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Tōkai region

The Tōkai region 東海地方, Tōkai-chihō is a subregion of the Chūbu region in Japan that runs along the Pacific Ocean The name means "East sea" and comes from the Tōkaidō, one of the Edo Five Routes Because Tōkai is a sub-region and is not officially classified, there is some disagreement about where exactly the region begins and ends, however Japanese maps widely conclude that the region includes Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu and Mie prefectures

The largest major city in the region is Nagoya and the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area Nagoya Metropolitan Area makes up a large portion of the region and has Japan's third strongest economy The business influence of this urban area sometimes extends out into the outlying areas of the three prefectures centered on Nagoya which are Aichi, Gifu, and Mie; this area is sometimes referred to as the Chūkyō region

Tōkai is a heavy manufacturing area and is one of the most industrial regions in Japan Its coast is lined with densely populated cities with economies that thrive on factories

The Tōkai region has experienced a number of large earthquakes in the past, including the two great earthquakes in 1944 also known as the "Tonankai earthquake" and 1945 also known as the "Mikawa earthquake"1 Following the work of Kiyoo Mogi, it is predicted that there is a possibility that the area will be subject to a shallow magnitude 80 earthquake in the near future2 Nagoya, Shizuoka, and other large cities would be greatly damaged, with casualties in the thousands, if not millions, making it one of the worst disasters on Earth The Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction designated the region as an Area of Specific Observation in 1970, and upgraded it to an Area of Intensified Observation in 19742


  • 1 Railroads
  • 2 Companies
  • 3 Universities
  • 4 Airports
  • 5 Sports clubs
    • 51 Baseball
    • 52 Football
    • 53 Basketball
  • 6 Power generation
  • 7 See also
  • 8 Notes


Central Japan Railway Company, an arm of the former national railway Japan Railways Group, operates in an area roughly coextensive with the Tōkai region In fact, JR Central's legal Japanese name is Tōkai Railway Company, abbreviated to JR-Tōkai "JR Central" is the English name JR Central operates the Tōkaidō Main Line between Atami and Maibara stations, as well as the Tōkaidō Shinkansen high speed line between Tokyo and Shin-Ōsaka, and many conventional lines joining with the Tōkaidō Main Line


  • Toyota Motor Company
  • Yamaha
  • Kawai Musical Instruments


  • Nagoya University
  • Nanzan University
  • Nagoya Institute of Technology
  • Gifu University
  • Mie University
  • Chukyo University
  • Toyohashi University of Technology
  • Nihon University College of International Relations
  • Shizuoka University


  • Chūbu Centrair International Airport
  • Nagoya Regional Airport

Sports clubsedit


  • Chunichi Dragons


  • Júbilo Iwata
  • Nagoya Grampus
  • Shimizu S-Pulse
  • FC Gifu
  • Honda FC
  • FC Kariya


  • Hamamatsu Higashimikawa Phoenix
  • Aisin Seahorses

Power generationedit

The Hamaoka Nuclear Power Plant is located within the Tōkai region

See alsoedit

  • Hokuriku region
  • Kōshin'etsu region
  • Shin'etsu region


  1. ^ Karan, Pradyumna Prasad 2005 Japan in the 21st Century: Environment, Economy, and Society, p 36, p 36, at Google Books
  2. ^ a b Two grave issues concerning the expected Tokai Earthquake Kiyoo Mogi, Earth Planets Space, Vol 56 No 8, pp li-lxvi, published 2004, accessed 2011-03-11

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