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Taipei Songshan Airport

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Taipei Songshan Airport IATA: TSA, ICAO: RCSS Chinese: 臺北松山機場; pinyin: Táiběi Sōngshān Jīchǎng is a mid-size commercial airport and military airbase located in Songshan, Taipei, Taiwan ROC The airport covers an area of 182 hectares 182 km22

The civilian section of Songshan Airport, officially Taipei International Airport or Taipei International Aviation Terminalcitation needed 臺北國際航空站; Táiběi Gúojì Hángkōngzhàn, has scheduled flights serving domestically in Taiwan, and also to China, South Korea and Japan, with the vast majority of international flights out of the Taipei area served by Taoyuan International Airport Songshan Airport is also the base of certain Republic of China Air Force units as part of the Songshan Air Force Base 空軍松山基地; Kōngjūn Sōngshān Jīdì The Songshan Base Command's main mission is to serve the President and Vice President of the Taiwan ROC

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 International potential
  • 3 Airlines and destinations
  • 4 Traffic and statistics
  • 5 Ground transportation
    • 51 Rail
    • 52 Bus
  • 6 Accidents and incidents
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

Civil Air Transport flight at Songshan Airport in 1966

The airport was built in 1936 during Japanese rule with its origins as a Japanese military airbase, the Taihoku Airfield Japanese: 臺北飛行場, Hepburn: Taihoku Hikōjō, also known as Matsuyama Airfield 松山飛行場 After World War II, in 1946, it was taken over by the Republic of China Air Force3 Before the end of the Chinese Civil War and the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the airport provided flight routes between Shanghai and Taipei, occasionally via Fuzhou3

Shared military and civilian use—both domestic and international—began on 16 April 19504 in the reconstructed Civil Aeronautics Administration Taipei Airport 交通部民用航空局台北航空站3 Domestic destinations have been Kaohsiung, Hualien, Taichung, Makung, and Tainan The first international destinations were Seattle, Tokyo, Pusan, Manila, Bangkok, and Hong Kong3 The first international airlines included Northwest Airlines, Pan American Airlines, and Hong Kong Airways now Cathay Pacific Later, the airport became too small to handle an increased number of passengers, even after a series of expansions This later worsened when new wide-body jets became common at the airport3 Therefore, all international activities were relocated to Chiang Kai-shek International Airport after its inauguration on 26 February 197935 Consequently, the passenger load at the airport dropped from 62 million in 1978 to 29 million in 1979 a 53% decrease6 At its peak in 1997, the airport handled over 153 million passengers annually

Service to Taichung and Chiayi was stopped in mid-2007 after the load factor dropped significantly due to Taiwan High Speed Rail start of revenue service in January 2007 Passenger volume decreased from 67 million in 2006 to 44 million in 2007 a 34% decrease6 Also due to the opening of the high speed rail line, on 1 March 2008, Uni Air suspended its service to Kaohsiung, while Far Eastern Air Transport suspended its service to Tainan7 TransAsia Airways decided to stop flights to Tainan and Kaohsiung after 1 August 200889

In early 1999 when the construction of Taipei 101 had just started, Taiwan's Civil Aeronautics Administration changed this airport's certain SID and STAR procedures to avoid possible collision with the building The 677-meter Fuxing North Road Underground Passage 復興北路車行地下道 was constructed between 1997 and 2006 under this airport's runway to link the north and south side of this airport10

Regular cross-Strait charter flights to China started on 4 July 2008, with Songshan receiving the majority of flights11 Direct flights to China were an issue of contention Then-mayor Ma Ying-jeou had been pressing to make Songshan Airport Taipei's main International terminal, citing that its location close to the city center would make it preferable for business travelers However, building height restrictions around the airport raised concerns about flight safety, blocking of radio communications, noise pollution, and a reduced number of flights12

The continuing growth of Taipei City means that Songshan airport is situated in the heart of downtown Taipei Compared to Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Songshan Airport saves travelers about 30 minutes due to its location inside Taipei City's central business district, but the city suffers from the noise, pollution, restrictions on urban planning, and traffic congestion the airport brings about In the 2002 and 2006 Taipei Mayor Election DPP candidates Lee Ying-yuan and Frank Hsieh both proposed the plan to close Songshan Airport, and developed its land into road, huge park, detention basin and sports arena, since the Taiwan High Speed Rail could quickly take up the traffic load between Taipei and western Taiwan cities, and the remaining service to outlying islands and eastern Taiwan could be easily taken over by the Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport after the completion of Taoyuan International Airport Access MRT System by the end of 2016 Also, the MRT system will make the international potential of Songshan airport less attractive The Songshan Airport closing proposal was deferred under the Taipei City Government which has long been dominated by the Pan-Blue Coalition, who prefers the downtown airport connection concept with Shanghai, Seoul, and Tokyocitation needed

Due to the introduction of Taiwan-China flights and future international potential, the airport is undergoing extensive renovations, the first phase of which is expected to be completed by October 201013 The second and third phase renovations are expected to be completed by March and October 2011, respectively However, as of November 2011 renovations are still in progress A new international cargo terminal is being built in anticipation of a new air route between Taiwan and Japan14 The unused Terminal 2 was refurbished to accommodate arriving flights while the main Terminal, now Terminal 1, was rearranged to handle increased passenger traffic11 On 29 March 2011, the renovated Terminal 2 was re-opened to handle domestic flights15

International potentialedit

Taipei Songshan Airport Terminal 2 Songshan Airport observation deck

Songshan Airport is seen to have the potential to attract business travelers within Pacific Asia due to its location in downtown Taipei Flights to Bangkok–Don Mueang, Jakarta–Halim Perdanakusuma, Kuala Lumpur–Subang, Nagoya–Komaki, Osaka–Itami, Seoul–Gimpo,16 Shanghai–Hongqiao, and Tokyo–Haneda16 are especially attractive since these airports are also in the central areas of their respective cities, and all these cities have larger far flung international airports The airport is currently in the process of expansion to better accommodate international flights17

On 6 March 2009, Japan and Taiwan signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the revision of Taiwan–Japan bilateral traffic Four carriers EVA Air, China Airlines, Japan Airlines, and ANA would be able to operate from Songshan Airport to Tokyo–Hanedacitation needed In December 2009, an affirmative schedule for the route between Tokyo–Haneda and Taipei–Songshan was announced18 Starting in October 2010, EVA Air, China Airlines, Japan Airlines, and ANA each operates two flights a day from Taipei–Songshan to Tokyo–Haneda,18 with China Airlines and EVA Air both utilizing the A330-300 on the route Japan Airlines and ANA began this route with the Boeing 767 ANA replaced one daily flight with the Boeing 787-8 since 1 June 2013

On 14 June 2010, direct flights between Taipei–Songshan and Shanghai–Hongqiao began19 Each week has 28 flights, served by China Eastern Airlines, Shanghai Airlines, Air China, China Airlines, EVA Air, and TransAsia Airways The airport will undergo upgrades to its runway and reduce its jet bridges from eight to six to accommodate wider contemporary aircraft such as the Airbus A330 and Boeing 76720

Airlines and destinationsedit

Countries and cities with direct flights to Taipei Songshan Busiest routes from Taipei–Songshan 20162425
Rank Airport Category Passengers 2014 Carriers
1 Tokyo–Haneda International 1,434,443 All Nippon Airways, China Airlines, EVA Air, Japan Airlines
2 Magong Domestic 1,265,265 Far Eastern Air Transport, Mandarin Airlines, Transasia Airways, Uni Air
3 Kinmen Domestic 1,263,143 Far Eastern Air Transport, Mandarin Airlines, Transasia Airways, Uni Air
4 Shanghai–Hongqiao International 762,543 Air China, China Airlines, China Eastern, EVA Air, Transasia Airways, Shanghai Airlines
5 Taitung Domestic 315,884 Mandarin Airlines, Uni Air
6 Seoul–Gimpo International 233,202 China Airlines, Easter Jet, EVA Air, T'way Airlines
7 Shanghai–Pudong International 230,859 Shanghai Airlines, Transasia Airways, Uni Air
8 Matsu Nangan Domestic 266,630 Uni Air
9 Fuzhou International 167,597 Mandarin Airlines, Transasia Airways, Xiamen Airlines
10 Xiamen International 142,811 Uni Air, Xiamen Airlines

Ground transportationedit

Taipei Metro Songshan Airport Station platform

Railedit

The airport is served by the Taipei Metro Neihu Line's Songshan Airport Station26 The TRA Songshan Airport Line also formerly served Songshan Airport from 1936 until 1976

Busedit

Several city buses also serve this airport, providing frequent links to the Tamsui Line and Wenshan Line of the Taipei Metro

Accidents and incidentsedit

  • On 20 February 1970, Douglas DC-3 B-243 of Far Eastern Air Transport crashed into a mountain shortly after take-off The aircraft was operating a cargo flight, both crew were killed27
  • On 7 October 1974, a Vickers Viscount of Far Eastern Air Transport was the subject of an attempted hijacking The hijacker was overpowered and the aircraft landed at its intended destination of Taipei Songshan Airport28
  • On 1 February 1975, Vickers Viscount PK-RVM of Mandala Airlines was damaged beyond economic repair when it overran the runway29
  • On 31 July 1975, Vickers Viscount B-2029 of Far Eastern Air Transport crashed killing 27 of the 75 people on board30
  • On 10 October 1997, a Republic of China Air Force C-130 Hercules 1310, c/n 5067, delivered October 1986, same August 1996 The aircraft crashed during an attempted go-around killing all 5 on board
  • On February 4, 2015, TransAsia Airways Flight 235, an ATR 72-600 B-22816, crashed shortly after takeoff from Taipei Songshan Airport, first clipping a taxi and then crashing into Keelung River near Taipei Of the 53 passengers and 5 crew members, 43 were killed31

See alsoedit

  • Civil Aeronautics Administration Taiwan
  • Transportation in Taiwan
  • List of airports in Taiwan

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "5、民航運輸各機場營運量-按機場分" PDF wwwcaagovtw in Chinese Retrieved 2 July 2017 
  2. ^ "Introduction to TSA" Taipei Songshan Airport Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "A Review: 50 Years of the Taipei Songshan Airport" Taipei Songshan Airport Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  4. ^ "Basic Information" Taipei Songshan Airport Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  5. ^ Xing, Zheng Yuan 1979 China yearbook China Pub Co p 10 Retrieved 7 July 2011 
  6. ^ a b "The Statistic Table of Working Capability in Taipei International Air Terminal From 1952 to 2008" Taipei Songshan Airport Retrieved 18 July 2011 
  7. ^ Shelly Shan 29 January 2008 "CAA approves end of Taipei–Kaohsiung flights on Uni Air" Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  8. ^ "Flight routes may decrease gradually" The China Post 17 July 2008 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  9. ^ "No more Taipei–Tainan flights after July" The China Post 23 July 2008 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  10. ^ "TAIWAN INAUGURATES US$142 MLN ROAD TUNNEL UNDER AIRPORT" AsiaPulse News 6 November 2006 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  11. ^ a b "Taipei airport being renovated" The China Post 22 June 2008 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  12. ^ "Gov't picks inferior option for airport: lawmaker" 12 November 2007 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  13. ^ "President promises all-out effort in renovating Songshan Airport" 15 June 2010 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  14. ^ "Songshan Airport to build international cargo terminal" Taiwan News 22 July 2009 Archived from the original on 24 May 2014 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  15. ^ "Songshan Airport's Terminal 2 to open for domestic flights Tuesday" 25 March 2011 Retrieved 28 March 2011 
  16. ^ a b "Hau criticizes Su after unveiling election slogan" Taipei Times 9 June 2010 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  17. ^ "Songshan Airport expansion may be delayed" China Post 28 February 2010 Retrieved 2 March 2010 
  18. ^ a b "Taiwan, Japan sign pact" The China Post 12 December 2009 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  19. ^ 上海虹橋和台北松山開始直航 in Chinese BBC 14 June 2010 
  20. ^ 松山機場打造首都機場 釀飛安疑慮 in Chinese 16 May 2009 
  21. ^ "Mandarin Airlines schedules 3-month Hualien service from Dec 2016" routesonline Retrieved 28 November 2016 
  22. ^ http://wwwroutesonlinecom/news/38/airlineroute/271268/uni-air-plans-domestic-routes-addition-in-1h17/
  23. ^ "臺閩地區國內航線班機載客率及市場佔有率-按航線分" PDF CAA CAA Retrieved 23 January 2015 
  24. ^ "台北松山機場國際及兩岸定期航線班機載客率-按航線分" PDF Retrieved 3 July 2017 
  25. ^ "台北松山機場國際及兩岸定期航線班機載客率-按航線分" PDF Retrieved 3 July 2017 
  26. ^ "Route Map: Songshan Airport" Department of Rapid Transit Systems Archived from the original on 2 September 2011 Retrieved 17 June 2010 
  27. ^ "B-243 Accident description" Aviation Safety Network Retrieved 12 October 2010 
  28. ^ "Accident description" Aviation Safety Network Retrieved 8 October 2009 
  29. ^ "Accident description" Aviation Safety Network Retrieved 8 October 2009 
  30. ^ "Accident description" Aviation Safety Network Retrieved 8 October 2009 
  31. ^ "TransAsia Airways GE235 Flight Occurrence" Aviation Safety Council Retrieved 2015-11-24 

External linksedit

Media related to Taipei Songshan Airport at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website

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