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Transport in Hungary

road transport in hungary, transportation in hungary
Transport in Hungary relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, air and water


  • 1 Roads
    • 11 Motorways and expressways
    • 12 Bus transport
  • 2 Railways
    • 21 Rail system
      • 211 Rail links with adjacent countries
  • 3 Airports
    • 31 International airports
    • 32 Heliports
  • 4 Waterways
    • 41 Ports and harbors
    • 42 Merchant marine
  • 5 Transport in cities
    • 51 Transport companies of cities
    • 52 Metro
    • 53 Trams
      • 531 Cities with tram lines
      • 532 Cities with former tram lines
    • 54 Trolleybus
  • 6 Pipelines
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links


Speed Limits in Hungary based on road type and vehicle category Map of planned motorway and expressway network in Hungary See also: Roads in Hungary

Hungary has a total of 159,568 km 99,150 mi of public roads, of which 70,050 km 43,530 mi are paved including 1481 km of motorways, as of 2016; and 89,518 km 55,620 mi are unpaved 2005 etc:

Hungarian road categories are as follows:

  • Gyorsforgalmi út controlled-access highway:
    • Autópálya motorway: 2+2 travel lanes and 1+1 emergency lane, central reservation, no at-grade intersections, speed limit 130 kilometres per hour 81 mph
    • Gyorsút high-speed highway: 2+2 travel lanes, central reservation, few at-grade intersections, speed limit 110 kilometres per hour 68 mph
    • Autóút expressway: 2+2, 2+1 or 1+1 travel lanes, central reservation, some at-grade intersections, speed limit 110 kilometres per hour 68 mph
  • Elsődrendő főút primary arterial road or primary main road with one-digit number, eg 6-os főút
  • Másodrendű főút secondary main road with two or three digits, eg 57-es főút
  • Helyi út local road with three or more digits, eg 4519-es közút

Motorways and expresswaysedit

Main article: Highways in Hungary

Hungarian motorways and expressways are part of the national road network As of October 2016, there are 1,481 kilometres 920 mi of controlled-access highways

Motorways autópályák, singular - autópálya in Hungary:

M1 | M3 | M4 | M5 | M6 | M7 | M8 | M15 | M19 | M30 | M31 | M35 | M43 | M60

Expressways autóutak, singular - autóút in Hungary:

M0 | M2 | M9 | M51 | M70 | M85 | M86

New motorway sections are being added to the existing network, which already connects many major economically important cities to the capital

Bus transportedit

Bus transport between municipalities was provided by Volán Companies, twenty-four bus companies founded in 1970 and named after the regions they served They also provided local transport in cities and towns that did not have their own public transport company all cities except for Budapest, Miskolc, Pécs, Kaposvár and also Debrecen after 2009, and operated bus lines in cities where the local company operated only tram and trolley bus lines Szeged and Debrecen, the latter until 2009, when DKV took over the bus lines In early 2015 the 24 companies were organized into seven regional companies


Rail transport map of Hungary Keleti Railway Station, Budapest Main article: Rail transport in Hungary

Note: Hungary and Austria jointly manage the cross-border standard-gauge railway between Győr–Sopron–Ebenfurt GySEV/ROeEE, a distance of about 101 km in Hungary and 65 km in Austria

In Budapest, the three main railway stations are the Eastern Keleti, Western Nyugati and Southern Déli, with other outlying stations like Kelenföld Of the three, the Southern is the most modern but the Eastern and the Western are more decorative and architecturally interesting

Other important railway stations countrywide include Szolnok the most important railway intersection outside Budapest, Tiszai Railway Station in Miskolc and the stations of Pécs, Győr, Debrecen, Szeged and Székesfehérvár

The only city with an underground railway system is Budapest with its Metro

In Budapest there is also a suburban rail service in and around the city, operated under the name HÉV

Rail systemedit

  • Total: 7,606 km
    • Standard gauge: 7,394 km 1,435 mm 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in gauge 2,911 km electrified; 1,236 km double track
    • Broad gauge: 36 km 1,520 mm 4 ft 11 27⁄32 in gauge
    • Narrow gauge: 176 km 760 mm 2 ft 5 15⁄16 in gauge 1998

Rail links with adjacent countriesedit

  • Same gauge:
    • Austria 6 line
    • Croatia 3 line
    • Romania 5 line
    • Serbia 2 line
    • Slovakia 10 line
    • Slovenia 1 line
  • Break-of-gauge – 1,435 mm 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in / 1,520 mm 4 ft 11 27⁄32 in
    • Ukraine 2 line


Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport inside of SkyCourt Hévíz–Balaton Airport - inside Main article: List of airports in Hungary

There are 43-45 airports in Hungary, including smaller, unpaved airports, too The five international airports are Budapest-Liszt Ferenc, Debrecen Airport, Hévíz–Balaton International Airport previously Sármellék, also called FlyBalaton for its proximity to Lake Balaton, Hungary's number one tourist attraction, Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány as of 2015 there are no regular passenger flights from Győr-Pér and Pécs-Pogány Malév Hungarian Airlines ceased operations in 2012

Airports with paved runways

Total: 20 1999 est

  • Over 3,047 m: 2
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 1
  • Under 914 m: 1
Airports with unpaved runways

Total: 27 1999 est

  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 3
  • 1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 12
  • Under 914 m: 7

International airportsedit

List of airports in Hungary; The following are the largest airports in Hungary In descending order for 2015:

  • Budapest Ferenc Liszt International Airport BUD
  • Debrecen International Airport DEB
  • Hévíz–Balaton Airport SOB
  • Győr-Pér International Airport QGY
  • Pécs-Pogány International Airport QPJ


Hungary has five heliports1


1,373 km permanently navigable 1997

Ports and harborsedit

The most important port is Budapest, the capital Other important ones include Dunaújváros and Baja

Ports on the Danube:

  • Győr-Gönyű Port of Győr
  • Komárom
  • Budapest Port of Csepel
  • Dunaújváros Port of Dunaújváros
  • Dunavecse
  • Madocsa
  • Paks
  • Fadd-Dombori
  • Bogyiszló
  • Baja Port of Baja
  • Mohács Port of Mohács

Ports on the Tisza:

  • Szeged Port of Szeged

Merchant marineedit

  • Total: 2 ships with a volume of 1,000 gross register tons GRT or over totaling 12,949 GRT/14,550 tonnes deadweight DWT
  • Ships by type: cargo ship 2 1999 est

Transport in citiesedit

Transport companies of citiesedit

  • BKV Zrt Budapest buses, trams, trolley buses and metro
  • DKV Zrt Debrecen buses, trams & trolley buses
  • MVK Zrt Miskolc buses and trams
  • SzKT Kft Szeged trams & trolley buses only; buses belong to Tisza Volán
  • PK Rt Pécs buses
  • KT Rt Kaposvár buses

In the rest of the cities and towns local transport is provided by Volán companies that also provide intercity bus lines


Main article: Budapest Metro

The Budapest Metro Hungarian: Budapesti metró is the rapid transit system in the Hungarian capital Budapest It is the oldest electrified underground railway system on the European continent The second red line was opened in 1970, third blue line was opened in 1976, the newest line is the fourth green, it was opened in 2014


See also: Trams in Europe and List of town tramway systems in Hungary

The busiest traditional city tram line in the world is still route 4/6 in Budapest, where 50-meter long trains run at 120 to 180 second intervals2 at peak time and are usually packed with people A part of this route is the same as where electric trams made their world first run in 1887 Budapest has recently ordered 40 Siemens Combino Supra low floor trams Trams began carrying the passengers on the 1 July 2006 but during the first weeks there were many technical difficulties

There were some towns, where narrow gauge railways were used as tram lines or interurban lines for example: Sárospatak, Sátoraljaújhely, Békéscsaba, Békés, Cegléd These lines were closed in the 1970s


See also: List of trolleybus systems

Trolleybuses can be found in three cities: Budapest, Debrecen and Szeged


  • Crude oil: 1,204 km
  • Natural gas: 4,387 km 1991

See alsoedit

  • Hungary
  • Hungarian State Railways
  • List of airports in Hungary
  • List of motorways in Hungary
  • Suburban railway lines in Budapest


  1. ^ "Hungary" Texas Tech University - Office of International Affairs 
  2. ^ "Timetables | Budapesti Közlekedési Központ" wwwbkkhu Retrieved 2017-02-06 

External linksedit

  • Public Transport and Railways in Hungary

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Transport in Hungary

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