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Ubuntu Studio

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Ubuntu Studio is an officially recognized flavor5 of the Ubuntu Linux distribution, which is explicitly geared to general multimedia production The original version, based on Ubuntu 704, was released on 10 May 2007

Contents

  • 1 Features
    • 11 Real-time kernel
    • 12 Low-latency kernel
    • 13 Appearance and sound theme
    • 14 Access to Ubuntu repositories
  • 2 Installation
  • 3 Software included
    • 31 Audio
    • 32 Video
    • 33 Graphics
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Featuresedit

Real-time kerneledit

The real-time kernel, first included with Ubuntu Studio 804, was modified for intensive audio, video or graphics work The 810 Ubuntu Studio release lacks this real-time kernel It has been reimplemented in the 904 Ubuntu Studio release and stabilized with the release of 910 1004 Ubuntu Studio, in contrast, does not include the real-time kernel by default As of version 1010 of the Ubuntu Studio, the real-time kernel is no longer available in the repositories6

Low-latency kerneledit

As of Ubuntu Studio 1204, the default kernel is linux-lowlatency, which in essence is a generic Ubuntu Linux kernel, with a tweaked configuration to allow for stable operation for audio applications at lower latencies Since much of the real-time patch has now been implemented into the vanilla kernel, and considering the difficulties in maintaining linux-rt, Ubuntu Studio decided on using linux-lowlatency in its place

The scheduler allows applications to request immediate CPU time, which can drastically reduce audio latency7 In 910, the "Ubuntu Studio Controls" provided under System>Administration permit the user to "Enable Nice", allowing the use of wireless networking and proprietary graphics cards drivers while maintaining low audio latency free of XRUNs audio drop-outs in JACK A more negative value entered for nice reserves more CPU time for real-time audio processes

Appearance and sound themeedit

Ubuntu Studio also includes custom artwork and a blue-on-black theme, as opposed to Ubuntu's default purple and orange As with the main distribution of Ubuntu, if an accelerated graphics card and appropriate driver are used, the advanced desktop effects can be enabled More advanced Compiz effects are available in the Synaptic Package Manager ie, Ubuntu repositories In Karmic 910, a fresh sound theme replaces the default Ubuntu theme, with a reverberating melody at startup, and an occasional knock or ping from a button or prompt Xfce instead of Unity is the default user interface

Access to Ubuntu repositoriesedit

An important advantage of Ubuntu Studio over most other Linux distributions employing the real-time kernel is access to the same repositories available to the main Ubuntu distributions through the Update Manager, Synaptic Package Manager, as well as through the Add/Remove Applications prompt This allows for much more frequent operating system updates, and access to a much wider range of software

Installationedit

In the past there has been no live version available of Ubuntu Studio, and no graphical installer Since the 1204 release, Ubuntu Studio has been available as a Live DVD8 The disk image is about 18 GB, too large to fit on a standard CD, and as a result the recommended installation medium for Ubuntu Studio is a DVD or USB flash drive Ubuntu Studio can also be installed on a pre-existing Ubuntu installation by installing the "ubuntustudio-desktop" package from Advanced Packaging Tool

In 910, the package "ubuntustudio-audio," shown during installation and also available in the Synaptic Package Manager, cannot be installed without a working Internet connection

An Internet connection is required after installation to maintain system components

Software includededit

Screen shot of Ubuntu Studio 910 running JACK Audio Connection Kit – Qt GUI Interface 034, Ardour 282, Patchage 023, Hydrogen 093 and Blender

Audioedit

  • a2jmidid – a2jmidid is a daemon for exposing legacy ALSA sequencer applications in JACK MIDI system
  • Ardour – version 4 of the hard disk recorder and digital audio workstation application Works with JACK
  • Audacious – a lightweight audio player
  • Audacity – a digital audio editor application
  • BEAST – music composition and modular synthesis application
  • Creox – A real-time guitar effects program works with JACK
  • FluidSynth with GUI QSynth – Software Wavetable Synthesizer Works with JACK
  • Hydrogen – an advanced drum machine Works with JACK
  • JACK Audio Connection Kit – a sound server daemon that provides low latency connections between applications for both audio and MIDI data
  • Jack Rack – Virtual rackmount of LADSPA DSP effects plugins Works with JACK
  • JAMin – the JACK Audio Connection Kit Audio Mastering interface Works with JACK
  • LilyPond – a program for engraving sheet music
  • MusE – a MIDI/Audio sequencer using JACK and ALSA
  • MuseScore – a music scorewriter for Linux, Microsoft Windows, and Mac
  • Patchage – GUI access to patch MIDI and Audio software together for JACK
  • Pure Data – a programming environment for multimedia Works with Jack
  • Tapiir – a software multitap delay with realtime audio I/O works with JACK
  • Timemachine – Records the last 30 seconds of sound to the hard drive, so a 'one off' sound can be captured Works with JACK
  • TiMidity++ – a software synthesizer that is able to convert from MIDI to various formats
  • Xwax – a vinyl record emulator
  • Yoshimi – based on ZynAddSubFX but improves audio and MIDI capabilities, in particular, JACK performance
Installable from the Software-Center
  • Mixxx – a digital DJ - style mixing program
  • Rosegarden – a digital audio workstation program works with JACK Not included since release 12
  • ZynAddSubFX – a complex yet easy to use subtractive, additive, FM synthesizer with DSP effects, and exceptional software synthesizer Works with JACK

Videoedit

  • PiTiVi – a video editing program
  • Kino – a non-linear digital video editor
  • Stopmotion – a stop-motion animation movie creator
  • VLC media player – a media player, was removed before 704 Feisty9
  • Xjadeo – a simple video player that gets sync from JACK transport

Graphicsedit

  • Agave – a color scheme generator
  • Blender – a 3D animation program
  • Enblend – an image compositing program
  • FontForge – a typeface font editor program
  • GIMP – a raster graphics editor
  • Hugin – photo stitching and HDR merging program
  • Inkscape – a vector graphics editor
  • Scribus – a desktop publishing application
  • Synfig – a 2D vector graphics and timeline-based animation program

See alsoedit

  • Planet CCRMA – a set of Red Hat packages of multimedia production software
  • Dyne:bolic – a multimedia creation oriented Live CD
  • Puredyne – a multimedia oriented Live CD
  • Long-term support LTS release

Referencesedit

  1. ^ http://ubuntustudioorg/2016/04/new-ubuntu-studio-release-and-new-project-lead/
  2. ^ http://ubuntustudioorg/2015/10/wily-werewolf-released/
  3. ^ https://ubuntustudioorg/2014/10/ubuntu-studio-14-10-utopic-unicorn-released/
  4. ^ Adam Conrad 17 April 2014 "Ubuntu 1404 LTS Trusty Tahr released" Ubuntu Mailing Lists Retrieved 17 April 2014 
  5. ^ Ubuntu Flavors, Canonical Ltd, Retrieved on 1 August 2013
  6. ^ "Ubuntu Studio 1110 Oneiric Ocelot Release Notes" Canonical, Ltd Retrieved 29 March 2012 
  7. ^ Trumm, Aaron 2004, "The Linux-Based Recording Studio", Linux Journal, 2004 121 
  8. ^ Pleia2, "Ubuntu 1204 LTS Precise Pangolin Beta 1 Released", http://fridgeubuntucom/2012/03/01/ubuntu-12-04-lts-precise-pangolin-beta-1-released/, on 3 March 2012
  9. ^ http://distrowatchcom/tablephpdistribution=ubuntustudio

External linksedit

  • Ubuntu Studio homepage
  • Ubuntu Studio applications
  • Ubuntu Wiki
  • Boing Boing - Ubuntu studio - Linux for multimedia creation 21 July 2007
  • Ubuntu Studio at DistroWatch

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