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Tamil South Africans

indian south africans, english south africans
Tamil South Africans are South Africans of Tamil descent Tamil people form the majority of Tamil Indian immigrants who came from Tamil Nadu India to Natal, South Africa, from 1860 onwardscitation needed After the expiry of their indentures most of these Indians moved to the cities, becoming established as a thoroughly urban population12

Contents

  • 1 Arrival in South Africa
  • 2 Apartheid
  • 3 Integration
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Festivals
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Arrival in South Africaedit

In 1833, the British Parliament passed the Act of Abolition, which banned slavery throughout the British Empire The consequence of this was that many African slaves in the Colony of Natal decided to desert their former masters The former masters, lacking sufficient labour force, persuaded the skeptical British authorities in India to implement the system of indentured labour in Natal On November 16, 1860, 342 men, women and children arrived aboard the SS Truro in Port Natal Durban

Apartheidedit

Apartheid alienated all Indians as disenfranchised non-whites, and Hinduism in particular was perceived by many whites as antithetical to Christianity The imposition of apartheid system also curtailed the opportunities for improvement and included the forced removals program, causing great disruption and social hardship1

Integrationedit

Over the 150 years of residence in South Africa, participation in religion and its many festivals has brought devotees a valuable sense of identity and solidarity, especially in the light of their marginalization and the discrimination experienced under the apartheid system A recent resurgence of interest in indigenous Tamil festivals seems to reflect a variety of religious, social and political concerns1 In South Africa, the Tamil community tend to refer to their religion as "Tamil", rather than Hindu, although this blurring of the distinctions between religion and language also occurs with other Hindu ethnic groups in South Africa 3

Educationedit

Tamil was taught in some schools in the KwaZulu-Natal province for several years Until 1991, the state run schools provided the curriculum, but it was ended Since 2014, Tamil can be chosen as a third language in state run schools in KwaZulu-Natal province45

Festivalsedit

"Puratassi" is the Tamil word for September "Purtuassi", the mispronunciation of "purattassi", is used widely in South Africa The people don't eat anything on the first day, to celebrate the festival Temples in Durban hold grand Puratassi prayers In Durban, a lot of preparation goes into this prayer as devotees fast on the prayer day 6 People also celebrate the Mariamman festival "Mariamman" means rain mother This festival is held at local temples and households and is referred to as the porridge jol in local Durban slang by the Tamil community7 Cavadee is another famous festival among the Tamil community in KwaZulu-Natal province8

See alsoedit

  • Sri Lankan Tamil people
  • Tamil Malaysians
  • Tamil Canadians
  • Thai Poosam Kavady festival in South Africa
  • Thai Pongal
  • Tamil people
  • Tamil diaspora
  • Indians in Singapore
  • Indian South Africans

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c Diesel, Alleyn 2000 "Tamil Hindus in KawZulu-Natal South Africa: History, Identity and the Establishment of Their Place in the New South Africa" Proceedings from the International Association for the History of Religions International Association for the History of Religions IAHR, 
  2. ^ K Chetty "Caste and Religions of Natal Immigrants" Gandhi-Luthuli Documentation Centre Retrieved 2007-11-19 
  3. ^ 1
  4. ^ Tamil as a third language in south african schools
  5. ^ five indian languages - Kwazulu - Natal Education Ministry
  6. ^ Puratassi celebrations
  7. ^ mariamman festival in durban
  8. ^ cavadee in south africa
  • Bhana, Surendra; Panchai, Bridglal 1984 A Documentary History of Indian South Africans Black and White Perspectives on South Africa Hoover Institution Press p 306 ISBN 0-8179-8102-0 

External linksedit

  • Tamil Federation of KwaZulu-Natal
  • Gandhi-Luthuli documentary center

english south africans, indian south africans, indian south africans cape town, tamil people in south africans


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