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Toyama Prefecture

toyama prefecture, toyama prefecture map
Toyama Prefecture 富山県, Toyama-ken is a prefecture of Japan located in the Hokuriku region on the main Honshu island2 The capital is the city of Toyama3

Toyama is the leading industrial prefecture on the Japan Sea coast, and has the industrial advantage of cheap electricity from abundant hydroelectric resources It also contains East Asia’s only known glaciers outside Russia, first recognized in 20124

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Municipalities
    • 31 Cities
    • 32 Towns and villages
    • 33 Mergers
  • 4 Economy
    • 41 Agriculture
    • 42 Manufacturing
    • 43 Energy
  • 5 Demographics
  • 6 International links
  • 7 Transportation
    • 71 Rail
    • 72 Expressway
    • 73 Air
      • 731 Domestic
      • 732 International
  • 8 Culture
    • 81 UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sites
    • 82 National Treasures of Japan
    • 83 Festivals
      • 831 Spring
      • 832 Summer
      • 833 Fall
      • 834 Winter
    • 84 Regional Foods
    • 85 Regional sake
  • 9 Sports
  • 10 Sister Regions
  • 11 Tourism
  • 12 Notes
  • 13 References
  • 14 External links

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Toyama Prefecture

Historically, Toyama Prefecture was Etchū Province5 Following the abolition of the han system in 1871, Etchū Province was renamed Niikawa Prefecture, but Imizu District was given to Nanao Prefecture In 1872 Imizu District was returned by the new Ishikawa Prefecture

In 1876, Niikawa Prefecture was merged into Ishikawa Prefecture but the merger was void in 1881 and the area was re-established as Toyama Prefecturecitation needed

The Itai-itai disease occurred in Toyama around 1950

Geographyedit

Toyama Prefecture is bordered by Ishikawa Prefecture to the west, Niigata to the northeast, Nagano to the southeast, Gifu to the south and Sea of Japan to the north

As of April 1, 2012, 30% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Chūbu-Sangaku and Hakusan National Parks; Noto Hantō Quasi-National Park; and six Prefectural Natural Parks6

Municipalitiesedit

Map of Toyama Prefecture

Due to the mergers in the 2000s, Toyama has the fewest municipalities of any prefecture in Japan with 10 cities, 2 districts, 4 towns, and 1 village before the mergers took place, the prefecture had 9 cities, 18 towns, and 8 villages

Citiesedit

Ten cities are located in Toyama Prefecture:

City of Toyama

Towns and villagesedit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Toyama Prefecture

Economyedit

Agricultureedit

In 2014 Toyama contributed approximately 25% of Japan's rice production 7 and makes use of abundant water sources originating from Mount Tate It also has many fisheries along its Sea of Japan coastline

Manufacturingedit

Toyama is famous for its historical pharmaceutical industry which remains a top manufacturing industry in the prefecture in terms of manufacturing shipment value followed by electronic parts and devices industrial robots, general machinery, etc, and metal products aluminum, copper etc manufacturing

Energyedit

Kurobe Dam generates electricity for the Kansai Electric Power Company It is located on the Kurobe River in Toyama Prefecture

Demographicsedit

As of February 1, 2008, the population is estimated as 1,104,239citation needed

International linksedit

  •  China, Liaoning Province - May 9, 1984
  •  Brazil, São Paulo State - July 18, 1985
  •  United States, Oregon State - October 19, 1991
  •  Russia, Primorsky Region - August 26, 1992
  •  India, Andhra Pradesh State- Dec 2015

Transportationedit

Railedit

Tokyo: 2 hr 7 min via Hokuriku Shinkansen

Osaka: 3 hr via Hokuriku Shinkansen and Thunderbird Limited Express

  • The Hokuriku Shinkansen line is scheduled to extend to Osaka in the future, and will shorten the Osaka-Toyama trip to approximately 1 hr 40 min

Expresswayedit

  • Tokyo: 5 hr
  • Osaka: 4 hr 10 min
  • Nagoya: 3 hr 15 min
  • Niigata: 2 hr 30 min

Airedit

  • Toyama Airport TOY

Domesticedit

  • Tokyo: 1 hr
  • Sapporo: 1 hr 20 min
  • Fukuoka: 1 hr 30 min

Internationaledit

  • Shanghai: 2 hr 30 min via Shanghai Airlines
  • Dalian: 2 hr 30 min via Southern China Airlines
  • Seoul: 1 hr 50 min via Asiana Airlines
  • Vladivostok: 2 hr 40 min via Vladivostok Airlines

Cultureedit

UNESCO World Heritage Cultural Sitesedit

Gokayama Historical Village Nanto City

National Treasures of Japanedit

Zuiryū-ji Temple Takaoka City

Festivalsedit

Springedit

Tonami Yotaka Festival June Uozu Tatemon Festival August
  • All Japan Chindon Competition Toyama City Toyama Castle Park, Mid April
  • Tonami Tulip Fair Tonami City, May
  • Marumage Festival Himi City, May 17

Summeredit

  • Sassa Narimasa Sengoku Era Festival Toyama City, Late July
  • Japan Wildlife Film Festival Toyama Prefecture, Early August

Falledit

  • Toyama Festival Toyama City, Sept 1
  • Owara Kaze no Bon Toyama City Yatsuo Area, Sept 1-3

Winteredit

  • Nanto Toga Soba Festival Nanto City Toga Village Area, Mid Feb

Regional Foodsedit

  • Trout Sushi Masu no Sushi
  • White Shrimp Shiro Ebi
  • Matured Yellow Tail Buri
  • Firefly Squid Hotaru Ika
  • Fish Paste Kamaboko

Regional sakeedit

  • Tateyama 立山
  • Narimasa 成政
  • Masuizumi 満寿泉
  • Sanshoraku 三笑楽)

Sportsedit

The sports teams listed below are based in Toyama

Football soccer

  • Kataller Toyama Toyama City

Basketball

  • Toyama Grouses Toyama City

Baseball

  • Toyama Thunderbirds Toyama City

Rugby Union

  • Takaoka Mariners Takaoka

Sister Regionsedit

  •  People's Republic of China, Liaoning Province8
  •  United States, Oregon9
  •  Russia, Primorsky Krai8

Tourismedit

  • Tateyama Kurobe Alpine Route

Notesedit

  1. ^ a b c d 富山県の魅力・観光>シンボル Toyama Prefectural website in Japanese Toyama Prefecture Retrieved 9 September 2011 
  2. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Toyama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 991, p 991, at Google Books; "Hokuriku" at p 344, p 344, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Toyama" at p 991, p 991, at Google Books
  4. ^ First glaciers of Japan recognised
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  6. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment Retrieved 29 June 2012 
  7. ^ "米の生産 〔2014年〕" in Japanese Retrieved May 11, 2015 
  8. ^ a b Sister/Friendship Affiliation
  9. ^ Oregon State Archives Copy, Governor's Office Press Releases

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official Toyama Prefecture Homepage
  • Toyama Prefecture International Center
  • National Archives of Japan Toyama Map 1891

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