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Tillamook County, Oregon

tillamook county oregon police department, tillamook county oregon accident reports
Tillamook County is a county located in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 25,2501 The county seat is Tillamook2 The county is named for the Tillamook, a Native American tribe who were living in the area in the early 19th century at the time of European American settlement The county is located within Northwest Oregon

The Tillamook were the southernmost branch of the Coast Salish They were separated from their more northern kinsmen by tribes speaking the Chinookian languages The name Tillamook is of Chinook origin a trade pidgin, which had developed along the lower Columbia According to Frank Boas,3 "It Tillamook means the people of Nekelim The latter name means the place of Elim, or in the Cathlamet dialect, the place of Kelim The initial t of Tillamook is the plural article, the terminal ook the Chinook plural ending —uks" Since there was one village in the area of Nehalem bay; the area was referred to as Nekelim Ne Elim=singular There were at least four villages on the south Tillamook bay according to Lewis and Clark; the south bay was called "T-Elim-ook" the plural of Elim, meaning many villages of Elim The Chinook word for water was "chuck" and the Salish word for wetland is "naslex" The popular translation of Tillamook as meaning "land of many waters" seems to be 20th-century fabrication used in the tourist industry

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Naval Air Station Tillamook
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Economy
    • 41 Agriculture
    • 42 Timber
    • 43 Tourism
    • 44 Fishing
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 Transportation
  • 7 Communities
    • 71 Cities
    • 72 Census-designated places
    • 73 Unincorporated communities
  • 8 Notable people
  • 9 See also
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

Tillamook County, the 12th county in Oregon to be organized, was established on December 15, 1853, when the Territorial Legislature approved an act to create the new county out of an area previously included in Clatsop, Yamhill and Polk counties Boundary changes were enacted with Clatsop County 1855, 1870, and 1893, Lincoln County in 1893, Washington County 1893, 1898, and Yamhill County 1887

The Coast Range behind Tillamook was the scene of a repeated series of forest fires called the Tillamook Burn between 1933 and 1951 In 1948, a state ballot approved the sale of bonds to buy the burned-over areas and have the state rehabilitate the lands The state lands were renamed the Tillamook State Forest by governor Tom McCall on July 18, 1973 By the end of the 20th century, the replanted growth was considered mature enough to be commercially harvested

Naval Air Station Tillamookedit

The Tillamook airbase for blimps was commissioned on December 1, 1942, as US Naval Air Station Tillamook The two wooden hangars used to house these airships were decommissioned after World War II and deeded to Tillamook County One of the hangars Hangar B is a national historic landmark and the location of the Tillamook Air Museum The other hangar, Hangar A burned down in 1992

The US Mount Hebo Air Force Station was a Cold War air defense installation from 1956 to 1980 Located south of Tillamook, at the top of 3,154-foot 961 m high Mount Hebo, Air Force radars operated by the 689th Radar Squadron and the 14th Missile Warning Squadron were essential parts of the nation's integrated air defenses The large radomes protecting the radars from adverse weather effects could be seen silhouetted against the sky from most of Tillamook County

Development along US Route 101 to the north of Tillamook during the last part of the 20th century has blocked part of the flood plain of the Wilson River, contributing to repeated winter flooding in the city

Geographyedit

Beach at Oceanside and Three Arch Rocks National Wildlife Refuge

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,333 square miles 3,450 km2, of which 1,103 square miles 2,860 km2 is land and 230 square miles 600 km2 17% is water4 At 3,706 feet 1130 m in elevation, Rogers Peak is the highest point in the county and the highest in the Northern Oregon Coast Range5

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Clatsop County - north
  • Washington County - east
  • Yamhill County - east
  • Polk County - southeast
  • Lincoln County - south

National protected areasedit

  • Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge
  • Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge
  • Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge part
  • Siuslaw National Forest part
  • Three Arch Rocks National Wildlife Refuge

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1860 95
1870 408 3295%
1880 970 1377%
1890 2,932 2023%
1900 4,471 525%
1910 6,266 401%
1920 8,810 406%
1930 11,824 342%
1940 12,263 37%
1950 18,606 517%
1960 18,955 19%
1970 17,930 −54%
1980 21,164 180%
1990 21,570 19%
2000 24,262 125%
2010 25,250 41%
Est 2016 26,143 35%
US Decennial Census7
1790-19608 1900-19909
1990-200010 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 24,262 people, 10,200 households, and 6,793 families residing in the county The population density was 22 people per square mile 8/km² There were 15,906 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile 6/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9386% White, 022% Black or African American, 119% Native American, 065% Asian, 021% Pacific Islander, 189% from other races, and 198% from two or more races 513% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race 201% were of German, 133% English, 107% American and 86% Irish ancestry

There were 10,200 households out of which 246% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 548% were married couples living together, 77% had a female householder with no husband present, and 334% were non-families 279% of all households were made up of individuals and 126% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 233 and the average family size was 282

In the county, the population was spread out with 222% under the age of 18, 65% from 18 to 24, 235% from 25 to 44, 28% from 45 to 64, and 198% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 44 years For every 100 females there were 1004 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 981 males

The median income for a household in the county was $34,269, and the median income for a family was $40,197 Males had a median income of $31,509 versus $21,555 for females The per capita income for the county was $19,052 About 81% of families and 114% of the population were below the poverty line, including 134% of those under age 18 and 81% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 25,250 people, 10,834 households, and 6,930 families residing in the county12 The population density was 229 inhabitants per square mile 88/km2 There were 18,359 housing units at an average density of 167 per square mile 64/km213 The racial makeup of the county was 915% white, 10% American Indian, 09% Asian, 03% black or African American, 02% Pacific islander, 36% from other races, and 24% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 90% of the population12 In terms of ancestry, 269% were German, 172% were English, 121% were Irish, and 52% were American14

Of the 10,834 households, 238% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 516% were married couples living together, 81% had a female householder with no husband present, 360% were non-families, and 291% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 229 and the average family size was 279 The median age was 475 years12

The median income for a household in the county was $39,412 and the median income for a family was $50,779 Males had a median income of $39,019 versus $32,688 for females The per capita income for the county was $22,824 About 128% of families and 169% of the population were below the poverty line, including 268% of those under age 18 and 102% of those age 65 or over15

Economyedit

Agricultureedit

Dairy farming is one of the county's largest agricultural occupations The Tillamook Cheese Factory is the county's largest business and the largest private employer Tillamook dairy products are available throughout the west and the rest of the country

Timberedit

Tillamook State Forest

The state of Oregon owns 44% of the land inside the county boundaries, mostly as part of the Tillamook State Forest The State Forest was created as a result of the 355,000-acre 144,000 ha Tillamook Burn The reforested burn is rapidly maturing, and there is local expectation that it will assist in the recovery of the local timber industry Three lumber mills currently operate in Tillamook County—one at Garibaldi, one in Tillamook, and one south of Tillamook at the former Naval Air Station

Tourismedit

The County's scenic coastline, which includes four bays, nine rivers and the Pacific Ocean, helps draw visitors to the county for outdoor recreation, agritourism, and cultural experiences US Route 101, travels the length of the Oregon Coast, and brings many travelers through the county by car, recreational vehicle and bike The coast also provides locations for vacation homes for inhabitants of nearby Portland, Oregon and the Willamette Valley According to the 2015 Dean Runyan Travel Impacts study, tourism brings $2294 million in visitor spending to Tillamook county

Fishingedit

Fishing is a very important part of the economy Oysters are farmed in the bay and keep the bay fairly clean Sport fishing makes up most of the rest With nine rivers salmon is the biggest with nearly recovered runs as salmon had to be given away to the food bank Tillamook County is the first in the continental United States to be declared ready for a tsunami This designation was given by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration after the county paid $15,000 for 27 warning sirens and an emergency radio system

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results16
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 474% 6,538 418% 5,768 109% 1,497
2012 454% 5,684 503% 6,293 43% 542
2008 433% 5,757 532% 7,072 35% 468
2004 502% 7,003 484% 6,750 14% 198
2000 467% 5,775 466% 5,762 68% 839
1996 343% 3,884 510% 5,775 148% 1,673
1992 293% 3,359 439% 5,040 269% 3,085
1988 427% 4,297 549% 5,529 24% 244
1984 511% 5,267 484% 4,988 05% 53
1980 416% 4,123 457% 4,521 127% 1,259
1976 455% 4,033 503% 4,456 43% 378
1972 512% 4,120 441% 3,544 47% 380
1968 447% 3,261 495% 3,609 58% 421
1964 306% 2,318 693% 5,246 01% 9
1960 489% 3,935 509% 4,098 01% 11
1956 539% 4,306 461% 3,684 00% 0
1952 590% 4,931 407% 3,401 04% 30
1948 470% 2,952 498% 3,128 33% 206
1944 478% 2,477 508% 2,634 15% 75
1940 471% 2,516 522% 2,786 07% 36
1936 301% 1,380 607% 2,781 92% 422
1932 362% 1,722 573% 2,726 65% 307
1928 668% 2,570 313% 1,204 20% 76
1924 592% 2,201 214% 795 194% 723
1920 608% 1,664 303% 828 90% 245
1916 539% 1,547 409% 1,175 52% 150
1912 336% 496 278% 411 386% 57117
1908 601% 641 237% 253 161% 172
1904 695% 729 130% 136 175% 184

In its early history Tillamook was a powerfully Republican county It voted for the Republican presidential candidate in every election from Oregon statehood until 1928, even supporting William Howard Taft in 1912 when the party was divided18 Since Franklin Roosevelt became the first Democrat to carry the county in 1932, Tillamook has been a bellwether county in most Presidential elections, although it did vote for losing Democrats in 1968, 1980 and 1988 Despite voting for Democrats in ten of the last fifteen presidential elections, Tillamook County has remained quite competitive over the last half century Since 1968 no candidate has received over 55 percent of the vote, with the highest being Michael Dukakis in 1988

Transportationedit

  • Tillamook County Transportation District

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Bay City
  • Garibaldi
  • Manzanita
  • Nehalem
  • Rockaway Beach
  • Tillamook county seat
  • Wheeler

Census-designated placesedit

  • Bayside Gardens
  • Beaver
  • Cape Meares
  • Cloverdale
  • Hebo
  • Idaville
  • Neahkahnie Beach
  • Neskowin
  • Netarts
  • Oceanside
  • Pacific City

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Barview
  • Bayocean
  • Brighton
  • Castle Rock
  • Dolph
  • Fairview
  • Foss
  • Hemlock
  • Hobsonville
  • Idiotville
  • Jordan Creek
  • Lees Camp
  • Manhattan Beach
  • Meda
  • Mohler
  • Nedonna Beach
  • Oretown
  • Pleasant Valley
  • Sandlake
  • Tierra Del Mar
  • Twin Rocks
  • Watseco
  • Woods

Notable peopleedit

  • Dennis Awtrey, retired National Basketball Association player19
  • Nellie Owens Little House on the Prairie's Nellie Oleson's archetype, lived and got married here2021

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Tillamook County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ Boas, Frank Jan–Mar 1898 "Traditions of the Tillamook Indians" The Journal of American Folklore 11 40: 23–38 JSTOR 533608 doi:102307/533608 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  5. ^ Peakbaggercom: Rogers Peak
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  7. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 28, 2015 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  13. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  16. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 369 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 157 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 45 votes
  18. ^ Menendez, Albert J; The Geography of Presidential Elections in the United States, 1868-2004, pp 284-285 ISBN 0786422173
  19. ^ Schoenfeld, Bruce June–July 2014 "In Praise of the American Beach Town" National Geographic Traveller 
  20. ^ Forest Grove grave draws 'Little House' lovers in Portland tribune
  21. ^ Nellie Owens on Find a Grave

External linksedit

  • Tillamook County, Oregon official website

Coordinates: 45°28′N 123°42′W / 4546°N 12370°W / 4546; -12370

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