Fri . 19 May 2019

Ubuntu Touch

ubuntu touch, ubuntu touch download
Ubuntu Touch also known as Ubuntu Phone is a mobile version of the Ubuntu operating system developed by Canonical Ltd and the Ubuntu community4 It is designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Features
    • 21 Lock screen
    • 22 Included applications
    • 23 Side Stage
  • 3 Design
  • 4 Target market
  • 5 Hardware requirements
  • 6 Reception
  • 7 Commercially available devices
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Mark Shuttleworth announced on 000000002011-10-31-000031 October 2011 that by Ubuntu 1404, Ubuntu will support smartphones, tablets, smart TVs and other smart screens such as car head units and smartwatches5 The "goal for Ubuntu is to reach full convergence same platform and libraries on all devices, Ubuntu 1404 and 1410 are not fully there yet"6 The Ubuntu platform for phones was unveiled on 000000002013-01-02-00002 January 20137 The Ubuntu Touch Developer Preview was released on 000000002013-02-21-000021 February 20138

Ubuntu Touch Developer Preview 1304 on a Galaxy Nexus, showing the Welcome screen

Canonical released Ubuntu Touch 10, the first developer/partner version on 17 October 2013, along with Ubuntu 1310 that "primarily supports the Galaxy Nexus and Nexus 4 phones, though there are images available for other phones and tablets",9 and released a "relatively 'stable' build for wider testing and feedback" on 17 April 2014,10 along with Ubuntu 1404 A preview version of the software is available for installation on certain additional Android handsets including the Samsung Galaxy S4 Google Edition as a Developer Preview as of 21 February 2013 Developers have access to all of the source code under a license allowing modification and redistribution of the software8

Ubuntu Touch was released to manufacturers on 16 September 201411 BQ Aquaris E45 Ubuntu Edition, the world's first Ubuntu-based smartphone went on sale in Europe on 9 February 201512

In April 2016, the world's first Ubuntu-based tablet, the BQ Aquaris M10 Ubuntu Edition, was released13

OTA-13 version has support for more phone hardware "Android 60 BSP"citation needed

Featuresedit

Ubuntu Touch uses the Qt 5-based14 touch user interface and various software frameworks originally developed for Maemo and MeeGo such as oFono as telephony stack,15 accounts-sso for single sign-on,1617 and Maliit for input18 Using libhybris1920 the system can often be used with Linux kernels used in Android, which makes it easily ported to most recent Android smartphones21

Libertine is Ubuntu's project to run traditional desktop X applications22

Lock screenedit

When Ubuntu Touch is turned on no lock screen immediately appears, as applications will prompt the user to unlock if necessary when they are opened The centre of the "Welcome Screen" is a visualization of activity on the device It shows the user's status and recent events on the welcome screen, completed with a design around the circle which reflects activity on the phone over the preceding month23

Included applicationsedit

A Nexus 5 smartphone running Ubuntu Touch displaying the Apps scope

Ubuntu Touch includes as core applications social media and media applications eg Facebook, YouTube, and an RSS reader Standard applications such as a calculator, an e-mail client, an alarm clock, a file manager, and even a terminal are to be included as well Twelve or more core applications are currently being developed24 Several Ubuntu Touch applications work on the desktop, including the Browser, Calendar, Clocks, Gallery, Notes, Reminders, Terminal, and Weather25

Side Stageedit

Main article: Side Stage

Side Stage allows to run both "tablet apps" and "phone apps" side by side, resizing each on the top as and when you need to see more of them2627 It aims to "go even further" with the idea of multitasking, allowing screen space to be divided in this manner Examples shown in the announcement video included a notes app being used alongside a web browser, and a user swiping from the right edge to bring a mobile version of the Facebook app into view over a playing video

Designedit

Users can access the whole system by swiping from the edges of the screen A short swipe from the left edge allows for instant access to applications pinned to the launcher, while swiping all the way across reveals the home scope, which can be set by the user This menu is available from the home screen and any running app28

Ubuntu Touch's multitasking is accessed by swiping the finger from the right edge of the screen to the left, which switches to the previous application short swipe or shows all open apps long swipe Swiping up from the bottom is used to show or hide tools specific to the app being used, which gives Ubuntu Phone the ability to run applications with a large, uncluttered canvas by default29

Target marketedit

Mark Shuttleworth, the founder of the company Canonical Ltd, believes that Ubuntu for phones will first find a niche in countries where Ubuntu is well known; more specifically, developing markets such as India and China where computers have Ubuntu pre-installed However, the success of Ubuntu Phone in these markets is difficult to predict30

Despite Ubuntu's popularity among open source developers, penetrating the legacy-bound business market will continue to be somewhat challenging for Ubuntu Companies employing the "bring your own device" BYOD method have already adapted to using Android and iOS devices and the benefits posed by Ubuntu may not be adequately considered31

Hardware requirementsedit

Ubuntu Touch requires that a system's CPU support certain hardware features

System requirements for smartphones32
Criteria Mid to high end devices
Processor architecture ARM Cortex-A7
Memory 1 GB
Flash storage 8 GB eMMC
Multi-touch Yes


Ubuntu tablet hardware requirements33
Entry level consumer Ubuntu tablet High-end Ubuntu enterprise tablet
Processor architecture Dual-core ARM Cortex-A15 Quad-core ARM Cortex-A15 or Intel x86
Memory 2 GB preferred 4 GB preferred
Flash storage 8 GB minimum 8 GB minimum
Screen size 7–10 inch 10–12 inch
Multi-touch 4 fingers 4–10 fingers
Full desktop convergence No Yes

Receptionedit

Adrian Covert, writing for CNN on 000000002013-01-02-00002 January 2013, predicted that the operating system will not gain wide use, stating, "carving out a niche in the seemingly unshakable mobile space—ruled by the Android-and-Apple duopoly—still requires a critical mass of users and a lively ecosystem of app developers Realistically speaking, the chances of this even upstaging Windows Phone or BlackBerry 10 are slim At best, Ubuntu seems like a sandbox for the most enthusiastic early adopters and a cheap enterprise solution for companies on a tight budget"34

Joey Sneddon of OMG! Ubuntu disagreed with Covert's assessment, writing, "commentators like Covert are missing the point See, Ubuntu Phones aren't really going to claw much market share away from Apple or Google And this neat 'dock your phone and use it as a desktop' feature, whilst innovative, won't be the main lure for many … During his keynote address earlier this week, Mark Shuttleworth continually referred to 'emerging' markets as the battleground on which an Ubuntu Phone would fight it out for impact … It's this sector, the low-end, that the battle for the hearts, minds and hands of the less tech-savvy will take place"35

Rich Trenholm writing for CNET on 000000002013-02-27-000027 February 2013, "… But on first impression I'm hugely taken with Ubuntu Touch It's elegant, thoughtful, and versatile, while remaining beautifully straightforward … it's by far the strongest potential rival to Android, iOS, and Windows Phone In fact, I prefer it to iOS, which long ago lost its shine, and heck, maybe even to Android, too Fingers crossed that manufacturers and phone carriers get behind it, because I'd happily lay down my own cash for an Ubuntu Touch phone"36

Jason Jenkins, writing for CNET on 000000002013-02-27-000027 February 2013, MWC Awards 2013, "… Lots was said about the impressive number of carriers and manufacturers Firefox OS has lined up behind it But once put to a vote, Ubuntu Touch was the clear winner, with Firefox OS the runner-up The team thought that Ubuntu Touch, the tablet version of which we got our hands-on for the first time at MWC, feels more like the complete package at this point …"37

Commercially available devicesedit

In February 2015, the BQ Aquaris E45 Ubuntu Edition became the first smartphone with Ubuntu Touch preinstalled38 It was sold in the European Union only39

In May 2015, the Meizu MX4 Ubuntu Edition went on sale in China, becoming the second Ubuntu phone40

On 9 June 2015, BQ launched another smartphone running Ubuntu Touch, the Aquaris E5 Ubuntu Edition41

On 5 February 2016, BQ announced the first commercial Ubuntu Touch tablet, the Aquaris M10 Ubuntu Edition, which was released in April 201642

In April 2016, Meizu released the Meizu PRO 5 Ubuntu Edition premium smartphone43

BQ is also working on the first Ubuntu Phone with ‘Convergence’, with a launch date in 201644

See alsoedit

  • Category of Ubuntu Touch devices
  • Ubuntu TV
  • HTML5 in mobile devices
  • Comparison of mobile operating systems
  • Free software portal
  • Linux portal

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Ubuntu OTA-14 Released, Fixes A Number Of Bugs" phoronix 7 December 2016 Retrieved 7 December 2016 
  2. ^ "Ubuntu Touch 1704 Zesty Zapus Daily Build" ubuntucom Retrieved 21 Nov 2016 
  3. ^ Silviu Stahie 14 August 2015 "Canonical Is Not Moving Ubuntu Touch to Ubuntu 1510 Any Time Soon" softpedia Retrieved 27 October 2015 
  4. ^ Canonical "Ubuntu on phones - Ubuntu" ubuntucom Retrieved 9 June 2015 
  5. ^ Mark Shuttleworth 31 October 2011 "Blog Archive » Ubuntu on phones, tablets, TV's and smart screens everywhere" Retrieved 8 April 2013 
  6. ^ "Running apps from the SDK - Ubuntu developer portal" ubuntucom Retrieved 9 June 2015 
  7. ^ Joey-Elijah Sneddon "Ubuntu Phone OS Unveiled by Canonical - OMG! Ubuntu!" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 23 December 2014 
  8. ^ a b Joey-Elijah Sneddon "Ubuntu Touch Developer Preview Released, Available for Nexus Devices - OMG! Ubuntu!" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 23 December 2014 
  9. ^ "SaucySalamander/ReleaseNotes - Ubuntu Wiki" Wikiubuntucom 15 November 2013 Retrieved 25 February 2014 
  10. ^ Revision 121 as of 7 :35 "TrustyTahr/ReleaseNotes - Ubuntu Wiki" Wikiubuntucom Retrieved 18 April 2014 
  11. ^ "Landing team 160914 : Mailing list archive : ubuntu-phone team in Launchpad" Retrieved 23 December 2014 
  12. ^ "Ubuntu Based First Smartphone, Aquaris E45 Announced" Gadget Nations Retrieved 9 February 2015 
  13. ^ "Hands-On with Bq M10 Ubuntu Edition Tablet Video" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 15 April 2016 
  14. ^ Canonical "For developers - Ubuntu for phones - Ubuntu" ubuntucom Retrieved 9 June 2015 
  15. ^ Jörg Thoma 7 March 2013 "Canonical: Ubuntu Touch noch nicht ohne Android" in German Golemde p 2 Retrieved 26 March 2013 
  16. ^ "GNOME Online Accounts: why it is the way it is" Debarshiraywordpresscom Retrieved 23 March 2013 
  17. ^ Online Accounts setup for Ubuntu Touch in Launchpad Launchpadnet Retrieved on 27 September 2013
  18. ^ "Maliit Keyboard Improvements | Murray's Blog" Murrayccom Retrieved 4 March 2013 
  19. ^ Carsten Munk 11 April 2013 "Wayland utilizing Android GPU drivers on glibc based systems, Part 1" Mer Project Retrieved 3 July 2013 
  20. ^ "libhybris in Launchpad" Launchpadnet 5 February 2013 Retrieved 3 July 2013 
  21. ^ "Touch/FAQ - Ubuntu Wiki" Wikiubuntucom Retrieved 8 April 2013 
  22. ^ "Libertine" Libertine is a confined sandbox where you can install deb-packaged X11-based Ubuntu applications have have them run under Unity 8 
  23. ^ Canonical "Features" ubuntucom Retrieved 9 June 2015 
  24. ^ Ribeiro, Goncalo "First Ubuntu Phone OS Powered Devices Will Hit Shelves This October" Redmond Pie Retrieved 11 February 2013 
  25. ^ Sneddon, Joey "Ubuntu Touch Apps Available In Ubuntu 1310" OMG Ubuntu 
  26. ^ "Ubuntu unveils tablet experience with multi-tasking" press release 19 February 2013 Accessed 27 February 2013
  27. ^ Jon Brodkin "Shuttleworth: Ubuntu tablets won't be as "jarring" to users as Windows 8" Ars Technica, 19 February 2013 Accessed 27 February 2013
  28. ^ "UI model | Ubuntu Design" Ubuntu Design Retrieved 10 April 2013 
  29. ^ "'Content views | Ubuntu Design'" Ubuntu Design Retrieved 10 April 2013 
  30. ^ Simonite, Tom "Ubuntu Smartphone Aims for Success in Developing Economies" MIT Technology Review Retrieved 11 February 2013 
  31. ^ Hickins, Michael "Ubuntu Smartphone Shipping in October" The Wall Street Journal Retrieved 11 February 2013 
  32. ^ "Operator and OEM partners | Ubuntu for phones | Ubuntu" Canonical Ltd Retrieved 23 March 2015 
  33. ^ "Ready to roll | Ubuntu on tablets | Ubuntu" Canonical Ltd Retrieved 3 November 2014 
  34. ^ Covert, Adrian 2 January 2013 "The Ubuntu smartphone which no one will use is a glimpse of the future" CNN Retrieved 7 January 2013 
  35. ^ Sneddon, Joey 4 January 2013 "CNN Predict Ubuntu Phone 'Won't Make Inroads'" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 7 January 2013 
  36. ^ "Ubuntu Touch - Operating systems - CNET Reviews" CNET 27 February 2013 Retrieved 3 April 2013 
  37. ^ "Ubuntu Touch beats Firefox OS to win best of MWC from CNET Mobile World Congress - CNET Reviews" CNET 28 February 2013 Retrieved 31 March 2013 
  38. ^ Sinha, Robin 9 February 2015 "Canonical Launches First Ubuntu Phone With Spain's BQ" gadgetsndtvcom Retrieved 20 April 2015 
  39. ^ "bq - Aquaris E45 Ubuntu Edition Life at your fingertips" Mundo Reader Retrieved 20 April 2015 self-published source
  40. ^ Turner, Debbie 26 February 2015 "Meizu MX4 variant will be second Ubuntu phone" Retrieved 29 April 2015 
  41. ^ Sneddon, Joey-Elijah "Brand New Ubuntu Phone Goes on Sale Priced at €199" OMG! Ubuntu! Retrieved 9 June 2015 
  42. ^ Andrei, Alin "Aquaris M10 Ubuntu Edition Tablet Available To Pre-Order On Monday" Web Upd8 Retrieved 27 March 2016 
  43. ^ "Meizu pro 5 Ubuntu edition buy" OMG! Ubuntu! 26 April 2016 Retrieved 26 April 2016 
  44. ^ Stahie, Silviu 29 September 2015 "BQ Ubuntu "Convergent" Phone Launch Slips into 2016" Softpedia Retrieved 7 October 2015 

External linksedit

  • Official website

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