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Tottori Prefecture

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Tottori Prefecture 鳥取県, Tottori-ken is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region1 The capital is the city of Tottori2 It is the least populous prefecture in Japan

Contents

  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 History
    • 21 Early history
    • 22 Later history
    • 23 Modern history
  • 3 Geography
    • 31 Cities
    • 32 Towns and villages
    • 33 Mergers
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Language
  • 7 Sports
  • 8 Education
    • 81 Universities
    • 82 Colleges
  • 9 Noted places
    • 91 Tottori City
    • 92 Daisen
    • 93 Daisen and Yonago
    • 94 Yonago and Sakaiminato
    • 95 Misasa
    • 96 Sakaiminato
    • 97 Iwami
    • 98 Chizu
    • 99 Nanbu
  • 10 Transportation
    • 101 Rail
    • 102 Roads
      • 1021 Expressway and toll roads
      • 1022 National highways
    • 103 Ports
    • 104 Airports
  • 11 Prefectural symbols
  • 12 Notes
  • 13 References
  • 14 External links

Etymologyedit

The word "Tottori" in Japanese is formed from two kanji characters The first, 鳥, means "bird" and the second, 取 means "to get" Early residents in the area made their living catching the region's plentiful waterfowl The name first appears in the Nihon shoki in the 23rd year of the Emperor Suiko when Yukuha Tana, an elder from the Izumo, visits the emperor The imperial Prince Homatsu-wake was unable to speak, despite being 30 years of age

"Yukuha Tana presented the swan to the emperor Homatsu-wake no Mikoto played with this swan and at least learned to speak Therefore, Yukaha Tana was liberally rewarded, and was granted the title of Tottori no Miyakko" Aston, translation3

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Tottori Prefecture

Early historyedit

Tottori Prefecture was settled very early in the prehistoric period of Japan, as evidenced by remains from the Jōmon period 14,000 – 300 BC4 The prefecture has the remains of the largest known Yayoi period 300 BC – 250 AD settlement in Japan, the Mukibanda Yayoi remains, located in the low foothills of Mount Daisen5 in the cities of Daisen and Yonago6 Numerous kofun tumuli from the Kofun period 250 – 538 are located across the prefecture7 In 645, under the Taika reforms, the area in present-day Tottori Prefecture became two provinces, Hōki and Inaba8

Later historyedit

During the Genpei War 1180–1185 between the Taira and Minamoto clans in the late-Heian period, Tottori became a base for anti-Taira forces, specifically at two temples, Daisen-ji and Sanbutsu-ji By the beginning of the Kamakura period 1185–1333 shōen estates were established to directly support the Imperial court and various temples Successive clans controlled the region during the Sengoku period 15th to 17th century, most notably the Yamana clan, but after the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600 the region was pacified The Tokugawa shogunate installed the Ikeda clan at Tottori Castle The clan retained control of the area until throughout the Edo period 1603–1868 and the resources of the area financially and materially supported the shogunate9

Modern historyedit

The two provinces remained in place until the Meiji Restoration in 1868, and the boundaries of Tottori Prefecture were established in 18884 After the occupation of Korea and Taiwan in the 20th century, and the establishment of the Manchukuo puppet state in 1932, Tottori's harbors on the Japan Sea served as an active transit point for goods between Japan and the colonial areas Before the end of World War II the prefecture was hit by a massive magnitude 72 earthquake, the 1943 Tottori earthquake, which destroyed 80% of the city of Tottori, and greatly damaged the surrounding area In the postwar period land reform was carried out in the prefecture, resulting in a great increase of agricultural production9

Geographyedit

Map of Tottori Prefecture Tottori City Sakaiminato

Tottori is home to the Tottori Sand Dunes, Japan's only large dune system As of 1 April 2012, 14% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Daisen-Oki and Sanin Kaigan National Parks; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Hyōnosen-Ushiroyama-Nagisan Quasi-National Parks; and Misasa-Tōgōko, Nishi Inaba, and Okuhino Prefectural Natural Parks10

Mount Misumi is located within the former area of Mochigase that was merged into the city of Tottori in 2004

Citiesedit

Four cities are located in Tottori Prefecture:

Towns and villagesedit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Tottori Prefecture

Demographicsedit

Tottori is the least populated prefecture in Japan

Economyedit

Tottori Prefecture is heavily agricultural and its products are shipped to the major cities of Japan Some of the famous products are the nashi pear, nagaimo yam, Japanese scallion, negi, and watermelon The prefecture is also a major producer of rice

Languageedit

Historically, the region had extensive linguistic diversity While the standard Tokyo dialect of the Japanese language is now used in Tottori Prefecture, several other dialects are also used Many of them are grouped with Western Japanese, and include the Chugoku and Umpaku dialects11

Sportsedit

The sports teams listed below are based in Tottori

  • Football soccer
    • Gainare Tottori Yonago

Educationedit

Universitiesedit

  • Tottori University
  • Tottori University of Environmental Studies

Collegesedit

  • Tottori College

Noted placesedit

Tottori Cityedit

  • Tottori Sand Dunes
  • Jinpūkaku, a late Meiji period residence

Daisenedit

  • Daisen, the highest of the Chūgoku Mountains, 1,729 m 5,673 ft

Daisen and Yonagoedit

  • Mukibanda Yayoi remains, the largest site of Yayoi period settlement in Japan

Yonago and Sakaiminatoedit

  • Nakaumi, a brackish lake located between Tottori Prefecture and Shimane Prefecture, fifth largest lake in Japan

Misasaedit

  • Misasa Onsen
  • Sanbutsu-ji, a Heian period temple designated a National Treasure of Japan

Sakaiminatoedit

  • Kitarō Road, a street in Sakaiminato dedicated to Shigeru Mizuki's GeGeGe no Kitaro manga character
  • Lake Koyama

Iwamiedit

  • Uradome Coast, a scenic ria coastal inlet

Chizuedit

  • The Ishitani Residence, an Edo period family residence designated a National Treasure of Japan

Nanbuedit

  • Tottori Hanakairo-Flower Park, the largest flower park in Japan

Transportationedit

Railedit

  • JR West
    • Sanin Line
    • Hakubi Line
    • Inbi Line
    • Sakai Line
  • Wakasa Railway
  • Chizu Express

Roadsedit

Expressway and toll roadsedit

  •  Tottori Expressway
  •  Yonago Expressway
  •  Sanin Expressway
  •  Shidosaka Pass Road
  •  Tottori-Toyooka-Miyazu Road

National highwaysedit

  • Route 9
  • Route 29 Tottori-Shiso-Himeji
  • Route 53 Tottori-Tsuyama-Okayama
  • Route 178
  • Route 179
  • Route 180
  • Route 181 Yonago-Niimi-Okayama
  • Route 183
  • Route 313
  • Route 373
  • Route 431
  • Route 482

Portsedit

  • Sakai Port - ferry route to Oki Island, and international container hub

Airportsedit

  • Tottori Airport
  • Yonago Airport

Prefectural symbolsedit

The symbol is derived from the first mora in Japanese for "と" combined with the picture of a flying bird, and symbolizes peace, liberty, and the advancement of the Tottori prefecture It was enacted in 1968 to celebrate the 100th year from the first year of the Meiji Era

Notesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Tottori Prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 990, p 990, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at p 127, p 127, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Tottori" at p 990, p 990, at Google Books
  3. ^ Aston, W G, translator, ed 1972, "XXX", Nihongi; chronicles of Japan from the earliest times to AD 697 1st Tuttle ed, Rutland, Vt: CE Tuttle Co, p 175, ISBN 978-0-8048-0984-9, OCLC 354027 
  4. ^ a b "Tottori Prefecture" Encyclopedia of Japan Tokyo: Shogakukan 2012 Retrieved 2012-04-07 
  5. ^ Muki-Banda Remains
  6. ^ "Mukibanda-iseki 妻木晩田遺跡" Nihon Rekishi Chimei Taikei 日本歴史地名大系 in Japanese Tokyo: Shogakukan 2012 Retrieved 2012-04-07 
  7. ^ "Tottori Plain" Encyclopedia of Japan Tokyo: Shogakukan 2012 Retrieved 2012-04-07 
  8. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  9. ^ a b "Tottori-ken 鳥取県" Nihon Daihyakka Zensho Nipponika 日本大百科全書ニッポニカ in Japanese Tokyo: Shogakukan 2012 Retrieved 2012-04-07 
  10. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment Retrieved 31 August 2012 
  11. ^ "Tottori-ken: seikatsu bunka 鳥取(県): 生活文化" Nihon Daihyakka Zensho Nipponika 日本大百科全書ニッポニカ in Japanese Tokyo: Shogakukan 2012 Retrieved 2012-04-07 

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official Tottori Prefecture homepage

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