scope you want there are hotkeys for all the local scopes" Regardless, users filed a Launchpad bug report on the feature requesting that it be made a separate lens and not included with general desktop searches for files, directories and applications The degree of community push-back on the issue resulted in plans by the developers to make the dash and where it searches user-configurable via a GUI-setting dialogue Despite concerns that the setting dialogue would not make the final version of Ubuntu 1210, it was completed and is present in the final version of 1210165166167168169170

In the week prior to the stable release of Ubuntu 1210 data-privacy advocate Luís de Sousa indicated that the inclusion of the shopping lens, installed without explicit permission of the user, violates European Directive 95/46/EC on data privacy That directive requires that the "data subject has unambiguously given his consent" in situations where personal identifying information is sent171

In reviewing Ubuntu 1210 at the end of October 2012 for DistroWatch, Jesse Smith raised concerns about the Amazon shopping lens, saying, "it has raised a number of privacy concerns in the community and, looking over Ubuntu's legal notice about privacy does not provide any reassurance The notice informs us Canonical reserves the right to share our keystrokes, search terms and IP address with a number of third parties, including Facebook, Twitter, Amazon and the BBC This feature is enabled by default, but can be turned off through the distribution's settings panel" He also found that the dash provided very slow performance and that the release was "practically unusable in the VirtualBox environment" He summed up his experiences, "After a day and a half of using Ubuntu 1210 it was an internal struggle not to wipe my hard drive and just find another distribution to review During the first twenty-four hours Ubuntu spied on me, provided performance which was distinctly sub par, the interface regularly popped up errors sometimes so frequently the first pop-up wouldn't have faded out of view before the next one appeared, the update notification didn't work and it wasn't possible to turn off accessibility features through the graphical interface Adding insult to injury, the Unity dash kept locking up or losing focus while I was trying to use it and the operating system crashed more times than not while trying to shutdown or logout Switching away from Unity to GNOME Fallback helped the performance issues I had experienced with the Dash, but it didn't remove the annoying pop-up errors and performance while usable still wasn't as good as I would expect And what really makes me scratch my head is Ubuntu 1204 worked really well on this same hardware"172

In early November, the Electronic Frontier Foundation made a statement on the shopping lens issue, "Technically, when you search for something in Dash, your computer makes a secure HTTPS connection to productsearchubuntucom, sending along your search query and your IP address If it returns Amazon products to display, your computer then insecurely loads the product images from Amazon's server over HTTP This means that a passive eavesdropper, such as someone sharing a wireless network with you, will be able to get a good idea of what you're searching for on your own computer based on Amazon product images It's a major privacy problem if you can't find things on your own computer without broadcasting what you're looking for to the world"173

Writing about Ubuntu 1210 in a December 2012 review, Jim Lynch addressed the Amazon controversy:

He concluded by saying, "Overall, Ubuntu 1210 is a decent upgrade for current Ubuntu users However, the inclusion of the Amazon icon on the launcher, and the discontinuation of Unity 2D might irritate some people"174

Support for Ubuntu 1210 Quantal Quetzal officially ended on 16 May 2014

Ubuntu 1304 Raring Ringtailedit

Ubuntu 1304 Raring Ringtail

On 17 October 2012, Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1304 would be named Raring Ringtail and said about this release “In the next six months we want to have the phone, tablet and TV all lined up So I think it’s time to look at the core of Ubuntu and review it through a mobile lens: let’s measure our core platform by mobile metrics, things like battery life, number of running processes, memory footprint, and polish the rough edges that we find when we do that"175

The Wubi installer was dropped as of 1304, due to its incompatibility with Windows 8, and general lack of support and development176177 Previously, on 29 October 2012, at Ubuntu Developer Summit Registration there had been a discussion of redesigning Wubi for Ubuntu 1304178

Ubuntu 1304 was released on schedule on 25 April 2013179

In reviewing Ubuntu 1304 Jim Lynch from Desktop Linux Reviews said, "I found Ubuntu 1304 to be a slightly disappointing upgrade While there are definitely some enhancements in this release, there’s also nothing very special about it Alas, there’s nothing in Ubuntu 1304 that makes me want to consider it for use as my daily distro Don’t misunderstand me, there’s nothing overtly wrong with Ubuntu 1304 either It installed and performed very well for me Unity 7 also has some helpful and attractive updates that Ubuntu users will enjoy, and there are other things in this release that help improve the overall Ubuntu experienceI suspect it is simply because Ubuntu has settled into a comfortable middle age, it works and it works very well for what it does"180

Support for Ubuntu 1304 officially ended on 27 January 2014

Ubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamanderedit

Ubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamander

Ubuntu 1310 is named Saucy Salamander181 It was released on schedule on 17 October 2013

Consideration was given to changing the default browser from Mozilla Firefox to Chromium, but problems with timely updates to Ubuntu's Chromium package caused developers to retain Firefox for this release182183

Ubuntu 1310 was intended to be the first Ubuntu release to replace the aging X11 with the Mir display server, with X11 programs to have operated through the XMir compatibility layer184 However, after the development of XMir ran into "outstanding technical difficulties" for multiple monitors, Canonical decided to postpone the default use of Mir in Ubuntu181 Mir will still be released as the default display server for Ubuntu Touch 1310185

Ryan Paul of Ars Technica wrote that although 1310 brings useful enhancements, it is "a relatively thin update" He also said "the new Dash concept is intriguing, but its usefulness is a bit limited"; and even though he thinks that universal Web search is potentially useful, he's somewhat uncomfortable with how Canonical joins it with local system searches181

In a review of Ubuntu 1310 Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu criticized the new Smart Scopes feature, saying, "it’s less of a help and more of a hindrance With so many web services offering results for a search term – however innocuous it might be – the Dash ends up resembling a wall painted in unintelligible, irrelevant mess" Sneddon noted that internet search engines turn in more useful and better organized results and recommended selectively disabling individual scopes to reduce the noise factor186

Jim Lynch of Linux Desktop Reviews described the release as "boring" and noted, "alas, Ubuntu 1310 follows in the footsteps of Ubuntu 1304 The big new desktop feature is Smart Scopes Beyond that there’s not a whole lot that is interesting or exciting to talk about It turns out that Saucy Salamander is one truly dull amphibian Canonical really should rename this release to 'Snoozing Salamander' instead" Lynch described the Smart Scopes, "this is a very useful function, and it can save you a lot of time when looking for information I understand that some people will regard this as a privacy violation, no problem There’s an easy way to disable Smart Scopes"187

Maria Korolov writing for Network World in December 2013 said of the release, "there is a benefit to be had in being able to search for files you own on both local drives and in cloud services such as Google Drive and Flickr That's the idea behind Unity Smart ScopesThe result is a cluttered mess The first thing many users will probably do after installing Ubuntu 1310 is to get rid of most of these resultsmixing generic Web results in with your own files is just confusing"188

In its year-end Readers Choice Awards Linux Journal readers voted Ubuntu as Best Linux Distribution and Best Desktop Distribution for 2013189

Support for Ubuntu 1310 ended on 17 July 2014190

Ubuntu 1404 LTS Trusty Tahredit

Ubuntu 1404 Trusty Tahr

Mark Shuttleworth announced on 31 October 2011 that by Ubuntu 1404, Ubuntu would support smartphones, tablets, TVs and smart screens191

On 18 October 2013, it was announced that Ubuntu 1404 would be dubbed "Trusty Tahr"192193

This version was released on 17 April 2014, and is the 20th release of Ubuntu Shuttleworth indicated that the focus in this development cycle would be a release characterized by "performance, refinement, maintainability, technical debt" and encouraged the developers to make "conservative choices" Technical debt refers to catching up and refining supporting work for earlier changes The development cycle for this release focused on the tablet interface, specifically for the Nexus 7 and Nexus 10 tablets There were few changes to the desktop as 1404 used the existing mature Unity 7 interface Ubuntu 1404 included the ability to turn off the global menu system and used locally integrated menus instead for individual applications Other features were the retention of Xorg and not Mir or XMir, a Unity 8 developers' preview, new mobile applications, a redesigned USB Start-Up Disk Creator tool, a new forked version of the GNOME Control Center, called the Unity Control Center and default SSD TRIM support GNOME 310 is installed by default193194195196197198199200201

Point releases included 14041 on 24 July 2014, 14042 on 19 February 2015, 14043 on 6 August 2015, 14044 on 18 February 2016 and 14045 on 4 August 2016194 The release initially included Linux kernel 313, but this was updated to 42 with the point release of 14044 on 18 February 2016194202 The final point release, 14045, provided the latest Linux kernel and graphics stacks from Ubuntu 1604 LTS Point release 14045 was the final one for 1404 LTS203

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu noted that recent Ubuntu releases have received lower and lower amounts of mainstream press coverage and termed it an "established product that has, by and large, remained a niche interest"204

In reviewing Ubuntu 1404 LTS in April 2014, Jim Lynch concluded: "Ubuntu 1404 seems to be all about refining the Ubuntu desktop While there are not a lot of amazing new features in this release, there are quite a few very useful and needed tweaks that add up to a much better desktop experience Canonical’s designers seem to be listening to Ubuntu users again, and they seem willing to make the changes necessary to give the users what they want That may be the single most important thing about Ubuntu 1404 It could be an indication of a sea change in Canonical’s attitude toward Ubuntu users"205

Jack Wallin writing for Tech Republic termed Ubuntu 1404 LTS, "as polished a distribution as you'll find It's cleaner, performs better, and is all around improved Some users may say that this is the most boring release Canonical has unleashed in years, but I believe it to be one of the finest"206

Terry Relph-Knight of ZDNet said, "although there are no amazing 'must-have' new features in Ubuntu 1404, it is worth upgrading just to get the latest LTS release with a more recent kernel and default applications"207

Scott Gilbertson of Ars Technica stated, "Ubuntu is one of the most polished desktops around, certainly the most polished in the Linux world, but in many ways that polish is increasingly skin deep at the expense of some larger usability issues which continue to go unaddressed release after release"208

Ubuntu 1410 Utopic Unicornedit

A screenshot of the Ubuntu 1410 "Utopic Unicorn" desktop with the mascot wallpaper

On 23 April 2014 Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1410 would carry the name Utopic Unicorn209210 Version 1410 was released on 23 October, having only minor updates to the kernel, Unity Desktop, and included packages such as LibreOffice and Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird The kernel was updated to 316 for hardware support eg graphics and has for security, full kernel address space layout randomization applied to the kernel and its modules, plus the closure of a number of information leaks in /proc211

This version is the 21st release Ubuntu 1410 was officially characterized as a release that addressed "bug fixes and incremental quality improvements" and so it incorporated very few new features212

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu wrote in reviewing this release, "Ubuntu 1410, codenamed “Utopic Unicorn”, is saddled with a modest changelog, composed largely of bug fixes, stability improvements and key software updates All worthy, but falls a little way short of the “fresh ideas and new art” that should “raise the roof” – quotes from Mark Shuttleworth’s “U” name announcementFor the release taking place in the week of Ubuntu’s 10th anniversary, this may all read like a bit of an anticlimax No headline user features, no visual changes bar a few new icons for the sidebar of Nautilus — there’s not even a new default wallpaper to look atBut on the flip side it’s perhaps the most fitting release; the one that shows just how far Ubuntu has come in the past few years Mature, dependable and sure in its own Ambiance-themed skin, buggy feature churn has given way to a sustained era of assured stabilityUbuntu 1410 is a rock-solid, hearty and dependable release Perhaps more here than ever before There’s no getting away from the fact that it’s an uninspiring update on paper, and is far from being anything approaching essential"213

Michael Larabel of Phoronix wrote, "At the end of the day simple end-users won't see much of a difference over Ubuntu 1404 LTS, which is a bit sad given that this is the tenth anniversary release of Ubuntu Linux For everyday Linux desktop users the many upgraded packages are great but there isn't too much more to celebrate about today on the desktop front"214

Scott Gilbertson, writing for The Register, explained, "I've been covering Ubuntu for seven of the release’s 10 years and 1410 is the first time I've had to dig deep into the release notes just to find something new to testIf you needed further proof that Canonical is currently solely focused on bringing its Unity 8 interface to mobile devices, 1410 is the best evidence yetAlmost nothing Canonical develops has changed in this release – there isn't even a new desktop wallpaper There are some updates to be sure, but they don’t hail from CanonicalThe lack of updates isn't unexpected, in fact that's been the plan all alongDesktop Ubuntu is currently in a kind of suspended animation, waiting on Unity 8 and Mir to be ready for its coming metamorphosis The short story is that it makes no sense for Canonical to keep refining Unity 7 when it will soon be retired"215

Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervetedit

Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervet

On 20 October 2014 Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1504 would be named Vivid Vervet It was released on 23 April 2015216217218219 This was the 22nd Ubuntu release

Ubuntu 1504 used systemd instead of Upstart by default220 This release also featured locally integrated menus by default, replacing the previous default global menus221

Silviu Stahie, writing for Softpedia, said about this release while it was in beta, "Ubuntu 1504 is not an exciting release, but that it's only a surface impression The truth is that it's an important upgrade because some very important changes have been made, including the adoption of systemd Users will notice that not too many visual changes have been implemented in Ubuntu 1504, but that was to be expected The team is transitioning to a new Unity version that is still not ready for general use, so it's easy to understand why Ubuntu 1504 is not all that different from Ubuntu 1410"222

This release included modest improvements in Intel Haswell graphics performance and bigger improvements for AMD Radeon graphics cards using the open-source Radeon R600 and RadeonSI Gallium3D drivers223

In reviewing this release, Joey Sneddon, of OMG Ubuntu, said "Ubuntu 1504 is yet another solid entry in the distribution’s long release history A dependable desktop operating system suited for end users but with plenty of convenient extras to woo developers with Though the Unity 7 desktop is largely mothballed as work progresses on the new converged experience with Unity 8, the modest refinements received here buff the experience Unity in Ubuntu 1504 shines brighter, a glowing example of a desktop that ‘just works’ for users"224

Jesse Smith of DistroWatch wrote, "One of the changes I was interested in exploring was Ubuntu's switch from the Upstart init software to systemd In this regard I was pleasantly surprised I find most distributions, when they initially make the switch to systemd, introduce bugs or, at the very least, break backward compatibility Sometimes service managers stop working properly and network device names usually change Even if everything works as it should, the administrator needs to adjust to systemd's approach to logging and adopt a different method of managing services Ubuntu has taken an approach I like with regards to adopting systemd" He concluded, "on the surface, Ubuntu 1504 does not bring many changes There are a few cosmetic adjustments, but nothing major that desktop users are likely to notice Most of the interesting work appears to be going on behind the scenes Ubuntu 1504 feels very stable and easy to configure This is an operating system that is virtually effortless to set up and run and I feel the Unity 7 desktop does a nice job of providing lots of features while staying out of the way All in all, I like what Canonical has done with Ubuntu 1504 This feels like a small, incremental evolution for Ubuntu and Unity The init switch, which has disrupted the users of several other distributions, goes largely unnoticed in Ubuntu and I think that is worthy of praise"225

Ubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolfedit

Ubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolf

Shuttleworth announced on 4 May 2015 that Ubuntu 1510 would be called Wily Werewolf226 He initially expressed hope that the release would include the Mir display server, but it was released on 22 October 2015 without Mir It was the 23rd release of Ubuntu227228229

Ubuntu 1510 eliminated the disappearing window edge scrollbars in favour of the upstream GNOME scrollbars, a move designed to save developer time in creating patches and updates230

In reviewing the release, Chris Jones wrote, "Ubuntu 1510 as an operating system for Review is pretty lackluster There's nothing new as such and there's nothing we can really say that is going to change your opinion from its predecessor, 1504 Therefore, we recommend you to upgrade either out of habit and according to your regular upgrade schedule rather than out of a specific necessity for a specific feature of this release Because there is really nothing that could possibly differentiate it from the older, yet still very stable 1504 release But if you're going to stick with 1504 for a little longer, we do recommend that you look at upgrading the kernel to the latest 42 branch It is worth it If you really want a reason to upgrade Linux kernel 42 would be our sole reason for taking Ubuntu 1510 into consideration"231

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu noted, "For a release named after a terrifying mythological creature Ubuntu 1510 is surprisingly tame There are no dramatic transformations, no bone popping or shirt ripping and certainly no hair sprouting under the milky eye of full moon In fact, a new wallpaper and change in scrollbar appearance is about as shapeshift-y as this werewolf gets"232

Steven J Vaughan-Nichols of ZDNet praised the release for its integration of cloud services, such as the new Ubuntu OpenStack cloud deployment and management tool, OpenStack Autopilot as well as its server tools Ubuntu's machine container hypervisor, LXD, included by default in 1510, was singled out Vaughan-Nichols concluded, "with these advances, chances are you're more likely to use Ubuntu, hidden behind the scenes, on clouds and servers"233

A Hectic Geek review noted problems with XOrg Server crashes and concluded "If you use Ubuntu 1404 LTS and if it’s working out for you, then there really is no need to switch to a non-LTS release, especially to the 1510"234

A review on Dedoimedo identified problems with Samba, Bluetooth, desktop searching, battery life and the smartphone interface and found the release inconsistent, saying, "unpredictability is horrible Give me a good experience, or give me a bad experience, but please try not to seesaw between them erratically Continuous, steady change in behavior, any which way" The review concluded, "it underperforms compared to some of its siblings and ancestors Not the best, definitely not worth a perma upgrade, but you might find it more palatable to your hardware and use cases Overall, though Wily isn't the best of distros It sure gave me the willies 7/10"235

Ubuntu 1604 LTS Xenial Xerusedit

Ubuntu 1604 LTS Xenial Xerus

Shuttleworth announced on 21 October 2015 that Ubuntu 1604 LTS would be called Xenial Xerus236 It was released on 21 April 2016237

The default desktop environment continues to be Unity 7, with an option for Unity 8 In May 2015, Shuttleworth indicated that Ubuntu 1604 LTS would include Unity 8 and Mir, but that users have a choice of that or Unity 7 and Xorg He said, "Unity 8 will be an option for 1604 and we'll let the community decide the default for 1604"238

The release adds support for Ceph and ZFS filesystems, the LXD239240 hypervisor using seccomp for OpenStack, and Snappy packages will be supported237241 It will use systemd instead of Upstart as its init system242243244 This release will replace the Ubuntu Software Centre with GNOME Software and eliminate Empathy and Brasero from the ISO file245246 Reviewer Jack Wallen said, "The truth of the matter is, the Ubuntu Software Center has been a horrible tool for a very long time Making this move will greatly improve the Ubuntu experience for every user"247

This release has online dash search results disabled by default in Unity 7 "None of your search terms will leave your computer", stated Ubuntu desktop manager Will Cooke248249 Reviewer Jack Wallen said about this, "I've never considered the inclusion of online search results to be spyware In fact, I have always considered the online results to be an efficient means of searching for products through Amazon etc That being said, with the release of 1604, this feature is disabled"247

Ubuntu 1604 LTS does not support the AMD Catalyst fglrx driver for AMD/ATI graphics cards and instead recommends the free software radeon and amdgpu alternatives These may not provide optimal graphics performance, however250

The first point release, 16041, was released on 21 July 2016251 Ubuntu 16042 will be released on 2 February 2017244

Ubuntu 1610 Yakkety Yakedit

"Yakkety Yak" redirects here For the pop song, see Yakety Yak Ubuntu 1610 Yakkety Yak

Mark Shuttleworth announced on 21 April 2016 that Ubuntu 1610 would be called Yakkety Yak252 It was released on 13 October 2016253

This release features a maintenance version of Unity 7, but offers Unity 8 packages included in the ISO, so that users can test them Other improvements include a new version of Ubuntu Software that supports faster loading, better support for installing command-line-only non-GUI applications, support for installing fonts and multimedia codecs and introduction of paid applications254 It is based on Linux kernel version 48255

This version of Ubuntu introduced only minor incremental changes These included LibreOffice 52, GTK3 version by default, the Update Manager shows changelog entries for PPAs as well as repository software, GNOME applications updated to version 320, with some using version 322 Also systemd now handles user sessions as well as the previously implemented system sessions255

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu said, "Ubuntu 1610 is not a big update over Ubuntu 1604 LTS, released back in April If you were hoping it’d be a compelling or must-have upgrade you’ll be sadly disappointed" He did find some improvements, "The Ubuntu Software app is also significantly faster in use This solves a real pet peeve of mine on the incumbent LTS desktop Thankfully, Yakkety makes it quicker to find, browser, search and install applications," but concluded, "Ubuntu 1610 is not a must-have upgrade—not for most people"256

Marius Nestor of Softpedia noted, "Ubuntu 1610 is not an exciting release for fans of the open source operating system Probably the most important feature of Yakkety Yak is Linux kernel 48, which brings support for the latest hardware, but other than that, you'll get some updated components that are mostly based on the old GNOME 320 Stack"257

Writing in Makeuseof, Bertel King, Jr said, "If you’re feeling underwhelmed, you probably remember the Ubuntu of yesteryear Back in the days of 810, 904, and 1004 each release brought forth a new theme or ambitious feature Unity first appeared in 1010 as a network interface before replacing the regular desktop in 1104 By comparison, modern Ubuntu updates feel relatively stagnant You would be forgiven for not being able to distinguish between 1204 and 1610"258

Ubuntu 1704 Zesty Zapusedit

On 17 October 2016, Mark Shuttleworth announced that the codename of Ubuntu 1704 would be Zesty Zapus259

Table of versionsedit

Version Code name Release date Supported until Kernel version
Desktops Servers
410 Warty Warthog 2004-10-20 Old version, no longer supported: 2006-04-30 268
504 Hoary Hedgehog 2005-04-08 Old version, no longer supported: 2006-10-31 2610
510 Breezy Badger 2005-10-13 Old version, no longer supported: 2007-04-13 2612
606 LTS Dapper Drake 2006-06-01 Old version, no longer supported: 2009-07-14 Old version, no longer supported: 2011-06-01 2615
610 Edgy Eft 2006-10-26 Old version, no longer supported: 2008-04-25 2617
704 Feisty Fawn 2007-04-19 Old version, no longer supported: 2008-10-19 2620
710 Gutsy Gibbon 2007-10-18 Old version, no longer supported: 2009-04-18 2622
804 LTS Hardy Heron 2008-04-24 Old version, no longer supported: 2011-05-12 Old version, no longer supported: 2013-05-09 2624
810 Intrepid Ibex 2008-10-30 Old version, no longer supported: 2010-04-30 2627
904 Jaunty Jackalope 2009-04-23 Old version, no longer supported: 2010-10-23 2628
910 Karmic Koala 2009-10-29 Old version, no longer supported: 2011-04-30 2631
1004 LTS Lucid Lynx 2010-04-29 Old version, no longer supported: 2013-05-09 Old version, no longer supported: 2015-04-30 2632
1010 Maverick Meerkat 2010-10-10 Old version, no longer supported: 2012-04-10 2635
1104 Natty Narwhal 2011-04-28 Old version, no longer supported: 2012-10-28 2638
1110 Oneiric Ocelot 2011-10-13 Old version, no longer supported: 2013-05-09 30
1204 LTS Precise Pangolin 2012-04-26260 Older version, yet still supported: 2017-04-26142 32261
1210 Quantal Quetzal 2012-10-18 Old version, no longer supported: 2014-05-16262 35263
1304 Raring Ringtail 2013-04-25 Old version, no longer supported: 2014-01-278 38264
1310 Saucy Salamander 2013-10-17265 Old version, no longer supported: 2014-07-17190 311
1404 LTS Trusty Tahr 2014-04-17194 Older version, yet still supported: 2019-04 313
1410 Utopic Unicorn 2014-10-23210 Old version, no longer supported: 2015-07-23266 316267
1504 Vivid Vervet 2015-04-23218 Old version, no longer supported: 2016-02-04268 319269
1510 Wily Werewolf 2015-10-22229 Old version, no longer supported: 2016-07-28270 42271
1604 LTS Xenial Xerus 2016-04-21237 Older version, yet still supported: 2021-04 44272
1610 Yakkety Yak 2016-10-13253 Current stable version: 2017-07 48
1704 Zesty Zapus 2017-04-13273 TBA 49274
Legend: Old version Older version, still supported Latest version Latest preview version Future release

Version timelineedit

Version end of lifeedit

After each version of Ubuntu has reached its end-of-life time, its repositories are removed from the main Ubuntu servers and consequently the mirrors275 Older versions of Ubuntu repositories and releases can be found on the old Ubuntu releases website276277

See alsoedit

  • List of Linux distributions
  • Free software portal
  • Linux portal
  • Information technology portal

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "About Ubuntu The Ubuntu story" Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  2. ^ a b Shuttleworth, Mark 20 October 2004 "Ubuntu 410 announcement" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  3. ^ "TimeBasedReleases" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  4. ^ "Releases" Canonical Ltd Retrieved 28 February 2010 
  5. ^ "GNOME's Time-Based Release Schedule" Gnome Live Wiki Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  6. ^ Stone, Daniel 30 August 2009 "New release process" xorg-devel Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  7. ^ "LTS" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  8. ^ a b "Ubuntu Technical Board Looks at Shuttleworth's Proposal for Release Management Methodology" Ubuntu Fridge Retrieved 20 March 2013 
  9. ^ a b "DevelopmentCodeNames" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 8 May 2009 
  10. ^ Zimmerman, Matt 28 March 2006 "Ubuntu 410 reaches end of life on 30 April 2006" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  11. ^ "ShipIt has closed" Retrieved 21 November 2012 
  12. ^ "Announcing Ubuntu 410 "The Warty Warthog Release"" 20 October 2004 Retrieved 20 April 2013 
  13. ^ Zimmerman, Matt 8 April 2005 "Ubuntu 504 announcement" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  14. ^ "504 Release Notes" 8 April 2005 Archived from the original on 30 April 2008 Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  15. ^ Armstrong, Christina 23 October 2006 "Ubuntu 504 reaches end-of-life on 31 October 2006" ubuntu-security-announce Mailing list Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  16. ^ "Get Ubuntu: Upgrade" Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  17. ^ a b c Tux Radar 23 April 2009 "The road to Jaunty: a look back at Ubuntu's history" Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  18. ^ "DraftHoaryReleaseAnnouncement" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd 31 July 2005 Archived from the original on 10 November 2006 Retrieved 5 March 2008 
  19. ^ "HoaryGoals" Ubuntu Wiki Canonical Retrieved 3 September 2010 
  20. ^ Zimmerman, Matt 12 October 2005 "Ubuntu 510 announcement" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  21. ^ "Ubuntu 510 release notes" Canonical Ltd Retrieved 21 December 2006 
  22. ^ Fog Heen, Tollef 14 March 2007 "Ubuntu 510 reaches end-of-life on 13 April 2007" ubuntu-security-announce Mailing list Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  23. ^ "Add/Remove Applications" Community Ubuntu Documentation Canonical Ltd Archived from the original on 5 July 2007 Retrieved 11 October 2010 
  24. ^ "BreezyReleaseNotes" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd 31 July 2005 Archived from the original on 10 November 2006 Retrieved 5 March 2008 
  25. ^ Zimmerman, Matt 1 June 2006 "Ubuntu 606 announcement" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  26. ^ "Ubuntu 606 LTS release notes" Canonical Ltd Archived from the original on 14 May 2008 Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  27. ^ "Ubuntu 606 LTS announcement" Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  28. ^ Remnant, Scott James 19 October 2014 "Happy 10th Birthday, Ubuntu" Retrieved 20 October 2014 
  29. ^ Full Circle Magazine April 2007 "FullCircle Magazine Issue 0" Retrieved 9 June 2009 dead link
  30. ^ Langasek, Steve 8 July 2009 "Ubuntu 606 LTS Desktop Edition reaches end-of-life on 14 July 2009" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  31. ^ "LiveCD" Community Ubuntu Documentation Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  32. ^ "Package gdebi" Retrieved 11 October 2010 
  33. ^ "DapperDrake" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd 26 January 2007 Retrieved 5 March 2008 
  34. ^ Tollef, Fog Heen 26 October 2006 "Announcing Ubuntu 610" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  35. ^ "Ubuntu 610 release notes" Archived from the original on 16 March 2007 Retrieved 21 December 2006 
  36. ^ "Ubuntu 610 announcement" 26 October 2006 Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  37. ^ Langasek, Steve 25 March 2008 "Ubuntu 610 reaches end-of-life on 26 April 2008" ubuntu-security-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  38. ^ "End of Life announcement for Ubuntu 610" Canonical Ltd 25 March 2008 Retrieved 1 April 2008 
  39. ^ "EdgyReleaseNotes" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd 16 October 2007 Archived from the original on 13 June 2007 Retrieved 5 March 2008 
  40. ^ Ubuntu Announcements 19 April 2007 "Ubuntu 704 released" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  41. ^ "Ubuntu 704 release notes" Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  42. ^ "Ubuntu 704 announcement" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  43. ^ Langasek, Steve 26 August 2008 "Ubuntu 704 reaches end-of-life on 19 October 2008" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  44. ^ "feistybeta" 23 March 2007 Retrieved 5 March 2008 
  45. ^ Ubuntu Announcements 18 October 2007 "Ubuntu 710 released" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  46. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 12 April 2007 "Introducing the Gutsy Gibbon" ubuntu-devel-announce Mailing list Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  47. ^ "GutsyReleaseSchedule" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  48. ^ Langasek, Steve 23 March 2009 "Ubuntu 710 reaches end-of-life on 18 April 2009" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  49. ^ "End of Life announcement for Ubuntu 710" Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 March 2008 
  50. ^ "Gutsy Gibbon – Tribe 3 test release" Retrieved 2 June 2008 
  51. ^ a b "Gutsy Gibbon – Tribe 4 test release" Retrieved 2 June 2008 
  52. ^ a b "Gutsy Gibbon – Tribe 5 test release" Retrieved 2 June 2008 
  53. ^ "Gutsy Gibbon – Tribe 2 test release" Retrieved 2 June 2008 
  54. ^ Ubuntu Announcements 24 April 2008 "Ubuntu 804 LTS released" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  55. ^ "Milestone ubuntu-804 for Ubuntu due 24 April 2008" Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  56. ^ "Introducing the Hardy Heron" 29 August 2007 Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  57. ^ "Ubuntu Weekly Newsletter: Issue 36" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 2 July 2008 
  58. ^ "Ubuntu's new Linux sports debugging tool" Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  59. ^ Handler, N April 2011 "Ubuntu 804 reaches end-of-life on 12 May 2011" Retrieved 15 May 2011 
  60. ^ "Ubuntu developer summit Boston" 1 November 2007 Archived from the original on 7 May 2008 Retrieved 2 June 2008 
  61. ^ a b c Pitt, Martin 14 January 2008 "Accepted: ubuntu-meta 187 source" hardy-changes Mailing list Retrieved 21 January 2008 
  62. ^ "Blueprint: "Fix the Linux audio mess once and for all"" Retrieved 19 July 2008 
  63. ^ "Latest Server Release Expands Ubuntu Enterprise Profile" 21 April 2008 Retrieved 5 July 2008 
  64. ^ "Hardy Heron Artwork" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  65. ^ "Download Ubuntu Eee 8041 for your Eee PC" Webtrickz Retrieved 29 October 2008 
  66. ^ Ubuntu Announcements 30 October 2008 "Ubuntu 810 released" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  67. ^ "Milestone ubuntu-810 for Ubuntu due 30 October 2008" Retrieved 28 April 2008 
  68. ^ Langasek, Steve 29 March 2010 "Ubuntu 810 reaches end-of-life on 30 April 2010" ubuntu-security-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  69. ^ "Guest account specification" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 19 August 2008 
  70. ^ Thomas, Keir 31 October 2008 "A User's Look at Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibex" Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  71. ^ "Ubuntu Intrepid Ibex Features" MoPedia 5 September 2008 Archived from the original on 10 March 2012 Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  72. ^ "EncryptedPrivateDirectory" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  73. ^ "IntrepidIbex/TechnicalOverview" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  74. ^ Ubuntu Announcements 23 April 2009 "Ubuntu 904 released" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 23 April 2009 
  75. ^ Robbie Williamson 23 September 2009 "Ubuntu 904 reaches end-of-life on 23 October 2010" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 3 October 2010 
  76. ^ a b "First look: Ubuntu 904 "Jaunty Jackalope" Release Candidate | Hardware 20 | ZDNetcom" Blogszdnetcom 20 April 2009 Retrieved 30 April 2010 
  77. ^ "Introducing the Jaunty Jackalope" Listsubuntucom 11 September 2008 Retrieved 25 May 2012 
  78. ^ "NotifyOSD" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 30 April 2009 
  79. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 28 September 2008 "Introducing the Jaunty Jackalope" ubuntu-devel-announce Mailing list Retrieved 9 September 2008 
  80. ^ "JauntyReleaseSchedule" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 3 March 2009 
  81. ^ Hodgin, Rick 14 April 2009 "Ubuntu 904 due April 23, includes native ARM port" News Organization Retrieved 15 March 2015 
  82. ^ Ubuntu Announcements 29 October 2009 "Ubuntu 910 released" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  83. ^ "KarmicReleaseSchedule" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd Retrieved 3 March 2009 
  84. ^ "Ubuntu reaches end-of-life on April 30, 2011" Retrieved 30 April 2011 
  85. ^ "Introducing the Karmic Koala, our mascot for Ubuntu 910" Listsubuntucom 19 February 2009 Retrieved 25 May 2012 
  86. ^ a b Shuttleworth, Mark February 2009 "Introducing the Karmic Koala, our mascot for Ubuntu 910" ubuntu-devel-announce Mailing list Retrieved 21 February 2009 
  87. ^ Nestor, Marius June 2009 "Ubuntu 910 Alpha 2 Released – The Karmic Koala Chronicles" Retrieved 22 June 2009 
  88. ^ "One Hundred Paper Cuts" Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  89. ^ ""empathy" binary package in Ubuntu Karmic i386" Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  90. ^ "Karmic Koala Alpha 3" Canonical Ltd 29 October 2009 Retrieved 30 April 2010 
  91. ^ "Grub2 - Community Ubuntu Documentation" Helpubuntucom Retrieved 25 May 2012 
  92. ^ Larabel, Michael August 2009 "Canonical Unveils The Ubuntu Software Store" Retrieved 15 August 2009 
  93. ^ Ubuntu Announcements 29 April 2010 "Ubuntu 1004 LTS released" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  94. ^ Paul, Ryan September 2009 "Ubuntu 1004 LTS announced, codenamed Lucid Lynx" Retrieved 24 October 2009 
  95. ^ Marius Nestor 30 April 2015 "Ubuntu 1004 LTS Lucid Lynx Reached End of Life on April 30, 2015" Softpedia Retrieved 1 May 2015 
  96. ^ "Bug #454821 : Bugs : "xserver-xorg-video-nv" package : Ubuntu" Canonical Ltd 2010 Retrieved 24 February 2010 
  97. ^ "Lucid Alpha 2" Canonical Ltd 2010 Retrieved 23 February 2010 
  98. ^ "Publishing history of "plymouth" package in Ubuntu" Canonical Ltd June 2010 Retrieved 29 June 2010 
  99. ^ Paul, Ryan November 2009 "Giving up the GIMP is a sign of Ubuntu's mainstream maturity" Retrieved 1 May 2010 
  100. ^ "Light: Ubuntu is Lightware" ubuntucom Retrieved 4 March 2010 
  101. ^ Paul, Ryan March 2010 "Hands-on: a close look at Ubuntu's new non-brown theme" Retrieved 8 March 2010 
  102. ^ Paul, Ryan March 2010 "Ubuntu dumps the brown, introduces new theme and branding" Retrieved 8 March 2010 
  103. ^ Auza, Jun March 2010 "Ubuntu's New Look, a Pale Imitation of Mac OS X" Retrieved 8 March 2010 
  104. ^ Williamson, Robbie 18 August 2010 "Ubuntu 10041 LTS released" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  105. ^ "Ubuntu 10042 LTS released" 18 February 2011 Retrieved 18 February 2011 
  106. ^ "Ubuntu 10043 Lucid Lynx LTS released!" 21 July 2011 Retrieved 21 July 2011 
  107. ^ "Shooting for the Perfect 1010 with Maverick Meerkat" 2 April 2010 Retrieved 27 August 2010 
  108. ^ Paul, Ryan April 2010 "Ubuntu 1010 to be codenamed Maverick Meerkat" Retrieved 2 April 2010 
  109. ^ "MaverickReleaseSchedule" Ubuntu Team Wiki Canonical Ltd April 2010 Retrieved 6 April 2010 
  110. ^ Robbie Williamson "Ubuntu 1010 Release Announcement" ubuntu-announce Mailing list Retrieved 16 October 2010 
  111. ^ "Article on Ubuntu 1010 Release" Andrew Lyle Retrieved 18 October 2010 
  112. ^ "Shooting for the Perfect 1010 with Maverick Meerkat" Mark Shuttleworth 2 April 2010 Retrieved 8 June 2010 
  113. ^ Mark Shuttleworth 11 May 2010 "ubuntu-marketing: 101010" listsubuntucom Retrieved 4 February 2011 
  114. ^ Paul, Ryan October 2010 "Ubuntu 1010 arrives with impressive new netbook environment" Ars Technica Retrieved 15 October 2010 
  115. ^ "Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkat end-of-life", fridgeubuntucom
  116. ^ Mark Shuttleworth 17 August 2010 "N-imal" Retrieved 17 August 2010 
  117. ^ Paul, Ryan 28 April 2011 "Ubuntu 1104 released, a Natty Narwhal rises from the depths" Ars Technica Retrieved 29 April 2011 
  118. ^ Mark Shuttleworth 25 October 2010 "Ubuntu changes its desktop from GNOME to Unity" Retrieved 26 October 2010 
  119. ^ Paul, Ryan October 2010 "Shuttleworth: Unity shell will be default desktop in Ubuntu 1104" Ars Technica Retrieved 26 October 2010 
  120. ^ Canonical Ltd January 2011 "Publishing history of "libreoffice" package in Ubuntu" Retrieved 20 January 2011 
  121. ^ "LibreOffice for natty, replacing the current OpenOffice packaging" Listsubuntucom Retrieved 21 October 2011 
  122. ^ "Default Applications Listing for 1104" Wikiubuntucom 26 June 2011 Retrieved 21 October 2011 
  123. ^ "Canonical switches to OpenStack for Ubuntu Linux cloud" Zdnetcom 10 May 2011 Retrieved 21 October 2011 
  124. ^ Prickett, Timothy 10 May 2011 "Ubuntu eats OpenStack for clouds" Theregistercouk Retrieved 21 October 2011 
  125. ^ Canonical Ltd December 2010 "Natty Narwhal Alpha 1" Retrieved 3 December 2010 
  126. ^ Paul, Ryan April 2011 "Ubuntu 1104 released, a Natty Narwhal rises from the depths" Ars Technica Retrieved 30 April 2011 
  127. ^ Smith, Jesse May 2011 "A look at Ubuntu 1104" Distrowatch Retrieved 10 May 2011 
  128. ^ Sneddon, Joey 28 October 2012 "Ubuntu 1104 Support Ends Today" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 28 October 2012 
  129. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark March 2011 "Next after Natty" Retrieved 9 September 2011 
  130. ^ "OneiricReleaseSchedule – Ubuntu Wiki" Wikiubuntucom 7 October 2011 Retrieved 21 October 2011 
  131. ^ Andrew 24 August 2011 "Installing / Using Classic GNOME Desktop In Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelot ~ Web Upd8: Ubuntu / Linux blog" Webupd8org Retrieved 4 January 2012 
  132. ^ Mark Shuttleworth "Celebrating Gnome 30" 
  133. ^ « » 16 August 2011 ">> Blog >> Dash takes shape for 1110 Unity" Mark Shuttleworth Retrieved 21 October 2011  CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link
  134. ^ "synaptic removed from ubuntu 1110" June 2011 Retrieved 23 June 2011 
  135. ^ Sneddon, Joey May 2011 "Video editor PiTiVi to be removed as default app in Ubuntu 1110" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 14 May 2011 
  136. ^ Sneddon, Joey May 2011 "App changes for Ubuntu 1110: See ya, Computer Janitor and Hello Deja Dup!" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 14 May 2011 
  137. ^ Sneddon, Joey May 2011 "Thunderbird on track to be default e-mail app in Ubuntu 1110" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 14 May 2011 
  138. ^ Sneddon, Joey August 2011 "Thunderbird Confirmed as Default Mail App For Ubuntu 1110" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 10 August 2011 
  139. ^ Mark Shuttleworth "Next after Natty" 
  140. ^ "PreciseReleaseSchedule – Ubuntu Wiki" Wikiubuntucom Retrieved 26 April 2012 
  141. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark October 2011 "P is for…" Retrieved 5 October 2011 
  142. ^ a b "Ubuntu 1204 to feature extended support period for desktop users" Canonicalcom Retrieved 21 October 2011 
  143. ^ Paul, Ryan 28 May 2012 "Precision and purpose: Ubuntu 1204 and the Unity HUD reviewed" Ars Technica Retrieved 1 November 2012 
  144. ^ Andrei, Alin 15 November 2011 "Expected Changes In Ubuntu 1204 Precise Pangolin" Web Upd8 Retrieved 8 November 2011 
  145. ^ Sneddon, Joey 4 November 2011 "Banshee, Tomboy And Mono Dropped from Ubuntu 1204 CD" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 8 November 2011 
  146. ^ "Window dodge feature in Ubuntu 1204" 
  147. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 24 January 2012 "Introducing the HUD Say hello to the future of the menu" Retrieved 25 January 2012 
  148. ^ Graber, Stéphane "Networking in Ubuntu 1204 LTS - Bonding" Retrieved 16 August 2012 
  149. ^ Kernel team IRC meeting 7 January 2014, Minutes from the Ubuntu Kernel Team meeting, 2014-01-07 Retrieved 27 January 2014
  150. ^ "PrecisePangolin/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki" Wikiubuntucom Retrieved 31 January 2013 
  151. ^ Smith, Jesse 7 May 2012 "Review of Ubuntu 1204" DistroWatch Retrieved 1 November 2013 
  152. ^ Lynch, Jim 9 May 2012 "Ubuntu 1204" Linux Desktop Reviews Retrieved 14 May 2012 
  153. ^ Wallen, Jack 25 June 2012 "Ubuntu Unity: Making the desktop seriously efficient again" TechRepublic Retrieved 1 November 2013 
  154. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 23 April 2012 "Quality has a new name" Retrieved 23 April 2012 
  155. ^ Canonical Ltd 23 April 2012 "Quantal Quetzal Release Schedule" Retrieved 24 April 2012 
  156. ^ Paul, Ryan 25 April 2012 "Theming update planned for Ubuntu 1210, codenamed Quantal Quetzal" Ars Technica Retrieved 30 April 2012 
  157. ^ Sneddon, Joey 12 May 2012 "UDS-Q Summary: Bye-Bye Unity 2D, Hello GNOME-Shell Spin" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 12 May 2012 
  158. ^ "Quantal Quetzal TechnicalOverview Beta1" Ubuntu 
  159. ^ "EnablingPAE - Community Ubuntu Documentation" Helpubuntucom Retrieved 21 October 2012 
  160. ^ Sneddon, Joey 11 July 2012 "New Session Menu Lands in Ubuntu 1210" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 12 July 2012 
  161. ^ Noyes, Katherine 16 July 2012 "Ubuntu Linux 1210 Will Integrate Web Apps into the Desktop | PCWorld Business Center" Pcworldcom Retrieved 20 July 2012 
  162. ^ Sneddon, Joey "Ubuntu 1210 Will Ship With Older Version of Nautilus" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 25 August 2012 
  163. ^ Sneddon, Joey 8 September 2012 "It's Official: The Ubuntu LiveCD is Dead" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 10 September 2012 
  164. ^ "ubuntucd - CD compressed versions of Ubuntu - Google Project Hosting" Codegooglecom Retrieved 21 October 2012 
  165. ^ Sneddon, Joey 21 September 2012 "Online Shopping Feature Arrives in Ubuntu 1210" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 25 September 2012 
  166. ^ Vaughan, Steven J "Shuttleworth defends Ubuntu Linux integrating Amazon" ZDNet Retrieved 25 September 2012 
  167. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 23 September 2012, Amazon search results in the Dash Retrieved 25 September 2012
  168. ^ "Bug #1054776 "Don't include remote searches in the home lens" : Bugs : "unity-lens-shopping" package : Ubuntu" Bugslaunchpadnet 20 September 2012 Retrieved 25 September 2012 
  169. ^ Sneddon, Joey "Mark Shuttleworth Explains Ubuntu's New 'Amazon Suggestions' Feature" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 25 September 2012 
  170. ^ Sneddon, Joey "Ubuntu 1210 Amazon Shopping Results to be Made Optional" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 26 September 2012 
  171. ^ Sneddon, Joey 10 October 2012 "Blogger Claims Ubuntu's New Shopping Lens Breaks EU Law" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 11 October 2012 
  172. ^ Smith, Jesse 29 October 2012 "Ubuntu 1210 Desktop" DistroWatch Retrieved 3 November 2012 
  173. ^ DistroWatch staff 5 November 2012 "DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 481, 5 November 2012" DistroWatch Retrieved 6 November 2012 
  174. ^ Lynch, Jim 5 December 2012 "Ubuntu 1210" Linux Desktop Reviews Retrieved 6 December 2012 
  175. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 17 October 2012 "Not the Runty Raccoon, the Rufflered Rhino or even the Randall Ross" Retrieved 18 October 2012 
  176. ^ "Intention to drop Wubi from 1304 release" Listsubuntucom Retrieved 28 April 2013 
  177. ^ "WUBI To Be Dropped from Ubuntu 1304, Windows Users Lose Out" OMG!Ubuntu Retrieved 9 April 2013 
  178. ^ "Phoronix Ubuntu Looks To Improve Its Windows Installer" Phoronixcom Retrieved 1 November 2012 
  179. ^ "RaringRingtail/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki" Wikiubuntucom 14 March 2013 Retrieved 28 April 2013 
  180. ^ Lynch, Jim 25 April 2013 "Ubuntu 1304" Desktop Linux Reviews Retrieved 28 April 2013 
  181. ^ a b c Paul, Ryan 17 October 2013 "Ubuntu 1310 review: The Linux OS of the future remains a year away" Ars Technica Retrieved 2 November 2013 
  182. ^ Sneddon, Joey 16 May 2013 "Chromium Likely to Replace Firefox As Default Browser in Ubuntu 1310" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 13 August 2013 
  183. ^ Sneddon, Joey 13 August 2013 "Firefox To Remain Default Browser in Ubuntu 1310" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 13 August 2013 
  184. ^ Sneddon, Joey 27 June 2013 "Mir To Ship As Default Display Server in Ubuntu 1310" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 13 August 2013 
  185. ^ Tran, Sam 2 October 2013 "XMir Dropped from Ubuntu 1310 Default Due to 'Technical Difficulties'" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 3 October 2013 
  186. ^ Sneddon, Joey 17 October 2013 "Title of Article" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 18 October 2013 
  187. ^ Lynch, Jim 15 October 2013 "Ubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamander" Linux Desktop Reviews Retrieved 18 October 2013 
  188. ^ Korolov, Maria 9 December 2013 "Ubuntu 1310: The good, the bad and the ugly" Network World Retrieved 3 April 2014 
  189. ^ Powers, Shawn 2 December 2013 "Readers' Choice Awards 2013" Linux Journal Retrieved 9 December 2013 
  190. ^ a b "Ubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamander reaches End of Life on July 17 2014" Listsubuntucom 17 October 2013 Retrieved 18 July 2014 
  191. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 31 October 2011 "Ubuntu on phones, tablets, TV's and smart screens everywhere" 
  192. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon 18 October 2013 "Ubuntu 1404 LTS Named 'Trusty Tahr'" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 19 October 2013 
  193. ^ a b Shuttleworth, Mark 18 October 2013 "Quantal, raring, saucy…" Retrieved 18 October 2013 
  194. ^ a b c d "Ubuntu 1404 LTS Release Schedule" 
  195. ^ Sneddon, Joey 15 November 2013 "Ubuntu Tablet Will be 'Key Focus' During Ubuntu 1404 LTS Cycle" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 15 November 2013 
  196. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon "Ubuntu 1404 Adds Global Menu "Off" Switch" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 30 November 2013 
  197. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon 19 November 2013 "What to Expect in Ubuntu 1404 LTS Next April" Omgubuntucouk Retrieved 30 November 2013 
  198. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon 14 December 2013 "Ubuntu Confirm GNOME Control Centre Fork for 1404" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 14 December 2013 
  199. ^ Sneddon, Joey-Elijah, 19 December 2013, Ubuntu 1404 to Feature SSD TRIM Support By Default, OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 19 December 2013
  200. ^ Sneddon, Joey-Elijah, 18 January 2013, GNOME 310 Will Be Available To Install In Ubuntu 1404 LTS, OMG Ubuntu, retrieved 18 January 2013
  201. ^ Sneddon, Joey 20 February 2014 "Better Late Than Never: Ubuntu To Offer Locally Integrated Menus in 1404" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 24 February 2014 
  202. ^ "Release notes" Retrieved 3 October 2015 For details of the changes applied since 14044, please see the 14045 change summary 
  203. ^ Nestor, Marius "Ubuntu 14045 LTS to Deliver the Kernel & Graphics Stack from Ubuntu 1604 LTS" softpediacom Retrieved 7 July 2016 
  204. ^ Sneddon, Joey 23 April 2014 "How has the Press Reacted to Ubuntu 1404 We Round Up the Reviews" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 23 April 2014 
  205. ^ Lynch, Jim 17 April 2014 "Ubuntu 1404 LTS" Linux Desktop Reviews Retrieved 22 April 2014 
  206. ^ Wallin, Jack 18 April 2014 "Ubuntu 1404 wows through subtlety" Tech Republic Retrieved 23 April 2014 
  207. ^ Relph-Knight, Terry 17 April 2014 "Ubuntu 1404 LTS Trusty Tahr review: Solid and stable, but no big changes" ZDNet Retrieved 23 April 2014 
  208. ^ Gilbertson, Scott 23 April 2014 "Ubuntu 1404 review: Missing the boat on big changes" Ars Technica Retrieved 23 April 2014 
  209. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 23 April 2014 "U talking to me" Retrieved 23 April 2014 
  210. ^ a b "Utopic Unicorn Schedule" wikiubuntucom Retrieved 10 June 2014 
  211. ^ "UtopicUnicorn/ReleaseNotes" wikiubuntucom Retrieved 20 October 2014 
  212. ^ Wong, Anthony 23 October 2014 "Ubuntu 1410 Release Notes" Retrieved 25 October 2014 
  213. ^ Sneddon, Joey 23 October 2014 "Ubuntu 1410 Released, Ready to Download Now" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 24 October 2014 
  214. ^ Larabel, Michael 23 October 2014 "Ubuntu 1410 Officially Released" Phoronix Retrieved 24 October 2014 
  215. ^ Gilbertson, Scott 24 October 2014 "Ubuntu's shiny 10th birthday Unicorn: An upgrade fantasy" The Register Retrieved 25 October 2014 
  216. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 20 October 2014 "V is for Vivid" Retrieved 20 October 2014 
  217. ^ Sneddon, Joey "This is the name of Ubuntu 1504 — And It's Not Velociraptor" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 20 October 2014 
  218. ^ a b Sneddon, Joey "Ubuntu 1504 Gets Tentative Release Date of April 23, 2015" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 18 November 2014 
  219. ^ Canonical Ltd 5 December 2014 "Vivid Vervet Release Schedule" Retrieved 19 December 2014 
  220. ^ "Ubuntu Cloud Switches Over To Using Systemd By Default" phoronixcom Retrieved 27 April 2015 
  221. ^ Andrei, Alin 27 March 2015 "Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervet Final Beta Available For Download" webupd8 Retrieved 27 March 2015 
  222. ^ Stahie, Silviu 2 April 2015 "See What's New in Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervet" Softpedia Retrieved 15 April 2015 
  223. ^ "Ubuntu 1504 Offers Faster OpenGL For AMD Radeon GPUs On Open-Source" phoronixcom Retrieved 27 April 2015 
  224. ^ Sneddon, Joey 23 April 2015 "Ubuntu 1504 Released, This Is What's New" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 23 April 2015 
  225. ^ Smith, Jesse 27 April 2015 "First impressions of Ubuntu 1504" DistroWatch Retrieved 28 April 2015 
  226. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 4 May 2015 "Announcing the "wily werewolf"" Retrieved 4 May 2015 
  227. ^ "Ubuntu 1504 Makes a 'Snappy' Entrance" eweekcom Retrieved 4 May 2015 
  228. ^ Heath, Nick 11 October 2013 "Mark Shuttleworth on how the Ubuntu Edge dream lives on in the iPhone" ZDNet Retrieved 23 October 2014 
  229. ^ a b "WilyWerewolf/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki" ubuntucom Retrieved 24 May 2015 
  230. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon "Ubuntu 1510 Ditches Unity Overlay Scrollbars" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 23 August 2015 
  231. ^ Jones, Chris 22 October 2015 "Ubuntu 1510, Codenamed Wily Werewolf, Review" Unix Men Retrieved 22 October 2015 
  232. ^ Sneddon, Joey 22 October 2015 "Ubuntu 1510 Available to Download, This Is What's New" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 22 October 2015 
  233. ^ Steven J Vaughan-Nichols "The Wily Werewolf, Ubuntu 1510, is unleashed" ZDNet Retrieved 24 October 2015 
  234. ^ "Ubuntu 1510 Review: Less Exciting & Largely Unchanged" Hectic Geek Retrieved 3 November 2015 
  235. ^ "Ubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolf review - Fast and spurious" dedoimedocom Retrieved 3 November 2015 
  236. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 21 October 2015 "Mark Shuttleworth  » Blog Archive  » X marks the spot" markshuttleworthcom Retrieved 21 October 2015 
  237. ^ a b c "Canonical unveils 6th LTS release of Ubuntu with 1604" Ubuntu Insights 20 April 2016 Retrieved 21 April 2016 
  238. ^ Silviu Stahie 4 May 2015 "Ubuntu 1604 LTS Won't Have Unity 8 by Default, the Community Will Decide" Softpedia Retrieved 5 May 2015 
  239. ^ Canonical "LXD" ubuntucom Retrieved 22 April 2016 
  240. ^ "LXD an "hypervisor" for containers based on liblxc" Retrieved 8 November 2014 
  241. ^ Silviu Stahie 5 November 2015 "Ubuntu 1604 LTS with Unity 7 to Support Snappy Packages" Softpedia Retrieved 15 December 2015 
  242. ^ "Mark Shuttleworth » Blog Archive » Losing graciously" Retrieved 30 October 2014 
  243. ^ "Phoronix Ubuntu Systemd Plans: Will Be Default By Ubuntu 1604 LTS" Retrieved 19 December 2014 
  244. ^ a b "XenialXerus/ReleaseSchedule - Ubuntu Wiki" ubuntucom Retrieved 23 October 2015 
  245. ^ Sam Tran "Ubuntu Software Centre To Be Replaced in 1604 LTS" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 4 November 2015 
  246. ^ Silviu Stahie 5 November 2015 "Ubuntu 1604 LTS to Drop Ubuntu Software Center for GNOME Software" Softpedia Retrieved 5 November 2015 
  247. ^ a b Jack Wallen "Ubuntu 1604: Something to Get Excited About" Linuxcom - The source for Linux information Retrieved 22 April 2016 
  248. ^ "Bug #1054776 "Don't include remote searches in the home lens" : Bugs : unity-lens-shopping package : Ubuntu" launchpadnet Retrieved 17 December 2015 
  249. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon "Ubuntu 'Spyware' Will Be Disabled In Ubuntu 1604 LTS" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 15 January 2016 
  250. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon "Why AMD GPU Users May Want to Avoid Ubuntu 1604 LTS" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 16 March 2016 
  251. ^ Larabel, Michael 21 July 2016 "Ubuntu 16041 LTS Released" Phoronix Retrieved 21 July 2016 
  252. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 21 April 2016 "Mark Shuttleworth  » Blog Archive  » Y is for…" markshuttleworthcom Retrieved 22 April 2016 
  253. ^ a b "YakketyYak Release Notes" 22 April 2016 Retrieved 22 April 2016 
  254. ^ Bouvier, Scott 9 May 2016 "What To Expect from Unity 7 in Ubuntu 1610" OMG Ubuntu Retrieved 9 May 2016 
  255. ^ a b "YakketyYak/ReleaseNotes - Ubuntu Wiki" Retrieved 6 October 2016 
  256. ^ "Ubuntu 1610 Released, Ready to Download Now" omgubuntucouk 13 October 2016 Retrieved 16 October 2016 
  257. ^ Nestor, Marius "Ubuntu 1610 Yakkety Yak Launches Officially with Linux Kernel 48, Download Now" softpediacom Retrieved 16 October 2016 
  258. ^ http://wwwmakeuseofcom/tag/reasons-ubuntu-16-10-yakkety-yak-worth-look/
  259. ^ Shuttleworth, Mark 17 October 2016 "The mouse that jumped" markshuttleworthcom Retrieved 17 October 2016 
  260. ^ "Precise Release Schedule" wikiubuntucom Retrieved 21 October 2011 
  261. ^ "LTS Enablement Stacks" Retrieved 10 February 2014 
  262. ^ "Date of EOL changed to overlap Ubuntu 1404 release" Retrieved 13 May 2014 
  263. ^ "Ubuntu Kernel Team - Quantal Release Status" Retrieved 3 October 2012 
  264. ^ "Ubuntu Kernel Team - Raring Release Status" Retrieved 12 January 2013 
  265. ^ "Saucy Release Schedule" wikiubuntucom Retrieved 3 May 2013 
  266. ^ "Ubuntu 1410 Utopic Unicorn reaches End of Life on July 23, 2015" listsubuntucom Retrieved 6 July 2015 
  267. ^ "Ubuntu 1410 Utopic Unicorn Now Based on Linux Kernel 316", 22 July 2014, Silviu Stahie
  268. ^ "Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervet reaches End of Life on February 4 2016" listsubuntucom Retrieved 23 January 2016 
  269. ^ Stahie, Silviu 8 April 2015 "Ubuntu 1504 Launches in Two Weeks, Will Be Based on Linux Kernel 3193 After All" Softpedia Retrieved 8 April 2015 
  270. ^ "Ubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolf reaches End of Life on July 28 2016" listsubuntucom Retrieved 17 July 2016 
  271. ^ Marius Nestor 14 July 2015 "Ubuntu 1510 Is Rebased on Linux Kernel 42, Tracking of Linux Kernel 42 Continues" Softpedia Retrieved 15 July 2015 
  272. ^ Nestor, Marius "Ubuntu 1604 LTS Xenial Xerus Updates to Linux Kernel 433, Tracks Linux 44 RC5" Softpedia Retrieved 9 January 2016 
  273. ^ "Zesty Release Schedule" wikiubuntucom Retrieved 16 Dec 2016 
  274. ^ "Ubuntu 1704 Now Powered by Linux Kernel 49 and Mesa 130, to Track Linux 410" Softpedia 23 December 2016 Retrieved 15 January 2017 
  275. ^ Moffitt, Nick 31 May 2007 "Old packages from unsupported Ubuntu releases will be removed from archiveubuntucom" ubuntu-mirrors-announce Mailing list Retrieved 1 December 2008 
  276. ^ "Ubuntu Releases" Ubuntu Retrieved 11 August 2008 
  277. ^ "Old Ubuntu Releases" Old-releasesubuntucom Retrieved 17 July 2013 

External linksedit

  • Ubuntu Releases website

ubuntu history command, ubuntu history file, ubuntu version history, ubuntu version history google, ubuntu version history hello, ubuntu version history in excel, ubuntu version history minecraft, ubuntu version history of microsoft, ubuntu version history of ms office, ubuntu version history page


Ubuntu version history Information about

Ubuntu version history


  • user icon

    Ubuntu version history beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


Ubuntu version history
Ubuntu version history
Ubuntu version history viewing the topic.
Ubuntu version history what, Ubuntu version history who, Ubuntu version history explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

Book

Book

A book is a set of written, printed, illustrated, or blank sheets, made of ink, paper, parchment, or...
Boston Renegades

Boston Renegades

Boston Renegades was an American women’s soccer team, founded in 2003 The team was a member of the U...
Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement

Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement

Sa Caleta Phoenician Settlement can be found on a rocky headland about 10 kilometers west of Ibiza T...
Bodybuilding.com

Bodybuilding.com

Bodybuildingcom is an American online retailer based in Boise, Idaho, specializing in dietary supple...