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Troy, New Hampshire

troy new hampshire elementary school, troy new hampshire congregational church
Troy is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 2,145 at the 2010 census1 It is situated at the base of Mount Monadnock

The town center village, where 1,221 people resided at the 2010 census,2 is defined as the Troy census-designated place CDP, and is located along New Hampshire Route 12 It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Troy Village Historic District


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Notable people
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links


Bird's-eye view c 1905

Settled in 1762, by 1815 the community had grown so much that it sought its own incorporation3 It was set off from Marlborough that year, and included parts of Fitzwilliam, Swanzey and Richmond A prominent citizen and friend of Governor John Taylor Gilman, Captain Benjamin Mann of Mason, suggested the name Troy His daughter, Betsy, was married to Samuel Wilson, famous as "Uncle Sam", and at that time a resident of Troy, New York At least seven members of Wilson's family were living in the town at the time, thus securing the name The town hall, built in 1813-1814 near the rail-fenced common, was originally the village meetinghouse4

Troy Mills, which started making horse blankets in the mid-19th century, served as the backbone of the town's economy for nearly 100 years In 1865, the company was sold by founder Thomas Goodall, who in 1867 would establish Goodall Mills in Sanford, Maine Troy Mills declared bankruptcy in late 2001, and ceased operations in 2002 The giant mill complex on Monadnock Street now houses two smaller spin-offs of Troy Mills—Knowlton Nonwovens and Cosmopolitan Textiles The Troy trademark is now used for felt made by a company in West Virginia Wooden-ware, pottery and fine building stone were also once the products of Troy industries As of 2008, Troy Mills was being renovated to become a retirement community5


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 176 square miles 455 km2, of which 174 square miles 451 km2 is land and 02 square miles 04 km2 is water, comprising 089% of the town1 Troy is drained by the South Branch of the Ashuelot River

Mt Monadnock from Perkins Pond causeway on Route 124

The highest point in town is the south summit of Gap Mountain, at 1,900 feet 580 m above sea level, near the eastern border The summit of Mount Monadnock is 2 miles 3 km northeast of the town in Jaffrey

Troy is crossed by New Hampshire Route 12 and New Hampshire Route 124 NH 12 passes through the center of town and leads northwest 9 miles 14 km to Keene and southeast 12 miles 19 km to Winchendon, Massachusetts, while NH 124, crossing the northeast corner of the town, leads northwest 6 miles 10 km to the center of Marlborough and east 6 miles 10 km to the center of Jaffrey


Historical population
1820 676
1830 676 00%
1840 683 10%
1850 759 111%
1860 761 03%
1870 767 08%
1880 796 38%
1890 999 255%
1900 1,527 529%
1910 1,331 −128%
1920 1,444 85%
1930 1,267 −123%
1940 1,321 43%
1950 1,360 30%
1960 1,445 63%
1970 1,713 185%
1980 2,131 244%
1990 2,097 −16%
2000 1,962 −64%
2010 2,145 93%
Est 2015 2,086 −28%
US Decennial Census7

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,145 people, 867 households, and 568 families residing in the town The population density was 1231 people per square mile 475/km² There were 932 housing units at an average density of 535 per square mile 207/km² The racial makeup of the town was 970% White, 08% African American, 07% Native American, 09% Asian, 005% some other race, and 05% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13% of the population8 As of the 2000 census, 187% were of American, 134% French, 118% English, 106% Irish, 84% French Canadian, 82% Finnish and 70% Italian ancestry

At the 2010 census there were 867 households, out of which 315% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 493% were headed by married couples living together, 112% had a female householder with no husband present, and 345% were non-families 262% of all households were made up of individuals, and 76% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 247, and the average family size was 2968

In the town, the population was spread out with 231% under the age of 18, 81% from 18 to 24, 285% from 25 to 44, 290% from 45 to 64, and 115% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 378 years For every 100 females there were 997 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 978 males8

For the period 2010–14, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $55,043, and the median income for a family was $59,750 Male full-time workers had a median income of $45,800 versus $28,359 for females The per capita income for the town was $29,045 About 49% of families and 85% of the population were below the poverty line, including 126% of those under age 18 and 173% of those age 65 or over9


Troy Elementary School Monadnock Regional Middle-High School

Residents of Troy attending public high school go to Troy Elementary school for kindergarten to 6th grade, and Monadnock Regional High School for 7th through 12th grades Both schools are part of the Monadnock Regional School District SAU9310 Troy is the second largest town in the Monadnock Regional School District, the largest being Swanzey Other towns in the school district are Fitzwilliam, Gilsum, Richmond and Roxbury

The elementary school is located in Troy, whereas the middle-high school is to the north in the town of Swanzey Troy School has been educating the children of Troy since 1895 when it was built to house 225 children of all ages Troy School presently accommodates approximately 135 students in grades K-6 The school day starts at 8:30 AM and ends at 3:10 PM Students may enter the building at 8:15 AM to have breakfast and get ready for class

The town of Troy also has two 2015 NH licensed child care facilities with a capacity for up to 75 childrencitation needed

Notable peopleedit

  • Ira Allen Eastman, member of the United States House of Representatives11


  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 G001: Troy town, Cheshire County, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved January 20, 2016 
  2. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 G001: Troy CDP, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved January 20, 2016 
  3. ^ "Troy, New Hampshire" City-Datacom Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts p 666 
  5. ^ "The Residences at Troy Blanket Mills" Troy Mills Developers Retrieved 2008-02-23 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  8. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 DP-1: Troy town, Cheshire County, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved January 20, 2016 
  9. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2010-2014 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates DP03: Troy town, Cheshire County, New Hampshire" American Factfinder US Census Bureau Retrieved January 20, 2016 
  10. ^ "Monadnock Regional School District" Monadnock Regional School District Retrieved December 5, 2013 
  11. ^ "EASTMAN, Ira Allen, 1809 - 1881" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Retrieved December 5, 2013 

External linksedit

  • Town of Troy official website
  • Troy Town News
  • Gay-Kimball Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
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