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Ubuntu version history

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Ubuntu releases are made semiannually by Canonical Ltd, the developers of the Ubuntu operating system, using the year and month of the release as a version number The first Ubuntu release, for example, was Ubuntu 410 and was released on 20 October 200412 Consequently, version numbers for future versions are provisional; if the release is delayed until a different month or even year to that planned, the version number will change accordingly3

Ubuntu releases are timed to be approximately one month after GNOME releases, which are in turn about one month after releases of XOrg, resulting in each Ubuntu release including a newer version of GNOME and X456

Every fourth release, in the second quarter of even-numbered years, has been designated as a Long Term Support LTS release, indicating that they are supported and receive updates for five years, with paid technical support also available from Canonical Ltd However the desktop version of LTS releases before 1204 were supported for only three years Releases 606, 804, 1004, 1204, 1404, and 1604 are the LTS releases7 Non-LTS releases prior to 1304 have typically been supported for 18 months, and have always been supported until at least the date of the next LTS release This has changed, however, for 1304 and subsequent non-LTS releases, with the support period being halved to 9 months8


  • 1 Naming convention
  • 2 Release history
    • 21 Ubuntu 410 Warty Warthog
    • 22 Ubuntu 504 Hoary Hedgehog
    • 23 Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badger
    • 24 Ubuntu 606 LTS Dapper Drake
    • 25 Ubuntu 610 Edgy Eft
    • 26 Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawn
    • 27 Ubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbon
    • 28 Ubuntu 804 LTS Hardy Heron
    • 29 Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibex
    • 210 Ubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalope
    • 211 Ubuntu 910 Karmic Koala
    • 212 Ubuntu 1004 LTS Lucid Lynx
    • 213 Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkat
    • 214 Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal
    • 215 Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelot
    • 216 Ubuntu 1204 LTS Precise Pangolin
    • 217 Ubuntu 1210 Quantal Quetzal
    • 218 Ubuntu 1304 Raring Ringtail
    • 219 Ubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamander
    • 220 Ubuntu 1404 LTS Trusty Tahr
    • 221 Ubuntu 1410 Utopic Unicorn
    • 222 Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervet
    • 223 Ubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolf
    • 224 Ubuntu 1604 LTS Xenial Xerus
    • 225 Ubuntu 1610 Yakkety Yak
    • 226 Ubuntu 1704 Zesty Zapus
  • 3 Table of versions
  • 4 Version timeline
  • 5 Version end of life
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Naming conventionedit

Ubuntu releases are also given code names, using an adjective and an animal with the same first letter eg Dapper Drake With the exception of the first two releases, code names are in alphabetical order, allowing a quick determination of which release is newer Names are occasionally chosen so that animal appearance or habits reflects some new feature eg, "Koala's favourite leaf is Eucalyptus"; see below Ubuntu releases are often referred to using only the adjective portion of the code name eg Feisty9

Release historyedit

Ubuntu 410 Warty Warthogedit

Ubuntu 410 Warty Warthog

Ubuntu 410 Warty Warthog, released on 20 October 2004, was Canonical's first release of Ubuntu, building upon Debian, with plans for a new release every six months and eighteen months of support thereafter2 Ubuntu 410's support ended on 30 April 200610 Ubuntu 410 was offered as a free download and, through Canonical's ShipIt11 service, was also mailed to users free of charge in CD format12

Ubuntu 504 Hoary Hedgehogedit

Ubuntu 504 Hoary Hedgehog

Ubuntu 504 Hoary Hedgehog, released on 8 April 2005,1314 was Canonical's second release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 504's support ended on 31 October 200615 Ubuntu 504 added many new features including an update manager,16 upgrade notifier, readahead and grepmap, suspend, hibernate and standby support, dynamic frequency scaling for processors, ubuntu hardware database, Kickstart installation, and APT authentication1718 Ubuntu 504 allowed installation from USB devices Beginning with Ubuntu 504, UTF-8 became the default character encoding19

Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badgeredit

Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badger

Ubuntu 510 Breezy Badger, released on 12 October 2005,2021 was Canonical's third release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 510's support ended on 13 April 200722 Ubuntu 510 added several new features including a graphical bootloader Usplash, an Add/Remove Applications tool,23 a menu editor Alacarte, an easy language selector, logical volume management support, full Hewlett-Packard printer support, OEM installer support, a new Ubuntu logo in the top-left, and Launchpad integration for bug reporting and software development24

Ubuntu 606 LTS Dapper Drakeedit

Ubuntu 606 Dapper Drake

Ubuntu 606 Dapper Drake, released on 1 June 2006,252627 was Canonical's fourth release, and the first long-term support LTS release Ubuntu 606 was released behind schedule, having been intended as 604 It is sometimes jokingly described as their first 'Late To Ship' LTS release28 Development was not complete in April 2006 and Mark Shuttleworth approved slipping the release date to June, making it 606 instead29

Ubuntu 606's support ended on 14 July 2009 for desktops and ended in June 2011 for servers30 Ubuntu 606 included several new features, including having the Live CD and Install CD merged onto one disc,31 a graphical installer on Live CD Ubiquity, Usplash on shutdown as well as startup, a network manager for easy switching of multiple wired and wireless connections, Humanlooks theme implemented using Tango guidelines, based on Clearlooks and featuring orange colors instead of brown, and GDebi graphical installer for package files3233 Ubuntu 606 did not include a means to install from a USB device, but did for the first time allow installation directly onto removable USB devices

Ubuntu 610 Edgy Eftedit

Ubuntu 610 Edgy Eft

Ubuntu 610 Edgy Eft, released on 26 October 2006,343536 was Canonical's fifth release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 610's support ended on 25 April 20083738 Ubuntu 610 added several new features including a heavily modified Human theme, Upstart init daemon, automated crash reports Apport, Tomboy note taking application, and F-Spot photo manager EasyUbuntu, a third party program designed to make Ubuntu easier to use, was included in Ubuntu 610 as a meta-package39

Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawnedit

Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawn

Ubuntu 704 Feisty Fawn, released on 19 April 2007,404142 was Canonical's sixth release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 704's support ended on 19 October 200843 Ubuntu 704 included several new features, among them a migration assistant to help former Microsoft Windows users transition to Ubuntu, support for Kernel-based Virtual Machine, assisted codec and restricted drivers installation including Adobe Flash, Java, MP3 support, easier installation of Nvidia and ATI drivers, Compiz desktop effects, support for Wi-Fi Protected Access, the addition of Sudoku and chess, a disk usage analyzer baobab, GNOME Control Center, and Zeroconf support for many devices1744 Ubuntu 704 dropped support for PowerPC architecture

Ubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbonedit

Ubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbon

Ubuntu 710 Gutsy Gibbon, released on 18 October 2007,454647 was Canonical's seventh release of Ubuntu Ubuntu 710's support ended on 18 April 20094849 Ubuntu 710 included several new features, among them AppArmor security framework,50 fast desktop search,51 a Firefox plug-in manager Ubufox,52 a graphical configuration tool for XOrg, full NTFS support read/write via NTFS-3G, and a revamped printing system with PDF printing by default52 Compiz Fusion was enabled as default in Ubuntu 71053 and Fast user switching was added51

Ubuntu 804 LTS Hardy Heronedit

Ubuntu 804 Hardy Heron

Ubuntu 804 Hardy Heron, released on 24 April 2008,545556 was Canonical's eighth release of Ubuntu and the second Long Term Support LTS release5758 Ubuntu 804's support ended on 12 May 2011 for desktops59 and ended in April 2013 for servers Ubuntu 804 included several new features, among them Tracker desktop search integration,60 Brasero disk burner,61 Transmission BitTorrent client,61 Vinagre VNC client,61 system sound through PulseAudio,62 and Active Directory authentication and login using Likewise Open63 In addition Ubuntu 804 included updates for better Tango compliance,64 various Compiz usability improvements, automatic grabbing and releasing of the mouse cursor when running on a VMware virtual machine, and an easier method to remove Ubuntu Ubuntu 804 was the first version of Ubuntu to include the Wubi installer on the Live CD that allows Ubuntu to be installed as a single file on a Windows hard drive without the need to repartition the disk The first version of the Ubuntu Netbook Remix was also introduced65 Support for Ubuntu Hardy Heron was officially ended on 9 May 2013

Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibexedit

Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibex The default wallpaper depicts an Ibex, with its large curved horns

Ubuntu 810 Intrepid Ibex, released on 30 October 2008,6667 was Canonical's ninth release of Ubuntu Support ended on 30 April 201068 Ubuntu 810 introduced several new features including improvements to mobile computing and desktop scalability, increased flexibility for Internet connectivity, an Ubuntu Live USB creator and a guest account,69 which allowed others to use a computer allowing very limited user rights eg accessing the Internet, using software and checking e-mail70 The guest account had its own home folder and nothing done on it was stored permanently on the computer's hard disk71 Intrepid Ibex also included an encrypted private directory for users,72 the inclusion of Dynamic Kernel Module Support, a tool that allows kernel drivers to be automatically rebuilt when new kernels are released and support for creating USB flash drive images1773

Ubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalopeedit

Ubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalope

Ubuntu 904 Jaunty Jackalope, released on 23 April 2009,74 was Canonical's tenth release of Ubuntu Support ended on 23 October 201075 New features included faster boot time,76 integration of web services and applications into the desktop interface Because of that, they named it after mythical animal Jackalope77 It was the first release named after a mythical animal, the second being Utopic Unicorn It had a new usplash screen, a new login screen and also support for both Wacom hotplugging and netbooks76 It also included a new notification system, Notify OSD,78 and themes It marked the first time that all of Ubuntu's core development moved to the Bazaar distributed revision control system7980

Ubuntu 904 was the first version to support the ARM architecture with native support for ARMv5EL and ARMv6EL-VFP81

Ubuntu 910 Karmic Koalaedit

Ubuntu 910 Karmic Koala

Ubuntu 910 Karmic Koala, released on 29 October 2009,82 was Canonical's 11th release of Ubuntu It was supported until April 20118384

In an announcement to the community on 20 February 2009, Mark Shuttleworth explained that 910 would focus on improvements in cloud computing on the server using Eucalyptus, saying "a Koala's favourite leaf is Eucalyptus",85 as well as further improvements in boot speed and development of the Netbook Remix86

The initial announcement of version 910 indicated that this release might include a new theme, however the project was moved forward to 1004,8687 and only minor revisions were made to the default theme Other graphical improvements included a new set of boot up and shutdown splash screens, a new login screen that transitions seamlessly into the desktop and greatly improved performance on Intel graphics chipsets

In June 2009, Canonical created the One Hundred Paper Cuts project, focusing developers to fix minor usability issues A "paper cut" was defined as, "a trivially fixable usability bug that the average user would encounter on his/her first day of using a brand new installation of the latest version of Ubuntu Desktop Edition"88

The desktop installation of Ubuntu 910 replaced Pidgin with Empathy Instant Messenger as its default instant messaging client89 The default filesystem is ext4, and the Ubuntu One client, which interfaces with Canonical's new online storage system, is installed by default90 It introduced Grub 2 beta as default bootloader91 It also debuted a new application called the Ubuntu Software Center that unifies package management Canonical stated their intention for this application to replace Add/Remove Programs gnome-app-install in 910 and possibly Synaptic, Software Sources, Gdebi and Update Manager in Ubuntu 100492 Karmic Koala also includes a slideshow during the installation process through ubiquity-slideshow that highlights applications and features in Ubuntu

Ubuntu 1004 LTS Lucid Lynxedit

Ubuntu 1004 Lucid Lynx

Shuttleworth first announced Ubuntu 1004 Lucid Lynx9 on 19 September 2009 at the Atlanta Linux Fest; Canonical released it on 29 April 20109394 It is Canonical's 12th release of Ubuntu and the third Long Term Support LTS release Canonical provided support for the desktop version of Ubuntu 1004 until 9 May 2013 and the server version until 30 April 201595

The new release includes, among other things, improved support for Nvidia proprietary graphics drivers, while switching to the open source Nvidia graphics driver, Nouveau, by default Plymouth was also introduced allowing boot animations969798

GIMP was removed from the Lucid installation CD due to its professional-grade complexity and its file size F-Spot provides normal user-level graphics-editing capabilities and GIMP remains available for download in the repositories99

The distribution emphasizes the new importance of web services and social networking with integrated interfaces for posting to sites like Facebook and Twitter, complementing the IM and email integration already in Ubuntu

On 4 March 2010, it was announced that Lucid Lynx would feature a new theme, including new logos, taking Ubuntu's new visual style100 into account:

The new style in Ubuntu is inspired by the idea of "Light"

We're drawn to Light because it denotes both warmth and clarity, and intrigued by the idea that "light" is a good value in software Good software is "light" in the sense that it uses your resources efficiently, runs quickly, and can easily be reshaped as needed Ubuntu represents a break with the bloatware of proprietary operating systems and an opportunity to delight to those who use computers for work and play More and more of our communications are powered by light, and in future, our processing power will depend on our ability to work with light, too

Visually, light is beautiful, light is ethereal, light brings clarity and comfort

Historical perspective: From 2004–2010, the theme in Ubuntu was "Human" Our tagline was "Linux for Human Beings" and we used a palette reflective of the full range of humanity Our focus as a project was bringing Linux from the data center into the lives of our friends and global family

Critical responses to the new theme have been mixed Ars Technica's Ryan Paul said "The new themes and updated color palette are nice improvement for Ubuntu After testing the new theme for several hours, I feel like it's a step forward, but it still falls a bit short of my expectations" Paul also noted that the most controversial aspect of the new design amongst users has been the placement of the window control buttons on the left instead of the right side of the windows101102 TechSource's Jun Auza expressed concern that the new theme is too close to that used by Apple's Mac OS X: "I think Ubuntu is having an identity crisis right now and should seriously consider changing several things in terms of look and feel to avoid being branded as a Mac OS X rip-off, or worse, get sued by Apple" Auza also summarized Ubuntu user feedback: "I believe the fans are divided right now Some have learned to love the brown color scheme since it uniquely represents Ubuntu, while others wanted change"103

The first point release, 10041, was made available on 17 August 2010,104 and the second update, 10042, was released on 17 February 2011105 The third update, 10043, was released on 21 July 2011,106 and the fourth and final update, 10044, was released on 16 February 2012

Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkatedit

Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkat

The naming of Ubuntu 1010 Maverick Meerkat was announced by Mark Shuttleworth on 2 April 2010, along with the release's goals of improving the netbook experience and a server focus on hybrid cloud computing Ubuntu 1010 was released on 10 October 2010 101010 at around 10:10 UTC107108109110111 This is a departure from the traditional schedule of releasing at the end of October to get "the perfect 10",112 and a playful reference to The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, since, in binary, 101010 is equal to the number 42, the "Answer to the Ultimate Question of Life, the Universe and Everything" within the series113 It was Canonical's 13th release of Ubuntu New features included the new Unity interface for the Netbook Edition, a new default photo manager, Shotwell, replacing F-Spot, the ability to purchase applications in the Software Center, and an official Ubuntu font used by default114 Support for Ubuntu Maverick Meerkat 1010 was officially ended on 10 April 2012115

Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhaledit

Ubuntu 1104 Desktop Natty Narwhal using Unity

The naming of Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal was announced on 17 August 2010 by Mark Shuttleworth116 Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal was released on 28 April 2011117 It is Canonical's 14th release of Ubuntu

Ubuntu 1104 used the Unity user interface instead of GNOME Shell as default The move to Unity was controversial as some GNOME developers feared it would fracture the community and marginalize GNOME Shell118119 The GNOME desktop environment is still available in Ubuntu 1104 under the title Ubuntu Classic as a fallback to Unity

Ubuntu 1104 employed Banshee as the default music player, replacing Rhythmbox Other new applications included Mozilla Firefox 4 and LibreOffice, which replaced OpenOfficeorg120121122 The OpenStack cloud computing platform was added in this release123124

Starting with Ubuntu 1104, the Ubuntu Netbook Edition was merged into the desktop edition125

In reviewing Ubuntu 1104 upon its stable release, Ryan Paul of Ars Technica said "There is a lot to like in Ubuntu 1104, but also a lot of room for improvement" Jesse Smith of Distrowatch said "I'm of the opinion there are good features in this release, but 1104 definitely suffered from being rushed out the door while it was still beta quality Ubuntu aims to be novice-friendly, but this release is buggy and I think they missed the mark this time around I'm limiting my recommendation of 1104 to people who want to play with an early release of Unity"126127 Support for Ubuntu 1104 officially ended on 28 October 2012128

Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelotedit

Ubuntu 1110 final release 13 October 2011 running Unity 4220

The naming of Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelot was announced on 7 March 2011 by Mark Shuttleworth He explained that Oneiric means "dreamy"129 Ubuntu 1110 was released on schedule on 13 October 2011 and is Canonical's 15th release of Ubuntu130

In April 2011 Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1110 would not include the classic GNOME desktop as a fall back to Unity, unlike Ubuntu 1104 Natty Narwhal Instead, 1110 included a 2D version of Unity as a fallback for computers that lacked the hardware resources for the Compiz-based 3D version However, the classic GNOME desktop remained available in Ubuntu 1110 through a package in the Ubuntu repositories131 Shuttleworth also confirmed that Unity in Ubuntu 1110 would run as a shell for GNOME 3 on top of GNOME 3 libraries, unlike in Ubuntu 1104 where it ran as a shell for GNOME 2 Moreover, users were able to install the entire GNOME 3 stack along with GNOME Shell directly from the Ubuntu repositories; to be presented with a "GNOME 3 desktop" choice at login132 During the development cycle there were many changes to Unity, including the placement of the Ubuntu button on the Launcher instead of on the Panel, the autohiding of the window controls and the global menu of maximized windows, the introduction of more transparency into the Dash and the Panel when the Dash was opened and the introduction of window controls for the Dash133

In May 2011, it was announced that PiTiVi would be no longer part of the Ubuntu ISO, starting with Ubuntu 1110 Oneiric Ocelot The reasons given for removing it included poor user reception, lack of fit with the default user-case for Ubuntu, lack of polish and the application's lack of development maturity PiTiVi will not be replaced on the ISO with another video editor Other changes include removing Computer Janitor, as it caused broken systems for users, and the removal of the Synaptic package manager, which can optionally be installed via the Ubuntu Software Center Déjà Dup has been added as Ubuntu's backup program134 Mozilla Thunderbird has replaced the Evolution email client All removed applications will remain available to users for installation from the Ubuntu Software Center and repositories135136137138 Support for Ubuntu Oneiric Ocelot was officially ended on 9 May 2013

Ubuntu 1204 LTS Precise Pangolinedit

Ubuntu 1204 LTS desktop

Ubuntu 1204 LTS Precise Pangolin is Canonical's sixteenth release of Ubuntu and its fourth Long Term Support LTS release, made available on schedule on 26 April 2012139140 It is named after the pangolin anteater141 Previous LTS releases have been supported for three years for the desktop version and five years for the server version; this release will be supported for five years for both versions142143

Changes in this release include a much faster startup time for the Ubuntu Software Center and refinements to Unity This release also replaced the Banshee media player with Rhythmbox as the default media player and dropped the Tomboy note-taking application and the supporting Mono framework as well144145 Also, the window dodge feature has been removed from the Unity launcher starting with Ubuntu 1204146

Ubuntu 1204 incorporated a new head-up display HUD feature that allows hotkey searching for application menu items from the keyboard, without needing the mouse Shuttleworth said that the HUD "will ultimately replace menus in Unity applications" but for Ubuntu 1204 at least the menus will remain147

Ubuntu 1204 is the first Ubuntu release shipped with IPv6 privacy extensions turned on by default Ubuntu 1110 already supported IPv6 on the desktop and in the installer stateless address autoconfiguration SLAAC, stateless DHCPv6 and stateful DHCPv6148

Like other LTS releases, 1204 will include point releases that bundle updates to shorten downloads for users installing the release later in its lifecycle The point releases and dates are: 12041 23 August 2012, 12042 14 February 2013, 12043 scheduled for release on 22 August 2013, but actually released on 23 August 2013 and 12044 6 February 2014149 While the most recent point release was 12045, released on 7 August 2014150

Jesse Smith of DistroWatch said that many people, like he, had questioned Ubuntu's direction, including Unity But with Ubuntu 1204 he felt that the puzzle pieces, which individually may have been underwhelming, had come together to form a whole, clear picture He said "Unity, though a step away from the traditional desktop, has several features which make it attractive, such as reducing mouse travel The HUD means that newcomers can find application functionality with a quick search and more advanced users can use the HUD to quickly run menu commands from the keyboard" He wrote that Unity had grown to maturity, while indicating that he was bothered by its lack of flexibility He did notice issues, however, especially that the HUD did not work in LibreOffice and performance in a virtual machine was unsatisfactory He concluded that Ubuntu's overall experience was "head and shoulders above anything else in the Linux ecosystem"151

Jim Lynch wrote "Ubuntu 1204 is definitely worth an upgrade if you’re running an earlier version Unity is finally coming into its own in this release, plus there are other enhancements that make upgrading worthwhile Ubuntu is getting better and better with each release I was one of the Unity skeptics initially, but I’ve come to accept it as part of Ubuntu"152

Jack Wallen of TechRepublic – who had strongly criticized early versions of Unity – said "Since Ubuntu 1204 was released, and I migrated over from Linux Mint, I’m working much more efficiently This isn’t really so much a surprise to me, but to many of the detractors who assume Unity a very unproductive desktop well, I can officially say they are wrong I realize that many people out there have spurned Unity I was one of them for a long time, but the more I use it, the more I realize that Canonical really did their homework on how to help end users more efficiently interact with their computers Change is hard – period For many, the idea of change is such a painful notion they wind up missing out on some incredible advancements Unity is one such advancement"153

Ubuntu 1210 Quantal Quetzaledit

Ubuntu 1210's default desktop

On 23 April 2012 Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1210 would be named Quantal Quetzal As this will be the first of a series of three releases before the next LTS release, Shuttleworth indicated that it will include a refreshed look, with work to be done on typography and iconography The release takes its name from the quetzal, a species of Central American birds154 Ubuntu 1210 was released on schedule on 18 October 2012 and is Canonical's seventeenth release of the operating system155

Ryan Paul, writing for Ars Technica, said in April 2012 when the name was announced "A Quetzal is a colorful bird that is common to Central America The most well-known variety, the resplendent quetzal, is known for its beauty The name is a good fit for Ubuntu, which aims to soar in the cloud, offer visual appeal without compromising function, and avoid smacking into closed windows"156

The Ubuntu Developer Summit held in May 2012 set the priorities for this release They are forecast to include an improved boot up sequence and log-in screen, dropping Unity 2D in favor of lower hardware requirements for Unity 3D, wrap around dialogs and toolbars for the HUD and a "vanilla" version of Gnome-Shell as an option The release would likely include GNOME 36, Python 3 and the 35 Linux kernel157 It would ship with Python 3 in the image, but with Python 2 available in the repositories, via the "python" package158 The kernel will have the PAE switched on by default159

In July 2012, development versions of Ubuntu 1210 received a new combined user, session and system menu160 This release also included Ubuntu Web Apps, a means of running web applications directly from the desktop, without having to open a browser161 It would use Nautilus 34 as its file manager, in place of the 35 and newer versions, to retain features deleted from later versions162

In September 2012, Canonical’s Kate Stewart announced that the Ubuntu 1210 image would not fit on a compact disc, saying "There is no longer a traditional CD sized image, DVD or alternate image, but rather a single 800MB Ubuntu image that can be used from USB or DVD"163 However, a third-party project has created a version of Ubuntu 1210 that fits on a CD It uses LZMA2 compression instead of the DEFLATE compression used on the official Ubuntu DVD image164

Also in late September 2012, it was announced that the version of Unity to be shipped with Ubuntu 1210 would by default include searches of Amazoncom for searched terms This move caused immediate controversy among Ubuntu users, particularly with regard to privacy issues, and caused Mark Shuttleworth to issue a statement indicating that this feature is not adware and labelled many of the objections "FUD" Fear, uncertainty and doubt Shuttleworth stated "What we have in 1210 isn’t the full experience, so those who leap to judgement are at maximum risk of having to eat their words later Chill out If the first cut doesn’t work for you, remove it, or just search the specific scope you want there are hotkeys for all the local scopes" Regardless, users filed a Launchpad bug report on the feature requesting that it be made a separate lens and not included with general desktop searches for files, directories and applications The degree of community push-back on the issue resulted in plans by the developers to make the dash and where it searches user-configurable via a GUI-setting dialogue Despite concerns that the setting dialogue would not make the final version of Ubuntu 1210, it was completed and is present in the final version of 1210165166167168169170

In the week prior to the stable release of Ubuntu 1210 data-privacy advocate Luís de Sousa indicated that the inclusion of the shopping lens, installed without explicit permission of the user, violates European Directive 95/46/EC on data privacy That directive requires that the "data subject has unambiguously given his consent" in situations where personal identifying information is sent171

In reviewing Ubuntu 1210 at the end of October 2012 for DistroWatch, Jesse Smith raised concerns about the Amazon shopping lens, saying, "it has raised a number of privacy concerns in the community and, looking over Ubuntu's legal notice about privacy does not provide any reassurance The notice informs us Canonical reserves the right to share our keystrokes, search terms and IP address with a number of third parties, including Facebook, Twitter, Amazon and the BBC This feature is enabled by default, but can be turned off through the distribution's settings panel" He also found that the dash provided very slow performance and that the release was "practically unusable in the VirtualBox environment" He summed up his experiences, "After a day and a half of using Ubuntu 1210 it was an internal struggle not to wipe my hard drive and just find another distribution to review During the first twenty-four hours Ubuntu spied on me, provided performance which was distinctly sub par, the interface regularly popped up errors sometimes so frequently the first pop-up wouldn't have faded out of view before the next one appeared, the update notification didn't work and it wasn't possible to turn off accessibility features through the graphical interface Adding insult to injury, the Unity dash kept locking up or losing focus while I was trying to use it and the operating system crashed more times than not while trying to shutdown or logout Switching away from Unity to GNOME Fallback helped the performance issues I had experienced with the Dash, but it didn't remove the annoying pop-up errors and performance while usable still wasn't as good as I would expect And what really makes me scratch my head is Ubuntu 1204 worked really well on this same hardware"172

In early November, the Electronic Frontier Foundation made a statement on the shopping lens issue, "Technically, when you search for something in Dash, your computer makes a secure HTTPS connection to productsearchubuntucom, sending along your search query and your IP address If it returns Amazon products to display, your computer then insecurely loads the product images from Amazon's server over HTTP This means that a passive eavesdropper, such as someone sharing a wireless network with you, will be able to get a good idea of what you're searching for on your own computer based on Amazon product images It's a major privacy problem if you can't find things on your own computer without broadcasting what you're looking for to the world"173

Writing about Ubuntu 1210 in a December 2012 review, Jim Lynch addressed the Amazon controversy:

He concluded by saying, "Overall, Ubuntu 1210 is a decent upgrade for current Ubuntu users However, the inclusion of the Amazon icon on the launcher, and the discontinuation of Unity 2D might irritate some people"174

Support for Ubuntu 1210 Quantal Quetzal officially ended on 16 May 2014

Ubuntu 1304 Raring Ringtailedit

Ubuntu 1304 Raring Ringtail

On 17 October 2012, Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1304 would be named Raring Ringtail and said about this release “In the next six months we want to have the phone, tablet and TV all lined up So I think it’s time to look at the core of Ubuntu and review it through a mobile lens: let’s measure our core platform by mobile metrics, things like battery life, number of running processes, memory footprint, and polish the rough edges that we find when we do that"175

The Wubi installer was dropped as of 1304, due to its incompatibility with Windows 8, and general lack of support and development176177 Previously, on 29 October 2012, at Ubuntu Developer Summit Registration there had been a discussion of redesigning Wubi for Ubuntu 1304178

Ubuntu 1304 was released on schedule on 25 April 2013179

In reviewing Ubuntu 1304 Jim Lynch from Desktop Linux Reviews said, "I found Ubuntu 1304 to be a slightly disappointing upgrade While there are definitely some enhancements in this release, there’s also nothing very special about it Alas, there’s nothing in Ubuntu 1304 that makes me want to consider it for use as my daily distro Don’t misunderstand me, there’s nothing overtly wrong with Ubuntu 1304 either It installed and performed very well for me Unity 7 also has some helpful and attractive updates that Ubuntu users will enjoy, and there are other things in this release that help improve the overall Ubuntu experienceI suspect it is simply because Ubuntu has settled into a comfortable middle age, it works and it works very well for what it does"180

Support for Ubuntu 1304 officially ended on 27 January 2014

Ubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamanderedit

Ubuntu 1310 Saucy Salamander

Ubuntu 1310 is named Saucy Salamander181 It was released on schedule on 17 October 2013

Consideration was given to changing the default browser from Mozilla Firefox to Chromium, but problems with timely updates to Ubuntu's Chromium package caused developers to retain Firefox for this release182183

Ubuntu 1310 was intended to be the first Ubuntu release to replace the aging X11 with the Mir display server, with X11 programs to have operated through the XMir compatibility layer184 However, after the development of XMir ran into "outstanding technical difficulties" for multiple monitors, Canonical decided to postpone the default use of Mir in Ubuntu181 Mir will still be released as the default display server for Ubuntu Touch 1310185

Ryan Paul of Ars Technica wrote that although 1310 brings useful enhancements, it is "a relatively thin update" He also said "the new Dash concept is intriguing, but its usefulness is a bit limited"; and even though he thinks that universal Web search is potentially useful, he's somewhat uncomfortable with how Canonical joins it with local system searches181

In a review of Ubuntu 1310 Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu criticized the new Smart Scopes feature, saying, "it’s less of a help and more of a hindrance With so many web services offering results for a search term – however innocuous it might be – the Dash ends up resembling a wall painted in unintelligible, irrelevant mess" Sneddon noted that internet search engines turn in more useful and better organized results and recommended selectively disabling individual scopes to reduce the noise factor186

Jim Lynch of Linux Desktop Reviews described the release as "boring" and noted, "alas, Ubuntu 1310 follows in the footsteps of Ubuntu 1304 The big new desktop feature is Smart Scopes Beyond that there’s not a whole lot that is interesting or exciting to talk about It turns out that Saucy Salamander is one truly dull amphibian Canonical really should rename this release to 'Snoozing Salamander' instead" Lynch described the Smart Scopes, "this is a very useful function, and it can save you a lot of time when looking for information I understand that some people will regard this as a privacy violation, no problem There’s an easy way to disable Smart Scopes"187

Maria Korolov writing for Network World in December 2013 said of the release, "there is a benefit to be had in being able to search for files you own on both local drives and in cloud services such as Google Drive and Flickr That's the idea behind Unity Smart ScopesThe result is a cluttered mess The first thing many users will probably do after installing Ubuntu 1310 is to get rid of most of these resultsmixing generic Web results in with your own files is just confusing"188

In its year-end Readers Choice Awards Linux Journal readers voted Ubuntu as Best Linux Distribution and Best Desktop Distribution for 2013189

Support for Ubuntu 1310 ended on 17 July 2014190

Ubuntu 1404 LTS Trusty Tahredit

Ubuntu 1404 Trusty Tahr

Mark Shuttleworth announced on 31 October 2011 that by Ubuntu 1404, Ubuntu would support smartphones, tablets, TVs and smart screens191

On 18 October 2013, it was announced that Ubuntu 1404 would be dubbed "Trusty Tahr"192193

This version was released on 17 April 2014, and is the 20th release of Ubuntu Shuttleworth indicated that the focus in this development cycle would be a release characterized by "performance, refinement, maintainability, technical debt" and encouraged the developers to make "conservative choices" Technical debt refers to catching up and refining supporting work for earlier changes The development cycle for this release focused on the tablet interface, specifically for the Nexus 7 and Nexus 10 tablets There were few changes to the desktop as 1404 used the existing mature Unity 7 interface Ubuntu 1404 included the ability to turn off the global menu system and used locally integrated menus instead for individual applications Other features were the retention of Xorg and not Mir or XMir, a Unity 8 developers' preview, new mobile applications, a redesigned USB Start-Up Disk Creator tool, a new forked version of the GNOME Control Center, called the Unity Control Center and default SSD TRIM support GNOME 310 is installed by default193194195196197198199200201

Point releases included 14041 on 24 July 2014, 14042 on 19 February 2015, 14043 on 6 August 2015, 14044 on 18 February 2016 and 14045 on 4 August 2016194 The release initially included Linux kernel 313, but this was updated to 42 with the point release of 14044 on 18 February 2016194202 The final point release, 14045, provided the latest Linux kernel and graphics stacks from Ubuntu 1604 LTS Point release 14045 was the final one for 1404 LTS203

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu noted that recent Ubuntu releases have received lower and lower amounts of mainstream press coverage and termed it an "established product that has, by and large, remained a niche interest"204

In reviewing Ubuntu 1404 LTS in April 2014, Jim Lynch concluded: "Ubuntu 1404 seems to be all about refining the Ubuntu desktop While there are not a lot of amazing new features in this release, there are quite a few very useful and needed tweaks that add up to a much better desktop experience Canonical’s designers seem to be listening to Ubuntu users again, and they seem willing to make the changes necessary to give the users what they want That may be the single most important thing about Ubuntu 1404 It could be an indication of a sea change in Canonical’s attitude toward Ubuntu users"205

Jack Wallin writing for Tech Republic termed Ubuntu 1404 LTS, "as polished a distribution as you'll find It's cleaner, performs better, and is all around improved Some users may say that this is the most boring release Canonical has unleashed in years, but I believe it to be one of the finest"206

Terry Relph-Knight of ZDNet said, "although there are no amazing 'must-have' new features in Ubuntu 1404, it is worth upgrading just to get the latest LTS release with a more recent kernel and default applications"207

Scott Gilbertson of Ars Technica stated, "Ubuntu is one of the most polished desktops around, certainly the most polished in the Linux world, but in many ways that polish is increasingly skin deep at the expense of some larger usability issues which continue to go unaddressed release after release"208

Ubuntu 1410 Utopic Unicornedit

A screenshot of the Ubuntu 1410 "Utopic Unicorn" desktop with the mascot wallpaper

On 23 April 2014 Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1410 would carry the name Utopic Unicorn209210 Version 1410 was released on 23 October, having only minor updates to the kernel, Unity Desktop, and included packages such as LibreOffice and Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird The kernel was updated to 316 for hardware support eg graphics and has for security, full kernel address space layout randomization applied to the kernel and its modules, plus the closure of a number of information leaks in /proc211

This version is the 21st release Ubuntu 1410 was officially characterized as a release that addressed "bug fixes and incremental quality improvements" and so it incorporated very few new features212

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu wrote in reviewing this release, "Ubuntu 1410, codenamed “Utopic Unicorn”, is saddled with a modest changelog, composed largely of bug fixes, stability improvements and key software updates All worthy, but falls a little way short of the “fresh ideas and new art” that should “raise the roof” – quotes from Mark Shuttleworth’s “U” name announcementFor the release taking place in the week of Ubuntu’s 10th anniversary, this may all read like a bit of an anticlimax No headline user features, no visual changes bar a few new icons for the sidebar of Nautilus — there’s not even a new default wallpaper to look atBut on the flip side it’s perhaps the most fitting release; the one that shows just how far Ubuntu has come in the past few years Mature, dependable and sure in its own Ambiance-themed skin, buggy feature churn has given way to a sustained era of assured stabilityUbuntu 1410 is a rock-solid, hearty and dependable release Perhaps more here than ever before There’s no getting away from the fact that it’s an uninspiring update on paper, and is far from being anything approaching essential"213

Michael Larabel of Phoronix wrote, "At the end of the day simple end-users won't see much of a difference over Ubuntu 1404 LTS, which is a bit sad given that this is the tenth anniversary release of Ubuntu Linux For everyday Linux desktop users the many upgraded packages are great but there isn't too much more to celebrate about today on the desktop front"214

Scott Gilbertson, writing for The Register, explained, "I've been covering Ubuntu for seven of the release’s 10 years and 1410 is the first time I've had to dig deep into the release notes just to find something new to testIf you needed further proof that Canonical is currently solely focused on bringing its Unity 8 interface to mobile devices, 1410 is the best evidence yetAlmost nothing Canonical develops has changed in this release – there isn't even a new desktop wallpaper There are some updates to be sure, but they don’t hail from CanonicalThe lack of updates isn't unexpected, in fact that's been the plan all alongDesktop Ubuntu is currently in a kind of suspended animation, waiting on Unity 8 and Mir to be ready for its coming metamorphosis The short story is that it makes no sense for Canonical to keep refining Unity 7 when it will soon be retired"215

Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervetedit

Ubuntu 1504 Vivid Vervet

On 20 October 2014 Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 1504 would be named Vivid Vervet It was released on 23 April 2015216217218219 This was the 22nd Ubuntu release

Ubuntu 1504 used systemd instead of Upstart by default220 This release also featured locally integrated menus by default, replacing the previous default global menus221

Silviu Stahie, writing for Softpedia, said about this release while it was in beta, "Ubuntu 1504 is not an exciting release, but that it's only a surface impression The truth is that it's an important upgrade because some very important changes have been made, including the adoption of systemd Users will notice that not too many visual changes have been implemented in Ubuntu 1504, but that was to be expected The team is transitioning to a new Unity version that is still not ready for general use, so it's easy to understand why Ubuntu 1504 is not all that different from Ubuntu 1410"222

This release included modest improvements in Intel Haswell graphics performance and bigger improvements for AMD Radeon graphics cards using the open-source Radeon R600 and RadeonSI Gallium3D drivers223

In reviewing this release, Joey Sneddon, of OMG Ubuntu, said "Ubuntu 1504 is yet another solid entry in the distribution’s long release history A dependable desktop operating system suited for end users but with plenty of convenient extras to woo developers with Though the Unity 7 desktop is largely mothballed as work progresses on the new converged experience with Unity 8, the modest refinements received here buff the experience Unity in Ubuntu 1504 shines brighter, a glowing example of a desktop that ‘just works’ for users"224

Jesse Smith of DistroWatch wrote, "One of the changes I was interested in exploring was Ubuntu's switch from the Upstart init software to systemd In this regard I was pleasantly surprised I find most distributions, when they initially make the switch to systemd, introduce bugs or, at the very least, break backward compatibility Sometimes service managers stop working properly and network device names usually change Even if everything works as it should, the administrator needs to adjust to systemd's approach to logging and adopt a different method of managing services Ubuntu has taken an approach I like with regards to adopting systemd" He concluded, "on the surface, Ubuntu 1504 does not bring many changes There are a few cosmetic adjustments, but nothing major that desktop users are likely to notice Most of the interesting work appears to be going on behind the scenes Ubuntu 1504 feels very stable and easy to configure This is an operating system that is virtually effortless to set up and run and I feel the Unity 7 desktop does a nice job of providing lots of features while staying out of the way All in all, I like what Canonical has done with Ubuntu 1504 This feels like a small, incremental evolution for Ubuntu and Unity The init switch, which has disrupted the users of several other distributions, goes largely unnoticed in Ubuntu and I think that is worthy of praise"225

Ubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolfedit

Ubuntu 1510 Wily Werewolf

Shuttleworth announced on 4 May 2015 that Ubuntu 1510 would be called Wily Werewolf226 He initially expressed hope that the release would include the Mir display server, but it was released on 22 October 2015 without Mir It was the 23rd release of Ubuntu227228229

Ubuntu 1510 eliminated the disappearing window edge scrollbars in favour of the upstream GNOME scrollbars, a move designed to save developer time in creating patches and updates230

In reviewing the release, Chris Jones wrote, "Ubuntu 1510 as an operating system for Review is pretty lackluster There's nothing new as such and there's nothing we can really say that is going to change your opinion from its predecessor, 1504 Therefore, we recommend you to upgrade either out of habit and according to your regular upgrade schedule rather than out of a specific necessity for a specific feature of this release Because there is really nothing that could possibly differentiate it from the older, yet still very stable 1504 release But if you're going to stick with 1504 for a little longer, we do recommend that you look at upgrading the kernel to the latest 42 branch It is worth it If you really want a reason to upgrade Linux kernel 42 would be our sole reason for taking Ubuntu 1510 into consideration"231

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu noted, "For a release named after a terrifying mythological creature Ubuntu 1510 is surprisingly tame There are no dramatic transformations, no bone popping or shirt ripping and certainly no hair sprouting under the milky eye of full moon In fact, a new wallpaper and change in scrollbar appearance is about as shapeshift-y as this werewolf gets"232

Steven J Vaughan-Nichols of ZDNet praised the release for its integration of cloud services, such as the new Ubuntu OpenStack cloud deployment and management tool, OpenStack Autopilot as well as its server tools Ubuntu's machine container hypervisor, LXD, included by default in 1510, was singled out Vaughan-Nichols concluded, "with these advances, chances are you're more likely to use Ubuntu, hidden behind the scenes, on clouds and servers"233

A Hectic Geek review noted problems with XOrg Server crashes and concluded "If you use Ubuntu 1404 LTS and if it’s working out for you, then there really is no need to switch to a non-LTS release, especially to the 1510"234

A review on Dedoimedo identified problems with Samba, Bluetooth, desktop searching, battery life and the smartphone interface and found the release inconsistent, saying, "unpredictability is horrible Give me a good experience, or give me a bad experience, but please try not to seesaw between them erratically Continuous, steady change in behavior, any which way" The review concluded, "it underperforms compared to some of its siblings and ancestors Not the best, definitely not worth a perma upgrade, but you might find it more palatable to your hardware and use cases Overall, though Wily isn't the best of distros It sure gave me the willies 7/10"235

Ubuntu 1604 LTS Xenial Xerusedit

Ubuntu 1604 LTS Xenial Xerus

Shuttleworth announced on 21 October 2015 that Ubuntu 1604 LTS would be called Xenial Xerus236 It was released on 21 April 2016237

The default desktop environment continues to be Unity 7, with an option for Unity 8 In May 2015, Shuttleworth indicated that Ubuntu 1604 LTS would include Unity 8 and Mir, but that users have a choice of that or Unity 7 and Xorg He said, "Unity 8 will be an option for 1604 and we'll let the community decide the default for 1604"238

The release adds support for Ceph and ZFS filesystems, the LXD239240 hypervisor using seccomp for OpenStack, and Snappy packages will be supported237241 It will use systemd instead of Upstart as its init system242243244 This release will replace the Ubuntu Software Centre with GNOME Software and eliminate Empathy and Brasero from the ISO file245246 Reviewer Jack Wallen said, "The truth of the matter is, the Ubuntu Software Center has been a horrible tool for a very long time Making this move will greatly improve the Ubuntu experience for every user"247

This release has online dash search results disabled by default in Unity 7 "None of your search terms will leave your computer", stated Ubuntu desktop manager Will Cooke248249 Reviewer Jack Wallen said about this, "I've never considered the inclusion of online search results to be spyware In fact, I have always considered the online results to be an efficient means of searching for products through Amazon etc That being said, with the release of 1604, this feature is disabled"247

Ubuntu 1604 LTS does not support the AMD Catalyst fglrx driver for AMD/ATI graphics cards and instead recommends the free software radeon and amdgpu alternatives These may not provide optimal graphics performance, however250

The first point release, 16041, was released on 21 July 2016251 Ubuntu 16042 will be released on 2 February 2017244

Ubuntu 1610 Yakkety Yakedit

"Yakkety Yak" redirects here For the pop song, see Yakety Yak Ubuntu 1610 Yakkety Yak

Mark Shuttleworth announced on 21 April 2016 that Ubuntu 1610 would be called Yakkety Yak252 It was released on 13 October 2016253

This release features a maintenance version of Unity 7, but offers Unity 8 packages included in the ISO, so that users can test them Other improvements include a new version of Ubuntu Software that supports faster loading, better support for installing command-line-only non-GUI applications, support for installing fonts and multimedia codecs and introduction of paid applications254 It is based on Linux kernel version 48255

This version of Ubuntu introduced only minor incremental changes These included LibreOffice 52, GTK3 version by default, the Update Manager shows changelog entries for PPAs as well as repository software, GNOME applications updated to version 320, with some using version 322 Also systemd now handles user sessions as well as the previously implemented system sessions255

Joey Sneddon of OMG Ubuntu said, "Ubuntu 1610 is not a big update over Ubuntu 1604 LTS, released back in April If you were hoping it’d be a compelling or must-have upgrade you’ll be sadly disappointed" He did find some improvements, "The Ubuntu Software app is also significantly faster in use This solves a real pet peeve of mine on the incumbent LTS desktop Thankfully, Yakkety makes it quicker to find, browser, search and install applications," but concluded, "Ubuntu 1610 is not a must-have upgrade—not for most people"256

Marius Nestor of Softpedia noted, "Ubuntu 1610 is not an exciting release for fans of the open source operating system Probably the most important feature of Yakkety Yak is Linux kernel 48, which brings support for the latest hardware, but other than that, you'll get some updated components that are mostly based on the old GNOME 320 Stack"257

Writing in Makeuseof, Bertel King, Jr said, "If you’re feeling underwhelmed, you probably remember the Ubuntu of yesteryear Back in the days of 810, 904, and 1004 each release brought forth a new theme or ambitious feature Unity first appeared in 1010 as a network interface before replacing the regular desktop in 1104 By comparison, modern Ubuntu updates feel relatively stagnant You would be forgiven for not being able to distinguish between 1204 and 1610"258

Ubuntu 1704 Zesty Zapusedit

On 17 October 2016, Mark Shuttleworth announced that the codename of Ubuntu 1704 would be Zesty Zapus259

Table of versionsedit

Version Code name Release date Supported until Kernel version
Desktops Servers
410 Warty Warthog 2004-10-20 Old version, no longer supported: 2006-04-30 268
504 Hoary Hedgehog 2005-04-08 Old version, no longer supported: 2006-10-31 2610
510 Breezy Badger 2005-10-13 Old version, no longer supported: 2007-04-13 2612
606 LTS Dapper Drake 2006-06-01 Old version, no longer supported: 2009-07-14 Old version, no longer supported: 2011-06-01 2615
610 Edgy Eft 2006-10-26 Old version, no longer supported: 2008-04-25 2617
704 Feisty Fawn 2007-04-19 Old version, no longer supported: 2008-10-19 2620
710 Gutsy Gibbon 2007-10-18 Old version, no longer supported: 2009-04-18 2622
804 LTS Hardy Heron 2008-04-24 Old version, no longer supported: 2011-05-12 Old version, no longer supported: 2013-05-09 2624
810 Intrepid Ibex 2008-10-30 Old version, no longer supported: 2010-04-30 2627
904 Jaunty Jackalope 2009-04-23 Old version, no longer supported: 2010-10-23 2628
910 Karmic Koala 2009-10-29 Old version, no longer supported: 2011-04-30 2631
1004 LTS Lucid Lynx 2010-04-29 Old version, no longer supported: 2013-05-09 Old version, no longer supported: 2015-04-30 2632
1010 Maverick Meerkat 2010-10-10 Old version, no longer supported: 2012-04-10 2635
1104 Natty Narwhal 2011-04-28 Old version, no longer supported: 2012-10-28 2638
1110 Oneiric Ocelot 2011-10-13 Old version, no longer supported: 2013-05-09 30
1204 LTS Precise Pangolin 2012-04-26260 Older version, yet still supported: 2017-04-26142 32261
1210 Quantal Quetzal 2012-10-18 Old version, no longer supported: 2014-05-16262 35263
1304 Raring Ringtail 2013-04-25 Old version, no longer supported: 2014-01-278 38264
1310 Saucy Salamander 2013-10-17265 Old version, no longer supported: 2014-07-17190 311
1404 LTS Trusty Tahr 2014-04-17194 Older version, yet still supported: 2019-04 313
1410 Utopic Unicorn 2014-10-23210 Old version, no longer supported: 2015-07-23266 316267
1504 Vivid Vervet 2015-04-23218 Old version, no longer supported: 2016-02-04268 319269
1510 Wily Werewolf 2015-10-22229 Old version, no longer supported: 2016-07-28270 42271
1604 LTS Xenial Xerus 2016-04-21237 Older version, yet still supported: 2021-04 44272
1610 Yakkety Yak 2016-10-13253 Current stable version: 2017-07 48
1704 Zesty Zapus 2017-04-13273 TBA 49274
Legend: Old version Older version, still supported Latest version Latest preview version Future release

Version timelineedit

Version end of lifeedit

After each version of Ubuntu has reached its end-of-life time, its repositories are removed from the main Ubuntu servers and consequently the mirrors275 Older versions of Ubuntu repositories and releases can be found on the old Ubuntu releases website276277

See alsoedit

  • List of Linux distributions
  • Free software portal
  • Linux portal
  • Information technology portal


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External linksedit

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