Wed . 19 Feb 2019

Telecommunications in Western Sahara

Telecommunications in Western Sahara include radio, television, fixed and mobile telephones, and the Internet

Morocco claims the Western Sahara territory and administers Moroccan law through Moroccan institutions in the estimated 85 percent of the territory it controls The Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el Hamra and Rio de Oro Polisario, an organization that has sought independence for the former Spanish territory since 1973, disputes Morocco’s claim to sovereignty over the territory1 Because of this long running dispute, many traditional telecommunication statistics are not reported separately for the Western Sahara2


  • 1 Radio and television
  • 2 Telephones
  • 3 Internet
  • 4 Internet censorship and surveillance
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Radio and televisionedit

See also: Television in Morocco
  • Radio stations:
    • Morocco's state broadcaster, Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision SNRT, formerly RTM operates a radio service from Laayoune 2008;3
    • Polisario-backed medium wave AM and shortwave radio stations are on the air 2008;3
    • Unofficial amateur radio stations occasionally operate from Polisario territory This is classified as the DXCC entity "Western Sahara"4 Operators use callsigns with the prefix "S0"; an informal identifier that has not been issued by the International Telecommunications Union5
  • Radios: 56,000 1997needs update
  • Television stations: Morocco's state broadcaster, SNRT, operates a TV service that is relayed in the territory 20083 The Polisario-owned territory operates a minor television service known by the name of RASD TV
  • Television sets: 6,000 1997needs update


See also: Telephone numbers in Morocco
  • Calling code: +2123
  • International call prefix: 00
  • Main lines: about 2,000 lines in use 1999 estimateneeds update
  • Mobile cellular: Unknown6
  • Telephone system: sparse and limited system; tied into Morocco's system by microwave radio relay, tropospheric scatter, and satellite 20083
  • Satellite earth stations: 2 Intelsat Atlantic Ocean linked to Rabat, Morocco 20083


See also: Internet in Morocco
  • Top-level domain: none, as a disputed territory no country code top-level domain ccTLD is assigned, however, eh3 is reserved for this purpose, and will be assigned if the competing claimants reach an agreement7
  • Internet users: unknown 20128
  • Fixed broadband: unknown 20129
  • Wireless broadband: unknown 201210
  • Internet hosts: no hosts explicitly associated with Western Sahara 201211
  • IPv4: no addresses allocated 201212
  • Internet Service Providers ISPs: NA

Internet censorship and surveillanceedit

See also: Internet censorship in Morocco

There is no indication that Internet access in the territory differs from that in internationally recognized Morocco, which was generally open1 Morocco was listed as engaged in selective Internet filtering in the social, conflict/security, and Internet tools areas and as little or no evidence of filtering in the political area by the OpenNet Initiative ONI in August 200913 Freedom House listed Morocco's "Internet Freedom Status" as "Partly Free" in its 2013 Freedom on the Net report14

Morocco considers the part of the territory that it administers to be an integral component of the kingdom with the same laws and structures regarding civil liberties, political and economic rights Moroccan law prohibits citizens from criticizing Islam or the institution of the monarchy or to oppose the government’s official position regarding territorial integrity and Western Sahara Saharan media outlets and bloggers practice self-censorship on these issues, and there are no reports of government action against them for what they write Human rights and Sahrawi bloggers affiliated with leftist political groups assume that authorities closely monitor their activities and feel the need to hide their identities1

See alsoedit

  • Telecommunications in Morocco
  • Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision SNRT, the public broadcaster of Morocco


  •  This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website https://wwwciagov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/indexhtml
  •  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State
  1. ^ a b c "Western Sahara", Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor, US Department of State, 17 April 2013 Retrieved 2 February 2014
  2. ^ "For better or for worse, Western Sahara’s Internet future is with Morocco", oAfrica, 30 May 2010, updated January 2013 Retrieved 2 February 2013
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Communications: Western Sahara", World Factbook, US Central Intelligence Agency, 10 January 2014 Retrieved 2 February 2014
  4. ^ S04R: Braving the Blazing Sands
  5. ^ Table of International Call Sign Series Appendix 42 to the RR
  6. ^ "Country Comparison: Telephones - Mobile Cellular", World Factbook, US Central Intelligence Agency, 2013 Retrieved 2 February 2014
  7. ^ Preliminary Report for Special Meeting of the ICANN Board of Directors ICANN, October 16, 2007
  8. ^ "Percentage of Individuals using the Internet 2000-2012", International Telecommunications Union Geneva, June 2013, retrieved 22 June 2013
  9. ^ "Fixed wired-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union Retrieved on 29 June 2013
  10. ^ "Active mobile-broadband subscriptions per 100 inhabitants 2012", Dynamic Report, ITU ITC EYE, International Telecommunication Union Retrieved on 29 June 2013
  11. ^ "Internet hosts", World Factbook, US Central Intelligence Agency, 2012 Retrieved 17 June 2013
  12. ^ Select Formats, Country IP Blocks Accessed on 2 April 2012 Note: Site is said to be updated daily
  13. ^ "ONI Country Profile: Morocco", OpenNet Initiative, 6 August 2009
  14. ^ "Morocco country report", Freedom on the Net 2013, Freedom House Retrieved 19 October 2013

External linksedit

  • SNRT Arabic, web site of the public broadcaster of Morocco

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Telecommunications in Western Sahara

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