The Uí Dúnlainge, from the Old Irish "grandsons of Dúnlaing", were an Irish dynasty of Leinster kings who traced their descent from Dúnlaing mac Énda Niada1 He was said to be a cousin of Énnae Cennsalach, eponymous ancestor of the rival Uí Chennselaig
Their claims to the kingship of Leinster were unopposed after the death of Áed mac Colggen in the Battle of Ballyshannon 738 Aug 19 The dynasty then divided into three kindreds which rotated the kingship between 750-10502 This is unusual in early Irish history as it was the equivalent of “keeping three oranges in the air” the east Ulster kingdom of Ulaid also rotated the kingship between families Fourteen Uí Muiredaig kings later to become the O'Toole family were based at Mullaghmast/Máistín nine Uí Faelain kings later to become the O'Byrne family were based at Naas/Nás na Ríogh and ten Uí Dúnchada kings later the FitzDermots were based at Lyons Hill/ Líamhain nearest to Dublin city
The Fitzdermots later gave their names to the placenames Dolphin's Barn and Ballyfermot3 The influence of the family helped secure place-myths for prominent Kildare landmarks in the heroic and romantic literature such as the Dindeanchas, Dinnshenchas Érenn as one of the “assemblies and noted places in Ireland” After the death of the last Kildare-based King of Laighin, Murchad Mac Dunlainge in 1042, the Kingship of Leinster reverted to the Uí Cheinnselaig kindred based in the south east
- Irish nobility
- Irish royal families
- ^ http://thestewartsinirelandcom/hortland%203html
- ^ http://generation13net/Ansur/pages/Dublin-Kerryhtml
- ^ Eoghan Corry and Jim Tancred; Annals of Ardclough 2004
|Kindreds and septs||
- O'Brien, Michael A, ed; Kelleher, John V intro in the reprints of 1976 and 2005 1962 Corpus Genealogiarum Hiberniae 1 Dublin: DIAS pp 12–14 ISBN 0901282316 OCLC 56540733 Genealogies for the Uí Dúnlainge of Leinster
- O'Brien, Michael A "A Middle Irish poem on the Christian kings of Leinster" Ériu 17 1955 pp 35–51
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