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Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

tadoba andhari tiger reserve, tadoba andhari tiger reserve accommodation
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is located in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra state in India It is Maharashtra's oldest and largest national parkTadoba-andhari Tiger reserve was created in 1995 The area of the Reserve is 62540 sq km This includes Tadoba National Park, created in 1955 with an area of 11655 sq km and andhari Wildlife Sanctuary created in 1986 with an area of 50885 sq km The Reserve is constituted with 57796 sq km Reserve Forest, 3251 sq km Protected Forest and 1493 sq km other areas


  • 1 Etymology
  • 2 History
  • 3 Geography
  • 4 Threats
  • 5 Flora
  • 6 Fauna
  • 7 Visitor information
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links


"Tadoba" is taken from the name of the god "Tadoba" or "Taru", worshipped by the tribal people who live in the dense forests of the Tadoba and Andhari region, while 'Andhari' refers to the Andhari river that meanders through the forest


Legend holds that Taru was a village chief who was killed in a mythological encounter with a tiger A shrine dedicated to the God Taru now exists beneath a huge tree, on the banks of the Tadoba Lake The temple is frequented by adivasis, especially during the fair held every year in the Hindu month of Pausha, between December and January

The Gond kings once ruled these forests in the vicinity of the Chimur hills Hunting was completely banned in 1935 Two decades later, in 1955, 11654 km2 4500 sq mi was declared a National Park Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary was created on the adjacent forests in 1986, and in 1995, both the park and the sanctuary were merged to establish the present tiger reserve


Tadoba Andhari Reserve is the largest national park in Maharashtra Total area of the reserve is 6254 square kilometres 2415 sq mi This includes Tadoba National Park, created in 1955 with an area of 11655 square kilometres 4500 sq mi and Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary created in 1986 with an area of 50885 square kilometres 19647 sq mi The reserve also includes 3251 square kilometres 1255 sq mi of protected forest and 1493 square kilometres 576 sq mi of other areas

To the southwest is the 120 ha 300 acres Tadoba lake which acts as a buffer between the park's forest and the extensive farmland which extends up to Irai water reservoir This lake is a perennial water source which offers good habitat for Muggar crocodiles to thrive Other wetland areas within the reserve include the Kolsa lake and Andhari river

Tadoba reserve covers the Chimur Hills, and the Andhari sanctuary covers Moharli and Kolsa ranges It's bounded on the northern and the western side by densely forested hills Thick forests are relieved by smooth meadows and deep valleys as the terrain slopes from north to south Cliffs, talus and caves provide refuge for several animals The two forested rectangles are formed of Tadoba and Andhari range The south part of the park is less hilly


There are 41,644 people living in and around the reserve in 59 villages of which 5 are inside the core zone, These villages in the core zone still do farming activity inside the core area The process of rehabilitation is going on but the Indian bureaucracy has been at its slowest in the forest department Recently the Navegaon village was rehabilitated and a grassland is expected on the place where the village existed There are 41,820 cattle with the villagers in the core and buffer zone While cattle grazing is not allowed in the core zone, regulated grazing in the buffer zone is allowed to cattle of the village inhabitants However, cattle of peripheral villages sometimes sneak into the reserve and cause additional damage to the habitat Forest fires are a constant problem in the dry season, consistently burning between 2% and 16% of the park each year With killing of domestic livestock by tigers and leopards as a frequent phenomenon in the areas neighboring villages This has an adverse impact on the economic condition of the local people and results in antagonism towards the management In the year 2013 so far there have been up to 4 people and 30-50 cattle heads killed by leopards, tigers or sloth bears Densely forested hills form the northern and western boundary of the tiger reserve The elevation of the hills ranges from 200 m 660 ft to 350 m 1,150 ft


Tadoba reserve is a predominantly southern tropical dry deciduous forest with dense woodlands comprising about 87 per cent of the protected area Teak is the predominant tree species Other deciduous trees include ain crocodile bark, bija, dhauda, hald, salai, semal and tendu beheda, hirda, karaya gum, mahua madhuca crepe myrtle and Lannea coromandelica wodier tree are other common species

Axlewood Anogeissus latifolia is a fire-resistant species growing here Palas or flame of the forest Butea monosperma adds vibrant colour to the forest Black plum trees grow in the riparian habitat around the lake At the waterhole at Panchadhara, huge arjun trees are seen

Patches of grasses are found throughout the reserve Bamboo thickets grow throughout the reserve in abundance The climber kach kujali velvet bean found here is a medicinal plant used to treat Parkinson's disease The leaves of bheria are used as an insect repellent and bija is a medicinal gum Beheda is also an important medicine found here


Sambar deer at Tadoba National Park Tiger at Tadoba Tigress Maya with her Cubs Tigress Madhuri in the Agarzari Buffer

There are 88 tigers, as of August 2016 in the reserve, and 58 in the forests immediately outside the reserve

Aside from the keystone species, the Bengal tiger, Tadoba Tiger Reserve is home to other mammals, including: Indian leopards, sloth bears, gaur, nilgai, dhole, striped hyena, small Indian civet, jungle cats, sambar, barking deer, chital, chausingha and honey badger Tadoba lake sustains the marsh crocodile, which were once common all over Maharashtra

Reptiles here include the endangered Indian python and the common Indian monitor Terrapins, Indian star tortoise, Indian cobra and Russel's viper also live in Tadoba

The lake is an ornithologist's paradise with a wide diversity of water birds, and raptors 195 species of birds have been recorded, including three endangered species The grey-headed fish eagle, the crested serpent eagle, and the changeable hawk-eagle are some of the raptors

Other interesting species include the orange-headed thrush, Indian pitta, crested treeswift, stone curlew, crested honey buzzard, paradise flycatcher, bronze-winged jacana and lesser goldenbacked woodpecker Warblers and the black-naped blue flycatcher exist here and the call of the peacock may often be heard

74 species of butterflies have been recorded including the pansies, monarch, Mormons and swordtails

Insect species include the endangered danaid egg-fly and great eggfly Dragonflies, stick insects, jewel beetles and the praying mantis are other insects located in the reserve

The signature spider, giant wood spider and red wood spiders are often seen during the monsoon and soon after Some hunting spiders like the wolf spiders, crab spiders and lynx spiders are also common

Visitor information

The main attraction at the Tadoba National Park are jungle safaris Open-top jeeps and buses with trained local guides are available for visitors Accommodation is also available at various locations

The nearest International Airport is Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar International Airport, Nagpur 140 km via Umrer, Bhisi, and Chimur The park is accessible by rail via Chandrapur on the Delhi-Chennai main line which is 45 km away The nearest main bus stand is Chandrapur and Chimur 32 km away


  1. ^ a b "Tadoba-andhari Tiger Reserve", Reserve Guide - Project Tiger Reserves In India, National Tiger Conservation Authority, archived from the original on 2004-05-27, retrieved 2012-02-29 
  2. ^ a b Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve-History, Sanctuary Asia, retrieved 2012-02-29 
  3. ^ Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve-Habitat, Sanctuary Asia, retrieved 2012-02-29 
  4. ^ Mazhar, Ali 2016-08-11 "Problem of plenty hits Tadoba tiger conservation work" Times of India Retrieved 2016-09-05 
  5. ^ Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve-Wildlife, Sanctuary Asia, retrieved 2012-02-29 
  6. ^ Mhatre, Shridhar "Amazing Maharashtra: TADOBA NATIONAL PARK" Amazing Maharashtra 

External links

  • Tiger conservation: Maharashtra villagers get first instalment of rehab package, The Hindu, 29-2-2012
  • A Virtual Visit to Tadoba, 2:32, by Kiran G
  • Chandrapur-information portal

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