TV Tropes is a wiki that collects and expands descriptions and examples on various conventions and devices tropes found within creative works Since its establishment in 2004, the site has shifted focus from only television and film tropes to cover those in other types of media such as literature, comics, video games, advertisements, and toys The nature of the site as commentary on pop culture and fiction has attracted attention and critique from several web personalities and blogs
The content of the site was published as free content from April 2008 TV Tropes changed its license on July 2012 to only allow noncommercial distribution of its content while continuing to host the prior submissions under the new license
- 1 Site description
- 11 Ownership
- 12 Informality
- 13 Article organization
- 14 Trope descriptions
- 15 Expanding scope
- 2 Critique
- 21 Commercially motivated censorship
- 22 Licensing and content forks
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
TV Tropes was founded in 2004 by a programmer using the pseudonym "Fast Eddie", who described himself as having become interested in the conventions of genre fiction while studying at MIT in the 1970s and discussion on 1990s internet forums It is privately owned, as of 2016 publicly listing two owners besides Eddie
TV Tropes initially focused on the television show Buffy the Vampire Slayer and has since increased its scope to include thousands of other series, films, novels, plays, professional wrestling, video games, anime, manga, comic strips/books, fan fiction, and many other subjects, including Internet works such as Wikipedia, which is referred to in-wiki as "The Other Wiki" It has also used its informal style to describe topics such as science, philosophy, politics, and history under its Useful Notes section TV Tropes does not have notability standards for the works it covers
The site includes entries on various series and tropes An article on a work includes a brief summary of the work in question along with a list of associated tropes Trope pages are the inverse of articles on works: after describing the trope itself, it lists the trope's appearances in various works of media In this way the wiki is fully interconnected through the various connections made between works and their tropes
For example, the trope "I Am Spartacus" is a specific type of scene that appears in multiple works It refers to scenes where a character is shielded from identification by other characters who are also claiming to be that particular character The trope name references a famous scene in the film Spartacus This example is included, along with examples from South Park, Power Rangers in Space, the Talmud and even recent stories from real life Not all examples of a trope may be cases where it is "played straight" They may also include cases where the trope is parodied, played with, inverted or even averted ie avoided altogether in a context where it would be expected
In addition to the tropes, most articles about a work also have a "Your Mileage May Vary" YMMV page with items that are deemed to be subjective These items are not usually storytelling tropes, but audience reactions which have been defined and titled For example, the page of the well known trope "Jumping the shark", the moment at which a series experiences a sharp decline in quality as in the notorious story point in Happy Days, only contains a list of works that reference the phrase TV Tropes does not apply the term to a show, that being a subjective opinion about the show, but cites uses of the phrase by the show "in-universe" Most articles also have various pages within them For example, the article may have an "Awesome" page to describe crowning moments of awesome i e, a moment in a show or other fictional work that the majority of the readers or viewers regard as one of the high points; a "Fridge" page which describes examples of the tropes "Fridge Brilliance", "Fridge Horror", and "Fridge Logic"; a "Laconic" page which describes an article/trope in a few short words; and more pages that focus on a particular aspect of an article/item
Trope description pages are generally created through a standardized launching system, known as "You know that thing where " YKTTW, in which site members, who are referred to as "tropers", can draft a trope description and have the option of providing examples or suggesting refinements to other drafts before launch While going through YKTTW is not necessary to launch a trope, it is very strongly recommended in order to strengthen the trope as much as possible
The site has created its own self-referencing meta-trope, known as "TV Tropes Will Ruin Your Life" The trope warns that some readers may become jaded and cynical as an unanticipated side effect of reading TV Tropes, " surprise almost entirely with recognition," referring to the inability to read books, watch films, etc without identifying each trope as it occurs Also mentioned is that many frequently-contributing community members "Tropers" self-describe themselves as addicted to the site The community has dubbed the pattern of many tropers as taking a "Wiki Walk", starting an edit on an intended article, and subsequently following links from one page to the next for hours on end without intending to, pausing occasionally to add examples the troper notices to the listings or rework articles In the process, this leads to the discovery of entirely new tropes to analyze, edit, and add examples to This self-perpetuating cycle of behavior has become the subject of much lampooning for the community, with tongue-in-cheek references being made in the articles for tropes such as "Brainwashing", "Hive Mind", and "Tome of Eldritch Lore" a book of cursed knowledge which infects the reader with obsessive madness
Considerable redesign of some aspects of content organization occurred in 2008, such as the introduction of namespaces, while 2009 saw the arrival of other languages, of which German is the most developed In 2011, TV Tropes branched out into video production, and launched Echo Chamber, a web series about a TV Tropes vlogger explaining and demonstrating tropes
In an interview with TV Tropes co-founder Fast Eddie, Gawker Media's blog io9 described the tone of contributions to the site as "often light and funny" Cyberpunk author Bruce Sterling once described its style as a "wry fanfic analysis" Essayist Linda Börzsei described TV Tropes as a technological continuum of classical archetypal literary criticisms, capable of deconstructing recurring elements from creative works in an ironic fashion Economist Robin Hanson, inspired by a scholarly analysis of Victorian literature, suggests TV Tropes offers a veritable treasure trove of information about fiction - a prime opportunity for research into its nature
Commercially motivated censorship
In October 2010, in what the site refers to as The Google Incident, Google retired its AdSense revenue for affiliated advertising from the site because of its coverage of mature and sexual tropes and fan fiction In response, TV Tropes changed its guidelines to restrict coverage of such topics Feminist blog The Mary Sue criticized this decision, as it removed a classification of violent tropes that enhanced discourse about sexism in video games or rape tropes in young adult fantasy ThinkProgress additionally condemned Google Adsense itself for "providing a financial disincentive to discuss" such topics The site now separates NSFG articles Not Safe for Google from SFG articles Safe for Google in order to allow discussion of this kind of tropes
Licensing and content forks
Regarding these and other concerns of relicensing and advertising, a wiki called All The Tropes forked all the content from TV Tropes with the original CC-BY-SA license in late 2013 Authors of the fork attributed to TV Tropes managers several actions of taking commercial rights over what is published on its website, censorship, and failing to comply with the original license Some editors raised concerns that keeping at TV Tropes the content submitted with the previous copyleft license is illegal, as the relicensing had occurred without the permission of the editors and the original CC-BY-SA license didn't allow its distribution under the new terms
- Archetypal literary criticism
- Internet portal
- Television portal
- Film portal
- ^ "tvtropesorg Site Info" Alexa Internet Retrieved 29 November 2016
- ^ a b "Administrivia: Welcome to TV Tropes" TV Tropes Retrieved 15 May 2014 "Your Rights Legal Stuff"
- ^ a b Cagle, Kurt April 1, 2009 "From Mary Sue to Magnificent Bastards: TV Tropes and Spontaneous Linked Data" Semantic Universe Archived from the original on March 4, 2012 Retrieved 2009-05-22
- ^ "The Current - TVTropesorg: Harnessing the might of the people to analyze fiction" Thecurrentonlinecom Archived from the original on 2 Aug 2009 Retrieved 2010-05-18
- ^ Pincus-Roth, Zachary 28 February 2010 "TV Tropes identifies where you've seen it all before" Los Angeles Times Retrieved 1 March 2010
- ^ a b "TV Tropes Home Page" TVTropesorg Archived from the original on 22 Apr 2008 Retrieved 16 May 2014
- ^ "TV Tropes Home Page" TVTropesorg Archived from the original on July 17, 2012 Retrieved September 3, 2015
- ^ a b "TV Tropes Relicensed its Content - Without Permit" Solyent News May 15, 2014 Retrieved September 3, 2015
- ^ Newitz, Annalee 2010-02-24 "Behind The Wiki: Meet TV Tropes Cofounder Fast Eddie" io9 Retrieved 2010-02-25
- ^ "About Us" TV Tropes Retrieved 19 April 2016
- ^ "Wikipedia - Television Tropes & Idioms" Tvtropesorg Retrieved 2010-08-08
- ^ "There Is No Such Thing As Notability - Television Tropes & Idioms" Tvtropesorg Retrieved 2010-05-18
- ^ "Your Mileage May Vary - Television Tropes & Idioms" Tvtropesorg Retrieved 2012-08-21
- ^ "YKTTW Guidelines" Retrieved 7 September 2012
- ^ "TV Tropes Will Ruin Your Life" Retrieved 2 Mar 2014
- ^ "Echo Chamber"
- ^ Sterling, Bruce, TV Tropes, the all-devouring pop-culture wiki, Beyond the Beyond, Wired, January 21, 2009
- ^ Börzsei, Linda April 2012 "Literary Criticism in New Media" Academiaedu Retrieved September 3, 2015
- ^ Kruger, Daniel et al 2006 "Hierarchy in the Library: Egalitarian Dynamics in Victorian Novels" PDF Journal of Evolutionary Psychology Retrieved November 1, 2013
- ^ Hanson, Robin 2009-05-09 Overcoming Bias: Tropes Are Treasures Overcoming Bias Future of Humanity Institute Retrieved on 2009-05-22
- ^ a b "Administrivia: The Google Incident" TV Tropes Retrieved 16 May 2014
- ^ "Google Groups" productforumsgooglecom Retrieved 2016-10-06
- ^ Aja Romano 26 June 2012 "TV Tropes Deletes Every Rape Trope; Geek Feminism Wiki steps in" themarysuecom Retrieved 16 May 2014
- ^ Alyssa Rosenberg 26 June 2012 "TV Tropes Bows to Google's Ad Servers, Deletes Discussions of Sexual Assault in Culture" ThinkProgress Retrieved 16 May 2014
- ^ "TV Tropes Home Page" Archived from the original on June 14, 2012
- ^ "TV Tropes Home Page" Archived from the original on July 22, 2012
- ^ "The TV Tropes Foundation" TV Tropes Archived from the original on 6 May 2014
- ^ "Line 244 Administrivia/WelcomeToTVTropes" TV Tropes Retrieved 15 May 2014 "By contributing content to this site, whether text or images, you grant TV Tropes irrevocable ownership of said content, with all rights surrendered We are not required to attribute content you contribute to you, nor do you retain ownership of anything you contribute Anything you contribute may be deleted, modified, or used commercially by us without notification or consent, to the extent permitted by applicable laws For that reason, we strongly recommend that you do not post material on our site, whether in text or image form, that you wish to receive commercial benefit from in the future"
- ^ "History: Administrivia/WelcomeToTVTropes page history" TV Tropes Retrieved 15 May 2014 "Your Rights Legal Stuff"
- ^ "Line 302 Administrivia/WelcomeToTVTropes" TV Tropes Retrieved 6 April 2015 "TV Tropes does not claim ownership to your copyrighted content or information you submit to us "user content" Instead, by submitting user content to TV Tropes, you grant us a royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable, non-exclusive, unrestricted, worldwide license to use, copy, reproduce, process, adapt, modify, publish, prepare derivative works, distribute copies, perform, or publicly display your user content in any medium and for any purpose, including commercial purposes, and to authorize others to do so"
- ^ "Line 306 Administrivia/WelcomeToTVTropes" TV Tropes Retrieved 6 April 2015 "We are not required to attribute your user content to you Anything you contribute may be deleted, modified, or used commercially by us without notification or consent, to the extent permitted by applicable laws For that reason, we strongly recommend that you do not post material on our site for the first time, whether in text or image form, that you wish to receive publication credit for in the future"
- ^ "All The Tropes:Why Fork TV Tropes" mirahezeorg Archived from the original on October 26, 2015
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