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Thomas Joseph Meskill

thomas joseph meskill
Thomas Joseph Meskill January 30, 1928 – October 29, 2007 was a longtime judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit He previously served as the 82nd Governor of Connecticut, as a US Congressman from Connecticut, and as the mayor of New Britain, Connecticut He is noted as having served in all three branches of government and at the local, state and federal levels of government during his career of public service

Contents

  • 1 Biography
    • 11 Political career
    • 12 Judicial career
    • 13 Noteworthy Cases
  • 2 References
  • 3 External links

Biographyedit

Thomas Joseph Meskill was born on January 30, 1928 in New Britain, Connecticut1 His father was politically active2 Meskill graduated from New Britain Senior High School in 1946 He then attended Bloomfield's Saint Thomas Seminary then, although his original intention had been to pursue pre-medical studies,2 He earned a bachelor of science degree from Trinity College in Hartford in 19503

After graduation, Meskill enlisted in the United States Air Force and served for three years during the Korean War4 He was honorably discharged in 1953 with the rank of first lieutenant3

Meskill studied at the New York University School of Law and the University of Connecticut Law School, where he was editor of the Law Review,2 earning an JD from the latter institution in 195615 He was admitted to the bar and began practicing in New Britain in 19563

Meskill died in Florida on October 29, 2007, at the age of 796

The Law library at the University of Connecticut Law School is named posthumously after Meskill7

Political careeredit

A lapel pin from Meskill's gubernatorial campaign

In 1958, Meskill made a failed bid for the Connecticut Senate The following year, Meskill ran for the first time for the office of mayor of New Britain, Connecticut, but was defeated by 116 votes2

Meskill served for two years as New Britain's assistant corporation counsel starting in 1960 He then won election and served a term as New Britain's mayor from 1962 to 1964 He was defeated for re-election and also failed in an attempt to win a campaign for Congress that same year2

He served as New Britain's corporation counsel from 1965 to 1966 During 1965, Meskill was also a member of a state constitutional convention held in Hartford3 to draft a new Connecticut State Constitution in accordance with a USSupreme Court ruling

In 1966, amid a Democratic sweep of the state, he was elected on the Republican Party ticket to serve as Congressman for Connecticut's 6th congressional district2 He served in the 90th and 91st Congresses, from January 3, 1967 to January 3, 19713

In 1970, Meskill ran for and was elected Governor of Connecticut, defeating Democratic Congressman Emilio Q Daddario 5376% to 4623% Meskill became the first Republican elected to the position since John Davis Lodge left office in 1955 He served from January 6, 1971 to January 8, 19758 He was the only Republican party nominee to win an election for governor in Connecticut between 1950 and 1994

During his term as governor, Connecticut went from a budget deficit of $260 million to a surplus of $65 million He was also involved in the founding of the Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection and of the Connecticut Lottery2 He announced he wouldn't seek a second term following severe criticism of his not returning to the state from a skiing trip during a severe ice storm in December 19739 In his eulogy, Judge Peter Dorsey said in retrospect "the blizzard was the best thing that happened" to Meskill, since it caused him to pursue a judicial career instead of continuing a career seeking elective office 1

Judicial careeredit

In August 1974, President Richard M Nixon, in one of the last acts of his presidency, nominated Meskill to serve as a federal appellate judge for the Second Circuit, comprising Connecticut, New York, and Vermont The nomination proved controversial and was not acted on by the United States Senate that year On January 16, 1975, President Gerald R Ford renominated Meskill to be the 38th judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, succeeding to seat vacated by John Joseph Smith1 The nomination was opposed by many groups including the American Bar Association, which cited his lack of legal experience2 Law professors from Meskill's alma mater the University of Connecticut also opposed the nomination stating in a letter to the Senate "it is clear from his record as Governor that he lacks the judicial temperament which might have compensated for his want of experienceAs Governor he has repeatedly shown himself insensitive to the rights of the poor and the disadvantaged, and indifferent to civil and political liberties" Nonetheless, Meskill's nomination was confirmed on April 22, 1975, by a vote of 54–36 and he was commissioned to his seat the next day One year later, however, his most ardent critic, Lawrence E Walsh, who, as President of the American Bar Association had led the opposition to Judge Meskill, publicly admitted his error and called Judge Meskill a “hardworking, able judge” Other organizations that had opposed his appointment would also reverse course by honoring his judicial service The Connecticut Bar Association awarded Judge Meskill its highest award for judicial service, the Henry J Naruk Award, in 1994 In that same year, the Federal Bar Council recognized Judge Meskill for his “excellence in federal jurisprudence” by awarding him its Learned Hand Medal In 1982, the University of Connecticut Law School honored Judge Meskill with its Connecticut Law Review Award, commending him for his “commitment to public service” and for the “intellectual honesty and conviction” that characterized his career

Meskill remained a judge for the rest of his life He served as the Second Circuit's Chief Judge from 1992 to 1993 Meskill assumed senior status on the court on June 30, 1993, which he retained until his death some 32 years after he took the bench1

Thomas Meskill held memberships in the American Bar Association, the American Judicature Society, the Connecticut Bar Association, and the Florida Bar10

Noteworthy Casesedit

Judge Meskill participated in many influential rulings during his tenure on the Court, including several adopted by the United States Supreme Court Among his noteworthy rulings, in Barnes v Jones 2d Cir 1981, a criminal case, Judge Meskill disagreed with the majority, stating that appointed counsel should not have to present all non-frivolous arguments requested by his client The United States Supreme Court agreed with Judge Meskill and reversed the Second Circuit majority, holding that an indigent defendant did not have a constitutional right to compel appointed counsel to press non-frivolous points, where, as a matter of professional judgment, counsel chose not to do so Judge Meskill’s dissenting opinion prevailed in two other Second Circuit cases in which the Supreme Court granted certiorari, Herbert v Lando 2d Cir 1977, and Harper & Row Publishers, Inc v Nation Enters 2d Cir 1983 In Herbert v Lando, the majority concluded that, in a defamation suit brought by a public figure, the First Amendment affords a privilege to disclosure of a journalist’s exercise of editorial control and judgment Judge Meskill predicted the Supreme Court’s rejection of the majority’s “new constitutional privilege”; the Supreme Court reversed the Second Circuit, affording no absolute privilege to the editorial process of a media defendant in a libel case Similarly, in Harper & Row Publishers, the Second Circuit concluded over Judge Meskill’s dissent that the publication of verbatim excerpts from former-President Ford’s unpublished memoir constituted a “fair use” under the Copyright Act, as the excerpts involved important matters of state The Supreme Court disagreed and again sided with Judge Meskill, concluding that the fact that excerpts were newsworthy did not alone shield the publisher from copyright liability

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c d "Meskill, Thomas Joseph" Biographical Directory of Federal Judges Federal Judicial Center Retrieved January 18, 2007 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Zack, Suzanne December 1997 "Thomas J Meskill, Jr '50— Rising to the top in the world of politics and jurisprudence" Mosaic Trinity College Retrieved January 18, 2007 
  3. ^ a b c d e "MESKILL, Thomas Joseph, 1928 – " Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Office of History and Preservation, United States Congress Retrieved January 18, 2007 
  4. ^ Kestenbaum, Lawrence 1998 "Index to Politicians: Merriweather to Mestre" The Political Graveyard Retrieved January 18, 2007 
  5. ^ "Biographical information: Thomas J Meskill" Judges' Bios US Court of Appeals, 2nd Circuit Retrieved January 19, 2007 
  6. ^ http://wwwjournalinquirercom/site/newscfmnewsid=18966850&BRD=985&PAG=461&dept_id=161556&rfi=6
  7. ^ http://uconnmagazineuconnedu/smmr2008/aroundhtml#a13
  8. ^ "Governor of Connecticut" NNDB Retrieved January 18, 2007 
  9. ^ "Leadership in Times of Disaster" Connecticut Local Politics September 4, 2005 Retrieved January 18, 2007 
  10. ^ "Thomas J Meskill" NNDB Retrieved January 18, 2007 

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress website http://bioguidecongressgov

External linksedit

  • Thomas Joseph Meskill at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center
  • United States Congress "Thomas Joseph Meskill id: M000667" Biographical Directory of the United States Congress 
US House of Representatives
Preceded by
Bernard F Grabowski
Member of the US House of Representatives
from Connecticut's 6th congressional district

1967–1971
Succeeded by
Ella T Grasso
Political offices
Preceded by
John N Dempsey
Governor of Connecticut
1971–1975
Succeeded by
Ella T Grasso
Preceded by
John Joseph Smith
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
1975–1993
Succeeded by
Guido Calabresi

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