Ten Days of Brescia


The Ten Days of Brescia Italian: Dieci giornate di Brescia was a revolt which broke out in the northern Italian city of that name, which lasted from March 23 to April 1, 1849

In the early 19th century Brescia was part of the Austrian puppet state called Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia The revolt, headed by the patriot Tito Speri, began on the same day as the Battle of Novara though news of Austria's victory there had not yet reached Brescia

The Austrian troops under general Nugent, were initially surprised and retired to the castle, from which they heavily cannonaded the city, damaging many of Brescia's historical monuments A total encirclement of Brescia was established by the Austrians beginning on the 8th day of the revolt, when reinforcements arrived The following day General Haynau, later nicknamed "The Hyena of Brescia", came and demanded the unconditioned surrender of the Bresciani As the latter refused, the fighting continued until late night, when the heads of the revolt decided to surrender The following day April 1, however, the Austrian troops sacked the city and massacred numerous inhabitants before the surrender could be signed

Some 1,000 citizens were killed during the battle For its fierce resistance, the city of Brescia earned the surname Leonessa d'Italia Lioness of Italy

Sourcesedit

  1. ^ a b Corti, Siro 1885 Breve storia del Risorgimento italiano narrata alla gioventù Turin 
  2. ^ Wochenblatt, Freitag, 6 April 1849 Wochenblatt für den Königlich-Bayerischen Gerichtsbezirk Zweibrücken No 41 Zweibrücken 
  3. ^ a b W & R Chambers 1868 Chambers's encyclopaedia: Vol 2 London 
  4. ^ Bradshaw, George 1898 Bradshaw's illustrated hand-book to Italy London 
  5. ^ Murray, John 1858 Handbook for travellers in northern Italy Part I and Part II London 
  6. ^ Stramacci, Mauro 1991 Goffredo Mameli: tra un inno e una battaglia Rome 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Aus der Kaiserlich Königlichen Hof- und Staatsdruckerei 1850 Kriegsbegebenheiten bei der Kaiserlich österreichischen Armee in Italien vom 20 März bis 1 April 1849 Vienna 
  8. ^ a b Rüstow, Wilhelm 1862 Der italienische Krieg von 1848 und 1849 Zürich 
  9. ^ Wagener, Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann 1862 Staats- und Gesellschafts-Lexikon Berlin 
  10. ^ a b Sked, Alan 2011 Radetzky: Imperial Victor and Military Genius New York 
  11. ^ Schweigerd, Carl Adam 1857 Geschichte des KK Linien-Infanterie-Regimentes No 8, Erzherzog Ludwig Vienna 
  12. ^ Keates, Jonathan 2005 The siege of Venice New York 
  13. ^ Colburn, Henry 1860 The United service magazine, Part 1 London 
  14. ^ July-December VolII 1859 The Eclectic review London 

See alsoedit

  • Risorgimento
  • Battle of Novara 1849



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