Thoracoscopythoracoscopy procedure, thoracoscopy
Thoracoscopy is a medical procedure involving internal examination, biopsy, and/or resection of disease or masses within the pleural cavity and thoracic cavity1 Thoracoscopy may be performed either under general anaesthesia or under sedation with local anaesthetic
- 1 History
- 2 Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
- 3 See also
- 4 References
Thoracoscopy was first performed by Sir Francis Cruise of the Mater Misericordiae Hospital in Dublin in conjunction with Dr Samuel Gordon in 18652 It was further developed by Hans Christian Jacobaeus, a Swedish internist in 1910 for the treatment of tuberculous intra-thoracic adhesions He used a cystoscope to examine the thoracic cavity, developing his technique over the next twenty years Today, thoracoscopy is performed using specialized thoracoscopes These instruments include a light source and a lens for viewing and may have ports through which other instruments may be inserted for the purpose of tissue removal and manipulation
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgeryedit
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery VATS is a surgical operation involving thoracoscopy, usually performed by a thoracic surgeon using general or local/regional anaesthesia with additional sedation as necessary It has historically also been referred to as pleuroscopy A wide variety of diagnostic and therapeutic procedures may be performed with this technique which has become very popular and increasingly so since the early 1990s Prior to this, limited diagnostic procedures were done using variations on the cystoscope since 1910 Advances in direct optical visualization were quickly surpassed when video cameras were attached to the endoscopes The advent of endoscopic stapling was also a major advance so that complicated procedures such as pulmonary lobectomy could be performed safely VATS can be useful for the diagnosis of undefined interstitial lung diseases3
- Thoracic surgery
- Cardiothoracic surgery
- Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery
- VATS lobectomy
- ^ "thoracoscopy" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
- ^ Clinical Reports of Rare Cases, occurring in the Whitworth and Harwicke Hospitals By Samuel Gordon Dublin Quarterly Journal of Medical Science Feb 1, 1866
- ^ Luo, Q; Han, Q; Chen, X; Xie, J; Wu, L; Chen, R 2013 "The diagnosis efficacy and safety of video-assisted thoracoscopy surgery VATS in undefined interstitial lung diseases: A retrospective study" Journal of thoracic disease 5 3: 283–8 PMC 3698278 PMID 23825760 doi:103978/jissn2072-143920130412 inactive 2017-01-25
|Upper RT||nose Rhinoplasty Septoplasty Alarplasty Rhinectomy Rhinomanometry sinus Sinusotomy larynx Laryngoscopy Laryngectomy Laryngotomy Thyrotomy|
|Lower RT||trachea Cricothyrotomy Tracheoesophageal puncture Tracheotomy bronchus Bronchoscopy lung Pneumonectomy Lobectomy Wedge resection Lung transplantation Decortication of lung Heart-lung transplant|
|Chest wall, pleura,
mediastinum, and diaphragm
|pleura/pleural cavity Thoracentesis Pleurodesis Thoracoscopy Thoracotomy Chest tube mediastinum Mediastinoscopy Nuss procedure|
|Lung function test||
|Female reproductive system||
|Closed cavity via incision||
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