Sun . 20 Jul 2020
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |


tinea versicolor, tinea corporis
Tinea, often called ringworm, is any of a variety of skin mycoses1 Tinea is a very common fungal infection of the skin Tinea is often called "ringworm" because the rash is circular, with a ring-like appearance

It is sometimes equated with dermatophytosis, and, while most conditions identified as "tinea" are members of the imperfect fungi that make up the dermatophytes, conditions such as tinea nigra and tinea versicolor are not caused by dermatophytes


  • 1 Tinea pedis foot
  • 2 Tinea unguium nails
  • 3 Tinea manuum hand
  • 4 Tinea cruris groin
  • 5 Tinea corporis body
  • 6 Tinea capitis scalp
  • 7 Tinea faciei face
  • 8 Tinea barbae beard
  • 9 Tinea imbricata overlapping pattern
  • 10 Tinea nigra black
  • 11 Tinea versicolor various colors
  • 12 Tinea incognito disguised
  • 13 See also
  • 14 References

Tinea pedis footedit

Main article: Athlete's foot

Athlete's foot also known as "ringworm of the foot",2 tinea pedum,3 and "moccasin foot"4 is a common and contagious skin disease that causes itching, scaling, flaking, and sometimes blistering of the affected areas Its medical name is tinea pedis, a member of the group of diseases or conditions known as tinea, most of which are dermatophytoses fungal infections of the skin, which in turn are mycoses broad category of fungal infections Globally, athlete's foot affects about 15% of the population4

Tinea pedis is caused by fungi such as Epidermophyton floccosum or fungi of the Trichophyton genus including T rubrum5 and T mentagrophytes6 These fungi are typically transmitted in moist communal areas where people go barefoot, such as around swimming pools or in showers, and require a warm moist environment like the inside of a shoe to incubate Fungal infection of the foot may be acquired or reacquired in many ways, such as by walking in an infected locker room, by using an infested bathtub, by sharing a towel used by someone with the disease, by touching the feet with infected fingers such as after scratching another infected area of the body, or by wearing fungi-contaminated socks or shoes

Infection can often be prevented by keeping the feet dry by limiting the use of footwear that enclose the feet, or by remaining barefoot7

The fungi may infect or spread to other areas of the body such as by scratching one's feet and then touching one's groin For each location on the body, the name of the condition changes A fungal infection of the groin is called "jock itch" The fungi tend to spread to areas of skin that are kept warm and moist, such as with insulation clothes, body heat, and sweat

However, the spread of the infection is not limited to skin Toe nails become infected with fungi in the same way as the rest of the foot, typically by being trapped with fungi in the warm, dark, moist inside of a shoe Fungal infection of the nails is called tinea unguium, and is not included in the medical definition of "athlete's foot", even though toe nails are part of the foot Fungi are more difficult to kill inside and underneath a nail than on and in the skin But if the nail infection is not cured, then the fungi can readily spread back to the rest of the foot The fungi can also spread to hair, grow inside hair strands, and feed on the keratin within hair, including the hair on the feet, the hair of one's beard, and the hair on one's head From hair, the fungi can spread back to skin

To effectively treat athlete's foot, it is necessary to treat the entire infection, wherever it is on the body, until the fungi are dead and the skin has fully healed There is a wide array of over the counter and prescription topical medications in the form of liquids, sprays, powders, ointments, and creams for killing fungi that have infected the feet or the body in general For persistent conditions, oral medications are available by prescription

Tinea unguium nailsedit

Main article: Onychomycosis

Onychomycosis also known as "dermatophytic onychomycosis," or "tinea unguium"2 is a fungal infection of the nail8 It is the most common disease of the nails and constitutes about half of all nail abnormalities9

This condition may affect toenails or fingernails, but toenail infections are particularly common It occurs in about 10% of the adult population10

Tinea manuum handedit

Main article: Tinea manuum

Tinea manuum or tinea manus3 is a fungal infection of the hand2 It is typically more aggressive than tinea pedis but similar in look Itching, burning, cracking, and scaling are observable and may be transmitted sexually or otherwise, whether or not symptoms are present

Tinea cruris groinedit

Main article: Tinea cruris

Tinea cruris, also known as "crotch itch", "crotch rot", "Dhobie itch", "eczema marginatum",2 "gym itch", "jock itch", "jock rot", "scrot rot" and "ringworm of the groin"11:303 is a dermatophyte fungal infection of the groin region in any sex,12 though more often seen in males In the German sprachraum this condition is called tinea inguinalis from Latin inguen = groin whereas tinea cruris is used for a dermatophytosis of the lower leg Latin crus13

Tinea cruris is similar to, but different from Candidal intertrigo, which is an infection of the skin by Candida albicans It is more specifically located between intertriginous folds of adjacent skin, which can be present in the groin or scrotum, and be indistinguishable from fungal infections caused by tinia However, candidal infections tend to both appear and disappear with treatment more quickly11:309 It may also affect the scrotum

Tinea corporis bodyedit

Main article: Tinea corporis

Tinea corporis also known as "ringworm",2 tinea circinata,11 and tinea glabrosa2 is a superficial fungal infection dermatophytosis of the arms and legs, especially on glabrous skin; however, it may occur on any part of the body,it present as annular, marginated plaque with thin scale and clear center Common organism are Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Micosporum canis Treatment include : Grisofluvine, itraconazole and clotrimazole cream

Tinea capitis scalpedit

Main article: Tinea capitis

Tinea capitis also known as "Herpes tonsurans",2 "Ringworm of the hair,"2 "Ringworm of the scalp,"2 "Scalp ringworm",11 and "Tinea tonsurans"2 is a superficial fungal infection dermatophytosis of the scalp14 The disease is primarily caused by dermatophytes in the Trichophyton and Microsporum genera that invade the hair shaft The clinical presentation is typically single or multiple patches of hair loss, sometimes with a 'black dot' pattern often with broken-off hairs, that may be accompanied by inflammation, scaling, pustules, and itching Uncommon in adults, tinea capitis is predominantly seen in pre-pubertal children, more often boys than girls

At least eight species of dermatophytes are associated with tinea capitis Cases of Trichophyton infection predominate from Central America to the United States and in parts of Western Europe Infections from Microsporum species are mainly in South America, Southern and Central Europe, Africa and the Middle East The disease is infectious and can be transmitted by humans, animals, or objects that harbor the fungus The fungus can also exist in a carrier state on the scalp, without clinical symptomatology Treatment of tinea capitis requires an oral antifungal agent; griseofulvin is the most commonly used drug, but other newer antimycotic drugs, such as terbinafine, itraconazole, and fluconazole have started to gain acceptance, topical treatment include selenium sulfide shampoo

Tinea faciei faceedit

Main article: Tinea faciei

Tinea faciei is a fungal infection of the face

It generally appears as a red rash on the face, followed by patches of small, raised bumps The skin may peel while it is being treated

Tinea faciei is contagious just by touch and can spread easily to all regions of skin

Tinea barbae beardedit

Main article: Tinea barbae

Tinea barbæ also known as "Barber's itch,"11 "Ringworm of the beard,"15 and "Tinea sycosis"11:301 is a fungal infection of the hair Tinea barbae is due to a dermatophytic infection around the bearded area of men Generally, the infection occurs as a follicular inflammation, or as a cutaneous granulomatous lesion, ie a chronic inflammatory reaction It is one of the causes of folliculitis It is most common among agricultural workers, as the transmission is more common from animal-to-human than human-to-human The most common causes are Trichophyton mentagrophytes and T verrucosum

Tinea imbricata overlapping patternedit

Main article: Tinea imbricata

Tinea imbricata also known as "Tokelau"11 is a superficial fungal infection of the skin limited to southwest Polynesia, Melanesia, Southeast Asia, India, and Central America11:30316

It is associated with Trichophyton concentricum17

Tinea nigra blackedit

Main article: Tinea nigra

Tinea nigra also known as "superficial phaeohyphomycosis,"2 and "Tinea nigra palmaris et plantaris"18 is a superficial fungal infection that causes dark brown to black painless patches on the palms of the hands and the soles of the feet11

Tinea versicolor various colorsedit

Main article: Tinea versicolor

Tinea versicolor also known as dermatomycosis furfuracea, pityriasis versicolor, and tinea flava2 is a condition characterized by a skin eruption on the trunk and proximal extremities, hypopigmentation macule in area of sun induced pigmentation During the winter the pigment becomes reddish brown Recent research has shown that the majority of tinea versicolor is caused by the Malassezia globosa fungus, although Malassezia furfur is responsible for a small number of cases1920 These yeasts are normally found on the human skin and only become troublesome under certain circumstances, such as a warm and humid environment, although the exact conditions that cause initiation of the disease process are poorly understood1921 Treatment include griseofulivin, topical selenium shampoo and topical ketoconazole

The condition pityriasis versicolor was first identified in 184622 Versicolor comes from the Latin, from versāre to turn + color23

Tinea incognito disguisededit

Main article: Tinea incognito

Tinea incognito is a fungal infection mycosis of the skin caused by the presence of a topical immunosuppressive agent The usual agent is a topical corticosteroid topical steroid As the skin fungal infection has lost some of the characteristic features due to suppression of inflammation, it may have a poorly defined border, skin atrophy, telangiectasia, and floriddisambiguation needed growth Occasionally, secondary infection with bacteria occurs with concurrent pustules and impetigo24

See alsoedit

  • Dermatophyte
  • Dermatophytosis
  • Tinea circinata


  1. ^ "tinea" medical-dictionarythefreedictionarycom Retrieved 2012-07-25 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Rapini, Ronald P; Bolognia, Jean L; Jorizzo, Joseph L 2007 Dermatology: 2-Volume Set St Louis: Mosby p 1135 ISBN 1-4160-2999-0 
  3. ^ a b Braun-Falco, Otto et al 2000 Dermatology Berlin: Springer, p 323
  4. ^ a b Bell-Syer, SE; Khan, SM; Torgerson, DJ 17 October 2012 Bell-Syer, Sally EM, ed "Oral treatments for fungal infections of the skin of the foot" The Cochrane database of systematic reviews 10: CD003584 PMID 23076898 doi:101002/14651858CD003584pub2 
  5. ^ Rivera, ZS; Losada, L; Nierman, WC October 2012 "Back to the future for dermatophyte genomics" MBio 3 6: e00381–12 PMC 3487774  PMID 23111872 doi:101128/mBio00381-12 
  6. ^ Andrews, MD; Burns, M May 2008 "Common tinea infections in children" American Family Physician 77 10: 1415–1420 PMID 18533375 
  7. ^ Howell, PhD, Dr Daniel 2010 The Barefoot Book Hunter House 
  8. ^ "onychomycosis" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  9. ^ Szepietowski JC, Salomon J 2007 "Do fungi play a role in psoriatic nails" Mycoses 50 6: 437–42 PMID 17944702 doi:101111/j1439-0507200701405x 
  10. ^ Westerberg, DP; Voyack, MJ Dec 1, 2013 "Onychomycosis: current trends in diagnosis and treatment" American family physician 88 11: 762–70 PMID 24364524 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i James, W D; Berger, T G; et al 2006 Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology Saunders Elsevier ISBN 0-7216-2921-0 
  12. ^ "Tinea Cruris in Men: Bothersome but Treatable" US Pharmacist 30 8: 13–17 2005 
  13. ^ Altmeyer, P; Bacharach-Buhles, M 2002 Enzyklopädie Dermatologie, Allergologie, Umweltmedizin Springer p 1580 ISBN 978-3-540-41361-5 
  14. ^ Freedberg IM, Fitzpatrick TB 2003 Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine New York: McGraw-Hill, Medical Pub Division p 645 ISBN 0-07-138076-0 
  15. ^ Rapini, Ronald P; Bolognia, Jean L; Jorizzo, Joseph L 2007 Dermatology: 2-Volume Set St Louis: Mosby p 518 ISBN 1-4160-2999-0 
  16. ^ Rapini, Ronald P; Bolognia, Jean L; Jorizzo, Joseph L 2007 Dermatology: 2-Volume Set St Louis: Mosby p 285 ISBN 1-4160-2999-0 
  17. ^ Bonifaz A, Archer-Dubon C, Saúl A July 2004 "Tinea imbricata or Tokelau" Int J Dermatol 43 7: 506–10 PMID 15230889 doi:101111/j1365-4632200402171x 
  18. ^ Rapini, Ronald P; Bolognia, Jean L; Jorizzo, Joseph L 2007 Dermatology: 2-Volume Set St Louis: Mosby pp Chapter 76 ISBN 1-4160-2999-0 
  19. ^ a b Morishita N; Sei Y December 2006 "Microreview of pityriasis versicolor and Malassezia species" Mycopathologia 162 6: 373–76 doi:101007/s11046-006-0081-2 CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter link
  20. ^ Prohic A; Ozegovic L January 2007 "Malassezia species isolated from lesional and non-lesional skin in patients with pityriasis versicolor" Mycoses 50 1: 58–63 PMID 17302750 doi:101111/j1439-0507200601310x CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter link
  21. ^ Weedon, D 2002 Skin pathology 2nd ed Churchil Livingstone ISBN 0-443-07069-5 
  22. ^ Inamadar AC, Palit A 2003 "The genus Malassezia and human disease" Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 69 4: 265–70 PMID 17642908 
  23. ^ "versicolor" Collins English Dictionary — Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition HarperCollins Publishers Retrieved March 2, 2013 
  24. ^ Habif, T P 1995 Clinical Dermatology Mosby, 3rd ed; pp 41-42

tinea capitis, tinea corporis, tinea corporis pictures, tinea cruris, tinea manuum, tinea pedis, tinea pedis treatment, tinea unguium, tinea versicolor, tinea versicolor pictures

Tinea Information about


  • user icon

    Tinea beatiful post thanks!


Tinea viewing the topic.
Tinea what, Tinea who, Tinea explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

Body politic

Body politic

The body politic is a metaphor that regards a nation as a corporate entity,2 likened to a human body...


Kakamega is a town in western Kenya lying about 30 km north of the Equator It is the headquarte...
Academic year

Academic year

An academic year is a period of time which schools, colleges and universities use to measure a quant...
Lucrezia Borgia

Lucrezia Borgia

Lucrezia Borgia Italian pronunciation: luˈkrɛttsja ˈbɔrdʒa; Valencian: Lucrècia Borja luˈkrɛsia...