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Terter dynasty

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Terter Bulgarian: Тертер, also Terterids or Terterovtsi Тертеровци, was a Bulgarian noble and royal house of Cuman origin,1 a branch of the Cuman noble dynasty of Terteroba, that ruled the Second Bulgarian Empire between 1280 and 1292, as well as between 1300 and 1323

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Origin
    • 12 Monarchy
  • 2 Members
  • 3 References

Historyedit

Originedit

Main article: Terteroba

The Terterids were originally of Cuman origin2 from the Cuman-Kipchak confederation,3 according to Plamen Pavlov they were a branch of the Cuman noble dynasty of Terteroba who had settled in Bulgaria as part of the second wave of Cuman migration, coming from the Kingdom of Hungary after 1241 The Terteroba had ruled the Cuman-Kipchak confederation in the late 11th century, as well as in the mid-13th century under Khan Köten4

Monarchyedit

The earliest representatives of the dynasty in Bulgaria were the despotēs Aldimir Eltimir and his older brother George Terter who was crowned emperor of Bulgaria as George I of Bulgaria 1280-1292, marrying the Bulgarian Maria After his reign, Bulgaria was under the de facto control of the Golden Horde, with Nogai Khan nominating the next ruler, Smilets 1292-1298, who was of another noble family, and was briefly succeeded by his son Ivan II 1298-1299 In 1299-1300, Bulgaria was controlled by the Mongol Chaka Chaka was deposed by George Terter's son, Theodore Svetoslav of Bulgaria 1300-1321, beginning the second reign of the Terterids, which also spanned that of his son, George II of Bulgaria

The Terter dynasty was succeeded by the Shishman noble dynasty of Vidin, also of partial Cuman origin2

Membersedit

  • Aldimir Eltimir
    • Ivan Dragushin
  • George I of Bulgaria ruled 1280-1292
    • Theodore Svetoslav of Bulgaria ruled 1300-1321
      • George II of Bulgaria
    • Anna, wife of Stefan Uroš II Milutin of Serbia
    • Elena, wife of Chaka of Bulgaria

Referencesedit

  1. ^ István Vásáry 2005 Cumans and Tatars, Cambridge University Press, p 2
  2. ^ a b Vásáry, István Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365 PDF Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-83756-1 
  3. ^ "Cuman" Britannica Online Encyclopedia Retrieved 2008-08-25 
  4. ^ Павлов, Пламен 2005 ""Авантюристът-скит" Алдимир и Теодор Светослав" Бунтари и авантюристи в средновековна България in Bulgarian Варна: LiterNet 

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Terter dynasty


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