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Tillamook, Oregon

tillamook oregon cheese factory tour, tillamook oregon
The city of Tillamook /ˈtɪləmʊk/ is the county seat of Tillamook County, Oregon, United States The city is located on the southeast end of Tillamook Bay on the Pacific Ocean The population was 4,935 at the 2010 census

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Economy
  • 5 Arts and culture
    • 51 Museums and other points of interest
      • 511 Tillamook Air Museum
      • 512 Tillamook Cheese Factory
  • 6 Education
  • 7 Media
  • 8 Transportation
  • 9 Notable people
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

The city is named for the Tillamook people, a Native American tribe speaking a Salishan language who lived in this area until the early 19th century

Anthropologist Franz Boas identifies the Tillamook Indians as the southernmost branch of the Coast Salish peoples of the Pacific Northwest This group was separated geographically from the northern branch by tribes of Chinookan peoples who occupied territory between them The name Tillamook, he says, is of Chinook origin, and refers to the people of a locality known as Elim or Kelim They spoke Tillamook, a combination of two dialects Tillamook culture differed from that of the northern Coast Salish, Boas says, and might have been influenced by tribal cultures to the south, in what is now northern California5

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17 square miles 440 km2, all of it land1 The Tillamook area is also home to five rivers, the Tillamook, Trask, Wilson, Kilchis, and the Miami just north of the city

Climateedit

Tillamook has a climate that lies between the cool-summer Mediterranean climate csb and the oceanic climate cfb

Tillamook has a mild and wet climate with very little seasonal temperature variation due to its proximity to the Pacific Ocean From November through April, daytime high temperatures range from the high 40s to the high 50s with abundant rainfall - including more than 13 inches 330 mm per month in November, December, and January Snowfall is very rare, but winter floods are a common occurrence Between April and October, the precipitation in Tillamook is comparatively lighter, but still remains much wetter than the population centers in the Willamette Valley Tillamook's annual precipitation averages about 88 inches 2,200 mm compared to only 36 inches 910 mm in Portland Summers in Tillamook are brief and mild with average daytime temperatures in the upper 60s, although daytime temperatures can occasionally soar into the 80s and 90s for days at a time Summer is by far the driest season in Tillamook with only 135 inches 34 mm and 133 inches of rain falling in July and August, respectively

Climate data for Tillamook, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F °C 512
107
533
118
552
129
577
143
612
162
644
18
675
197
687
204
683
202
622
168
548
127
501
101
596
153
Daily mean °F °C 443
68
450
72
467
82
488
93
525
114
560
133
588
149
593
152
574
141
524
113
472
84
432
62
5097
1053
Average low °F °C 374
3
368
27
381
34
400
44
437
65
476
87
501
101
500
10
465
81
427
59
396
42
362
23
424
58
Average precipitation inches mm 1352
3434
969
2461
974
2474
712
1808
477
1212
357
907
135
343
133
338
300
762
693
176
1384
3515
1308
3322
8794
2,2337
Average precipitation days ≥ 001 in 228 183 217 187 159 123 70 65 98 160 227 220 1938
Source: NOAA 6

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1900 834
1910 1,352 621%
1920 1,964 453%
1930 2,549 298%
1940 2,751 79%
1950 3,685 340%
1960 4,244 152%
1970 3,968 −65%
1980 3,981 03%
1990 4,001 05%
2000 4,356 89%
2010 4,935 133%
Est 2016 5,183 50%
US Decennial Census8

2010 censusedit

As of the census of 2010, there were 4,935 people, 2,037 households, and 1,192 families residing in the city The population density was 2,9029 inhabitants per square mile 1,1208/km2 There were 2,248 housing units at an average density of 1,3224 per square mile 5106/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 865% White, 02% African American, 15% Native American, 11% Asian, 08% Pacific Islander, 69% from other races, and 30% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 172% of the population2

There were 2,037 households of which 335% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 399% were married couples living together, 135% had a female householder with no husband present, 51% had a male householder with no wife present, and 415% were non-families 345% of all households were made up of individuals and 154% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 241 and the average family size was 3112

The median age in the city was 337 years 27% of residents were under the age of 18; 98% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 262% were from 25 to 44; 23% were from 45 to 64; and 14% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 483% male and 517% female2

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,352 people, 1,758 households, and 1,105 families residing in the city The population density was 2,8188 people per square mile 1,0911/km² There were 1,898 housing units at an average density of 1,2293 per square mile 4759/km² The racial makeup of the city was 9256% White, 016% African American, 122% Native American, 071% Asian, 016% Pacific Islander, 342% from other races, and 177% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1112% of the population2

There were 1,758 households out of which 333% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 447% were married couples living together, 125% had a female householder with no husband present, and 371% were non-families 321% of all households were made up of individuals and 131% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 246 and the average family size was 3082

In the city, the population dispersal was 292% under the age of 18, 94% from 18 to 24, 281% from 25 to 44, 196% from 45 to 64, and 136% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 33 years For every 100 females there were 960 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 921 males2

The median income for a household in the city was $29,875, and the median income for a family was $36,351 Males had a median income of $28,458 versus $20,801 for females The per capita income for the city was $15,160 About 118% of families and 154% of the population were below the poverty line, including 182% of those under age 18 and 148% of those age 65 or over2

Economyedit

Historically, the Tillamook economy has been based primarily on dairy farms The farmland surrounding the city is used for grazing the milk cattle that supply the Tillamook County Creamery Association's production of cheese, particularly cheddar, gourmet ice cream and yogurt, and other dairy products Approximately one million people visit the cheese factory located north of Tillamook on Highway 101 each year9

The lumber industry also is experiencing a comeback from the replanting that followed the Tillamook Burn forest fires of the mid-20th century Burned remains of some of the trees can still be found in the forests surrounding Tillamook

Tillamook also serves tourists on their way to the ocean beaches and as a location for second homes

Arts and cultureedit

Museums and other points of interestedit

Tillamook Air Museumedit

The Tillamook Air Museum, which features over 15 aircraft, an Exhibit Hall with rare wartime and aviation-themed artifacts, is located just south of the city It is housed in a wooden WWII blimp hangar that was once a part of Naval Air Station Tillamook Its sister hangar Hangar A was destroyed by a fire in 1992 The hangars were built with old-growth trees and one can see the huge seamless beams inside the buildings

Tillamook Cheese Factoryedit

Tillamook Creamery and Museum Inside the Tillamook Cheese Factory Tillamook plant small cheese block processing lines

The Tillamook Cheese Factory, located at 4185 US 101 North in Tillamook, Oregon, is the Tillamook County Creamery Association's original cheese production facility The Tillamook Cheese Factory also serves as a Visitor Center and hosts over 1 million tourists each year Visitors can learn about the cheese-making process, cheese-packaging process, and the ice cream-making process from a viewing gallery over the main production floor Tours are self-guided and self-paced, and are augmented by video presentations and interactive kiosks10 Tours inside the actual cheese-processing area of the plant were discontinued in 1967 due to health and safety regulations11

Educationedit

The city is served by the Tillamook School District

Tillamook is home to seven schools and one college Tillamook High School, Tillamook Junior High School, Wilson River School Alternate Education, Trask River High School, East Elementary School, South Prairie Elementary School, Liberty Elementary School, and it contains the Tillamook Bay Community College

Mediaedit

The city's weekly newspaper is the Headlight-Herald

The city has three radio stations KTIL-FM is a local radio station playing country With a unique morning show and an interview section from 9:30–10:00 titled "Tillamook Today", which interviews local officials, business owners, and other individuals discussing what is currently going on within the county12

KTIL AM broadcasts oldies Originally, it operated as a talk radio station In addition to the oldies, sporting events are broadcast13

KDEP-FM used to broadcast classic rock, but has since transitioned to modern music14

Several media personalities got their starts on KTIL The most notable was nationally syndicated conservative talk host Lars Larson, who received his first job at the age of 16 on the station15

Transportationedit

  • Tillamook Airport
  • Tillamook County Transportation District
  • Port of Tillamook Bay Railroad

Notable peopleedit

  • Lars Larson, American conservative talk radio show host16
  • Bridget Marquardt, actress and model17
  • Jacob Young, soap opera actor18

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2012-01-24 Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-06-17 Retrieved 2013-06-02 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  5. ^ Boas, Frank The Journal of American Folk-Lore 11 40: 23–28  Missing or empty |title= help
  6. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data" National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved 2012-07-20 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Retrieved June 4, 2015 
  9. ^ "Oregon Travel News" PDF Oregon Tourism Commission March 2003 p 7 Archived from the original PDF on March 14, 2006 Retrieved September 9, 2010 
  10. ^ Catherine Crawford "Savoring Tillamook’s Cheese and Coastal Beauty" 52perfectdayscom 
  11. ^ Tillamook "Error Page" 
  12. ^ "KTIL 959fm - Tillamook Radio – KTIL 959fm – KDEP 1055fm – KTIL 1590am" 
  13. ^ "Tillamook Radio – KTIL 959fm – KDEP 1055fm – KTIL 1590am" 
  14. ^ "KDEP 1055fm - Tillamook Radio – KTIL 959fm – KDEP 1055fm – KTIL 1590am" 
  15. ^ "About - Lars Larson" 
  16. ^ "About Lars" LarsLarsoncom Archived from the original on 21 July 2013 Retrieved 4 July 2013 
  17. ^ "Biography" Bridget Marquardt Blog BridgetMarquardt com Retrieved 3 December 2010 
  18. ^ Ho, Sally July 13, 2008 "Babies stole the show at county fair" Statesman Journal Salem, Oregon p C1 Actor Jacob Young served as the sole male judge, among five female judges After the contest, Young spoke to a crowd of 100 about growing up in the Northwest in Tillamook, and playing JR Chandler on the soap opera All My Children  |access-date= requires |url= help

External linksedit

  • Listing for Tillamook in the Oregon Blue Book
  • Tillamook Chamber of Commerce

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Tillamook, Oregon


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