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tizen, tizen store
Tizen /ˈtaɪzɛn/ is an operating system based on the Linux kernel and the GNU C Library implementing the Linux API It works on a wide range of devices, including smartphones, tablets, in-vehicle infotainment IVI devices, smart TVs, PCs, smart cameras, wearable computing such as smartwatches, Blu-ray players, printers and smart home appliances3 such as refrigerators, lighting, washing machines, air conditioners, ovens/microwaves and a robotic vacuum cleaner4 Its purpose is to offer a consistent user experience across devices Tizen is a project within the Linux Foundation and is governed by a Technical Steering Group TSG

The Tizen Association was formed to guide the industry role of Tizen, including requirements gathering, identifying and facilitating service models, and overall industry marketing and education5

Members of the Tizen Association represent major sectors of the mobility industry, from numerous areas of the world Current members include telecommunications network operators and electronics manufacturers: Fujitsu, Huawei, Intel, KT, NEC Casio, NTT DoCoMo, Orange, Panasonic, Samsung, SK Telecom, Sprint and Vodafone6 While the Tizen Association decides what needs to be done in Tizen, the Technical Steering Group determines what code is actually incorporated into the operating system to accomplish those goals Tizen roots back to the Samsung Linux Platform SLP and the LiMo Project and in 2013 Samsung merged its homegrown Bada project into Tizen7

The first week of October 2013, Samsung's NX300M smart camera became the first consumer product based on Tizen; it was sold in South Korea for a month before its OS was revealed at the Tizen Developer Summit,8910 then became available for pre-order in the United States in early 2014 with a release date of March 1 The first Tizen tablet was announced by Systena in June 2013, a 10-inch quad-core ARM with 1920×1200 resolution that was eventually shipped in late October 2013 as part of a development kit exclusive to Japan111213 The Samsung Gear 2 smartwatch, released in April 2014, uses Tizen14

Samsung released the Tizen-based Samsung Z1 smartphone to the Indian market in January 201515 It was followed by the Samsung Z3 in October


  • 1 System architecture
    • 11 Overview
    • 12 Open environment
    • 13 Licensing model
  • 2 History
  • 3 Market release
  • 4 See also
    • 41 Related projects
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

System architectureedit


Tizen provides application development tools based on the JavaScript libraries jQuery and jQuery Mobile Since version 20, a C++ native application framework is also available, based on an Open Services Platform from the Bada platform

The software development kit SDK allows developers to use HTML5 and related web technologies to write applications that run on supported devices

  • oFono is the telephony stack
  • Smack is utilized to sandbox HTML5 web applications16
  • Windowing system
    • The X Window System with the Enlightenment Foundation Libraries is used17
    • Wayland: Tizen up to 2x supports Wayland in in-vehicle infotainment IVI setups18 and from 30 onward defaults to Wayland19
  • ZYpp was chosen as package management system
  • ConnMan was chosen over NetworkManager

Open environmentedit

The Core Mobile Web Platform Community Group20 Coremob brought developers, equipment manufacturers, browser vendors and operators together to agree on core features developers can depend on The group closed in September 2013 and work was moved to the Web and Mobile Interest Group,21 which was closed in November 2015

HTML5 applications run on Tizen, Android, Firefox OS, Ubuntu Touch, Windows Phone, and webOS without a browser

In late January 2013, Tizen 20 scored highest at the time in an HTML5 test of any browsers22 As the old HTML5 tests were phased out on November 13, 2013, Tizen 22 fell below BlackBerry 102 at 494 out of 555 points23 However, as of December 2013update desktop browsers had regained the advantage, and results for Tizen 22 on a Samsung device score highest overall in mobile, with a score of 497 points24

Tizen IVI In-Vehicle Infotainment is an operating system from the Automotive Grade Linux Workgroup25 It is PC-compatible

Applications based on Qt, GTK+ and EFL frameworks can run on Tizen IVI26 While there is no official support for these third-party frameworks, according to the explanation on the Tizen SDK website,27 Tizen applications for mobile devices can be developed without relying on an official Tizen IDE as long as the application complies with Tizen packaging rules In May 2013, a community port of Qt to Tizen focused on delivering native GUI controls and integration of Qt with Tizen OS features for smartphones28 Based on the Qt port to Tizen, Tizen and mer can interchange codecitation needed

Licensing modeledit

Tizen's open governance model was created through public input, suggestions, criticism, or participation, of Tizen 202930 While Apple has pursued patent litigation and even transferred some to known trolls31 to pursue Tizen partners HTC, LG, Samsung, and more, by early 2014 cross-licensing among hardware manufacturers was happening32 more broadly Extending open source software and patenting the extension is an option that most open source licenses do not restrict

The operating system consists of many open source components A number of components internally developed by Samsung eg, boot animation, calendar, task manager, music player applications are, however, released under the Flora License, essentially a BSD- or Apache-style license except granting patents to "Tizen Certified Platform" only

Flora is not approved by the Open Source Initiative33 Therefore, it is unclearcitation needed whether developers can legally use the native application framework and its graphical components to make GPL applications Source code access is guaranteed however

Its SDK is built on top of open source components,34 but the entire SDK is copyrighted by Samsung Electronics and under a non-free EULA35


Tizen and the mobile software distributions it is related to Predecessors of Tizen

Tizen comes from a long history of Linux adoption by manufacturers A complete family tree is available36

Samsung's collaboration with the EFL project, and especially Carsten Haitzler, was known as LiMo for years It was renamed Tizen when Intel joined the project in September 2011, after leaving the MeeGo project A common misconception is that Tizen is a continuation of MeeGo In fact, it builds on Samsung Linux SLP, a reference implementation delivered within LiMo37

On January 1, 2012, the LiMo Foundation was renamed Tizen Association The Tizen Association is led by a Board of Directors from Samsung, Intel, Huawei, Fujitsu, NEC, Panasonic, KT Corporation, Sprint Corporation, SK Telecom, Orange, NTT DoCoMo, and Vodafone The Tizen Association works closely with the Linux Foundation, which supports the Tizen open source project38

On April 30, 2012, Tizen released version 10, code-named Larkspur39

On May 7, 2012, American wireless carrier Sprint Nextel now Sprint Corporation announced it had agreed to become part of the Tizen Association and planned to include Tizen-powered devices in their future lineup40

On September 16, 2012, the Automotive Grade Linux Workgroup announced it will work with the Tizen project as the reference distribution optimized for a broad set of automotive applications such as instrumentation cluster and in-vehicle-infotainment IVI25

On September 25, 2012, Tizen released version 20 alpha, code-named Magnolia41 It offered an enhanced web-based framework with more features, better HTML5/W3C API support and more device APIs, multi-process WebKit2-based web runtime and better security for web applications Support for OpenGL ES has been enhanced Newly added platform SDK has been provided to help with platform development based on Open Build Service OBS

On February 18, 2013, Tizen released version 20, code-named Magnolia42 Apart from further enhancements of the web frameworks and APIs, native application framework with integrated development environment and associated tools have been added supporting features such as background applications, IP push, and text-to-speech Inclusion of this framework is an effect of the expected merging parts of the Open Services Platform OSP framework and APIs of the Bada operating system with the Tizen platform

In April 2013, Samsung announced Tizen Port-a-thon This campaign supports Bada developers' early entry into the Tizen market by providing technical support and incentives43

On May 17, 2013, Tizen released version 21, code-named Nectarine44

In July 2013, Samsung announced Tizen App Challenge, with over US$4 million in cash prizes45

On July 22, 2013, Tizen released version 2246

On November 9, 2013, Tizen released version 22147

On May 14, 2014, it was announced that Tizen:Common would ship with Qt integrated48 This marks the ability for Tizen to support Qt native apps

On November 8, 2014, Tizen released version 23

On September 4, 2015, Tizen released version 231

On October 22, 2015, Tizen released version 24

After joining the Net Foundation Steering Group in June 2016, Samsung announced in November 2016 that they would be collaborating with Microsoft to bring Net support to Tizen49

Market releaseedit

Samsung Galaxy Gear smartwatches use Tizen as their operating system50

Allegedly, the first Tizen devices were planned for the second half of 201251 Samsung then clarified that first quarter of 2013 was not a date of actual product launch, but of demonstrations at Mobile World Congress52 Tizen services made by Samsung were said to ship in 2013, perhaps in August or September,5354 then replaced to "Later in 2013",5556 and then perhaps in early 201457

In May 2013, Samsung released the firmware source code for their NX200 and NX300 cameras,58 the architecture of the code being based on Tizen

In February 2014, the Samsung Gear 2 and Gear 2 Neo smartwatches were unveiled, and released in April, running Tizen instead of Android as the original Galaxy Gear59 On May 31, 2014, Samsung released an update for the original Galaxy Gear, switching the operating system to Tizen

Samsung announced the Samsung Gear S – a smartwatch that is able to make phone calls and send SMS – on August 28, 2014 On September 15, 2014, it released the Samsung NX1, a high-end camera that also uses Tizen60

On January 14, 2015, the Samsung Z1, a low-cost smartphone using Tizen, was introduced in India61 and later Bangladesh, and in mid May 2015 Sri Lanka was indicated62 Z3 of the same series was released in October

Samsung announced the Gear S2 on September 1, 2015, its first circular smart watch, also powered by Tizen63

On October 14, 2015, Samsung unveiled the second Tizen smartphone, Samsung Z3 SM-Z300H in Gurgaon, India, with higher specifications and additional features than the Z164

Samsung continues to promote the Tizen OS with new devices February 21, 2016, it announced the Samsung Connect Auto, a connected car solution offering diagnostic, Wi-Fi and other car-connected services The device plugs directly into the OBD-II port underneath the steering wheel1

On June 3, 2016 Samsung unveiled the next generation Gear Fit fitness band, the Samsung Gear Fit 2, the sport band provide users with accurate auto-tracking and other fitness features such as pedometer, S Health support as well as heart rate monitor Along with Gear Fit 2, Samsung also introduced the Gear Icon X a cord-free earbuds that provide a lightweight, and tangle free earbuds, the earbud is said to run the Tizen OS65

August 23, 2016, Samsung unveiled its third smartphone powered by Tizen operating system in India, the Samsung Z2 is an entry level smartphone with 4G support, the device has a 15 GHz Quad-core processor, 1GB RAM and 8GB internal memory, it features Ultra Data Saving mode, S bike mode and with the new My Money Transfer app 66

See alsoedit

  • Linux portal
  • Free software portal
  • Information technology portal
  • Comparison of mobile operating systems
  • HTML5 in mobile devices

Related projectsedit

  • Bada, an operating system for mobile phones, forms the native application framework of Tizen 20 and latercitation needed
  • Apache Cordova implementation for Tizen67 is a JavaScript wrapper library allowing to build and run Cordova-based projects on Tizen
  • River Trail – Intel Lab's River Trail project goal is to enable data-parallelism in web applications By leveraging multiple CPU cores and vector instructions, River Trail is significantly faster than sequential JavaScript68
  • Sailfish OS, a Linux operating system for mobile phones and other devices that is Mer-based


  1. ^ "Tizen UI Overview" 
  2. ^ "Tizen 24 SDK Release Notes" 
  3. ^ "Samsung show off Tizen TV" 
  4. ^ "Tizen Target Market" 
  5. ^ "About Tizen" 
  6. ^ "Tizen FAQ" PDF 
  7. ^ Saxena, Anupam "Samsung to finally merge Bada with Tizen" NDTV Gadgets NDTV Convergence Limited Retrieved April 11, 2014 
  8. ^ Dent, Steve October 7, 2013 "Samsung refreshes NX300M mirrorless camera with 180 degree rotatable display" Archived from the original on December 6, 2013 
  9. ^ Brown, Eric November 11, 2013 "Tizen update: camera debuted, Lite version, delayed phone" LinuxGizmoscom Retrieved February 23, 2014 
  10. ^ Colon, Alex November 11, 2013 "Tizen news roundup: Samsung's NX300M camera runs on Tizen with phones and TV to follow, Nokia signs on for maps" GigaOm Archived from the original on January 22, 2014 Retrieved February 23, 2014 
  11. ^ Brown, Eric June 27, 2013 "World's first Tizen tablet" LinuxGizmoscom Archived from the original on July 2, 2013 Retrieved February 23, 2014 
  12. ^ Brown, Eric "First Tizen tablet ships to developers" LinuxGizmoscom Archived from the original on October 28, 2013 Retrieved February 23, 2014 
  13. ^ Buckley, Sean October 25, 2013 "First Tizen tablet launches in Japan, caters exclusively to developers" Engadget Archived from the original on January 25, 2014 Retrieved February 23, 2014 
  14. ^ Whitwam, Ryan February 22, 2014 "Samsung Announces Gear 2 And Gear 2 Neo Smart Watches Running Tizen, Available Worldwide In April" Android Police Retrieved February 22, 2014 
  15. ^ Saxena, Anupam January 14, 2015 "Samsung launches Z1, its first Tizen phone at Rs 5,700" The Times of India 
  16. ^ Aciicmez, Onur; Blaich, Andrew "Understanding the Access Control Model for Tizen Application Sandboxing" Archived from the original PDF on September 12, 2012 
  17. ^ "Overview of Graphics and Input in Tizen" PDF Retrieved February 25, 2014 
  18. ^ "IVI/IVI Setup" Tizen Wiki Retrieved April 8, 2013 
  19. ^ "IVI Tizen IVI 30-M1 released" Tizenorg Retrieved July 15, 2013 
  20. ^ "Core Mobile Web Platform Community Group" W3org Retrieved November 22, 2012 
  21. ^ "Web and Mobile Interest Group" W3org Retrieved January 2016  Check date values in: |access-date= help
  22. ^ "Tizen 20 tops HTML5 test" Retrieved December 3, 2013 
  23. ^ "The HTML5 Test" Retrieved January 28, 2013 
  24. ^ "HTML5 Test results of Samsung with Tizen 22 DotCoMo device" Retrieved December 3, 2013 
  25. ^ a b "Automotive Grade Linux" Automotivelinuxfoundationorg Retrieved November 22, 2012 
  26. ^ "Tizen IVI Architecture" PDF Retrieved January 5, 2012 
  27. ^ "Tizen SDK | Tizen Developers" Developertizenorg February 18, 2013 Retrieved March 27, 2013 
  28. ^ "Qt for Tizen Project" Retrieved June 30, 2013 
  29. ^ "Open source governance and licensing for Tizen 30" PDF tizenorg Retrieved December 3, 2013 
  30. ^ "Why Apple and Samsung are "patent trolls"" 
  31. ^ "Apple partners with patent troll Digitude Innovations — and wow, what a deal" 
  32. ^ "Cisco, Samsung Latest to Reach Patent Licensing Agreement" 
  33. ^ "Tizen 20 SDK comes in "Magnolia" - The H Open: News and Features" H-onlinecom February 19, 2013 Archived from the original on June 9, 2013 Retrieved July 16, 2013 
  34. ^ "Open Source License Announcement" PDF 
  35. ^ "Tizen SDK License Agreement | Tizen Developers" Developertizenorg February 18, 2013 Retrieved October 30, 2013 
  36. ^ "tizen-history/tizen-historypdf at master · kumadasu/tizen-history · GitHub" PDF Githubcom August 28, 2012 Retrieved November 22, 2012 
  37. ^ "General What is the scope of Tizen" Liststizenorg September 29, 2011 Retrieved March 27, 2013 
  38. ^ "Sprint News - Sprint Joins Tizen Association, Adds to its Board of Directors" Embedded-m2m-solutionstmcnetcom May 7, 2012 Retrieved November 22, 2012 
  39. ^ "Tizen 10 Larkspur SDK and Source Code Release" Tizenorg Retrieved November 22, 2012 
  40. ^ Wallace, Kristen "Sprint Joins The Tizen Association" Sprint Newsroom Retrieved January 28, 2013 
  41. ^ "Tizen 20 Alpha SDK and Source Code release" The Tizen Technical Steering Group September 25, 2012 Retrieved October 4, 2012 
  42. ^ "Tizen 20 Magnolia SDK and Source Code Release" Tizenorg Retrieved February 19, 2013 
  43. ^ "Tizen Port-a-thon" tizenportathoncom 
  44. ^ "Tizen 21 SDK and Source Code Release" Tizenorg 
  45. ^ "Tizen App Challenge" tizenappchallengecom 
  46. ^ "Tizen 22 SDK Release" Tizenorg 
  47. ^ "Tizen 221 Platform Release" Tizenorg 
  48. ^ "Tizen:Common to Ship with Qt Integrated" tizenexpertscom 
  49. ^ ""Samsung announces NET Core support and Visual Studio Tools for Tizen OS"" 
  50. ^ "Galaxy Gear gets updated to Tizen" 
  51. ^ Haselton, Todd May 21, 2012 "Tizen Smartphones and Netbooks Allegedly Due in Second Half of 2012" TechnoBuffalo Retrieved March 27, 2013 
  52. ^ Aune, Sean P "Samsung Aiming to Sell its First Tizen-Based Phone in 2013, Says Report" TechnoBuffalo Retrieved March 27, 2013 
  53. ^ Cheng, Roger February 24, 2013 "Samsung to launch first Tizen smartphone as early as July | Mobile World Congress - CNET Reviews" Reviewscnetcom Retrieved March 27, 2013 
  54. ^ "Samsung: 'the Tizen phone will be out in August or September, and this will be in the high-end category'" Phonearenacom Retrieved March 27, 2013 
  55. ^ Lee, Jungah March 14, 2013 "Samsung Will Release Tizen-Based Smartphone This Year" Bloomberg Retrieved March 27, 2013 
  56. ^ Souppouris, Aaron January 3, 2013 "Samsung confirms it will launch multiple Tizen handsets this year" The Verge Retrieved March 27, 2013 
  57. ^ "Tizen makes stealth pitch to Samsung's Android acolytes" CNET News October 30, 2013 Retrieved October 30, 2013 
  58. ^ PR admin May 18, 2013 "The code of the Samsung NX200 and NX300 mirrorless cameras is now available as open source" Photo Rumors Retrieved May 19, 2013 
  59. ^ Beavis, Gareth February 23, 2014 "Samsung's wrist reboot: Gear 2 and Gear 2 Neo unveiled" Techradar Retrieved February 23, 2014 
  60. ^ Vlad Savov September 15, 2014 "Samsung's NX1 Smart Camera is a speed demon hoping to charm the pros" The Verge Vox Media 
  61. ^ Kelion, Leo January 15, 2015 "Samsung's first Tizen phones go on sale in India" BBC News Retrieved January 15, 2015 
  62. ^ SamMobile "Samsung Z1 launch in Sri Lanka expected as Tizen Store starts accepting paid apps" SamMobile Retrieved October 2, 2015 
  63. ^ "Samsung Comes Full Circle with Introduction of Samsung Gear S2" Samsung Electronics Official Blog: Samsung Tomorrow Retrieved 2015-10-15 
  64. ^ "Samsung Z3 Unveiled in India Released date October 21 - Best Tizen Apps" Best Tizen Apps Retrieved 2015-10-15 
  65. ^ "Samsung Unveils the New Gear Fit2 and IconX – the Latest Wearables Blending Fitness and Fun for Any Lifestyle | SAMSUNG Singapore" Samsung SG Retrieved 2016-06-19 
  66. ^ "Samsung Launches Z2, the First Tizen Powered 4G Smartphone; Pre-loaded with Jio Services" newssamsungcom Retrieved 2016-09-04 
  67. ^ "apache/incubator-cordova-tizen · GitHub" Githubcom Retrieved November 22, 2012 
  68. ^ RiverTrail "Home · RiverTrail/RiverTrail Wiki · GitHub" Githubcom Retrieved November 22, 2012 

External linksedit

  • Official website
  • Tizen Association
  • HTML5 Developer Zone at Intel
  • Tizen App Consulting
  • TizenExperts news
  • Tizen Apps news
  • Tizen products
  • Samsung Z2 Os Tizen

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