Trakai Voivodeship
Wed . 18 Aug 2018

Trakai Voivodeship


Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth 1569–1795


1413–1795
 

 

 

Coat of arms

Trakai Voivodeship in red in the 17th century Capital Trakai Government Monarchy Legislature Sejmik History    Established by Union of Horodło 1413    Union of Lublin 1569    Third Partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth 1795 Area    1570 31,100 km2 12,008 sq mi    1790 23,885 km2 9,222 sq mi Population    1790 288,000  Density 121 /km2  312 /sq mi Political subdivisions Counties: 4 Today part of Lithuania, Poland, Belarus Population and area are given according to Vaitiekūnas, Stasys 2006 Lietuvos gyventojai: Per du tūkstantmečius in Lithuanian Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas pp 53, 71 ISBN 5-420-01585-4 

Trakai Voivodeship, Trakai Palatinate, or Troki Voivodeship Lithuanian: Trakų vaivadija, Latin: Palatinatus Trocensis, Polish: Województwo trockie, was a unit of administrative division and local government in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from 1413 until 1795

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Voivodes
    • 21 List of voivodes
  • 3 Notes

History

Trakai Voivodeship together with Vilnius Voivodeship was established by the Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great in 1413 according to the Union of Horodło Vytautas copied Polish system of administrative division in order to centralize and strengthen the government Trakai Voivodeship replaced the former Duchy of Trakai, which was ruled directly by the Grand Duke or his close relative brother or son The Duke of Trakai Latin: dux Trocensis was replaced by appointed officials – voivodes and his deputy castellan

The voivodeship was divided into four powiats: Grodno County, Kaunas, Trakai ruled directly by the voivode, and Upytė The biggest cities in the voivodeship were Kaunas, Grodno and Trakai

The western portion of the voivodeship was split off in 1513 by Sigismund I the Old and transferred to the Polish Crown It was organized as the Podlaskie Voivodeship In 1793, counties of Grodno and Sokółka and Wołkowysk one of Nowogródek Voivodeship were merged in Grodno Voivodeship

After the Union of Lublin the voivodeship, together with whole Grand Duchy of Lithuania, became part of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth until the partitions of the Commonwealth in 1795 Most of the territory became part of the Russian Empire, while territories west of the Neman River – part of the Province of East Prussia

Voivodes

The Voivode of Trakai Polish: Wojewoda trocki, Lithuanian: Trakų vaivada was one of the most important state offices in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania They were appointed from prominent magnate families and competed only with voivode of Vilnius and Grand Chancellors for power and prestige Voivodes were the ex officio members of the Lithuanian Council of Lords Voivodes had their residence in Trakai city, near Galvė Lake, north of the Trakai Peninsula Castle

List of voivodes

Trakai Voivodeship in the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
  • Jonas Goštautas 1440
  • Iwaszko Moniwidowicz 1443–1458
  • Radvila Astikas 1466–1477
  • Martynas Goštautas 1480–1483
  • Jan Zabrzeziński 1498–1505
  • Olbracht Gasztołd Albrecht Goštautas 1519–1522
  • Konstanty Ostrogski 1522–1530
  • Stanisław Gasztołd Stanislovas Goštautas 1542
  • Mikołaj Krzysztof "the Orphan" Radziwiłł 1590–1604
  • Janusz Skumin Tyszkiewicz 1626–1640
  • Piotr Pac X 1640–VII 1642
  • Mikołaj Abramowicz 1647–1651
  • Marcjan Ogiński since 1670
  • Tadeusz Franciszek Ogiński 1770–1783
  • Józef Mikołaj Radziwiłł since 1788

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Laužikas, Rimvydas 2004-10-15 "Trakų vaivadija" Aruodai in Lithuanian Lithuanian Institute of History Retrieved 2008-06-07 
  2. ^ Leszczyński, Anatol 1980 Żydzi ziemi bielskiej od połowy XVII w do 1795 r: studium osadnicze Zakład Narodowy im Ossolińskich p 248 ISBN 83-04-00389-9 
  3. ^ Simas Sužiedėlis, ed 1970–1978 "Trakai" Encyclopedia Lituanica V Boston, Massachusetts: Juozas Kapočius p 491 LCC 74-114275 

Coordinates: 54°38′22″N 24°56′06″E / 54639319°N 24935049°E / 54639319; 24935049


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    Trakai Voivodeship beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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